Kanika, Kaṇika, Kanīka: 24 definitions
Kanika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kaṇika (कणिक).—General information. One of the ministers of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was a brahmin well-learned in Kūṭanīti (Diplomacy). The bad advice he gave to Dhṛtarāṣṭra became well-known as "Kaṇika’s Kūṭanīti". (See full article at Story of Kaṇika from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Kaṇika (कणिक).—There is a statement in Mahābhārata about another brahmin of the Bharadvāja family who was also well-versed in Kūṭanīti. He was an adviser to Śatruñjaya, King of Sauvīra. (Chapter 140, Śānti Parva).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Kaṇika (कणिक) refers to “particles” (of semen), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.2 (“The birth of Śiva’s son”).—Accordingly, after Nārada spoke to Agni: “[...] O sage, the six ladies stubbornly insisted on going there to ward off their chillness because they were deluded by Śiva’s magical art. Immediately the particles of the semen (retas-kaṇika) entered their bodies through the pores of hairs, O sage. The fire was relieved of their burning sensation. Vanishing immediately from the scene, Agni in the form of a flame, went back happily to his region, mentally remembering you and Śiva. [...]”.Source: GRETIL e-library: Prologomena to the critical edition of the Ādiparva
Kaṇika (कणिक) is a variant spelling for Kaṇiṅka (often mis-written Kaniṅka, Kaliṅka).—Kaṇiṅka, which is the Southern equivalent of Kaṇika, the reference being, no doubt, to the minister or statesman (mantrin) Kaṇika (named after the famous authority Kaṇika or Kaṇiṅka cited in the Arthaśāstra of Kauṭilya), who appears only once in the epic, and that expressly for the purpose of expounding his political philosophy to the Kauravas.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Kaṇika (कणिक).—A brāhmaṇa minister of King Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He advised the King to kill his enemies by any means. (Ādi Parva in Mahābhārata)
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Kanika (कणिक): Minister of Sakuni.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Taranatha records that King Kanika ascended the throne of Malava in the west at a young age. He became extremely rich by discovering 28 mines of diamonds (probably, Panna mines of Madhaya Pradesh). King Kanika invites Matricheta to visit his kingdom but being unable on account of his great age to come, Matricheta writes a letter known as “Maharaja-Kanika-Lekha”. King Kanika accepts Buddhism after receiving this letter from Matricheta. Taranatha clearly tells us that King Kanika should not be identified with King Kanishka. Evidently, King Kanika was the king of Malava and a young contemporary of Matricheta.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Kaṇika (कणिक) refers to a “very small piece” (of diamond ), according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “In one minute living being there are organisms infinite times the emancipated souls. Thus the entire universe is densely filled with one-sensed beings with no interspace. To become a being with more than one sense is as difficult as finding out a very small piece of diamond buried in the sands of an ocean (kaṇika—vajrasikatākaṇikeva). Even among these most of them are endowed with imperfect senses (i.e. less than five senses). Hence birth as a five-sensed being is as rare as gratitude among the good qualities. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kānika.—(IE 8-5), Tamil; also spelt kānuka; same as kāṇika. (EI 33), also called kānikĕ or kānikĕ-kappa in Kannaḍa; tolls. Note: kānika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
--- OR ---
Kāṇika.—(IE 8-5), same as Kannaḍa kāṇika-kānĕ, kāṇikĕ- kappa or kappa-kānikĕ, ‘presents from an inferior to a superior’, etc. Note: kāṇika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
--- OR ---
Kānika.—Kannaḍa; also called kāṇika-kanĕ. Note: kānika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Kanika in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Premna serratifolia L. from the Lamiaceae (Mint) family having the following synonyms: Premna obtusifolia. For the possible medicinal usage of kanika, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.
Kanika in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Ziziphus rugosa Lam. from the Rhamnaceae (Ber) family having the following synonyms: Zizyphus rugosa, Ziziphus glabra.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kaṇikā, (f.) (cp. kaṇa) 1. a small particle of broken rice (opp. taṇḍula a full grain) J. VI, 341, 366 (°āhi pūvaṃ pacitvā). 2. a small spot, a freckle, mole, in a° (adj.) having no moles D. I, 80, and sa° with moles D. I. 80 (cp. DA. I, 223). (Page 178)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kaṇikā (कणिका).—f S A small particle gen.: also a granule, as ghṛtakaṇikā, madhukaṇikā, śarkarākaṇikā.
--- OR ---
kaṇīka (कणीक).—f ē (kaṇa S) Wheaten flour, whether fine flour or meal. kaṇīka timbaṇēṃ g. of o. (To knead the flour of; to make dough of.) To beat well; to pommel into a mummy. Also kaṇakīsārakhā timbaṇēṃ. kaṇakēcā garā Fine wheaten flour.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kaṇīka (कणीक).—f Wheaten flour. kaṇīka timbaṇēṃ To beat well, to pommel into mummy.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kaṇika (कणिक) or Kaṇīka (कणीक).—1 A grain.
2) A small particle.
3) An ear of corn.
4) A meal of parched wheat.
5) An enemy.
6) Name of a purificatory ceremony, i. e. waving round lamps at sacrificial rites.
7) An enemy.
-kā 1 An atom, a small or minute particle; यथाऽ- श्वत्थकणीकायामन्तर्भूतो महाद्रुमः (yathā'- śvatthakaṇīkāyāmantarbhūto mahādrumaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.211.2.
2) A drop (of water); तामुत्थाप्य स्वजलकणिकाशीतलेनानिलेन (tāmutthāpya svajalakaṇikāśītalenānilena) Meghadūta 98.
3) A kind of corn or rice.
4) Cumin seed.
5) The अग्निमन्थ (agnimantha) tree (Mar. naravela).
Derivable forms: kaṇikaḥ (कणिकः), kaṇīkaḥ (कणीकः).
--- OR ---
Kaṇīka (कणीक).—a. Small, diminutive.
--- OR ---
Kanīka (कनीक).—a. See. कणीक (kaṇīka).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) 1. A small particle, as a crystal, an eye of corn, &c. 2. An enemy. 3. Whirling round a set of lamps at sacrificial ceremonies. 4. The heart of wheat, commonly Suji, sharps or semoule. f.
(-kā) 1. An atom, a small particle. 2. Small, minute: see kaṇa. 3. A plant, (Premna spinosa:) see gaṇikārikā 4. A kind of rice. E. kaṇa small, vun affix, and iṭ inserted, fem. affix ṭāp.
--- OR ---
(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Small, diminutive. E. kaṇa to be small, īkan Unadi affix; it is also written kanīka and kaṇika.
--- OR ---
(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Very small: see kaṇika.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaṇika (कणिक).—i. e. kaṇa + ika, I. m. 1. Seed, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 9, 33. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 5544. Ii. f. kā, A drop, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 96.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaṇika (कणिक).—[masculine] = kaṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kaṇika (कणिक):—[from kaṇ] m. a grain, ear of corn
2) [v.s. ...] a drop, small particle, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
3) [v.s. ...] the meal of parched wheat, the heart of wheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] an enemy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a purificatory ceremony (= nīrājana q.v.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of a minister of king Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i]
7) Kaṇikā (कणिका):—[from kaṇika > kaṇ] f. an ear of corn [commentator or commentary] on [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] a drop, atom, small particle, [Prabodha-candrodaya; Meghadūta] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] a small spot, [Kādambarī]
10) [v.s. ...] the meal of parched wheat
11) [v.s. ...] Premna Spinosa or Longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] a kind of corn, [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]
13) Kaṇīka (कणीक):—[from kaṇ] mfn. small, diminutive, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) Kaṇīkā (कणीका):—[from kaṇīka > kaṇ] f. a grain, single seed, [Mahābhārata xii.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kaṇika (कणिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A small particle; heart of wheat; a foe. kā f. An atom, small particle; a plant.
2) Kaṇīka (कणीक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Small.
3) Kanīka (कनीक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Very small.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kaṇikā (कणिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kaṇikā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Kaṇikā (कणिका):—(nf) an atom, a particle (as of sand); grain, granule.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Kaṇikā (कणिका) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kaṇikā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] dough made of wheat flour, a premix for making different food items.
2) [noun] broken grains; coarse grain flour.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kanikabhadra, Kanikai, Kanikan, Kanikani, Kanikara, Kanikara Vimana, Kanikaracchadaniya, Kanikaram, Kanikaramakula, Kanikarapadhanaghara, Kanikarapupphiya, Kanikaravalikasamudda Vihara, Kanikarisu, Kanikatilu, Kanikaverpu.
Ends with (+7): Amritakanika, Bhagavatamritakanika, Bhaktirasabdhikanika, Dhaukanika, Ekanika, Hikavikanika, Kakanika, Kankanika, Kapiyakanika, Kinkanika, Lakshmakanika, Nyayakanika, Piyushakanika, Prasvedakanika, Premabdhirasakanika, Rajashakanika, Retahkanika, Sakanika, Sanakanika, Svarnakanika.
Full-text (+10): Svarnakanika, Vatakanika, Prasveda, Kanikera, Kanuka, Nyayakanika, Lakshmakanika, Kalinka, Kaninka, Svedajalakanika, Svedajala, Bhagavatamritakanika, Prasvedakanika, Prasvedabindu, Piyushakanika, Bhaktirasabdhikanika, Kanakya, Kanikĕ, Kanikaverpu, Kanikka.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Kanika, Kaṇika, Kanīka, Kaṇikā, Kaṇīka, Kānika, Kāṇika, Kaṇīkā; (plurals include: Kanikas, Kaṇikas, Kanīkas, Kaṇikās, Kaṇīkas, Kānikas, Kāṇikas, Kaṇīkās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Jainism in Odisha (Orissa) (by Ashis Ranjan Sahoo)
Jaina Antiquities at Bhubaneswar (Khordha) < [Chapter 3: Survey of Jaina Antiquities in Odisha]
Jaina Antiquities in Boudh District < [Chapter 3: Survey of Jaina Antiquities in Odisha]
Structural Architecture < [Chapter 4]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)