Shakuni, aka: Sakuṇī, Sakuni, Śakuni, Śakunī, Śākuni; 14 Definition(s)
Shakuni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śakuni and Śakunī and Śākuni can be transliterated into English as Sakuni or Shakuni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Itihasa (narrative history)
Śakuni (शकुनि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.61.72) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śakuni) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Śakuni is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.57, I.63.94, I.63) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Śakunī (शकुनी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Śakunī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
1) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A serpent born in the Dhṛtarāṣṭra dynasty. It was burnt to death at the serpent yajña conducted by Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 16). (See full article at Story of Śakuni from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Śakuni (शकुनि).—An asura who was the son of Hiraṇyākṣa and brother of Śambara, Trimūrdhā, Śaṅku and Ārya. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).
3) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A king born in the dynasty of Bharata, son of Duṣyanta. Śakuni was Bhīmaratha’s son and father of Urudbhi. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).
4) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A son of Ikṣvāku. (For details see under Viśvakarmā, Para 2).
5) Śakuni (शकुनि).—A maharṣi to whom were born nine sons called Dhruva, Śāli, Budha, Tāra, Jyotiṣmān, Nirmoha, Jitakāma, Dhyānakāṣṭha, and Guṇādhika. The first five of them led householder’s life while the last four took to Sannyāsa even as children. (Padma Purāṇa Ādikhaṇḍa, Chapter 31).
6) Śakuni (शकुनि).—The notorious uncle of Duryodhana. Son of King Subala of Gāndhāra and brother of Gāndhārī. Śakuni, staying at Hastināpura, pulled the strings for all the evil actions of Duryodhana. It was Śakuni’s hands, which worked in the background in driving the Pāṇḍavas out of the kingdom and in denuding Pāñcālī of her clothes. It was also his evil tactics, which tore asunder all chances of conciliation with the Pāṇḍavas on their return from the forest and thus led to the great war that lasted for eighteen days. At last he was killed by Sahadeva during the war. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 28, Verse 61). A resume of the part played by Śakuni in the Bhārata story is given below:
It was with his help that Duryodhana defeated Dharmaputra in the foul game of dice. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 61, Verse 50).
7) Śākuni (शाकुनि).—A maharṣi, who lived in Madhu forest. Of the nine sons of Śākuni, Dhruva, Śīla, Budha and Tāra were house-holders and agnihotris (those who sacrificed offerings in fire). (Padma Purāṇa, Svarga Khaṇḍa 81).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Śakunī (शकुनी) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—These Goddesses (eg., Śakunī) form the shining galaxy of female deities worshipped by the people of Kaśmīra.(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
1a) Śakuni (शकुनि).—(saubala) a prince of Gāndhāra and an evil adviser to Duryodhana; joined him in insulting Vidura; attacked the northern gate of Mathurā, and the eastern gate of Gomanta when they were besieged by Jarāsandha.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 14; 3. 13; VII. 2. 18; X. 50. 11 ; 52. 11. .
1b) Father of Asura Vṛka; took part in the Devāsura war between Bali and Indra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 20; X. 88. 14.
1c) A son of (Ekā) Daśaratha and father of Karambhi (aka).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 4-5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 41.
1d) A son of Vikukṣi.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 9.
1e) A son of Sanadvāja; father of Svāgata.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 20.
1f) A son of Danu*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 17.
1g) A son of Dṛḍharatha and father of Karambha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 42.
1h) Had 500 brothers who were rulers of Uttarāpathadeśa; of these 48 had sovereignty over the south; all sons of Ikṣvāku.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9.
1i) A son of Sutadvāja.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 20.
2a) Śakunī (शकुनी).—A daughter of Bali.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 84.
2b) The wife of Nāka.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 13.
2c) A mind-born mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 12.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Brother of Gandhari (wife of Dhritarashtra, father of the Kauravas). He won the kingdom of the Pandavas (for his nephew Duryodhana) by challenging Yudhisthira to a rigged game of dice.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Śakuni (शकुनि, ‘bird’) is used practically like Śakuna, but with a much clearer reference to divination. It was smaller than the Śyena or Suparṇa, gave signs, and foretold ill-luck. When it is mentioned4 in the list of sacrificial victims at the Aśvamedha (‘horse sacrifice’), a special species must be meant: later the falcon is so called, but the ‘raven’ may be intended; the commentator on the Taittirīya-saṃhitā thinks that it is the ‘crow’.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Shakuni was the brother of Gandhari. He was very fond of his nephew Duryodhana. He won the Pandava's half of the kingdom for his nephew, as a wager in a rigged game of dice. The dice that were used were made with Shakuni's father's thigh bones and would always do his bidding.(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Shakuni (शकुनि): Shakuni was the brother of Gandhari. He was very fond of his nephew Duryodhana. He won the Pandavas' half of the kingdom for his nephew, as a wager in a rigged game of dice.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Śakuni (शकुनि).—The evil brother of Gāndhārī and notorious friend of Duryodhana. He master-minded the great gambling match that sent the Pāṇḍavas into exile for 13 years. In the great Kurukṣetra war he was killed by Sahadeva.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
sakuṇī : (f.) a she-bird.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
śakuni (शकुनि).—m S The eighth of the periods called karaṇa. 2 The name of the maternal uncle of the kaurava princes. Hence śakunimāmā A term for an old treacherous or officious relative whose counsels tend to ruin.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śakuni (शकुनि).—m The name of the maternal uncle of the kaurava princes. Hence śakunimāmā(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A bird; तरुशकुनिकुरङ्गान् मैथिली यानपुष्यत् (taruśakunikuraṅgān maithilī yānapuṣyat) U.3.25; Ms.12.63.
2) A vulture, kite or eagle.
3) A cock.
4) Name of a son of Subala, king of Gāndhāra and brother of Gāndharī, wife of Dhṛtarāṣṭra; he was thus the maternal uncle of Duryodhana whom he assisted in many of his wicked schemes to exterminate the Pāṇḍavas. The name is now usually applied to an old wicked-minded relative whose counsels tend to ruin.
5) Name of a demon killed by Kṛṣṇa.
Derivable forms: śakuniḥ (शकुनिः).
--- OR ---
1) A hen-sparrow.
2) A kind of bird.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 64 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Śakunivāda (शकुनिवाद).—1) the cry or sound of a bird. 2) the crowing of a cock.Derivable forms:...
Kṛṣṇaśakuni (कृष्णशकुनि).—a crow; Av.19.57.4. Derivable forms: kṛṣṇaśakuniḥ (कृष्णशकुनिः).Kṛṣṇa...
Śakunyīśvara (शकुन्यीश्वर).—Name of Garuḍa. Derivable forms: śakunyīśvaraḥ (शकुन्यीश्वरः).Śakun...
Śakuniprapā (शकुनिप्रपा).—a trough for watering birds. Śakuniprapā is a Sanskrit compound consi...
1) Kāraṇa (कारण) or Kāraṇāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classificatio...
Ulūka (उलूक) is the name of a Dānava who was reborn as Śubhaṅkara: one of the minister of Sūrya...
Gāndhāra (गान्धार) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaś...
1) Subala (सुबल).—General. A King of Gāndhāra. Subala was the father of Śakuni, uncle of the Ka...
Jayā (जया) or Jayātantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāg...
Bali (बलि) is the name of a king in the third underworld, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, ch...
1) Śarabha (शरभ).—A nāga born in the Takṣaka dynasty. It was burnt to death at Janamejaya’s ser...
Subhaga (सुभग, “fortunate”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-...
1) Karṇa (कर्ण).—The eldest son of Kuntī. Though he was the brother of the Pāṇḍavas he joined s...
1) Acala (अचल).—General. Acala was the son of Subala, a King of Gāndhāra. He was Śakuni’s broth...
Gaja (गज).—[gaj-made ac]1) An elephant; कचाचितौ विश्वगिवागजौ गजौ (kacācitau viśvagivāgajau gaja...
Search found 25 books and stories containing Shakuni, Sakuṇī, Sakuni, Śakuni, Śakunī or Śākuni. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chapter 9 - The Gambling Match < [Sabha Parva]
Chapter 1 - The Death of Salya < [Salya Parva]
Chapter 11 - The Pandavas Lose Their Kingdom < [Sabha Parva]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXX - Treatment of an attack by Shakuni-graha < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XXVII - Specific features of nine malignant Grahas < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section LXIV < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
Section LX < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
Section XLVIII < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 64 - The description of Nimi dynasty (vaṃśa) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 5 - Nṛsiṃha incarnation and race of Hiraṇyakaśipu < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 70 - Dynasties of Jyāmagha and Vṛṣṇi < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)