Patha, Pāṭhā, Pāṭha, Paṭha: 21 definitions
Patha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
1) Pāṭhā (पाठा) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cissampelos pareira (velvetleaf), a species of flowering plant from the Menispermaceae family. Certain plant parts of Pāṭhā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. The word Pāṭhā is derived from Pāṭha, which means “recitation” or “recital”. It is derived from the root paṭh.
According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Ayurvedic work), this plant (Pāṭhā) is mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.
According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.119-121), Pāṭhā has the following synonyms: Ambaṣṭhā, Ambaṣṭhikā, Prācīnā, Pāpacelikā, Pāṭhikā, Sthāpanī, Śreyasī, Vṛddhikarṇikā, Ekāṣṭhīlā, Kucailī, Dīpanī, Varatiktakā, Tiktapuṣpā, Bṛhattikta, Dīpanī, Triśirā, Vṛkī, Mālavī, Varā, Devī and Vṛttaparṇī. The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century Āurvedic encyclopedia.
Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Pāṭha alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.
Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Pāṭhā is bitter, heavy (guru) and hot. It relieves the vāta-pitta-jvara (fever due to vāta-pitta). It helps in uniting the fractures (bhagna-sandhāna-kṛt). It is useful in burning sensations, diarrhoea and colic.
Botanical description: It is a climber shrub with pubsescent leaves on both surfaces and small yellowish flowers (male and female separate), grows abunduntly throughout India. Its two varieties, Laghupāṭhā and Rājapāṭhā) are common. Rājapāṭhā is identified as Cyclea peltata, male and female climbers are separate.
2) Pāṭhā (पाठा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the Cyclea peltata (“pata root”), a species of flowering plant from the Menispermaceae family. It is also known as Pāṭhī in the Hindi language or as Pāṭavaḷḷi in the Malayalam language. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.
3) Paṭha (पठ):—Another name for Padmaka (Prunus majestica), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Pāṭhā (पाठा) refers to the medicinal plant Cissampelos pareira L. var hirsuta Buch. Ham. Ex DC, and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Pāṭhā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.
Note: Cyclea peltata Hook F. and Thoms. is called Rajapāṭhā and is used as a substitute for Pāṭhā.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Pāṭhā (पाठा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thoms.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pāṭhā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Pāṭha (पाठ) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Stephania hernandifolia (Kashmir tree) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Stephania hernandifolia is possibly a synonym of Stephania japonica (snake vine).
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as pāṭha).”
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
1) Pāṭha (पाठ).—Recital of a sacred Vedic or Sastra work; the original recital of an authoritative text;
2) Pāṭha.—The various artificial ways or methods of such a recital; c.g. पदपाठ, क्रमपाठ (padapāṭha, kramapāṭha) etc. in the case of Vedic Literature:
3) Pāṭha.—An original recital such as the सुत्रपाठ, धातुपाठ, गणपाठ, वार्तिकपाठ (sutrapāṭha, dhātupāṭha, gaṇapāṭha, vārtikapāṭha) and परिभाषापाठ (paribhāṣāpāṭha) in the case of the several systems of Sanskrit Grammar; the five Paathas are called पञ्चपाठी (pañcapāṭhī);
4) Pāṭha.—Recitation; cf. नान्तरेण पाठं स्वरा अनुबन्धा वा शक्या विज्ञातुम् (nāntareṇa pāṭhaṃ svarā anubandhā vā śakyā vijñātum) M. Bh. on P.I.3.1 Vaart. 13;
5) Pāṭha.—Reading, variant: cf. चूर्णादीनि अप्राण्युपग्रहादिति सूत्रस्य पाठान्तरम् (cūrṇādīni aprāṇyupagrahāditi sūtrasya pāṭhāntaram) Kaas. on P.V.2.134.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Pāṭhā (पाठा) is the name of a plant mentioned in connection with a Tantric ceremony, according to the Vajraḍākatantra chapter 38.—Five techniques to please Dūtīs as well as the Yogin himself and to enlarge a Yogin’s gentials are introduced. Various kinds of woods and plants in addition to honey and butter are utilized for this purpose. [...] The mixture of aśvagandhā, pāṭhā, kaṭurohiṇī and sap of arka-tree is effective for growing his genitals.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Patha (पथ) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). Patha means a “way”, “path”, a “road” or “route”. In the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra we find the word janṅhā-patha (foot-path). The suffix ‘patha’ has been used as early as the later Vedic period. Originally patha meant ‘a path’, ‘a road’ but later on it came to denote ‘a country’. Even now-a-days, the suffix ‘road’ is used for inhabitations and localities.Source: Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas
Patha (पथ) refers to an “administrative unit”.—Side by side with the raṭṭha or rāṣṭra we find another group of administrative units whose names end in -patha. An early Pallava inscription refers to the Andhrāpatha in charge of an official (vāpata or Vyāpṛta) at Dhaṃñakaḍa, usually identified with Amarāvatī or some neighbouring place. Epigraphs of about the same age also mention Paiṭhāṇa-patha (apparently connected with Paiṭhaṇ on the Godāvarī), Śvetapatha, and Kāchu-patha (Kācupatha).Source: Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district
Patha is a term designating ‘road’, used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—These two appellations (patha and marga) are synonymous, standing for trade-communication routes or village roads. Understands pathaka as a term similar to a pargana of later days. Divisions with these appellations occur very rarely in Andhra Pradesh. Ane-marga was a division of the Kalyana Chalukyas and Ongeru-marga-vishaya was that of the Eastern Chalukyas. The Mayidavolu plates of the Pallava king Sivaskandavarman refer to Andhra-patha which might mean not an administrative unit, but the entire Andhra region ruled by the Pallavas. In Madhya Pradesh under the Vakatakas and the Sarabhapuriyas there were a large number of marga divisions.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Candellas, Kacchapaghatas, Pala, etc.
Patha is the name of a city mentioned in the “Semrā copper-plate grant of Paramardideva” (1162 A.C). Patha, as read by Cartellieri in ll. 8-9, has been identified by him with the modern place of the same name lying about 6 kms. east of Berwārā.
These plates (mentioning Patha) were found at Semrā: a town in the Chatarpur District of the Bundelkhand region (formerly the state of Bijāwar) of Madhya Pradesh. They were issued by Paramardideva to record the confirmation of a grant, from his camp at Sonasara, for the sake of the increase of his own and his parent’s merit and fame.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Pātha.—(IE 8-6; IA 11), a land measure regarded as equal to 240 square feet. Note: pātha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
patha : (m.) path; way; road (in cpds.) range of, e.g. gaṇanapatha = range of calculation. || pāṭha (m.) a passage; text reading.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pāṭha, (fr. paṭh) reading, text-reading; passage of a text, text. Very frequent in Commentaries with phrase “ti pi pāṭho, ” i.e. “so is another reading, ” e.g. KhA 78, 223; SnA 43 (°ṃ vikappeti), 178, 192, 477; PvA. 25 (pamāda° careless text), 48, 58, 86 and passim. (Page 451)
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Patha, (of path, Ved. pathi with the 3 bases pathi, path° and panth°, of which only the last two have formed independent nouns, viz. patha and pantha (q. v.)) 1. path, road, way D. I, 63; Sn. 176 (Loc. pathe), 385, 540, 868; Nd2 485 B (+pantha, in explanation of magga); J. I, 308 (Loc. pathe); II, 39; VI, 525 (Abl. pathā); Th. 1, 64; Pug. 22, 57; Mhvs 21, 24 (pathe); 36, 93 (Loc. pathi, see Geiger, Gr. § 89); Sdhp. 241.—2. Very frequent as —°, where it is sometimes pleonastic, and acts in the function of an abstract formation in °tā or °ttaṃ (cp. similar use of anta: see anta1 5; and pada: see pada 3), e.g. anila° (air) J. IV, 119; anupariyāya° A. IV, 107; ādicca° (path of the sun, sky) DhA. III, 177; ummagga° S. I, 193; kamma° DhA. I, 36; gaṇana° (range of) calculation Miln. 20; cakkhu° J. IV, 403 (=cakkhūnaṃ etaṃ nāmaṃ C.); catummahā° A. III, 28, 42, 394; dve° Vv 5317; nakkhatta° Dh. 208; yañña° (=yañña) Nd2 524; yogga° A. III, 122; rajā° S. II, 219; rāga° (sensuality) S. IV, 70; vacana° (way of saying, speech) Vv 6317 (=vacana VvA. 262), etc. See also cakkhu°, ñeyya°, dveḷhā°, manussa°, yañña°, vāda°, sagga°, hattha°; der. pātheyya.—See also byappatha.—apatha where there is no way or road, wrong way J. II, 287; ThA. 255; VvA. 337.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
1) Patha (पथ).—m S A road, way, path.
patha (पथ).—f (Commonly pata) Mercantile character or repute, credit.
2) pāṭha (पाठ).—f (pṛṣṭha S) The back. Pr. pāṭhīvara mārāvēṃ pōṭāvara mārūṃ nayē Whip the back, dont clip the belly. Pr. āpalī pāṭha āpaṇāsa disata nāhīṃ Said of matters happening before one's eyes, yet unobserved--of matters close at hand yet unseen or unknown. 2 fig. The back (hinder or under side) of a thing gen. 3 fig. Aid, support, backing. v dē. 4 fig. Surface or face (as of the earth, ocean, a table or any expanse). 5 Rind, peel, the back, coat, or exterior integument. 6 (As ḍōī Head is made to signify a generation generally, so pāṭha Back, quasi at or upon the back of, is taken to denote a generation with respect to the goat.) A female kid. pāṭhacā Succeeding or subsequent to; that follows after;--used of a child with reference to its brother or sister immediately before it. Also pāṭhalā. 2 That has sought the shelter and protection of. Pr. pōṭacā dyāvā pāṭhacā dēūṃ nayē Give one's own child, but give not up a refugee.
pāṭha (पाठ).—a (S) That has been committed to memory; known by heart. Ex. hā grantha malā pāṭha āhē. puḍhēṃ pāṭha māgēṃ sapāṭa Said of a person ever reading and conning and anon clean forgetting.
3) pāṭhā (पाठा).—m (Poetry. For pāḍā) Detail or minutiæ of; lengthy catalogue, account, or story of. Ex. vācē harīnāmācā pāṭhā || vyāpāra khōṭā na karavē ||.
4) pātha (पाथ).—f pāntha f C (Commonly pānta q. v.) A line or row &c. pāntha a S Relating to the road or way; a wayfarer or traveler.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
1) Patha (पथ).—m A road, way, path.
2) pāṭha (पाठ).—m Reading the Vedas. Reading in general. A lesson. A reading, a variation of copies. pāṭha karaṇēṃ To commit
pāṭha (पाठ).—a That has been committed to memory; known by heart. Ex. hā grantha malā pāṭha āhē. puḍhēṃ pāṭha māgē sapāṭa Said of a person ever reading and cunning and anon clean forgetting.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Paṭha (पठ).—Reading, reciting.
Derivable forms: paṭhaḥ (पठः).
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Patha (पथ).—A way, road; reach, course (at the end of comp.); पाणिस्पर्शाक्षमाभ्यां मृजितपथरुजो यो हरीन्द्रानुजाभ्याम् (pāṇisparśākṣamābhyāṃ mṛjitapatharujo yo harīndrānujābhyām) Bhāg.9.1.4.
Derivable forms: pathaḥ (पथः).
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Pāṭha (पाठ).—[paṭh-bhāve ghañ]
1) Reciting, recitation, repeating.
2) Reading, perusal, study.
3) Studying or reciting. the Vedas (brahmayajña), one of the five daily Yajñas or sacrifices to be performed by Brāhmaṇas.
4) A particular method of reciting the text of the Veda (of which there are five:-saṃhitā, pada, krama, jaṭā and ghana).
5) The text of a book, a reading, variant; अत्र गन्धवद् गन्धमादनम् इति आगन्तुकः पाठः । प्राचीनपाठस्तु सुगन्धिर्गन्धमादनः इति पुल्लिङ्गान्तः (atra gandhavad gandhamādanam iti āgantukaḥ pāṭhaḥ | prācīnapāṭhastu sugandhirgandhamādanaḥ iti pulliṅgāntaḥ) Malli. on Ku.6.46.
Derivable forms: pāṭhaḥ (पाठः).
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Pātha (पाथ).—[pīyate'daḥ pā-karmaṇi tha]
2) The sun.
Derivable forms: pāthaḥ (पाथः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Patha (पथ).—nt. (in Sanskrit m.), way: marutpathāni Lalitavistara 117.9 (verse). See also Laṅkā-patha.
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Pāṭha (पाठ).—(-pāṭha), m. (to paṭh-; compare Sanskrit pāṭhaka), reader (other-wise only n. act.): vedasupinapāṭhā ye (so divide) Lalitavistara 57.1 (verse); śāstrapāṭhān 6 (verse).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-thaḥ) A road. E. path to go, aff. ac.
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(-ṭhaḥ) 1. Studying the Vedas scriptures, considered as one of the five great sacraments of the Hindus. 2. Reading, perusal or study in general. f.
(-ṭhā) A plant, commonly Akanadi. E. paṭh to read, aff. bhāve ghañ.
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(-thaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Fire. n.
(-thaṃ) Water. E. pā to drink, and thak aff.; the more usual form however is pītha.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Paṭha (पठ):—[from paṭh] m. reading, recitation (? See [compound])
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]
3) Patha (पथ):—[from path] m. a way, path, road, course, reach, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (generally ifc. for pathin; cf. [Pāṇini 5-4, 74]).
4) Pāṭha (पाठ):—m. (√paṭh) recitation, recital, [Kāvya literature]
5) reading, perusal, study ([especially] of sacred texts), [Śikṣā] etc.
6) a [particular] method of reciting the text of the Veda (of which there are 5, viz. Saṃhitā, Pada, Krama, Jaṭā and Ghana, [Religious Thought and Life in India 409])
7) the text of a book, [???; Mahābhārata]
8) the reading (of a text), [Naiṣadha-carita [Scholiast or Commentator]]
9) = dhātu-pāṭha, [Vopadeva]
10) Pāṭhā (पाठा):—[from pāṭha] f. Clypea Hernandifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Pātha (पाथ):—m. = patha [gana] jvalādi
12) fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+112): Patha Karanem, Patha Ughadi Padanem, Pathabala, Pathabhu, Pathabila, Pathabya, Pathaccheda, Pathacheda, Pathachheda, Pathada, Pathadarshaka, Pathaddhan, Pathaddhi, Pathadi, Pathadi Goma, Pathadi-goma, Pathadosha, Pathaga, Pathagamana, Pathaguli.
Ends with (+250): Abhrapatha, Adhivacanapatha, Adhvaryupatha, Adhyayashatapatha, Adiccapatha, Adyapatha, Aghorapatha, Airyapatha, Ajapatha, Akashapatha, Alokapatha, Anashapatha, Andhrapatha, Anilapatha, Aniruddhapatha, Antahpatha, Anupatha, Apapatha, Aparapatha, Apatha.
Full-text (+562): Pathodhara, Pathodhi, Apatha, Pathas, Pathahpati, Masipatha, Pathonatha, Pathoja, Pathoda, Pathika, Iryapatha, Prapatha, Likhitapatha, Udupatha, Banapatha, Pathashala, Tarapatha, Gopatha, Dyupatha, Ganapatha.
Search found 60 books and stories containing Patha, Pāṭhā, Pāṭha, Paṭha, Pātha; (plurals include: Pathas, Pāṭhās, Pāṭhas, Paṭhas, Pāthas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Nina Van Gorkom)
Cetasikas (by Nina van Gorkom)
Chapter 4 - Volition < [Part I - The Universals]
Chapter 15 - Attachment < [Part III - Akusala Cetasikas]
Chapter 18 - Aversion < [Part III - Akusala Cetasikas]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 25 - The Superintendent of Liquor < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 5 - Discourses delivered by the Buddha with Reference to Venerable Rāhula < [Chapter 31 - The Monk Sudinna, the Son of the Kalanda Merchant]
Chapter 5 - The Prophecy < [The Anudīpanī (on the Great Chronicle of Buddhas)]
Supplement (c): Fulfilment of the Ten Perfections < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXVIII - Various Recipes of fumigation-compounds, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXCVIII - Various medicinal compounds disclosed by Hari to Hara < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXII - Other Medicinal Recipes < [Dhanvantari Samhita]