Apana, Apāna, Āpaṇa, Āpāna, Apāṇa, Āpāṇa, Āpana: 23 definitions



Apana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda

Apāna (अपान).—One of the five upadoṣas (sub-functions) of vāta (one of the three biological humors).—

Location of apāna: Colon (large intestine), lower abdomen, organs of the pelvic region (kidneys, bladder, navel, rectum).

Functions of apāna: Elimination of waste, keeps foetus in place and helps during birth, responsible for sexual function (ejaculation of semen) and menstruation.

Ailments of apāna due to vitiation: Renal calculi (stone), diseases of bladder, anus, testicles, uterus and obstinate urinary ailments including diabetes, prameha and dysuria.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Apāna (अपान):—[apānaḥ] Rectum

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Apāna (अपान).—A Sādhya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 16.

1b) A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1c) An Ajita deva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.

2) Āpana (आपन).—(c)—a kingdom to which Puramjana went by the entrance mukhyā; allegorically vyavahāra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 49; 29. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Apāna (अपान) refers to “out-going breath”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Yoga Magazine: Prana

The third prana is known as Apana. It is located between the navel and the perineum in the pelvic region. It is a very important energy field which is responsible for sexual activity, procreation, production of semen and ovum, elimination of urine, faeces, gas, wind and expulsion of the foetus. This energy is mainly downward flowing, but we can also redirect it upward to the brain.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A city in the Anguttarapa country (probably its capital). The Buddha once visited the city with 1,250 monks and the whole company was entertained by the Jatila Keniya (Vin.i.245ff). From Apana the Buddha went on to Kusinara (Vin.i.247). In the Samyutta Nikaya (S.v.225), Apana is spoken of as a township of the Angas (Anganam nigamo) and the Buddha is mentioned as having stayed there with Sariputta.

Several suttas were preached at Apana, among them

the Potaliya Sutta (regarding Potaliya), (M.i.359ff)

the Latukikopama Sutta (to Udayi) (M.i.447ff),

the Sela Sutta (regarding Sela) (M.ii.146ff; Sn.pp.102ff) and

the Saddha or Apana Sutta (S.v.225-7).

Apana was a brahmin village and was the home of the Elder Sela (ThagA.ii.47). On the occasion of the Buddhas visit to Apana, during which he converted Sela and Keniya, he seems to have stayed at Apana for over a week and ordained three hundred monks in the company of Sela (Sn., p.112).

According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.586), the village was called Apana because it had twenty thousand bazaars (apana) and was therefore distinguished for its shops (apananam ussannatta). Near the village, on the banks of the river Mahi, was the woodland where the Buddha stayed during his visits.

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One of the Vanni chiefs of Ceylon, brought into subjection by Bhuvanekabahu I. (Cv.xc.33)

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āpaṇa (आपण) is an ancient captial of the of the Aṅguttarāpas, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—The Jaṭila master Keṇiya was living at Āpaṇa, the capital of the Aṅguttarāpas in the land of Aṅga. He was a staunch Brāhmaṇist but, coming to learn that the Buddha along with 1250 Bhikṣus was traveling in the area, he went to see him and invited him to lunch on the following day. According to his custom, the Buddha accepted by remaining silent and Keṇiya went home to prepare the reception with his friends and family. Keṇiya had as a friend in Āpaṇa the learned brāhmaṇa Sela who was a specialist in the Vedas and auxiliary sciences, an expert in interpreting physical signs and learned in mantras which he taught to 300 disciples.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Apāna (अपान, “exhale”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—What is the meaning apāna or exhale? The air inside the body (śarīra) which the living being throws out is called exhale.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āpaṇa.—(IE 8-5), a shop. (CII 4), a market. Note: āpaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Āpāna.—(EI 2; CII 1), a watering station or shed. Note: āpāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

apāṇa : (nt.) breathing out. || āpaṇa (m.), bazaar; market. āpāṇa (nt.), breathing; exhalation.

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āpāna : (nt.) drinking hall.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Apāna, (nt.) breathing out, respiration (so Ch.; no ref. in P. Cauon?) On Prāṇa & Apāna see G. W. Brown in J. Am. Or. Soc. 39, 1919 pp. 104—112. See ānāpāna. (Page 54)

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Āpāna, (nt.) (fr. ā + pā) drinking; drinking party, banquet; banqueting-hall, drinking-hall J.I, 52 (°maṇḍala); V, 292 (°bhūmi); Vism.399 (id.); DhA.I, 213 (id., rañño). (Page 102)

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Āpāṇa, (ā + pāṇa) life, lit. breathing, only in cpd. °koṭi the end of life Miln.397; Dāvs III, 93; adj. —koṭika M.II, 120; Vism.10. (Page 102)

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Āpaṇa, (Sk. āpaṇa, ā + paṇ) a bazaar, shop Vin.I, 140; J.I, 55; V, 445; Pv.II, 322; Miln.2, 341; SnA 440; DhA.I, 317; II, 89; VvA.157; PvA.88, 333 (phal° fruit shop), 215. (Page 102)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apāna (अपान).—n apānadvāra n (S) The anus.

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āpaṇa (आपण).—pron (ātmā S through appā in bālabhāṣā) One's self. This is a representative or referential pronoun, standing indifferently for I, thou, he, we, ye, they; or for Myself, thyself, himself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. Ex. myāṃ tyālā jēvūṃ ghātalēṃ maga ā0 jēvāyāsa basalōṃ; tū malā khaṭapaṭīnta lāvūna ā0 svastha basalāsa; tyānēṃ cōrī karāvī āṇi ā0 ca cōra cōra mhaṇūna hākā mārīta suṭāvēṃ; and in this manner, through the plural. 2 In the style of majesty or magniloquence, āpaṇa is assumed by the first person singular, bearing the plural significance and regimen of We; and in the reverential or respectful style, it is used in addressing the second person and in designating the third person singular, exercising the plural government of Ye and They, and conveying the force of such English phrases as Your majesty, Your honor, Your worship, His excellency, His highness &c. 3 āpaṇa rather especially stands for No. 1, the first of the persons, for I or myself, or for We or ourselves. Ex. tyāpāśīṃ māgitalēṃ asatāṃ tō āpaṇāsa dēīla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apāna (अपान).—n apānadvāra n The anus.

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apāna (अपान).—m apānavāyu m The air stationed in the anus.

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āpaṇa (आपण).—pro One's self. (āpaṇa) A person meaning I, we, thou, ye, he, they or myself, thyself &c. in all persons, singular and plural. This word may

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apāna (अपान).—Breathing out, respiration (opp. prāṇa); प्राणापानौ समौ कृत्वा नासाभ्यन्तरचारिणौ (prāṇāpānau samau kṛtvā nāsābhyantaracāriṇau) Bg.5.27; one of the five life-winds in the body which goes downwards and out at the anus (apanayanānmūtrapurīṣāderapāno'dhovṛttirvāyurnā- misthānaḥ) मूत्रशुक्रवहो वायुरपान इति कीर्त्यते (mūtraśukravaho vāyurapāna iti kīrtyate).

-naḥ, -nam The anus (ādhāre ghañ).

Derivable forms: apānaḥ (अपानः).

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Āpana (आपन).—[āp-lyuṭ]

1) Getting, obtaining, reaching &c.

2) Pepper.

Derivable forms: āpanam (आपनम्).

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Āpaṇa (आपण).—[āpaṇ-ghañ]

1) A market; shop. विपणापणवान् रम्यः (vipaṇāpaṇavān ramyaḥ) Mb.14.59.11; भक्ष्यमाल्यापणानां च ददृशुः श्रियमुत्तमाम् (bhakṣyamālyāpaṇānāṃ ca dadṛśuḥ śriyamuttamām) Mb.

2) Trade, commercial commodity; पिहितापणोदया (pihitāpaṇodayā) Rām.2.48.37.

3) A group of shopkeepers; शकटापण- वेशाश्च यानं युग्यं च सर्वशः (śakaṭāpaṇa- veśāśca yānaṃ yugyaṃ ca sarvaśaḥ) Mb.5.196.26.

Derivable forms: āpaṇaḥ (आपणः).

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Āpāna (आपान).—1 A drinking party, banquet; Mk.8; आपाने पानकलिता दैवेनाभिप्रचोदिताः (āpāne pānakalitā daivenābhipracoditāḥ) Mb.

Derivable forms: āpānam (आपानम्).

See also (synonyms): āpānaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāna (अपान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The anus. 2. A fart, one of the five vital airs. E. apa below, ana to breathe, ghañ aff.

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Āpaṇa (आपण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A market. 2. A shop. E. āṅ before and paṇi to trade, affix ac.

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Āpana (आपन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Obtaining. 2. Pepper. E. āpa to obtain, lyuṭ aff.

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Āpāna (आपान).—m.

(-naḥ) A tavern, a liquor-shop, a place for drinking in society. E. āṅ before to drink, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāna (अपान).—i. e. apa-an + a, m. 1. One of the five vital airs, that which goes downwards, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 207, 10. 2. The anus (cf. an).

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Āpaṇa (आपण).—[ā-paṇ + a], m. A market, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 192, 10.

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Āpāna (आपान).—i. e. ā-pā + ana, n. 1. A banquet, Mahābhārata 1, 620. 2. A place for drinking, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 3, 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāna (अपान).—[masculine] the wind that goes downward (in the body); the anus.

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Āpaṇa (आपण).—[masculine] market; merchandise.

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Āpāna (आपान).—1. [adjective] reaching, obtaining; successful.

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Āpāna (आपान).—2. [neuter] drinking-party, banquet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apāna (अपान):—[from apān] m. (opposed to prāṇa), that of the five vital airs which goes downwards and out at the anus

2) [v.s. ...] the anus, [Mahābhārata] (in this sense also (am) n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Pbr.]

4) [v.s. ...] ventris crepitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Āpana (आपन):—[from āp] a n. obtaining, reaching, coming to, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Āpāna (आपान):—[from āp] 1. āpāna mfn. one who has reached

8) [v.s. ...] (for 2. See ā- √1. .)

9) Āpaṇa (आपण):—m. a market, a shop, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) waves, [Mahābhārata]

11) (fr. 4. ā + √paṇ) commerce, trade, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Āpana (आपन):—b etc. See under √1. āp.

13) Āpāna (आपान):—[=ā-pāna] [from ā-pā] 2. ā-pāna n. the act of drinking, a drinking-party, banquet, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] (for 1. āpāna See p. 142, col. 2.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apāna (अपान):—[apā+na] (naṃ) 1. n. The anus; a fart.

2) Āpaṇa (आपण):—[ā-paṇa] (ṇaḥ) 1. m. A market; shop.

3) Āpana (आपन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Obtaining; pepper.

4) Āpāna (आपान):—[ā-pāna] (naḥ) 1. m. A place for drinking in society, a tavern.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Apāna (अपान):—

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Āpaṇa (आपण):—(von paṇ mit ā) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 119.] Markt [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1002.] [Mahābhārata 3, 14846.] bhakṣyamālyāpaṇānām [2, 821.] mālyāpaṇeṣu [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 71, 37.] pihitāpaṇodayā (nagarī) [48, 29.] nītvā kāṣṭhāni cāpaṇe [Kathāsaritsāgara 6, 43.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Sundopasundopākhyāna 2, 23.] — Vgl. antarāpaṇa .

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Āpana (आपन):—n.

1) das Erreichen, Erlangen (von āp), s. durāpana . —

2) Pfeffer [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Āpāna (आपान):—(von pā, pibati mit ā) n. Gelage [Mahābhārata 1, 620. 623.] gandharvāpsaraso bhadre māmāpānagataṃ sadā . upātiṣṭhanti [3, 16178.] Trinkstube, Trinkhaus [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 43.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 907.] āpānabhūmi [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 3, 28.] [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 42.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 42.] āpānaśālā [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 15, 8.]

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Apāna (अपान):—

1) [Z. 2 lies 5, 30, 15 Stenzler 5, 30, 12.] Am Schluss hinzuzufügen: apāno nāma vāyurnābhyadhiṣṭhātā [Sânkhya Philosophy 32.] vasiṣṭhasyāpānaḥ Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,233,a.] —

2) [Spr. 4195.] apānodgāra Furz [903.]

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Āpaṇa (आपण):—[Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 192, 10.] — Vgl. karṣāpaṇa, kārṣāpaṇa .

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Āpana (आपन):—adj. bringend, herbeiführend [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 82, 44.]

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Āpāna (आपान):—füge das Zechen hinzu und streiche [Z. 2. fg.] Trinkstube, Trinkhaus. [Halāyudha 2, 173.] āpānaṃ sevamānaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 52, 2. 22.] goṣṭhī [103, 199.] bhū, bhūmi [110, 124.]

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Āpaṇa (आपण):—auch Waare; s. u. śakaṭa 1).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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