Varana, Varaṇa, Vāraṇa, Varanā, Varāṇa: 29 definitions


Varana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Varan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Varaṇā (वरणा).—A river famous in the Purāṇas. It is mentioned in Vāmana Purāṇa that the river Varaṇā which flowed from the right leg and the river Asī, which started from the left leg of Bhagavān, who lies in contemplation at Prayāga, are two holy rivers. (See under Vārāṇasī).

2) Vāraṇa (वारण).—A country in ancient Bhārata. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 31, that the army of the Kauravas had surrounded this country.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vāraṇa (वारण) refers to “warding of (obstacles)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.6 (“The miraculous feat of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin named Nārada said to Kumāra (Kārttikeya): “[...] You are the protector of the three worlds, favourite of those who seek refuge in you. You are the performer and sustainer of sacrifices. You remove those who bring in obstacles. O warder of obstacles (vighna-vāraṇa), the cause of the creation of the good in every respect, O son of Īśāna, please make my sacrifices complete. Obeisance be to you. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vāraṇa (वारण).—The heavenly animal which came down for Haryanga's help.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 98.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vāraṇa (वारण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.19.30, IX.44.95) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāraṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Varaṇa (वरण) refers to a “wall”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 2.86.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Varaṇā (वरणा) (or Vārāṇasī) is the name of a sacred place associated with a “solitary tree”.—The Śrīkāmākhyaguhyasiddhi, also called simply Guhyasiddhi, is attributed to Matsyendranātha. In this text, the eight sites normally associated with the Mothers are identified with eight such places [i.e., isolated, lonely places] as follows:—1) Prayāga—cremation ground, 2) Varaṇā (i.e. Vārāṇasī)—a solitary tree, 3) Kollā—a mountain peak, 4) Aṭṭahāsa—a temple of the Mothers, 5) Jayantī—a palace, 6) Caritra—a deserted house, 7) Ekāmraka—the bank of a river, and 8) Devīkoṭa—a forest.

2) Varaṇā (वरणा) is the name of a sacred place identified with the Mātṛkā named Māheśvarī (Śāṅkarī), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—According to the Kubjikā Tantras, the eight major Kaula sacred sites each have a house occupied by a woman of low caste who is identified with a Mother (Mātṛkā).—[...] Varaṇā is identified with (a) the class of liquor seller (śuṇḍinī) [or collyrium girl (kajjalī)], (b) the Mātṛkā or ‘mother’ named Māheśvarī (Śāṅkarī), and (c) with the location of ‘heart’.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Vāraṇa (वारण) refers to “elephants”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: Suddenly horses, elephants (vāraṇa) and ministers perish, the king himself suffers from a serious illness which has seized [his] body; terrifying thunderbolts strike his dominion; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Varaṇa (वरण) refers to “choosing (the groom)”, according to Dadhirāma Marāsini’s 19th century Vivāhapaddhati (part of his Karmakāṇḍabhāskara) which is based on the Pāraskara-Gṛhyasūtra, a domestic manual in the Mādhyandina school of the Vājasaneyisaṃhitā.—If performed traditionally, high caste marriages among the Parbatiyas (Parbates/Paharis/Pahadis) or Indo-Nepalese people in Nepal are normally executed by following the course of events as presented in marriage manuals. Such as the rules for choosing the groom (varaṇa-vidhi).

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Chulalongkorn University: Department of Eastern Languages (Pali-Sanskrit Section) (ay)

Varaṇa (वरण) or Varaṇamaṇi refers to one of the Maṇis (protection amulets) mentioned in the Atharva-veda. Maṇis refer to small round objects made from natural plant parts or from the solid coverings of animal bodies. It has the properties of being an amulet for protection and warding off evil spirits. or as an herb for treating illnesses. Sudev Krishna Sharman G. listed 9 types of Maṇi [e.g., varaṇa-maṇi—means water kum tree (Crateva roxburghii)] according to the Atharvaveda including specifying assumptions about the meaning.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1) Varana is the name of a a Thera—He was born in a brahmin family of Kosala, and having heard a forest dwelling monk preach, entered the Order. One day, when on his way to visit the Buddha, he saw a fight between snakes and mongooses, in which many of them perished. Distressed by the sight of their hatred for each other, he sought the help of the Buddha, who preached to him three stanzas (Thag.237-9). At the end of the recitation, Varana developed insight and became an arahant.

Ninety two kappas ago Varana was born in the family of the brahmin Sumedha, and becoming expert in brahmin lore, he entered the ascetic life. As he sat teaching hymns to his pupils there was an earthquake, marking the conception of Tissa Buddha. People, in terror, sought the sage, who explained it to them, thereby himself experiencing great joy in contemplating the glory of the Buddha (ThagA.i.353f).

Note: Varana is evidently identical with Nimittivyakaraniya of the Apadana. Ap.ii.411f.

2) Varana is the name of a Cakkavatti of forty one kappas ago, a previous birth of Kusumasaniya (Suyama) Thera. Ap.i.162; ThagA.i.171.

3) Varana refers to a city on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, where Aramadanda visited Maha Kaccana. A.i.65; AA.i.322.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Varaṇa (वरण) [?] (in Chinese: P'o-lo-na) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with  Maghā or Maghānakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Kambaroca] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Varaṇa] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Varaṇa.—(SITI), the selection or election of a person to a committee. Note: varaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Varana in India is the name of a plant defined with Crateva nurvala in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Crateva lophosperma Kurz (among others).

2) Varana is also identified with Crateva religiosa It has the synonym Crataeva adansonii DC. (etc.).

3) Varana is also identified with Crateva roxburghii.

4) Varana is also identified with Crateva tapia It has the synonym Cleome arborea Schrad. (etc.).

5) Varana is also identified with Embelia ribes It has the synonym Ribesiodes ribes (Burm. f.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plukenet, Leonard (1642–1706),
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Illustrations de la Flore de l’Archipel Indien (1870)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Sumatra, zijne Plantenwereld en hare Voortbrengselen (1861)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Varana, for example extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

varaṇa : (m.) the tree Cartaeva Roxburghii. || vāraṇa (m.), an animal; a kind of eagle. (nt.) warding off; obstruction; resistance.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Varaṇa, (cp. Sk. varaṇa rampart, causeway, wall) the tree Crataeva roxburghii J. I, 222, 317 (°rukkha), 319=DhA. III, 409 (°kaṭṭhabhañja); J. VI, 535. *Varati (vṛ) & der. (“to choose” as well as “to obstruct”) see vuṇāti. (Page 602)

— or —

1) Vāraṇa, 3 (for vāruṇī?) spirituous liquor J. V, 505. (Page 609)

2) Vāraṇa, 2 (cp. Vedic vāraṇa strong) 1. elephant J. I, 358; IV, 137; V, 50, 416; DA. I, 275; DhA. I, 389 (°līḷhā elephant’s grace); VvA. 36, 257.—2. the Hatthilinga bird Th. 1, 1064. (Page 609)

3) Vāraṇa, 1 (nt.) (fr. vṛ to obstruct) warding off, obstruction, resistance VbhA. 194, 195 (=nivāraṇa).—ātapa° sunshade Dāvs. I, 28; V, 35. (Page 609)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varaṇa (वरण).—n (varānna S) A highly tasteful dish of pulse.

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varaṇa (वरण).—n (Verbal of varaṇēṃ) Choosing or accepting in marriage. 2 Appointing, designating, selecting for.

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varaṇa (वरण).—m (Corr. from vraṇa) An ulcer.

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varaṇā (वरणा).—m C (varaṇa. It being much used in this dish.) A name for pāvaṭā or Phaseolus radiatus.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—n (S) Turning back or from; prohibiting, opposing, resisting. 2 Warding off, averting. 3 Applied, by the usual figure, to the person, thing, occurrence &c. which obstructs, impedes, prevents (to armor &c., to any obstacle or impediment), and to express the obstructed or prohibited state occasioned by him or it.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—m S An elephant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

varaṇa (वरण).—n A highly talseful dish of pulse.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—m An elephant. n Warding off; resisting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—[vṛ-lyuṭ lyu vā Uṇādi-sūtra 2.71]

1) Choosing, selecting.

2) Begging, soliciting, requesting.

3) Surrounding, encircling.

4) Covering, screening, protecting.

5) The choice of a bride.

6) Worshipping (of priests &c.).

7) Keeping off, prohibiting, warding.

-ṇaḥ 1 A rampart, surrounding wall; वरणः कनकस्य मानिनीं दिवमङ्कादमराद्रि- रागताम् (varaṇaḥ kanakasya māninīṃ divamaṅkādamarādri- rāgatām) ...... उवास (uvāsa) N.2.86.

2) A bridge.

3) The tree called Varuṇa; Rām.2.94.9; see वरुण (varuṇa) (Mar. vāyavarṇā).

4) A tree in general; इह सिन्धवश्च वरणावरणाः करिणां मुदे सनलदानलदाः (iha sindhavaśca varaṇāvaraṇāḥ kariṇāṃ mude sanaladānaladāḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.25.

5) A camel.

6) A kind of ornament on a bow.

7) Name of Indra.

8) A particular magical formula recited over weapons.

Derivable forms: varaṇam (वरणम्).

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Varāṇa (वराण).—

1) An epithet of Indra.

2) The वरुण (varuṇa) tree.

Derivable forms: varāṇaḥ (वराणः).

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [वृ-ल्यु ल्युट् वा (vṛ-lyu lyuṭ vā)] Warding off, resisting, opposing; मत्तवारणताम्राक्षो मत्तवारणवारणः (mattavāraṇatāmrākṣo mattavāraṇavāraṇaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.146. 29.

-ṇam 1 Warding off, restraining, obstructing; न भवति बिसतन्तुर्वारणं वारणानाम् (na bhavati bisatanturvāraṇaṃ vāraṇānām) Bhartṛhari 2.17.

2) An obstacle, impediment.

3) Resistance, opposition; अलं युद्धेन राजेन्द्र सुहृदां शृणु वारणम् (alaṃ yuddhena rājendra suhṛdāṃ śṛṇu vāraṇam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.138.2.

4) A door, gate (kavāṭa); बिडालोलूकचरितामालीननरवारणाम् । तिमिराभ्याहतां कालीमप्रकाशां निशामिव (biḍālolūkacaritāmālīnanaravāraṇām | timirābhyāhatāṃ kālīmaprakāśāṃ niśāmiva) || Rām.2.144.2.

5) Defending, guarding, protecting.

-ṇaḥ 1 An elephant; न भवति बिसन्ततुर्वारणं वारणानाम् (na bhavati bisantaturvāraṇaṃ vāraṇānām) Bhartṛhari 2.17; Kumārasambhava 5.7; R.12.93; वारी वारैः सस्मरे वारणानाम् (vārī vāraiḥ sasmare vāraṇānām) Śiśupālavadha 18.56.

2) An armour, mail-coat.

3) The trunk of an elephant; बाहूत्तमैर्वारणवारणाभैर्निवार- यन्तौ परवारणाभौ (bāhūttamairvāraṇavāraṇābhairnivāra- yantau paravāraṇābhau) Rām.6.4.21.

4) An elephant-hook; निशितेन वारणेन वारणं मुहुर्मुहुरभिघ्नन् (niśitena vāraṇena vāraṇaṃ muhurmuhurabhighnan) Daśakumāracarita 2.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7852 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha); probably = vivaraṇa, Gaṇḍavyūha 105.25; but compare also Gaṇḍavyūha 105.26, perhaps read sattva-varaṇasya (gen.) for sattva-ṇa- varaṇasya; no equivalent seems to occur in the similar list Gaṇḍavyūha 133 (it should occur about line 10). Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti gzhal dpag, the same as the rendering of dharaṇa, q.v.; this suggests that one or the other is a corruption. But Gaṇḍavyūha supports varaṇa, while the Tibetan rendering seems to support dharaṇa, which in Sanskrit is the name of a weight (Tibetan gzhal).

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—(m., = Pali id.; ignored by Senart), a kind of bird, which had a pleasant voice (Jātaka (Pali) vi.539.16) and beautiful eyes (Mahāvastu); only in [compound] °ṇa-cakora-nayana: Mahāvastu iii.259.6; 267.15; 269.15; applied to Yaśodharā and Rāhula. In some Pali texts identified with the hatthiliṅga (compare vāraṇa, elephant), which is described as a sort of vulture with a bill like an elephant's trunk (Childers, [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]); but it seems questionable whether such attractive qualities as the above would be attributed to any vulture-like bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Appointing, selecting, choosing. 2. Surrounding, inclosing. 3. Screening, covering. 4. Nourishing, supporting. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. An outer building, an enclosure, a wall of masonry, &c. raised on a mound of earth. 2. A causeway, a bridge. 3. A camel. 4. A tree, (Capparis trifoliata.) 5. Any tree. f.

(-ṇā) A rivulet, running past the north of Benares, into the Ganges, now called the Baruna. E. vṛ to choose or appoint, aff. lyuṭ .

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Varāṇa (वराण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Indra. 2. A plant, (Capparis trifoliata.) E. vara best, and ṇī to obtain, with āṅ prefix, and ḍa aff.

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Resistance, opposition, prohibition, obstacle or impediment. 2. Defence, protecting, guarding. 3. Warding off a blow, guarding, warding. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Armour, a cuirass or mail for the body. 2. An elephant. E. vṝ to cover or screen, to defend, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—i. e. vṛ + ana, I. m. 1. An enclosure raised on a mound of earth. 2. A causeway, a bridge. 3. A camel. 4. A tree, Capparis trifoliata, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 25. 5. Any tree. Ii. f. The name of a rivulet. Iii. n. 1. Selecting, choice, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 53, 127. 2. Surrounding. 3. Screening, covering. 4. Nourishing.

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Varāṇa (वराण).— (a ptcple. [Ātmanepada.] of vṛ), m. Indra.

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—i. e. vṛ + ana, I. m. 1. Armour. 2. An elephant, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 28. Ii. n. 1. Warding off, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 14. 2. Resistance. 3. Obstacle. 4. Protecting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varaṇa (वरण).—1. [masculine] a kind of tree; [feminine] ā [Name] of a river.

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Varaṇa (वरण).—2. [neuter] choosing, wishing, suing; [masculine] [plural] cert. verses recited at the choice of a priest.

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Vāraṇa (वारण).—[feminine] ī warding off, resisting ([neuter] a subst.); strong, wild, fierce, dangerous. [masculine] elephant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varaṇa (वरण):—[from vara] 1. varaṇa m. a rampart, mound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a causeway, bridge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the tree Crataeva Roxburghii (also called varuṇa and setu; it is used in medicine and supposed to possess magical virtues), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] any tree, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a camel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of ornament or decoration on a bow, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] magical formula recited over weapons, [Rāmāyaṇa] (varuṇa [Bombay edition])

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a country, [Buddhist literature]

10) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a town, [Pāṇini 4-2, 82] (cf. [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 1-2, 53])

11) Varaṇā (वरणा):—[from varaṇa > vara] f. Name of a small river (running past the north of Benares into the Ganges and now called Barnā), [Upaniṣad; Purāṇa]

12) Varaṇa (वरण):—[from vara] n. surrounding, enclosing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] keeping off, prohibiting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Varāṇa (वराण):—[from vara] m. Crataeva Roxburghii, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Varaṇa (वरण):—[from vara] 2. varaṇa n. the act of choosing, wishing wooing, choice of a bride, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] honouring etc. (pūjanādi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the sacred texts recited at the choice of a priest, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

19) Vāraṇa (वारण):—[from vāra] 1. vāraṇa mf(ī)n. warding off, restraining, resisting, opposing, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

20) [v.s. ...] all-resisting, invincible (said of the Soma and of Indra’s elephant), [Ṛg-veda ix, 1, 9; Harivaṃśa 1700]

21) [v.s. ...] relating to prevention, [Suśruta]

22) [v.s. ...] shy, wild, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] (with mṛga [according to] to some = elephant, [Ṛg-veda viii, 33, 8; x, 40, 4])

23) [v.s. ...] dangerous, [Ṛg-veda; ṢaḍvBr.]

24) [v.s. ...] forbidden, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

25) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) an elephant (from its power of resistance), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

26) [v.s. ...] m. an el°-hook, [Daśakumāra-carita]

27) [v.s. ...] armour, mail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] a kind of ornament on an arch, [Mahābhārata iv, 1326]

29) [from vāra] n. the act of restraining or keeping back or warding off from ([ablative])

30) [v.s. ...] resistance, opposition, obstacle

31) [v.s. ...] impediment, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

32) [v.s. ...] a means of restraining, [Bhartṛhari]

33) [v.s. ...] = hari-tāla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) [v.s. ...] Name of a place, [Mahābhārata]

35) 2. vāraṇa mfn. ([from] varaṇa; for 1. See [column]1) consisting of or made from the wood of the Crataeva Roxburghii, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra]

36) Varaṇa (वरण):—[from vṛ] a etc. See p. 921, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varaṇa (वरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Appointing; selecting; screening; surrounding; supporting. m. An enclosure; bridge; camel; tree. f. Name of a river near Benares.

2) Varāṇa (वराण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. Indra; a plant (Capparis trifoliata).

3) Vāraṇa (वारण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Opposition; defence; obstacle. m. Armour; an elephant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Varaṇa (वरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Varaṇa, Varaṇā, Vāraṇa, Vāraṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Varaṇa (वरण) [Also spelled varan]:—(nm) selection, choice; marriage by choice; —[karanā] to select, to choose/select a husband.

2) Varanā (वरना) [Also spelled varna]:—(v) to select or choose; (ind) otherwise, or else.

3) Vāraṇa (वारण) [Also spelled varan]:—(nm) warding off; restraining, resisting; opposing; prevention; hence ~[ka] (nm); ~[ṇīya] (a); and [vārita] (a).

4) Vāranā (वारना) [Also spelled varna]:—(v) to sacrifice (on someone); to dedicate; to make an offering of.

5) Vārānā (वाराना):——a Persian compound suffix meaning 'wise', on the basis of (as [māhavārānā] monthly/monthwise; [phirakevārānā] communalistic; communitywise).

context information


Discover the meaning of varana in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Varaṇa (वरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Varaṇa.

2) Varaṇā (वरणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Varaṇā.

3) Vāraṇa (वारण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vāraṇa.

4) Vāraṇā (वारणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vāraṇā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of varana in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Varaṇa (ವರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of encircling, covering from all sides.

2) [noun] a wall enclosing a space (with or without a building).

3) [noun] the wall around a fortified place.

4) [noun] a religious service to a deity; worship.

5) [noun] anything that is used in or as an aid for, worshipping.

6) [noun] a respectable, venerable man.

7) [noun] the act of choosing.

8) [noun] the act of choosing a bride; choice of a bride.

9) [noun] the act or an instance of requesting, begging.

10) [noun] the plant Embelia ribes of Myrsinaceae family; worm-killer plant.

11) [noun] a bridge (for crossing over a stream, river, canal, etc.).

12) [noun] a camel.

13) [noun] the raised strip of land between two pieces of agricultural land.

--- OR ---

Vāraṇa (ವಾರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of opposing; opposition.

2) [noun] a warding off or preventing.

3) [noun] the act of covering, veiling something from being seen.

4) [noun] a protecting or being protected; protection.

5) [noun] a hindrance; an obstacle.

6) [noun] the raised land around a water tank; the bund of a water tank.

7) [noun] an elephant.

8) [noun] the trunk of an elephant.

9) [noun] an armour worn by soldiers.

10) [noun] the entrance of a building; a door.

11) [noun] a camel.

12) [noun] a cloud.

13) [noun] the ocean.

14) [noun] the tree Pistacia vera of Anacardiaceae family.

15) [noun] its nut.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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