Kokila, Kokilā: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kokila means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kokila (कोकिल) is the name of a cloud whose sound corresponds to the Vāma or Vāmaka note made by drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds... The cloud named Puṣkara gave note to Vāma (Vāmaka)... Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Kokila, the Arāla hand fluttered.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kokila (कोकिल) is a Sanskrit word referring to a kind of bird. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kokila is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Kokila (कोकिल) refers to “coal”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kokila (कोकिल) refers to the bird “Cuckoo” (Eudynamys scolopacea).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kokila] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Kokila (कोकिल) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Sannāha and Kumuda with a hundred crores, Amogha, Kokila and Sumantraka each with a crore. [...]”.

These [viz., Kokila] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Kokila participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“O Nārada, listen to the numerical strength of the most important and courageous of those groups. [...] Sannāha with hundred crores; Kumuda with a crore; Amogha and Kokila the chief of Gaṇas each with a crore of crores. [...] Thus at the bidding of Śiva, the heroic Vīrabhadra went ahead followed by crores and crores, thousands and thousands, hundreds and hundreds of Gaṇas [viz., Kokila]”.

2) Kokila (कोकिल) refers to “cuckoos”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] O beloved, do you wish to go to the Himālayas, the king of mountains wherein there is spring for ever, which abounds in hedges and groves where the cuckoos (kokila) coo in diverse pleasing ways and which contains many lakes filled with cool water and hundreds of lotuses”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kokila (कोकिल).—See under Ḍiṇḍika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kokila (कोकिल).—Said ‘kuha’, and the time came to be known kuhū.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 29; 28. 58.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Kokila (कोकिल) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Kokila has 25 mātrās in each of their four lines, divided into groups of 4, 5, 5, 4, 3 (IS) mātrās.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Daughter of Ekaraja and sister of Candakumara. J.vi.134.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kokila : (m.) a cuckoo.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kokila, (cp. Sk. koka a kind of goose, also cuckoo, with derivation kokila cuckoo; cp. Gr. kόkkuc, Lat. cuculus, E. cuckoo) the Indian cuckoo. Two kinds mentioned at VvA. 57: kāḷa° and phussa° black and speckled k. ‹-› As citra° at J. V, 416.—Vv 111, 588; VvA. 132, 163. (Page 227)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōkila (कोकिल).—m (S) pop. kōkilā or ḷā & kōkīḷa m Black or Indian cuckoo, Endynamis orientalis.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōkila (कोकिल) [-lā-ḷā, -ला-ळा].—m Black or Indian cuckoo.

--- OR ---

kōkīḷa (कोकीळ).—m Black or Indian cuckoo.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kokila (कोकिल) or Kokilā (कोकिला).—[kula-ilac Uṇ.1.54.]

1) The (Indian or black) cuckoo; पुंस्कोकिलो यन्मधुरं चुकूज (puṃskokilo yanmadhuraṃ cukūja) Ku.3.32;4.16; R.12.39.

2) A fire-brand.

Derivable forms: kokilaḥ (कोकिलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kokila (कोकिल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. The Kokila or Koil, the black or Indian cuckoo, (Cuculus Indicus.) 2. A firebrand, a lighted coal. E. kuk to seize, (the heart,) and ilac affix: the Kokila makes a prominent figure in Hindu poetry, and is supposed, by his musical cry, to inspire pleasing and tender emotions.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kokila (कोकिल).—i. e. koka + ila, m. 1. The Indian cuckoo, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 52, 2. f. , The female cuckoo, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 34. 2. A kind of mouse, [Suśruta] 2, 274, 4. 3. A poisonous insect. [Suśruta] 2, 288, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kokila (कोकिल).—[masculine] ā [feminine] the Indian cuckoo.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kokila (कोकिल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Mṛtyuṃjaya Kokila.

2) Kokila (कोकिल):—poet. Mentioned in Bhojaprabandha Oxf. 150^b.

3) Kokila (कोकिल):—Mātrādiśrāddhanirṇaya. Bhk. 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kokila (कोकिल):—m. (onomatopoetic; √kuk, [Uṇādi-sūtra]) the Kokila or Koïl (black or Indian cuckoo ; frequently alluded to in Hindū poetry, its musical cry being supposed to inspire tender emotions), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) a kind of mouse, [Suśruta; Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya]

3) a kind of snake, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

4) a kind of venomous insect, [Suśruta]

5) a kind of sugar-cane (cf. lekṣu), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

6) a lighted coal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of an author, [Bhojaprabandha; Śūdra-dharma-tattva]

8) of a Rāja-putra (considered as a Ṛṣi), [Kāṭhaka; Anukramaṇikā]

9) of a mouse, [Mahābhārata v, 5444]

10) Kokilā (कोकिला):—[from kokila] a f. ([gana] ajādi) the female of a Kokila, [Kumāra-sambhava; Raghuvaṃśa; Bhartṛhari]

11) [from kokila] b (f. of kokila q.v.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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