Varana, aka: Varaṇa, Vāraṇa, Varanā, Varāṇa; 12 Definition(s)


Varana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Varana in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Varaṇā (वरणा).—A river famous in the Purāṇas. It is mentioned in Vāmana Purāṇa that the river Varaṇā which flowed from the right leg and the river Asī, which started from the left leg of Bhagavān, who lies in contemplation at Prayāga, are two holy rivers. (See under Vārāṇasī).

2) Vāraṇa (वारण).—A country in ancient Bhārata. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 31, that the army of the Kauravas had surrounded this country.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Vāraṇa (वारण).—The heavenly animal which came down for Haryanga's help.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 98.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vāraṇa (वारण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.19.30, IX.44.95) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāraṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A Thera. He was born in a brahmin family of Kosala, and having heard a forest dwelling monk preach, entered the Order. One day, when on his way to visit the Buddha, he saw a fight between snakes and mongooses, in which many of them perished. Distressed by the sight of their hatred for each other, he sought the help of the Buddha, who preached to him three stanzas (Thag.237-9). At the end of the recitation, Varana developed insight and became an arahant.

Ninety two kappas ago he was born in the family of the brahmin Sumedha, and becoming expert in brahmin lore, he entered the ascetic life. As he sat teaching hymns to his pupils there was an earthquake, marking the conception of Tissa Buddha. People, in terror, sought the sage, who explained it to them, thereby himself experiencing great joy in contemplating the glory of the Buddha (ThagA.i.353f).

He is evidently identical with Nimittivyakaraniya of the Apadana. Ap.ii.411f.


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A Cakkavatti of forty one kappas ago, a previous birth of Kusumasaniya (Suyama) Thera. Ap.i.162; ThagA.i.171.

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A city on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, where Aramadanda visited Maha Kaccana. A.i.65; AA.i.322.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Varaṇa.—(SITI), the selection or election of a person to a committee. Note: varaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Varana in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

varaṇa : (m.) the tree Cartaeva Roxburghii. || vāraṇa (m.), an animal; a kind of eagle. (nt.) warding off; obstruction; resistance.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Varaṇa, (cp. Sk. varaṇa rampart, causeway, wall) the tree Crataeva roxburghii J. I, 222, 317 (°rukkha), 319=DhA. III, 409 (°kaṭṭhabhañja); J. VI, 535. *Varati (vṛ) & der. (“to choose” as well as “to obstruct”) see vuṇāti. (Page 602)

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1) Vāraṇa, 3 (for vāruṇī?) spirituous liquor J. V, 505. (Page 609)

2) Vāraṇa, 2 (cp. Vedic vāraṇa strong) 1. elephant J. I, 358; IV, 137; V, 50, 416; DA. I, 275; DhA. I, 389 (°līḷhā elephant’s grace); VvA. 36, 257.—2. the Hatthilinga bird Th. 1, 1064. (Page 609)

3) Vāraṇa, 1 (nt.) (fr. vṛ to obstruct) warding off, obstruction, resistance VbhA. 194, 195 (=nivāraṇa).—ātapa° sunshade Dāvs. I, 28; V, 35. (Page 609)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

varaṇa (वरण).—n (varānna S) A highly tasteful dish of pulse.

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varaṇa (वरण).—n (Verbal of varaṇēṃ) Choosing or accepting in marriage. 2 Appointing, designating, selecting for.

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varaṇa (वरण).—m (Corr. from vraṇa) An ulcer.

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varaṇā (वरणा).—m C (varaṇa. It being much used in this dish.) A name for pāvaṭā or Phaseolus radiatus.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—n (S) Turning back or from; prohibiting, opposing, resisting. 2 Warding off, averting. 3 Applied, by the usual figure, to the person, thing, occurrence &c. which obstructs, impedes, prevents (to armor &c., to any obstacle or impediment), and to express the obstructed or prohibited state occasioned by him or it.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—m S An elephant.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varaṇa (वरण).—n A highly talseful dish of pulse.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—m An elephant. n Warding off; resisting.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—[vṛ-lyuṭ lyu vā Uṇ.2.71]

1) Choosing, selecting.

2) Begging, soliciting, requesting.

3) Surrounding, encircling.

4) Covering, screening, protecting.

5) The choice of a bride.

6) Worshipping (of priests &c.).

7) Keeping off, prohibiting, warding.

-ṇaḥ 1 A rampart, surrounding wall; वरणः कनकस्य मानिनीं दिवमङ्कादमराद्रि- रागताम् (varaṇaḥ kanakasya māninīṃ divamaṅkādamarādri- rāgatām) ...... उवास (uvāsa) N.2.86.

2) A bridge.

3) The tree called Varuṇa; Rām.2.94.9; see वरुण (varuṇa) (Mar. vāyavarṇā).

4) A tree in general; इह सिन्धवश्च वरणावरणाः करिणां मुदे सनलदानलदाः (iha sindhavaśca varaṇāvaraṇāḥ kariṇāṃ mude sanaladānaladāḥ) Ki.5.25.

5) A camel.

6) A kind of ornament on a bow.

7) Name of Indra.

8) A particular magical formula recited over weapons.

Derivable forms: varaṇam (वरणम्).

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Varāṇa (वराण).—

1) An epithet of Indra.

2) The वरुण (varuṇa) tree.

Derivable forms: varāṇaḥ (वराणः).

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [वृ-ल्यु ल्युट् वा (vṛ-lyu lyuṭ vā)] Warding off, resisting, opposing; मत्तवारणताम्राक्षो मत्तवारणवारणः (mattavāraṇatāmrākṣo mattavāraṇavāraṇaḥ) Mb.3.146. 29.

-ṇam 1 Warding off, restraining, obstructing; न भवति बिसतन्तुर्वारणं वारणानाम् (na bhavati bisatanturvāraṇaṃ vāraṇānām) Bh.2.17.

2) An obstacle, impediment.

3) Resistance, opposition; अलं युद्धेन राजेन्द्र सुहृदां शृणु वारणम् (alaṃ yuddhena rājendra suhṛdāṃ śṛṇu vāraṇam) Mb.5.138.2.

4) A door, gate (kavāṭa); बिडालोलूकचरितामालीननरवारणाम् । तिमिराभ्याहतां कालीमप्रकाशां निशामिव (biḍālolūkacaritāmālīnanaravāraṇām | timirābhyāhatāṃ kālīmaprakāśāṃ niśāmiva) || Rām.2.144.2.

5) Defending, guarding, protecting.

-ṇaḥ 1 An elephant; न भवति बिसन्ततुर्वारणं वारणानाम् (na bhavati bisantaturvāraṇaṃ vāraṇānām) Bh.2.17; Ku.5.7; R.12.93; वारी वारैः सस्मरे वारणानाम् (vārī vāraiḥ sasmare vāraṇānām) Śi.18.56.

2) An armour, mail-coat.

3) The trunk of an elephant; बाहूत्तमैर्वारणवारणाभैर्निवार- यन्तौ परवारणाभौ (bāhūttamairvāraṇavāraṇābhairnivāra- yantau paravāraṇābhau) Rām.6.4.21.

4) An elephant-hook; निशितेन वारणेन वारणं मुहुर्मुहुरभिघ्नन् (niśitena vāraṇena vāraṇaṃ muhurmuhurabhighnan) Dk.2.4.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—nt., a high number: Mvy 7852 (cited from Gv); probably = vivaraṇa, Gv 105.25; but compare also Gv 105.26, perh. read sattva-varaṇasya (gen.) for sattva-ṇa- varaṇasya; no equivalent seems to occur in the similar list Gv 133 (it should occur about line 10). Tibetan on Mvy gzhal dpag, the same as the rendering of dharaṇa, q.v.; this suggests that one or the other is a corruption. But Gv supports varaṇa, while the Tibetan rendering seems to support dharaṇa, which in Sanskrit is the name of a weight (Tibetan gzhal).

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—(m., = Pali id.; ignored by Senart), a kind of bird, which had a pleasant voice (Jāt. vi.539.16) and beautiful eyes (Mv); only in cpd. °ṇa-cakora-nayana: Mv iii.259.6; 267.15; 269.15; applied to Yaśodharā and Rāhula. In some Pali texts identified with the hatthiliṅga (compare vāraṇa, elephant), which is described as a sort of vulture with a bill like an elephant's trunk (Childers, PTSD); but it seems questionable whether such attractive qualities as the above would be attributed to any vulture-like bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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