Oshadhi, Osadhi, Osadhī, Oṣadhi, Oṣadhī: 16 definitions

Introduction

Oshadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Oṣadhi and Oṣadhī can be transliterated into English as Osadhi or Oshadhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Oṣadhi (ओषधि): In the Ṛgveda plants (oṣadhi) are personified as divine and a whole and long hymn is devoted to their praise mainly with reference to their healing powers. The same Veda often refers to Soma as the king of the plant-world. In the Vāyu-purāṇa also the plant-world is closely associated with Soma who is called the “consecrated lord” of the vegetable kingdom.

Classification of Plants: Rudimentary ideas about classification of plants can be found in the Ṛgveda and the Atharvaveda. Roughly speaking the vegetable wold is divided, in the Vedic literature, between oṣadhi or vīrudh (plants) and vana or vṛkṣa (trees). The Manu-smṛti, however, divides the plant-world into four classes which are also found in the works of Caraka and Suśruta.

This fourfould classification is:

  1. Vanaspati: Trees not bearing flowers.
  2. Vānaspatya: Trees bearing flowers and fruits.
  3. Auṣadhis: Plants. Commentators further subdivide it into two classes, such as (a) annuals or perennials and (b) grass or tṛṇa.
  4. Vīrudh: Creeper. They are further subdivided into (a) latā and (b) vallī and gulma.

The Vāyu-purāṇa classification of plants into grāmyāraṇya (or grāmya and āraṇya) and yajñiya is not found in any of these works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Oṣadhī (ओषधी).—A goddess enshrined at Uttarakuru.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 50.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Oṣadhi (ओषधि, “herb”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Oṣadhis are plants that wither after fructification, such as Kalama (a species of paddy) or Wheat. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Oṣadhi is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

The Manusmṛti 1.46-48 by Manu (also known as the Manusaṃhitā and Mānavadharmaśāstra).
The Carakasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.36-37) by Caraka.
The Suśrutasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.23) by Suśruta.
The Praśastapādabhāṣya by Praśastapāda and its two commentaries Nyāyakaṇḍalī and Kiraṇāvalī.
The Bhāvārthadīpikā 3.10.19 (commentary on the Bhāgavatapurāṇa) by Śrīdhara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Oṣadhi (ओषधि) or Auṣadha refers to “[those plants] which perishes after ripening of fruits” and represents one of the five kinds of aṅkura or “substances (dravya) produced (ja) through a sprout (aṅkura)”, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Anūpādi-varga covers some 16 major topics regarding land and vegetations (eg., Oṣadhi) .

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Oshadhi (“herbs useful to humans”).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Osadhi - The morning star, used in describing typical whiteness (odata, odatavanna, etc.) (D.ii.111), and also great brightness and purity (parisuddha Osadhataraka viya) (It.20; MA.ii.638, 772; also Vsm.ii.412).

Buddhaghosa says (MA.ii.714) that it is so called because, when it appears in the sky, people gather medicines and drink them by its sign. (Sukka taraka tassa udayato patthaya tena sannanena osadhani ganhanti pi pivanti pi: tasma Osadhi taraka ti vuccati.)

The Itivuttaka Commentary (ItA.72) gives another explanation: that it contains bright rays of light, and that it gives efficacy to various medicines (ussanna pabha etaya dhiyati osadhinam va anubalappadayikatta Osadhi).

It is also used in similes to typify constancy, like the star Osadhi, which, in all seasons, keeps to the same path and never deviates there from (sabbautusu attano gamanavithim vijahitva annaya vithiya na gacchati sakavithiya va gacchati). (BuA.89)

2. Osadhi - The city at the gates of which Anomadassi Buddha performed the Twin Miracle (BuA.143) and, therefore, a former name of Sankassa.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Oṣadhi (ओषधि) refers to “medicinal herbs” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter VI. Accordingly, “There are monks (pravrājita) who compound medicinal herbs (oṣadhi), plant grain and cultivate trees, etc. Those who follow these impure means of livelihood (aśuddhā-jīva) ‘eat with their face down’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (O) next»] — Oshadhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

osadhī : (f.) medicinal plant; name of a brilliant star.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Osadhī, (f.) (Vedic avaṣa + dhī: bearer of balm, comfort, refreshment). There is no difference in meaning between osadha and osadhī; both mean equally any medicine, whether of herbs or other ingredients. Cp. e.g. A. IV, 100 (bījagāma-bhūtagāmā . . osadhi-tiṇavanappatayo) Pv. II, 610, with Sn. 296 (gāvo ... yāsu jāyanti osadhā); D. I, 12, cp. DA. I, 98; Pv III, 53; PvA. 86; J. IV, 31; VI, 331 (? trsln. medicinal herb). Figuratively, “balm of salvation” (amatosadha) Miln. 247. Osadhi-tārakā, star of healing. The only thing we know about this star is its white brilliance, S. I, 65; It. 20 = A. V, 62; Vv 92; Pv. II, 110; cp. PvA. 71; Vism. 412. Childers calls it Venus, but gives no evidence; other translators render it “morning star” . According to Hindu mythology the lord of medicine is the moon (oṣadhīśa), not any particular star. (Page 171)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ōṣadhī (ओषधी).—f (S) An annual or deciduous plant. 2 A tree, shrub, or herb gen.

--- OR ---

ōṣadhī (ओषधी).—a (S) Medicinal, of healing virtue.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Oṣadhi (ओषधि) or Oṣadhī (ओषधी).—f. [oṣaḥ pāko dhīyate atra-dhā-ki Tv.]

1) A herb, plant (in general); ओषध्यः फलपाकान्ताः (oṣadhyaḥ phalapākāntāḥ) Ms.1.46; cf. संजीवन° (saṃjīvana°).

2) A medicinal plant or drug.

3) An annual plant or herb which dies after becoming ripe.

Derivable forms: oṣadhiḥ (ओषधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Oṣadhi (ओषधि).—(= Pali osadhi), n. or epithet of a particular star: n. sg. °dhi or °dhī, Mahāvastu ii.56.20 and 58.13 (verse) tāra- varā va oṣadhī, by Senart's em., which is proved by the Pali parallel Jātaka (Pali) v.398.30. In Pali more often called osadhi-tārakā, star of medicine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Oṣadhi (ओषधि).—f.

(-dhiḥ) An annual plant or herb, one that dies after becoming ripe. E. oṣa heat, and dhā to have, ki affix; or with ṅīṣ, oṣadhī; or with affix, auṣadhi.

--- OR ---

Oṣadhī (ओषधी).—f. (-dhī) An annual plant or deciduous herb: see the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Oṣadhi (ओषधि).—oṣadhī, i. e. uṣ + a-dhā (cf. nidhi), f. 1. A plant, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 46. 2. A medicinal herb, [Caurapañcāśikā] 47.

Oṣadhi can also be spelled as Oṣadhī (ओषधी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Oṣadhi (ओषधि).—[feminine] a herb or plant.

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Oṣadhī (ओषधी).—[feminine] a herb or plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Oṣadhi (ओषधि):—[=oṣa-dhi] f. ([etymology] doubtful; probably [from] oṣa above, ‘light-containing’ See, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii, 2, 4, 5; Nirukta, by Yāska ix, 27]) a herb, plant, simple, [especially] any medicinal herb, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] an annual plant or herb (which dies after becoming ripe), [Manu-smṛti i, 46, etc.; Suśruta i, 4, 16; 18; Yājñavalkya] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a remedy in general, [Suśruta i, 4, 15.]

4) Oṣadhī (ओषधी):—[from oṣa-dhi] f. (only [Vedic or Veda] and not in [nominative case] [case] [Pāṇini 6-3, 132]; but occasional exceptions are found) = oṣa-dhi above.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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