Lata, Lāṭa, Latā: 46 definitions


Lata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Laat.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Latā (लता) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. (Instructions): “The two hands to be obliquely stretched sideways. The Dance-hands are to be used in forming Karaṇas”. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika) (e.g., Latā), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Latā (creeper): Patāka hands held like a swing. Patron deity Śakti. Usage: being heavy with drink, beginning (the dance called) svabhāva-naṭana, lines, state of union (yoga-condition), etc.

2) Latā is one of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-seven combined Hands).

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Latā (लता) refers to one of the thirty Nṛttahastas or “dance hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, thirty kinds of nṛttahastas (“dance-hand gestures”) are mentioned. e.g., latā. The practice of these nṛttahastas is strictly prohibited in sickness of body, in old age, in fear, drunk and anxiety.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Latā (लता) or Latā refers to a “creeper” (viz., a creeping plant) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Latā] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Latā (लता) is another name for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Latā and Tejovatī, there are a total of thirty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Latā (लता) is also mentioned as a synonyme for Kaivartikā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ventilago madraspatana (red creeper) from the Rhamnaceae or “buckthorn family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.120-121. Ṭhākur B.S. et al identify it with either Smilax species or Ventilago species. Nāḍkarṇī suggests Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae). Even after Nāḍkarṇī’s identification the creeper needs further verification.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Latā (लता, “creeper”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Latās are plants such as Kuṣmāṇḍa (Beninkasa cerifera, Cucurbita hispida, Benincasa hispida) and the like. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā

Latā is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

 - Praśastapādabhāṣya by Praśastapāda and its two commentaries Nyāyakaṇḍalī and Kiraṇāvalī.
 - Bhāvārthadīpikā 3.10.19 (commentary on the Bhāgavatapurāṇa) by Śrīdhara.

2) Latā (लता) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century.

3) Latā (लता) is another name for Mādhavī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Hiptage benghalensis (hiptage) from the Malpighiaceae family, which is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine). It is used throughout literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Latā (लता):—Plants with a weak stem; climbers / twinners / prostates / creepers

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Latā (लता) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Nigūḍha, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Nigūḍha group contains five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Latā (लता) refers to “creepers”, according to the Skandapurāṇa 2.2.13 (“The Greatness of Kapoteśa and Bilveśvara”).—Accordingly: as Jaimini said to the Sages: “[...] [Dhūrjaṭi (Śiva)] went to the holy spot Kuśasthalī. He performed a very severe penance near Nīla mountain. [...] By the power of his penance that holy spot became one comparable to Vṛndāvana, the forest near Gokula. Its interior was rendered splendid by lakes, ponds, reservoirs and rivers. It was full of different kinds of trees and creepers [i.e., latā] (laden) with fruits and flowers of all seasons. It was resonant with the humming sounds of bees inebriated with honey. It was full of different kinds of flocks of birds. It was a comfortable place of resort for all creatures. [...]”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Latā (लता).—A celestial maiden. She was the companion of another Devī of name Vargā. Though she became a crocodile by the curse of a brahmin she was set free by Arjuna. (See under Pañcatīrtha).

2) Lāṭa (लाट).—A particular division of the Kṣatriyas. Because a set of the Kṣatriyas showed jealousy towards the Brahmins they became Lāṭas. (Śloka 17, Chapter 35, Anuśāsana Parva).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Latā (लता) refers to “creepers” (of which the most important is mentioned as the Soma creeper), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] Among the Yogas you are the Vyatīpāta; among creepers (latā) you are the Soma creeper; among intellectual activities you are the virtuous inclination, among intimate ones you are the wife. Among the pure activities of the aspirant, O great lord, you are Prāṇāyāma; among all Jyotirliṅgas you are Viśveśvara. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Latā (लता).—A daughter of Meru and wife of Ilāvṛta.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 23.

1b) A daughter of Irā and mother of Vanaspati.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 460.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Lāṭa (लाट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lāṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Lāṭa (लाट).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Lāṭa is southern Gujarat including Khāndeśa or the tract of territory situated between the river Mahī and the lower Narmadā. The limit of Lāṭa is changed from time to time. Laṭamaṇḍala, a unit of the Calukya empire under Jayasiṃha and Kumārapāla is said to be from the Māhi or the Narmadā downward including the com try along the coast and reaching as far as Navsārī or Purṇā. Skandapurāṇa speaks of twenty one thousand villages of Lāṭadeśa.

Rājaśekhara had a partiality for Lāṭa (South Gujarat). According to him it was the crest of the earth. Its people, however hated sanskrit, hut spoke elegant Prākrita in a beautiful way. Its women were noted for their heauty and elegance of speach. Its poets possessed distinctive literary traits and favoured the style called Lāṭi. Humour was its speciality. Vatsarāja of Caulukya Vaṃśa, who patronised Soḍḍhala was the king of the Lāṭadeśa.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Lāṭa (लाट) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Southern Gujarat including Khāndeśa or the tract of territory situated between the river Māhī and the lower Narmadā.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Latā (लता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Valanā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Latā (लता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Latā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Lāṭa (लाट) is the name of a sacred place classified as a Saṃdoha, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The eight seats are the main group of eight groups [i.e., Lāṭa] of eight types of sacred sites. The figure sixty-four is a common ideal number as it is often configured into eight groups of eight.

2) Latā (लता) refers to a “creeper”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] O mistress of the gods, the human flesh comes from the Creeper (latā), the Vine (vallī), and the Vehicle (vimāna). One should know that (the flesh of one) who has died by being dragged along (the ground) by bulls is called the Creeper. The Vine (is human flesh) that has been extracted (from a human corpse). The Vehicle (is the flesh of one) who has been torn apart by a spear (śūla). (These three are, respectively,) the inferior, middling and the best. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Latā (लता) refers to “vines”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “'[Practising] in caves on the peak of Śrī Śaila [mountain], when will I succeed in dissolving my mind as prescribed [earlier and attain success] in Samādhi? When vines (latā) cover my body and when birds build nests in my ear”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

latā (लता) f. "a creeper", any creeping or winding plant or twining tendril; Lit. Mn. Lit. MBh. (the brows, arms, curls, a slender body, a sword-blade, lightning are often compared to the form of a creeper, to express their graceful curves and slimness of outline;)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Latā (लता)—One of the five Apsarās (beautiful heavenly dancing girls) who were sent by Indra to break the severe austerity of a saintly person called Acyuta ṛṣi.

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Lāṭa (लाट) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (both types of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Lāṭa] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A woman of Savatthi.

She was good and holy, and after death was born as a daughter of Vessavana.

Her sisters were Sajja, Pavara, Acchimati and Suta.

Sakka married them all, and when a dispute arose as to which was the most skilled in dance and song, a contest was held on the banks of the Anotatta, in which Lata won. Suta asked Lata how she acquired her great talents, and the latter gave an account of her good deeds as a human being.

Later, the story was related to Moggallana on one of his visits to the deva worlds, and was repeated by him to the Buddha. Vv.iii.4; VvA.131ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Lāṭa (लाट) [?] [or Lala ?] (in Chinese: Lo-lo) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Rohiṇī or Rohiṇīnakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Rohiṇī] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Lāṭa] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Latā (लता) refers to the “branch (of a tree)” (suitable for an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] A square maṇḍalaka should be prepared. Flowers should be scattered. A Nāga image should be made in the middle. An offering of what is obtainable should be performed. A pomegranate branch (dāḍima-latā) should be enchanted twenty-one times or 108 times or reciting 1,000 times, the Nāga image-form should be purified with the pomegranate branch. In whose name it is done, that Nāga is attracted. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Lāṭa (लाट) (distinguished by the city Koṭīvarṣa) refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Lāṭa), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Koṭīvarṣa) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Lāṭa (लाट) or Lāṭaviṣaya is a place-name classified as a viṣaya and mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The district or viṣaya of Lāṭa is here described as “pleasing with choice trees that are bowed down by the weight of (their) flowers, and with temples and assembly-halls of the gods, and with vihāras, (and) the mountains of which are covered over with vegetation”.

The country south of Mahī or at times south of the Narbadā up to the Pūrva or so far as Daman, was called Lāṭa and ‘it corresponded roughly with Southern Gujarat’. It comprised the collectorates of Surat, Bharoch, Kheda and parts of Baroda territory. Lāṭa is the same as the Larike of Ptolemy which lay to the east of Indo-Scythia along the sea-coast.

The word Lāṭa is derived from Sanskrit Rāṣṭra. The Nāgara brāhmaṇas of Lāṭa (Gujarat) are said to have invented the Nāgarī character which is believed to have been derived from the Brāhmī alphabet.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Lāṭa (लाट) is mentioned as a country conquered by Aparājita, mentioned in the “Janjirā plates (set I) of Aparājita”. Lāṭa is the ancient name of Southern Gujarāt.

These copper plates (mentioning Lāṭa) were discovered by one Bala Tukaram, while digging in the compound of his house at Chikhala-pākhāḍī, a part of Muruḍ Janjirā in the Kolābā District of the Mahārāṣṭra State.The grant was made on the mahāparvan of the solar eclipse which occurred on Sunday, the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight of Śrāvaṇa, when the sun was in the zodiacal sign (rāśi) of Siṃha in the cyclic year Vijaya and the expired Śaka year 915.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXIX (1951-1952)

Lāṭa (लाट) (or Lāṭadeśa) is the name of an ancient country whose king Lāṭeśa was conquered by Kesarin of the Śulkī royal family possibly identified with the Eastern Chālukya dynasty according to Chakravarti.—The Lāṭa country alluded to here may be taken to correspond roughly to the central and southern Gujarāt. This region was included in the principality of Kheṭakamaṇḍala, i.e., modern Kaira and parts of Ahmedabad District. In the time of Kṛṣṇa II the province was recovered by him from a collateral Rāṣṭrakūṭa family and remained within the empire of the Rāṣṭrakūṭas of Malkhed.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Lāṭa (लाट) is the name of a country included in an international list of students participating in universities of ancient India, as depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 150.17 f. & 151.1-5: There is described an educational institution which included students from [e.g., Lāṭa] [...]. The courses of study comprised Vyākaraṇa, Buddhism, Sāṃkhya, Nyāya, Anekānta or Jaina and Lokāyata or Cārvāka philosophies. At another place (151.6-11) the prince came across persons who cultivated the seventy-two arts and sixty-four sciences, [...].

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Lata in India is the name of a plant defined with Aglaia odoratissima in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aglaia diepenhorstii Miquel (among others).

2) Lata is also identified with Cardiospermum halicacabum It has the synonym Cardiospermum microcarpum Kunth (etc.).

3) Lata is also identified with Ephedra gerardiana It has the synonym Ephedra gerardiana var. congesta C.Y. Cheng (etc.).

4) Lata is also identified with Setaria italica It has the synonym Panicum italicum L. (etc.).

5) Lata in Latin America is also identified with Arundo donax It has the synonym Aira bengalensis (Retz.) J.F. Gmel. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (1759)
· Anais da Faculdade de Sciencias do Porto (1934)
· Bulletin, Division of Agrostology United States Department of Agriculture (1897)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Ethnobotany (2004)
· Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum (1855)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Lata, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

latā : (f.) a creeper.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Latā, (f.) (cp. Sk. latā, connected with Lat. lentus flexible; Ohg. lindi soft, E. lithe; also Ohg. lintea lime tree; Gr. e)lάth fir tree) 1. a slender tree, a creeping plant, creeper A. I, 202 (māluvā°); Vv 355 (=vallī VvA. 162); 474 (kosātakī l.); J. I, 464 (rukkha°, here perhaps better “branch”); DhA. I, 392 (°pasādhana: see under mahā°); Miln. 253, 351; VvA. 12 (kappa°); PvA. 51, 121; Vism. 183 (where the foll. kinds are given: lābu, kumbhaṇḍī, sāmā, kāḷavallī, pūtilatā).—nāga° the iron wood tree: see under nāga; pūti° a sort of creeper (q. v.). On latā in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 130.—2. (fig.) an epithet of taṇhā (greed), as much as it strangles its victim Dhs. 1059, 1136; Nett 24, 121.—3. (fig.) streak, flash, in vijjul-latā flash of lightning J. I, 103.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

1) Laṭa (लट).—f Entangledness (as of hair, yarn, fibres).

laṭa (लट).—m A cudgel or club. Commonly laṭha. 2 f A hair of the pubes.

2) lata (लत).—f ( H) A trick, vice, evil habit. v lāga, paḍa, jaḍa, & mōḍa, suṭa. 2 Blameworthiness or faultiness. v lāva, lāga. Ex. hā āpalyā vacanāsa lata lāvaṇāra nāhīṃ.

3) latā (लता).—f (S) A creeping or climbing plant in general.

4) lāṭa (लाट).—f A wave. 2 The cross piece of a bagāḍa (hook-swing); also of a machine for pounding lime, pohe &c. 3 The roller of an oilmill; also of a certain kind of sugarmill. 4 A beam or rail laid across and before the idol in an idol-house. 5 A roller for leveling ground. 6 The beam of a lime and pebble mill. 7 A large beam or piece of timber in general.

lāṭa (लाट).—interj Bravo! nobly! well-done!

5) lāṭā (लाटा).—m (lāṭaṇēṃ) A pat or mass of dough as prepared to be rolled out into cakes. 2 C A truss (of rice-straw, straw of natsn̤i &c.) 3 (Commonly lāṭaṇī) A rolling pin. In this sense also lāṭhā. lāṭā (also lāṭhā) phiraviṇēṃ (or phiraṇēṃ) To rub over fraudulently or cursorily (bērajāṃvara, hiśōbānta, kāmāvara--an account, a business); to huddle or slubber over.

6) lāta (लात).—f (lattā S through H) A kick. v māra, dē. lāta māraṇēṃ To kick. 2 fig. To throw or kick away in disdain; to spurn (an office &c.; a rōjagāra, kāma, dhandā, anna). lātābukyānīṃ tuḍaviṇēṃ To kick and thump violently. basatāṃ lāta uṭhatāṃ bukī A kick or a cuff at all hours. hā jētha lāta mārīla tēthēṃ pāṇī kāḍhīla Used of a clever all-prevailing fellow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

1) Lata (लत).—f A trick, vice.

2) latā (लता).—f A creeping plant. latāgṛha n A bower.

3) lāṭa (लाट).—f A wave. The roller of an oil- mill. A large beam. inter j Bravo !

4) lāṭā (लाटा).—m A part or mass of dough as prepared to be rolled out into cakes.

5) lāta (लात) [-tha, -थ].—f A kick. lāta māraṇēṃ Kick. Fig. Throw or kick away in disdain; spurn (an office &c.). lātābukyānnīṃ tuḍaviṇēṃ Kick and thump violently.basatāṃ lāta uṭhatāṃ bukī A kick or a cuff at all hours. hā jēthēṃ lāta mārīla tēthēṃ pāṇī kāḍhīla Used of a clever, all-prevailing fellow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Laṭa (लट).—

1) A fool, blockhead.

2) A fault, defect.

3) A robber.

Derivable forms: laṭaḥ (लटः).

--- OR ---

Latā (लता).—[lat-ac]

1) A creeper, creeping plant; लताभावेन परिणतमस्या रूपम् (latābhāvena pariṇatamasyā rūpam) V.4; लतेव संनद्धमनोज्ञपल्लवा (lateva saṃnaddhamanojñapallavā) R.3.7 (often used as the last member of compounds, especially with words meaning 'arm', 'eyebrow', 'lightning', to denote beauty, tenderness, thinness &c.; bhujalatā, bāhulatā, bhrūlatā, vidyullatā; so khaḍga°, alaka°, &c.; cf. Kumārasambhava 2. 64; Meghadūta 49; Ś.3.14; R.9.46.

2) A branch; madhusurabhiṇi ṣaṭpadena puṣpe mukha iva śālalatāvadhūścucumbe Kirātārjunīya 1.34; Rām. 2.8.6.

3) The creeper called Priyaṅgu.

4) The Mādhavī creeper.

5) Musk-creeper.

6) A whip or the lash of a whip.

7) A string of pearls.

8) A slender woman.

9) A woman in general.

1) The Dūrvā grass.

--- OR ---

Lāṭa (लाट).—m. pl. Name of a country and its inhabitants; एष च (eṣa ca) (lāṭānuprāsaḥ) प्रायेण लाटजनप्रियत्वाल्लाटानुप्रासः (prāyeṇa lāṭajanapriyatvāllāṭānuprāsaḥ) S. D.1.

-ṭaḥ 1 A king of the Lāṭas.

2) Old, worn out, or shabby clothes, ornaments &c.

3) Clothes in general.

4) Childish language.

5) A learned man.

--- OR ---

Lāta (लात).—p. p. Taken, received.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Latā (लता).—creeper, as in Pali epithet of desire or greed, as entangling: (na) saritāṃ (see saritā) latāṃ śoṣayato Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.54.2; 57.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laṭa (लट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A blockhead, a fool, one speaking ignorantly or fool- ishly. 2. Fault, defect. 3. A thief. E. laṭ to be or talk as a child, &c., aff. ac .

--- OR ---

Latā (लता).—f.

(-tā) 1. A creeper, a creeping or winding plant in general; (this word is often employed as the last member of compounds to indicate “thinness” or “tenderness.”) 2. A branch. 3. A plant, commonly Priyangu. 4. A gramineous plant, (Trigonella corniculata.) 5. Heart-pea, (Cardiospermum haliacacabum.) 6. The large Bengal creeper, (Gærtnera racemosa.) 7. A sort of grass, (Panicum dactylon.) 8. A vegetable and medicinal substance, commonly Latakasturi or the musk-creeper, said to grow in the Dakshin. 9. Thread. 10. A whip. 11. A string of pearls. E. lata a Sautra root, to hurt, to enfold, &c. affs. ac and ṭāp .

--- OR ---

Lāṭa (लाट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) Old or worn, spoiled, shabby, (as clothes, ornaments, &c.) 2. Childish. m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. Cloth, clothes. 2. Fault, defect. 3. Idle or inebriate language. 4. Repetition of words in the same sense, but in a different application. 5. The name of a country, the upper part of the Dakshin, Lar or Larice. E. laṭ to be childish, aff. aṇ or ghañ; or lāṭa a Kandwadi root, to live, aff. ac, .

--- OR ---

Lāta (लात).—f.

(-tā) Taken, received.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Latā (लता).—f. 1. A creeper, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 103. 2. A plant, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 253. 3. A branch, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 13. 4. Thread. 5. The name of several plants.

--- OR ---

Lāṭa (लाट).—m. 1. Cloth. 2. The name of a country.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Latā (लता).—[feminine] creeper, creeping plant or tendril, twig (often —° in comparisons); lash of a whip, string of pearls, a (slender) woman.

--- OR ---

Lāṭa (लाट).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laṭa (लट):—[from laṭ] m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a thief

2) [v.s. ...] one who speaks like a child or like a fool (= pramāda-vacana)

3) [v.s. ...] a fault [defective]

4) Latā (लता):—f. a creeper, any creeping or winding plant or twining tendril, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (the brows, arms, curls, a slender body, a sword-blade, lightning etc. are often compared to the form of a creeper, to express their graceful curves and slimness of outline; cf. bhrū-l, bāhu-l, taḍil-l etc.)

5) the Mādhavī -creeper, Gaertnera Racemosa, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) Trigonella Corniculata, [ib.]

7) Panicum Italicum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Cardiospermum Halicacabum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Panicum Dactylon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) = kaivartikā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) = the plant sārivā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) musk-creeper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) a slender woman, any woman, [Naiṣadha-carita; Tantrasāra]

14) the thong or lash of a whip, whip, [Pañcatantra; Suśruta]

15) a string of pearls, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

16) a streak, line (vārāṃ latāḥ, thin jets of water), [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

17) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

18) Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata]

19) of a daughter of Meru and wife of Ilāvṛta, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

20) Lāta (लात):—[from ] a mfn. taken, received, obtained, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

21) Lāṭa (लाट):—m. [plural] ([from] rāṣṭra) Name of a people and of a district inhabited by them (= [Greek] Λαρικη of Ptolemy), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira] etc.

22) (sg.) a king of the Lāṭas, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

23) the country of the Lāṭas, [Uttamacaritra-kathānaka, prose version]

24) mn. n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) clothes, dress

25) mn. worn-out clothes, shabby ornaments

26) idle or childish language

27) (in [rhetoric]) repetition of words in the same sense but in a different application

28) mf(ī)n. relating to the Lāṭas or belonging to Lāṭa, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

29) old, worn, shabby (as clothes), [Horace H. Wilson]

30) childish, [ib.]

31) Lāta (लात):—b lāta See under √1. .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laṭa (लट):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. A blockhead; a fault; a theif.

2) Latā (लता):—(tā) 1. f. A creeper; a branch; a thread; a heart pea.

3) Lāṭa (लाट):—[(ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) a.] Old or worn out; childeish. m. The name of a country, Larice; cloth; fault; chat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Latā (लता) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Layā, Lāḍa, Lāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Laṭa (लट) [Also spelled lat]:—(nf) a tress, lock of hair, tangled hair; ringlet; —[chiṭakānā] to scatter tresses/tangled or locked hair, to have dishevelled locks of hair.

2) Laṭā (लटा):—(a) lean and thin, weakened; also -[dubalā].

3) Lata (लत) [Also spelled lat]:—(nf) an addiction, a bad habit; an allomorph of [lāta] used as the first member in some compound words; ~[khora/khorā] who is used to kicks; an object of contempt, self-debased: ~[mardana] trampling under foot; ~[] (said of a horse, bullock, etc.) in the habit of kicking.

4) Latā (लता):—(nf) a creeper; vine; ~[kuṃja/gṛha/bhavana/maṃḍapa] a bower, arbour; ~[veṣṭita] covered with creepers, enveloped by creepers.

5) Lāṭa (लाट) [Also spelled lat]:—(nm) a lord; governor; pillar, lofty pillar; -, [baḍā] governor-general, Viceroy (in pre-independence India); —[sāhaba] a lordly person; a big gun/guy; V.I.P.; •[samajhanā] to take as a V.I.P., to regard a big gun.

6) Lāta (लात) [Also spelled laat]:—(nf) a leg; kick; —[ke devatā/bhūta bāta se nahīṃ mānate] rod is the logic of fools; a nod for the wise and a rod for the fool; well ! well! honey is not for the ass’s mouth; —[khānā] to be kicked, to endure kicks; —[calanā] to kick; —[māranā] to kick; to spurn, to abandon with contempt.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lāṭa (ಲಾಟ):—

1) [noun] the name of an old country corresponding to the present Gujarat state in the western part of India.

2) [noun] a man belonging to this state.

3) [noun] the language of this country; Gujarāti.

4) [noun] worn out clothes, garments or shabby ornaments.

5) [noun] a particular lock or hold in wrestling.

--- OR ---

Lāta (ಲಾತ):—

1) [noun] the act of kicking or a blow or thrust with the foot; a kick.

2) [noun] a blow; a stroke.

3) [noun] (fig.) the act of cheating, deceiving; deception; wiliness; fraud; knavery.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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