Shakuni, aka: Sakuṇī, Sakuni, Śakuni, Śakunī, Śākuni; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shakuni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śakuni and Śakunī and Śākuni can be transliterated into English as Sakuni or Shakuni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

Shakuni in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakuni (शकुनि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.61.72) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śakuni) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śakuni is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.57, I.63.94, I.63) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

Shakuni in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakunī (शकुनी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Śakunī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A serpent born in the Dhṛtarāṣṭra dynasty. It was burnt to death at the serpent yajña conducted by Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 16). (See full article at Story of Śakuni from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Śakuni (शकुनि).—An asura who was the son of Hiraṇyākṣa and brother of Śambara, Trimūrdhā, Śaṅku and Ārya. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).

3) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A king born in the dynasty of Bharata, son of Duṣyanta. Śakuni was Bhīmaratha’s son and father of Urudbhi. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

4) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A son of Ikṣvāku. (For details see under Viśvakarmā, Para 2).

5) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A maharṣi to whom were born nine sons called Dhruva, Śāli, Budha, Tāra, Jyotiṣmān, Nirmoha, Jitakāma, Dhyānakāṣṭha, and Guṇādhika. The first five of them led householder’s life while the last four took to Sannyāsa even as children. (Padma Purāṇa Ādikhaṇḍa, Chapter 31).

6) Śakuni (शकुनि).—The notorious uncle of Duryodhana. Son of King Subala of Gāndhāra and brother of Gāndhārī. Śakuni, staying at Hastināpura, pulled the strings for all the evil actions of Duryodhana. It was Śakuni’s hands, which worked in the background in driving the Pāṇḍavas out of the kingdom and in denuding Pāñcālī of her clothes. It was also his evil tactics, which tore asunder all chances of conciliation with the Pāṇḍavas on their return from the forest and thus led to the great war that lasted for eighteen days. At last he was killed by Sahadeva during the war. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 28, Verse 61). A resume of the part played by Śakuni in the Bhārata story is given below:

It was with his help that Duryodhana defeated Dharmaputra in the foul game of dice. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 61, Verse 50).

7) Śākuni (शाकुनि).—A maharṣi, who lived in Madhu forest. Of the nine sons of Śākuni, Dhruva, Śīla, Budha and Tāra were house-holders and agnihotris (those who sacrificed offerings in fire). (Padma Purāṇa, Svarga Khaṇḍa 81).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Śakunī (शकुनी) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—These Goddesses (eg., Śakunī) form the shining galaxy of female deities worshipped by the people of Kaśmīra.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1a) Śakuni (शकुनि).—(saubala) a prince of Gāndhāra and an evil adviser to Duryodhana; joined him in insulting Vidura; attacked the northern gate of Mathurā, and the eastern gate of Gomanta when they were besieged by Jarāsandha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 14; 3. 13; VII. 2. 18; X. 50. 11 [7]; 52. 11. [6].

1b) Father of Asura Vṛka; took part in the Devāsura war between Bali and Indra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 20; X. 88. 14.

1c) A son of (Ekā) Daśaratha and father of Karambhi (aka).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 4-5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 41.

1d) A son of Vikukṣi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 9.

1e) A son of Sanadvāja; father of Svāgata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 20.

1f) A son of Danu*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 17.

1g) A son of Dṛḍharatha and father of Karambha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 42.

1h) Had 500 brothers who were rulers of Uttarāpathadeśa; of these 48 had sovereignty over the south; all sons of Ikṣvāku.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9.

1i) A son of Sutadvāja.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 20.

2a) Śakunī (शकुनी).—A daughter of Bali.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 84.

2b) The wife of Nāka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 13.

2c) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 12.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Brother of Gandhari (wife of Dhritarashtra, father of the Kauravas). He won the kingdom of the Pandavas (for his nephew Duryodhana) by challenging Yudhisthira to a rigged game of dice.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śakuni (शकुनि, ‘bird’) is used practically like Śakuna, but with a much clearer reference to divination. It was smaller than the Śyena or Suparṇa, gave signs, and foretold ill-luck. When it is mentioned4 in the list of sacrificial victims at the Aśvamedha (‘horse sacrifice’), a special species must be meant: later the falcon is so called, but the ‘raven’ may be intended; the commentator on the Taittirīya-saṃhitā thinks that it is the ‘crow’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Shakuni was the brother of Gandhari. He was very fond of his nephew Duryodhana. He won the Pandava's half of the kingdom for his nephew, as a wager in a rigged game of dice. The dice that were used were made with Shakuni's father's thigh bones and would always do his bidding.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Shakuni (शकुनि): Shakuni was the brother of Gandhari. He was very fond of his nephew Duryodhana. He won the Pandavas' half of the kingdom for his nephew, as a wager in a rigged game of dice.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Śakuni (शकुनि).—The evil brother of Gāndhārī and notorious friend of Duryodhana. He master-minded the great gambling match that sent the Pāṇḍavas into exile for 13 years. In the great Kurukṣetra war he was killed by Sahadeva.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Shakuni in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sakuṇī : (f.) a she-bird.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Shakuni in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śakuni (शकुनि).—m S The eighth of the periods called karaṇa. 2 The name of the maternal uncle of the kaurava princes. Hence śakunimāmā A term for an old treacherous or officious relative whose counsels tend to ruin.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakuni (शकुनि).—m The name of the maternal uncle of the kaurava princes. Hence śakunimāmā

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakuni (शकुनि).—[śak-uni]

1) A bird; तरुशकुनिकुरङ्गान् मैथिली यानपुष्यत् (taruśakunikuraṅgān maithilī yānapuṣyat) U.3.25; Ms.12.63.

2) A vulture, kite or eagle.

3) A cock.

4) Name of a son of Subala, king of Gāndhāra and brother of Gāndharī, wife of Dhṛtarāṣṭra; he was thus the maternal uncle of Duryodhana whom he assisted in many of his wicked schemes to exterminate the Pāṇḍavas. The name is now usually applied to an old wicked-minded relative whose counsels tend to ruin.

5) Name of a demon killed by Kṛṣṇa.

Derivable forms: śakuniḥ (शकुनिः).

--- OR ---

Śakunī (शकुनी).—

1) A hen-sparrow.

2) A kind of bird.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 64 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Krishnashakuni
Kṛṣṇaśakuni (कृष्णशकुनि).—a crow; Av.19.57.4. Derivable forms: kṛṣṇaśakuniḥ (कृष्णशकुनिः).Kṛṣṇa...
Shakuniprapa
Śakuniprapā (शकुनिप्रपा).—a trough for watering birds. Śakuniprapā is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Shakunyishvara
Śakunyīśvara (शकुन्यीश्वर).—Name of Garuḍa. Derivable forms: śakunyīśvaraḥ (शकुन्यीश्वरः).Śakun...
Shakunivada
Śakunivāda (शकुनिवाद).—1) the cry or sound of a bird. 2) the crowing of a cock.Derivable forms:...
Karana
Kāraṇa (कारण, “cause”).—The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas divide cause (kāraṇa) into three types. Annaṃbhaṭṭ...
Uluka
Ulūka (उलूक) is the name of a Dānava who was reborn as Śubhaṅkara: one of the minister of Sūrya...
Gandhara
Gandhāra (गन्धार) refers to one of the two Mahājanapadas of the Uttarāpatha  (Northern Dis...
Subala
1) Subala (सुबल).—General. A King of Gāndhāra. Subala was the father of Śakuni, uncle of the Ka...
Jaya
Jayā (जया) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (v...
Bali
Bali (बलि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as menti...
Sharabha
1) Śarabha (शरभ).—A nāga born in the Takṣaka dynasty. It was burnt to death at Janamejaya’s ser...
Subhaga
Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gang...
Karna
Karṇa (कर्ण) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as men...
Acala
Acalā (अचला) refers to the unshakeable one” and represents one of the Bodhisattva bhūmis, ...
Gaja
Gaja (गज) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentio...

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