Apana, aka: Apāna, Āpaṇa, Āpāna, Apāṇa, Āpāṇa, Āpana; 10 Definition(s)
Apana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Apāna (अपान).—One of the five upadoṣas (sub-functions) of vāta (one of the three biological humors).—
Location of apāna: Colon (large intestine), lower abdomen, organs of the pelvic region (kidneys, bladder, navel, rectum).
Functions of apāna: Elimination of waste, keeps foetus in place and helps during birth, responsible for sexual function (ejaculation of semen) and menstruation.
Ailments of apāna due to vitiation: Renal calculi (stone), diseases of bladder, anus, testicles, uterus and obstinate urinary ailments including diabetes, prameha and dysuria.(Source): Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
1a) Apāna (अपान).—A Sādhya god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 16.
1b) A Tuṣita god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.
1c) An Ajita deva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.
2) Āpana (आपन).—(c)—a kingdom to which Puramjana went by the entrance mukhyā; allegorically vyavahāra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 49; 29. 12.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The third prana is known as Apana. It is located between the navel and the perineum in the pelvic region. It is a very important energy field which is responsible for sexual activity, procreation, production of semen and ovum, elimination of urine, faeces, gas, wind and expulsion of the foetus. This energy is mainly downward flowing, but we can also redirect it upward to the brain.(Source): Yoga Magazine: Prana
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A city in the Anguttarapa country (probably its capital). The Buddha once visited the city with 1,250 monks and the whole company was entertained by the Jatila Keniya (Vin.i.245ff). From Apana the Buddha went on to Kusinara (Vin.i.247). In the Samyutta Nikaya (S.v.225), Apana is spoken of as a township of the Angas (Anganam nigamo) and the Buddha is mentioned as having stayed there with Sariputta.
Several suttas were preached at Apana, among them
the Potaliya Sutta (regarding Potaliya), (M.i.359ff)
the Latukikopama Sutta (to Udayi) (M.i.447ff),
the Sela Sutta (regarding Sela) (M.ii.146ff; Sn.pp.102ff) and
the Saddha or Apana Sutta (S.v.225-7).
Apana was a brahmin village and was the home of the Elder Sela (ThagA.ii.47). On the occasion of the Buddhas visit to Apana, during which he converted Sela and Keniya, he seems to have stayed at Apana for over a week and ordained three hundred monks in the company of Sela (Sn., p.112).
According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.586), the village was called Apana because it had twenty thousand bazaars (apana) and was therefore distinguished for its shops (apananam ussannatta). Near the village, on the banks of the river Mahi, was the woodland where the Buddha stayed during his visits.
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One of the Vanni chiefs of Ceylon, brought into subjection by Bhuvanekabahu I. (Cv.xc.33)(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)
Apāna (अपान, “exhale”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—What is the meaning apāna or exhale? The air inside the body (śarīra) which the living being throws out is called exhale.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
apāṇa : (nt.) breathing out. || āpaṇa (m.), bazaar; market. āpāṇa (nt.), breathing; exhalation.
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āpāna : (nt.) drinking hall.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Apāna, (nt.) breathing out, respiration (so Ch.; no ref. in P. Cauon?) On Prāṇa & Apāna see G. W. Brown in J. Am. Or. Soc. 39, 1919 pp. 104—112. See ānāpāna. (Page 54)
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Āpāna, (nt.) (fr. ā + pā) drinking; drinking party, banquet; banqueting-hall, drinking-hall J.I, 52 (°maṇḍala); V, 292 (°bhūmi); Vism.399 (id.); DhA.I, 213 (id., rañño). (Page 102)
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Āpāṇa, (ā + pāṇa) life, lit. breathing, only in cpd. °koṭi the end of life Miln.397; Dāvs III, 93; adj. —koṭika M.II, 120; Vism.10. (Page 102)
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Āpaṇa, (Sk. āpaṇa, ā + paṇ) a bazaar, shop Vin.I, 140; J.I, 55; V, 445; Pv.II, 322; Miln.2, 341; SnA 440; DhA.I, 317; II, 89; VvA.157; PvA.88, 333 (phal° fruit shop), 215. (Page 102)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
apāna (अपान).—n apānadvāra n (S) The anus.
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āpaṇa (आपण).—pron (ātmā S through appā in bālabhāṣā) One's self. This is a representative or referential pronoun, standing indifferently for I, thou, he, we, ye, they; or for Myself, thyself, himself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. Ex. myāṃ tyālā jēvūṃ ghātalēṃ maga ā0 jēvāyāsa basalōṃ; tū malā khaṭapaṭīnta lāvūna ā0 svastha basalāsa; tyānēṃ cōrī karāvī āṇi ā0 ca cōra cōra mhaṇūna hākā mārīta suṭāvēṃ; and in this manner, through the plural. 2 In the style of majesty or magniloquence, āpaṇa is assumed by the first person singular, bearing the plural significance and regimen of We; and in the reverential or respectful style, it is used in addressing the second person and in designating the third person singular, exercising the plural government of Ye and They, and conveying the force of such English phrases as Your majesty, Your honor, Your worship, His excellency, His highness &c. 3 āpaṇa rather especially stands for No. 1, the first of the persons, for I or myself, or for We or ourselves. Ex. tyāpāśīṃ māgitalēṃ asatāṃ tō āpaṇāsa dēīla.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
apāna (अपान).—n apānadvāra n The anus.
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apāna (अपान).—m apānavāyu m The air stationed in the anus.
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āpaṇa (आपण).—pro One's self. (āpaṇa) A person meaning I, we, thou, ye, he, they or myself, thyself &c. in all persons, singular and plural. This word may(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Apāna (अपान).—Breathing out, respiration (opp. prāṇa); प्राणापानौ समौ कृत्वा नासाभ्यन्तरचारिणौ (prāṇāpānau samau kṛtvā nāsābhyantaracāriṇau) Bg.5.27; one of the five life-winds in the body which goes downwards and out at the anus (apanayanānmūtrapurīṣāderapāno'dhovṛttirvāyurnā- misthānaḥ) मूत्रशुक्रवहो वायुरपान इति कीर्त्यते (mūtraśukravaho vāyurapāna iti kīrtyate).
-naḥ, -nam The anus (ādhāre ghañ).
Derivable forms: apānaḥ (अपानः).
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1) Getting, obtaining, reaching &c.
Derivable forms: āpanam (आपनम्).
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1) A market; shop. विपणापणवान् रम्यः (vipaṇāpaṇavān ramyaḥ) Mb.14.59.11; भक्ष्यमाल्यापणानां च ददृशुः श्रियमुत्तमाम् (bhakṣyamālyāpaṇānāṃ ca dadṛśuḥ śriyamuttamām) Mb.
2) Trade, commercial commodity; पिहितापणोदया (pihitāpaṇodayā) Rām.2.48.37.
3) A group of shopkeepers; शकटापण- वेशाश्च यानं युग्यं च सर्वशः (śakaṭāpaṇa- veśāśca yānaṃ yugyaṃ ca sarvaśaḥ) Mb.5.196.26.
Derivable forms: āpaṇaḥ (आपणः).
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Āpāna (आपान).—1 A drinking party, banquet; Mk.8; आपाने पानकलिता दैवेनाभिप्रचोदिताः (āpāne pānakalitā daivenābhipracoditāḥ) Mb.
Derivable forms: āpānam (आपानम्).
See also (synonyms): āpānaka.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 108 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
apānavāyu (अपानवायु).—m or, by abridgment, apāna m (S) The air stationed or seated in the anus,...
Antarāpaṇa (अन्तरापण).—a market in the heart (inside) of a town. Derivable forms: antarāpaṇaḥ (...
Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—What is the meaning of...
Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—(KĀRṢIKAM). A measure of weight for gold and silver in ancient India.
‘Apāna Vāta’: This is active in pelvic region. ‘Apāna’ governs physiological processes like ...
Apānabhṛt (अपानभृत्).—f. a sort of brick (cherishing the life-wind apāna).Apānabhṛt is a Sanskr...
Apānadvāra (अपानद्वार).—the anus. Derivable forms: apānadvāram (अपानद्वारम्).Apānadvāra is a Sa...
Āpānotsava (आपानोत्सव).—Drinking festival. ... समन्ताद् आपानोत्सवमनु- भवन्तीव मधुपाः (samantād ...
Āpaṇavīthikā (आपणवीथिका).—A row of stalls, market; Rām. Āpaṇavīthikā is a Sanskrit compound con...
Srastāpāna (स्रस्तापान).—a. having prolapsus ani. Srastāpāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting ...
Mālyāpaṇa (माल्यापण).—a flowermarket. Derivable forms: mālyāpaṇaḥ (माल्यापणः).Mālyāpaṇa is a Sa...
Apānāsana (अपानासन, “downward air posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of postur...
Āpaṇavedikā (आपणवेदिका).—A shopcounter.Āpaṇavedikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
āpaṇa hōūna (आपण होऊन).—Of one's own self; voluntarily or personally.
See Saddha Sutta.
Search found 58 books and stories containing Apana, Apāna, Āpaṇa, Āpāna, Apāṇa, Āpāṇa or Āpana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.23 < [Section IV - The ‘Five Sacrifices’]
Verse 1.55 < [Section XXX - Exit of the Individual Soul]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXV - On samadhi < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter XXIV - Investigation of the living principle < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter LXXXI - Inquiry into agni, soma or fire and moon < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 5 - The conversion of Śaila (Sela) < [Chapter LII - Elimination of the Triple Poison]
3. The six virtues (pāramitā) < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
II. How to meditate on the nine notions (navasaṃjñā) < [Part 1 - The nine notions according to the Abhidharma]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)