Varana, aka: Varaṇa, Vāraṇa, Varanā, Varāṇa; 9 Definition(s)


Varana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1) Varaṇā (वरणा).—A river famous in the Purāṇas. It is mentioned in Vāmana Purāṇa that the river Varaṇā which flowed from the right leg and the river Asī, which started from the left leg of Bhagavān, who lies in contemplation at Prayāga, are two holy rivers. (See under Vārāṇasī).

2) Vāraṇa (वारण).—A country in ancient Bhārata. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 31, that the army of the Kauravas had surrounded this country.

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

Vāraṇa (वारण).—The heavenly animal which came down for Haryanga's help.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 98.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A Thera. He was born in a brahmin family of Kosala, and having heard a forest dwelling monk preach, entered the Order. One day, when on his way to visit the Buddha, he saw a fight between snakes and mongooses, in which many of them perished. Distressed by the sight of their hatred for each other, he sought the help of the Buddha, who preached to him three stanzas (Thag.237-9). At the end of the recitation, Varana developed insight and became an arahant.

Ninety two kappas ago he was born in the family of the brahmin Sumedha, and becoming expert in brahmin lore, he entered the ascetic life. As he sat teaching hymns to his pupils there was an earthquake, marking the conception of Tissa Buddha. People, in terror, sought the sage, who explained it to them, thereby himself experiencing great joy in contemplating the glory of the Buddha (ThagA.i.353f).

He is evidently identical with Nimittivyakaraniya of the Apadana. Ap.ii.411f.


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A Cakkavatti of forty one kappas ago, a previous birth of Kusumasaniya (Suyama) Thera. Ap.i.162; ThagA.i.171.

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A city on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, where Aramadanda visited Maha Kaccana. A.i.65; AA.i.322.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

varaṇa : (m.) the tree Cartaeva Roxburghii. || vāraṇa (m.), an animal; a kind of eagle. (nt.) warding off; obstruction; resistance.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Varaṇa, (cp. Sk. varaṇa rampart, causeway, wall) the tree Crataeva roxburghii J. I, 222, 317 (°rukkha), 319=DhA. III, 409 (°kaṭṭhabhañja); J. VI, 535. *Varati (vṛ) & der. (“to choose” as well as “to obstruct”) see vuṇāti. (Page 602)

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1) Vāraṇa, 3 (for vāruṇī?) spirituous liquor J. V, 505. (Page 609)

2) Vāraṇa, 2 (cp. Vedic vāraṇa strong) 1. elephant J. I, 358; IV, 137; V, 50, 416; DA. I, 275; DhA. I, 389 (°līḷhā elephant’s grace); VvA. 36, 257.—2. the Hatthilinga bird Th. 1, 1064. (Page 609)

3) Vāraṇa, 1 (nt.) (fr. vṛ to obstruct) warding off, obstruction, resistance VbhA. 194, 195 (=nivāraṇa).—ātapa° sunshade Dāvs. I, 28; V, 35. (Page 609)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

varaṇa (वरण).—n (varānna S) A highly tasteful dish of pulse.

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varaṇa (वरण).—n (Verbal of varaṇēṃ) Choosing or accepting in marriage. 2 Appointing, designating, selecting for.

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varaṇa (वरण).—m (Corr. from vraṇa) An ulcer.

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varaṇā (वरणा).—m C (varaṇa. It being much used in this dish.) A name for pāvaṭā or Phaseolus radiatus.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—n (S) Turning back or from; prohibiting, opposing, resisting. 2 Warding off, averting. 3 Applied, by the usual figure, to the person, thing, occurrence &c. which obstructs, impedes, prevents (to armor &c., to any obstacle or impediment), and to express the obstructed or prohibited state occasioned by him or it.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—m S An elephant.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varaṇa (वरण).—n A highly talseful dish of pulse.

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vāraṇa (वारण).—m An elephant. n Warding off; resisting.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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andhaḷēṃ varaṇa (अंधळें वरण).—n A jocose term for the dish called varaṇa from which the ḍōḷa (p...
Vāraṇabuṣā (वारणबुषा).—the plantain tree. Vāraṇabuṣā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Talavāraṇa (तलवारण).—A sword.Derivable forms: talavāraṇam (तलवारणम्).--- OR --- Talavāraṇa (तलव...
Hastavāraṇa (हस्तवारण).—warding off a blow (with the hand). Derivable forms: hastavāraṇam (हस्त...
Vāraṇahasta (वारणहस्त).—a particular stringed instrument.Derivable forms: vāraṇahastaḥ (वारणहस्...
Varaṇamālā (वरणमाला).—See वरस्रज् (varasraj).Varaṇamālā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Aśvavāraṇa (अश्ववारण).—Name of the Bos Gavaeus (gavaya). Derivable forms: aśvavāraṇam (अश्ववारण...
Digvāraṇa (दिग्वारण).—m. one of the eight elephants said to guard and preside over the eight ca...
Mattavāraṇa (मत्तवारण).—an elephant in rut; R.12.93. (-ṇaḥ, -ṇam) 1 a fence round a large build...
Vāraṇakesara (वारणकेसर).—see नागकेसर (nāgakesara). Derivable forms: vāraṇakesaraḥ (वारणकेसरः).V...
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Ātapavāraṇa (आतपवारण).—[ātāpaṃ vārayati] an umbrella, parasol; नृपतिककुदं दत्त्वा यूने सितातपवा...
Sitavāraṇa (सितवारण).—the white elephant ऐरावत (airāvata); Bhāg 8.4.23. Derivable forms: sitavā...

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