Nirgundi, aka: Nirguṇḍī; 5 Definition(s)


Nirgundi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Nirguṇḍī (निर्गुण्डी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nirgundi in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

1) Nirguṇḍī (निर्गुण्डी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Vitex negundo, a large shrub from the Lamiaceae (mint) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. In English, the plant is known as “horseshoe vitex” or “Chinese chastetree”, among others. Two varieties are recognized: one with pale blue flowers (Śvetapuṣpī), and the other with blue flowers (Puṣpanāṭika (?)). Among the Tamils, one of these plants is supposed to be male and the other female, and for this reason they are usually combined together in their prescriptions. In the Nighantas, Nirguṇḍī is described as cephalic, pungent, astringent, bitter and light; a remedy for colic, swellings, rheumatism, worms, leprosy, dyspepsia, phlegm and boils.

Nirguṇḍī is classified as a synonym for Sinduvāra by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It can also be spelled as Nirguṇṭī.

This plant (Nirguṇḍī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

2) Nirguṇḍī (निर्गुण्डी) is another name for Śephālikā (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis “night-flowering jasmine”), from the Apocynaceae family. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Nirguṇḍī (निर्गुण्डी).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug combination.—Nirguṇḍī is pungent, bitter, hot, pacifies kapha and vāta and destroys worms. Its leaf-juice is useful in kuṣṭha, oedema and āmavāta (theumatoid arthritis).

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nirgundi in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nirguṇḍī (निर्गुंडी).—f S pop. nirguṇḍa f or nirgūḍa f or nirguḍī f A shrub, Vitex negundo or trifolia. It is distinguished into kātarī nirguḍī & sādī nirguḍī. The leaves are used in fumigations.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirguṇḍī (निर्गुंडी).—f nirguṇḍa f nirgūḍa f or nirguḍī f A shrub, vitex negundo or trifolia.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī,...
Taila (तैल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. Oil, expressed oil, prepared from sesamum, mustard, &c. 2. Storax...
Suvāha (सुवाह).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 66).
Surasādi (सुरसादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as actin...
Sinduvāra (सिन्दुवार).—(= nirguṇḍītaru ?) Name of a tree; दीर्घिकां प्रावृतां पश्य तीरजैः सिन्द...
Śephālikā (शेफालिका).—f. (-kā) A flower, (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis.) E. śephā sleeping, from śī...
Nigguṇḍi, (f.) (Sk. nirguṇḍī, of obscure etym. ) a shrub (Vitex Negundo) Miln. 223 (°phala); V...
niraguḍī (निरगुडी).—f (nirguṇḍī S) A shrub. See nirguṇḍī.
nigūḍa (निगूड).—f (nirguḍī) A shrub, Vitex negundo or trifolia.
niragūḍa (निरगूड).—f (nirguṇḍī S) A shrub. See nirguṇḍī.
niraguṇḍa (निरगुंड).—f (nirguṇḍī S) A shrub. See nirguṇḍī.
Nirguṇṭhī (निर्गुण्ठी).—f. (-ṇṭhī) 1. A shrub, (Vitex negundo.) 2. Another plant, (nīlaśephālik...
Pañcabhṛṅgā (पञ्चभृङ्गा).—the five trees, viz. देवदाली (devadālī) (Mar. devaḍaṃgarī), शमी, भङ्ग...
Nirguṇṭī (निर्गुण्टी) is variant spelling for Nirguṇḍī, which is a synonym for Sinduvāra, wh...
Surasāṣṭa (सुरसाष्ट).—m. (-ṣṭaḥ) A class of eight plants, viz:— “nirguṇḍī tulasī brāhmī v...

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