Apana, Apāna, Āpaṇa, Āpāna, Apāṇa, Āpāṇa, Āpana: 27 definitions
Apana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda
Apāna (अपान).—One of the five upadoṣas (sub-functions) of vāta (one of the three biological humors).—
Location of apāna: Colon (large intestine), lower abdomen, organs of the pelvic region (kidneys, bladder, navel, rectum).
Functions of apāna: Elimination of waste, keeps foetus in place and helps during birth, responsible for sexual function (ejaculation of semen) and menstruation.
Ailments of apāna due to vitiation: Renal calculi (stone), diseases of bladder, anus, testicles, uterus and obstinate urinary ailments including diabetes, prameha and dysuria.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Apāna (अपान):—[apānaḥ] Rectum
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Apāna (अपान).—A Sādhya god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 16.
1b) A Tuṣita god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.
1c) An Ajita deva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.
2) Āpana (आपन).—(c)—a kingdom to which Puramjana went by the entrance mukhyā; allegorically vyavahāra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 49; 29. 12.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Apāna (अपान) refers to “out-going breath”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Meaning of haṭha in Early Haṭhayoga
Apāna (अपान) refers to the “downward-moving breath”.—In contrasting tranquility (śānti) with haṭhapāka, the commentator, Jayaratha, describes tranquility as a “process of pleasant combustion” (madhurapākakrama). When the Guru has been propitiated, the “tranquil” methods of initiation (dīkṣā-sādhana) and devotion to a religious practice (anuṣṭhāniṣṭhatā) will bring about transcendence (atyaya) at the time of death. However, haṭhapāka is a sudden and violent process that burns up all things (bhāva) in the fire of intelligence. It destroys duality and is likened by Abhinavagupta to the enjoyment (rasa) of devouring enough (alaṅgrāsa). The commentator notes that haṭhapāka is a forceful action (balātkāreṇa) that transgresses the normal order (kramavyatikramarūpa) and, as noted earlier, this connotation of haṭha is implicit in Haṭhayoga’s effect of raising the downward-moving breath (apāna) and the normally dormant Kuṇḍalinī.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Yoga Magazine: Prana
The third prana is known as Apana. It is located between the navel and the perineum in the pelvic region. It is a very important energy field which is responsible for sexual activity, procreation, production of semen and ovum, elimination of urine, faeces, gas, wind and expulsion of the foetus. This energy is mainly downward flowing, but we can also redirect it upward to the brain.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A city in the Anguttarapa country (probably its capital). The Buddha once visited the city with 1,250 monks and the whole company was entertained by the Jatila Keniya (Vin.i.245ff). From Apana the Buddha went on to Kusinara (Vin.i.247). In the Samyutta Nikaya (S.v.225), Apana is spoken of as a township of the Angas (Anganam nigamo) and the Buddha is mentioned as having stayed there with Sariputta.
Several suttas were preached at Apana, among them
the Potaliya Sutta (regarding Potaliya), (M.i.359ff)
the Latukikopama Sutta (to Udayi) (M.i.447ff),
the Sela Sutta (regarding Sela) (M.ii.146ff; Sn.pp.102ff) and
the Saddha or Apana Sutta (S.v.225-7).
Apana was a brahmin village and was the home of the Elder Sela (ThagA.ii.47). On the occasion of the Buddhas visit to Apana, during which he converted Sela and Keniya, he seems to have stayed at Apana for over a week and ordained three hundred monks in the company of Sela (Sn., p.112).
According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.586), the village was called Apana because it had twenty thousand bazaars (apana) and was therefore distinguished for its shops (apananam ussannatta). Near the village, on the banks of the river Mahi, was the woodland where the Buddha stayed during his visits.
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One of the Vanni chiefs of Ceylon, brought into subjection by Bhuvanekabahu I. (Cv.xc.33)
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Āpaṇa (आपण) is an ancient captial of the of the Aṅguttarāpas, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—The Jaṭila master Keṇiya was living at Āpaṇa, the capital of the Aṅguttarāpas in the land of Aṅga. He was a staunch Brāhmaṇist but, coming to learn that the Buddha along with 1250 Bhikṣus was traveling in the area, he went to see him and invited him to lunch on the following day. According to his custom, the Buddha accepted by remaining silent and Keṇiya went home to prepare the reception with his friends and family. Keṇiya had as a friend in Āpaṇa the learned brāhmaṇa Sela who was a specialist in the Vedas and auxiliary sciences, an expert in interpreting physical signs and learned in mantras which he taught to 300 disciples.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Apāna (अपान, “exhale”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—What is the meaning apāna or exhale? The air inside the body (śarīra) which the living being throws out is called exhale.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Āpaṇa.—(IE 8-5), a shop. (CII 4), a market. Note: āpaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Āpāna.—(EI 2; CII 1), a watering station or shed. Note: āpāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
apāṇa : (nt.) breathing out. || āpaṇa (m.), bazaar; market. āpāṇa (nt.), breathing; exhalation.
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āpāna : (nt.) drinking hall.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Apāna, (nt.) breathing out, respiration (so Ch.; no ref. in P. Cauon?) On Prāṇa & Apāna see G. W. Brown in J. Am. Or. Soc. 39, 1919 pp. 104—112. See ānāpāna. (Page 54)
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Āpāna, (nt.) (fr. ā + pā) drinking; drinking party, banquet; banqueting-hall, drinking-hall J.I, 52 (°maṇḍala); V, 292 (°bhūmi); Vism.399 (id.); DhA.I, 213 (id., rañño). (Page 102)
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Āpāṇa, (ā + pāṇa) life, lit. breathing, only in cpd. °koṭi the end of life Miln.397; Dāvs III, 93; adj. —koṭika M.II, 120; Vism.10. (Page 102)
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Āpaṇa, (Sk. āpaṇa, ā + paṇ) a bazaar, shop Vin.I, 140; J.I, 55; V, 445; Pv.II, 322; Miln.2, 341; SnA 440; DhA.I, 317; II, 89; VvA.157; PvA.88, 333 (phal° fruit shop), 215. (Page 102)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
apāna (अपान).—n apānadvāra n (S) The anus.
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āpaṇa (आपण).—pron (ātmā S through appā in bālabhāṣā) One's self. This is a representative or referential pronoun, standing indifferently for I, thou, he, we, ye, they; or for Myself, thyself, himself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. Ex. myāṃ tyālā jēvūṃ ghātalēṃ maga ā0 jēvāyāsa basalōṃ; tū malā khaṭapaṭīnta lāvūna ā0 svastha basalāsa; tyānēṃ cōrī karāvī āṇi ā0 ca cōra cōra mhaṇūna hākā mārīta suṭāvēṃ; and in this manner, through the plural. 2 In the style of majesty or magniloquence, āpaṇa is assumed by the first person singular, bearing the plural significance and regimen of We; and in the reverential or respectful style, it is used in addressing the second person and in designating the third person singular, exercising the plural government of Ye and They, and conveying the force of such English phrases as Your majesty, Your honor, Your worship, His excellency, His highness &c. 3 āpaṇa rather especially stands for No. 1, the first of the persons, for I or myself, or for We or ourselves. Ex. tyāpāśīṃ māgitalēṃ asatāṃ tō āpaṇāsa dēīla.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
apāna (अपान).—n apānadvāra n The anus.
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apāna (अपान).—m apānavāyu m The air stationed in the anus.
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āpaṇa (आपण).—pro One's self. (āpaṇa) A person meaning I, we, thou, ye, he, they or myself, thyself &c. in all persons, singular and plural. This word may
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Apāna (अपान).—Breathing out, respiration (opp. prāṇa); प्राणापानौ समौ कृत्वा नासाभ्यन्तरचारिणौ (prāṇāpānau samau kṛtvā nāsābhyantaracāriṇau) Bg.5.27; one of the five life-winds in the body which goes downwards and out at the anus (apanayanānmūtrapurīṣāderapāno'dhovṛttirvāyurnā- misthānaḥ) मूत्रशुक्रवहो वायुरपान इति कीर्त्यते (mūtraśukravaho vāyurapāna iti kīrtyate).
-naḥ, -nam The anus (ādhāre ghañ).
Derivable forms: apānaḥ (अपानः).
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1) Getting, obtaining, reaching &c.
Derivable forms: āpanam (आपनम्).
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1) A market; shop. विपणापणवान् रम्यः (vipaṇāpaṇavān ramyaḥ) Mb.14.59.11; भक्ष्यमाल्यापणानां च ददृशुः श्रियमुत्तमाम् (bhakṣyamālyāpaṇānāṃ ca dadṛśuḥ śriyamuttamām) Mb.
2) Trade, commercial commodity; पिहितापणोदया (pihitāpaṇodayā) Rām.2.48.37.
3) A group of shopkeepers; शकटापण- वेशाश्च यानं युग्यं च सर्वशः (śakaṭāpaṇa- veśāśca yānaṃ yugyaṃ ca sarvaśaḥ) Mb.5.196.26.
Derivable forms: āpaṇaḥ (आपणः).
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Āpāna (आपान).—1 A drinking party, banquet; Mk.8; आपाने पानकलिता दैवेनाभिप्रचोदिताः (āpāne pānakalitā daivenābhipracoditāḥ) Mb.
Derivable forms: āpānam (आपानम्).
See also (synonyms): āpānaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. The anus. 2. A fart, one of the five vital airs. E. apa below, ana to breathe, ghañ aff.
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(-ṇaḥ) 1. A market. 2. A shop. E. āṅ before and paṇi to trade, affix ac.
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(-naṃ) 1. Obtaining. 2. Pepper. E. āpa to obtain, lyuṭ aff.
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(-naḥ) A tavern, a liquor-shop, a place for drinking in society. E. āṅ before pā to drink, lyuṭ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāna (अपान).—i. e. apa-an + a, m. 1. One of the five vital airs, that which goes downwards, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
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Āpaṇa (आपण).—[ā-paṇ + a], m. A market, [Daśakumāracarita] in
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Āpāna (आपान).—i. e. ā-pā + ana, n. 1. A banquet, Mahābhārata 1, 620. 2. A place for drinking, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 3, 28.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāna (अपान).—[masculine] the wind that goes downward (in the body); the anus.
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Āpaṇa (आपण).—[masculine] market; merchandise.
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Āpāna (आपान).—1. [adjective] reaching, obtaining; successful.
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Āpāna (आपान).—2. [neuter] drinking-party, banquet.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Apāna (अपान):—[from apān] m. (opposed to prāṇa), that of the five vital airs which goes downwards and out at the anus
2) [v.s. ...] the anus, [Mahābhārata] (in this sense also (am) n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Pbr.]
4) [v.s. ...] ventris crepitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Āpana (आपन):—[from āp] a n. obtaining, reaching, coming to, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) Āpāna (आपान):—[from āp] 1. āpāna mfn. one who has reached
8) [v.s. ...] (for 2. See ā- √1. pā.)
9) Āpaṇa (आपण):—m. a market, a shop, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]
10) waves, [Mahābhārata]
11) (fr. 4. ā + √paṇ) commerce, trade, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) Āpana (आपन):—b etc. See under √1. āp.
13) Āpāna (आपान):—[=ā-pāna] [from ā-pā] 2. ā-pāna n. the act of drinking, a drinking-party, banquet, [Mahābhārata]
14) [v.s. ...] (for 1. āpāna See p. 142, col. 2.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāna (अपान):—[tatpurusha compound] m.
(-naḥ) 1) The air which goes downwards; in the Vedas, in the doctrine of the Upanishads as well as in the philosophical and medical systems, the air (comp. vāta, vāyu) which is inhaled and descends the body, one of the five vital airs which are supposed to pervade the latter; (opposed to prāṇa, the air which is exhaled or proceeds from the body; comp. besides udāna, samāna, vyāna and see ana); in the legend of the Aitareya Upan. it is therefore this vital air which is able to seize food, (for it introduces it into the body), and to give support to life; comp. annāyu. In the Śatapath. and Bṛhadār. Upan. it is called, from the same reason, the function of smelling (and the odour inhaled): prāṇo vai grahaḥ sopānenātigrāheṇa gṛhītopānena hi gandhaṃ jighrati. In the Vedānta-Sāra it is defined: apāno nāmāvāggamanavānpāyvādisthānavartī (comm. adho nābheradhastādgamanavānmalādyānayanavyāpāreṇa . pāyurgudam . tatsthānavartītyarthaḥ . ādiśabdādupasthagrahaḥ . tatrāpi mūtraretovisargasyāpānakarmatvāt); in the Sāṅkhya it is like the other four vital airs the function which is common to buddhi, ahaṅkāra and manas qq. vv. (Sāṅkhya prav. sāmānyakaraṇavṛttiḥ prāṇādyā vāyavaḥ pañca) and explained by the comm. apanayanādapānastatra yatsyandanaṃ tadapi sāmānyavṛttirindriyasya. In the Kaṇāda-Sūtra prāṇāpānanimeṣonmeṣaºº it is explained as having the property of adhogamanaṃ phutkārādau vā tiryaggamanam. This theory is then more fully developed in Suśruta’s Nidānasthāna where the inhaled vital air ‘resides in the rectum and in time draws down the excrements, urine, semen, fœtus and menses’ (pakvādhānālayopānaḥ kāle karṣati cāpyayam . samīraṇaḥ śakṛnmūtraśukragarbhārtavānyadhaḥ), and ‘when obstructed by bile produces burning, heat and a little blood, when obstructed by phlegm, heaviness in the lower part of the body’ (apāne pittasaṃyukte dāhauṣṇye syādasṛgdaram . adhaḥkāye gurutvaṃ ca tasminneva kaphāvṛte). Comp. also the following from the musical work Saṅgītadarpaṇa: prāṇāpānau tathā vyānasamānodānasaṃjñakāḥ . nāgaṃ kūrmaṃ ca kṛkalaṃ devadattaṃ dhanaṃjayam (sic, neuter; comp. these latter words in the VedāntaSāra p. 9) . teṣāṃ mukhyatamaḥ prāṇo nābhikandhādadhaḥ sthitaḥ . śabdoccāraṇaniḥśvāsocchvāsakāsādikāraṇam . apānastu gude meḍhre kaṭījaṅghodare tathā . vyānokṣiśrotragulpheṣu kaṭyāṃ ghrāṇe ca tiṣṭhati . samāno vyāpya nikhilaṃ śarīraṃ vahninā saha . udānaḥ pādayorāste hastayoraṅgasaṃdhiṣu . tvagādidhātūnāśritya pañca nāgādayaḥ sthitāḥ.—An improvement on Suśruta seems to have been intended by Hemachandra who makes the apāna run down from the nape of the neck to the heels (apānapavano manyāpṛṣṭhapṛṣṭhāntapārṣṇigaḥ; comm. pṛṣṭhānto gudaḥ . pārṣṇī pādapaścādbhāgau).
2) A fart.
3) The anus. E. an with apa, kṛt aff. ghañ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Apāna (अपान):—[apā+na] (naṃ) 1. n. The anus; a fart.
2) Āpaṇa (आपण):—[ā-paṇa] (ṇaḥ) 1. m. A market; shop.
3) Āpana (आपन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Obtaining; pepper.
4) Āpāna (आपान):—[ā-pāna] (naḥ) 1. m. A place for drinking in society, a tavern.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Apanā (अपना):—(a) one’s own, pertaining to oneself; -[terī] (a feeling of) thine and mine, a parochial outlook; ~[pana] cordiality, (a feeling of) ownness, affinity; -[parāyā] kindred and alien; -[apanā, parāyā-parāyā] blood is thicker than water; —[ullū sidhā karanā]to have an axe to grind, to look for position, to serve one’s own end;—[ghara badanāma karanā] to foul one’s own nest; —[ghara bharanā] to feather one’s own nest;—[tosā apanā bharosā] everyone must stand on one’s own legs; —[dahī khaṭṭā batānā] to cry stinking fish, to condemn one’s own endeavours; —[dila khola denā] to put (all) one’s cards on the table; [apane pāṃva para khaḍe honā] to stand on one’s own bottom; —[peṭa kāṭanā] to tighten one’s belt; —[boyā āpa kāṭanā] as you sow so shall you reap;—[pūta sabako pyārā] every potter praises his own pot; —[makāna koṭa samāna] every man’s house is his castle; —[saba-kucha eka hī dāṃva para lagā denā] to have all the eggs in one basket; -[sā muṃha lekara raha jānā] to cut a sorry figure, to face discomfiture, to be chagrined; [apanī-apanī ḍhapalī apanā-apanā rāga] each one blowing one’s own trumpet; [apanī-apanī paḍanā] to be keen each after his own interests or affairs; [apanī karanī kā phala pānā/apanī karanī pāra utaranī] to lie in the bed one has made, to stew in one’s juice; [apanī galī meṃ kuttā bhī śera] a cock on his own dunghill; [apanī jagaha ḍaṭe rahanā] to stick to one’s guns; [apanī bāta para jame rahanā] to stand one’s ground; [apanī bisāta meṃ rahanā] to keep one’s head; [apanī mauta maranā] to die in one’s own bed; [apanī lagāī āga meṃ āpa jalanā] to be hoist with on'e own petard; [apane āpa] by oneself, on one’s own; [apane taka rakhanā] to one’s own check, to keep (some secret, etc.) to oneself; [apane āpa ko lāṭa sāhaba samajhane vālā] Jack in office; [apane tarājū meṃ dūsaroṃ ko tolanā] to measure other’s corn by one’s own bushel; [apane muṃha miyāṃ miṭṭhū bananā] self-praise is no recommendation; to indulge in self-praise; [apane māla ko sonā kahanā] all his geese are swans; [apane meṃ masta rahanā] to keep oneself to oneself; [apane raṃga meṃ honā] to be in one’s element; [apane haka ke lie laḍanā] to fight for one’s own hand.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Apāṇa (अपाण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Apāna.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+27): Apana Houna, Apana Sutra, Apanabhi, Apanabhrit, Apanabhumi, Apanada, Apanadevata, Apanadrih, Apanadvara, Apanagoshthi, Apanah, Apanaka, Apanakatta, Apanakotika, Apanakotsava, Apanam, Apanama, Apanaman, Apanamandala, Apanamati.
Ends with (+656): Abhidapana, Abhiprapana, Abhiramapana, Abhisapana, Abhitapana, Abhyanujnapana, Acchapana, Adapana, Addhakahapana, Adharapana, Adhishrapana, Adhishthapana, Adhivapana, Adhmapana, Adhyapana, Adhyardhakarshapana, Agghapana, Agnisthapana, Ajjhapana, Ajnanadhyapana.
Full-text (+190): Apanapavana, Apanavayu, Antarapana, Apanada, Apanabhrit, Anapana, Apanapa, Apaniya, Apashvasa, Apanavedika, Apanadvara, Apanavithika, Gandhapana, Apanika, Pranapana, Karshapana, Vanishnu, Vodra, Anguttarapa, Apanagoshthi.
Search found 90 books and stories containing Apana, Apāna, Āpaṇa, Āpāna, Apāṇa, Āpāṇa, Āpana, A-pana, Ā-pāna, Ā-paṇa, Apanā; (plurals include: Apanas, Apānas, Āpaṇas, Āpānas, Apāṇas, Āpāṇas, Āpanas, panas, pānas, paṇas, Apanās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Prashna Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - Organs in the Atharva-veda and Āyurveda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 9 - Prāṇa and its Control < [Chapter XII - The Philosophy of the Yogavāsiṣṭha]
Part 2 - Gītā and Yoga < [Chapter XIV - The Philosophy of the Bhagavad-gītā]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.23 < [Section IV - The ‘Five Sacrifices’]
Verse 1.55 < [Section XXX - Exit of the Individual Soul]
Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)
The story of Keṇiya the matted-hair ascetic < [6. Medicine (Bhesajja)]
The story Roja the Malla < [6. Medicine (Bhesajja)]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXV - On samadhi < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter XXIV - Investigation of the living principle < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter LXXXI - Inquiry into agni, soma or fire and moon < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]