Vanaspati; 15 Definition(s)
Vanaspati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Vanaspati (वनस्पति) is a Sanskrit word referring to the plant kingdom. The concept is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.
2) Vanaspati (वनस्पति, “forest-tree”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Vanaspatis are trees that bear fruits (without flowers) and possesses woody stems such as the Udumbara (Ficus glomerata). The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.
Vanaspati is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:
The Manusmṛti 1.46-48 by Manu (also known as the Manusaṃhitā and Mānavadharmaśāstra).
The Carakasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.36-37) by Caraka.
The Suśrutasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.23) by Suśruta.
The Praśastapādabhāṣya by Praśastapāda and its two commentaries Nyāyakaṇḍalī and Kiraṇāvalī.
The Bhāvārthadīpikā 3.10.19 (commentary on the Bhāgavatapurāṇa) by Śrīdhara.
Vanaspati (वनस्पति) refers to “trees giving out fruit without flowering” and represents one of the five kinds of aṅkura or “substances (dravya) produced (ja) through a sprout (aṅkura)”, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Anūpādi-varga covers some 16 major topics regarding land and vegetations (eg., Vanaspati) .
Vanaspati (वनस्पति) also refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—Those trees which produce fruits without flowering are called Vanaspati according to Manusmṛti Chapter 1, Stanza 47. Atti (fig tree) is an example. (Apuṣpāḥ phalavanto ye te vanaspatayas smṛtāḥ).
2) Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—One of the seven sons of the King Ghṛtapṛṣṭha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—A son of Ghrtaprstha.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 460; 50. 39.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 88.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 145.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 8; 17. 19; 39. 11; 59. 10; 163. 49.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Vanaspati (वनस्पति) is the name of a sacrifice mentioned in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“at the Vanaspati sacrifice, which is a modification (vikāra) of the Sviṣṭakṛt, the addresses (nigama) of the deities should take place in the Yājyā, because they are included in the Prakṛti”. Commentary: These nigamas of the deities are not mentioned in the rules of the Vanaspati sacrifice, but they are mentioned in the rules for the Sviṣṭakṛt sacrifice of the Darśapūrṇamāsa, which is the Prakṛti, and should therefore be taken over. Here again, because a reason is given, it is understood that the same reason would apply to other portions of Sviṣṭakṛt also, such as the “dvir abhighāraṇa”, which is to be retained in the Vanaspati sacrifice.Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Vanaspati (वनस्पति, “Lord of the Forest”) is a deity presiding over the forest and described as the “bright golden hued Vanaspati, with its thousand branches.” (Ṛgveda 9.1.5)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
General definition (in Jainism)
Vanaspati (वनस्पति) refers to “plant-bodies” (the kingdom of plants). Due to karma, the souls (jīva) of living beings are reborn as plants in the animal world (tiryaggati). The animal world is one of the four divisions (gati) of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.
The following are the ten types of plants:
- mūla (root),
- kanda (bulb),
- skandha (trunk),
- tvac (bark),
- śākhā (branch),
- pravāla (sprout),
- patra (leaf),
- puṣpa (flower),
- phala (fruit),
- bīja (seed).
Also see the Sthānāṅgasūtra 773 and Lokaprakāśa (Dravya) 5.106.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—When they (jīva, ‘souls’) become plant-bodies (vanaspati) of ten kinds, bulb, etc., they are cut, split, and cooked by fire. They are dried up, crushed, and singed by rubbing each other ; they are burned by caustics, and fastened together by consumers. In all conditions they are eaten; they are divided by storms ; they are reduced to ashes by fires; and uprooted by floods of water. All plant-lives experience constantly a series of torments from all implements, as they have become food for everyone.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
Vanaspati (वनस्पति, “plant”) refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., jala.
What is the meaning of plant (vanaspati)? The crust of the plant having no consciousness is called plant. What is the meaning of plant-bodied living beings? The living being which has plant as its body is called plant bodied living being. How many types of plants are there? There are four types of plants namely plant, plant-bodied, life in plant body and life tending towards a plant body.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
vanaspati : (m.) a big tree which bears fruit without flowers.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
vanaspati (वनस्पति).—f (S) A tree or plant in general, yet especially one of medicinal virtues.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vanaspati (वनस्पति).—f A tree or a plant in general, herb.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—[vanasya patiḥ ni° suṭ]
1) A large forest tree, especially one that bears fruit apparently without any blossoms; अपुष्पाः फलवन्तो ये ते वनस्पतयः स्मृताः (apuṣpāḥ phalavanto ye te vanaspatayaḥ smṛtāḥ) Ms.1.47.
2) A tree in general; तमाशु विघ्नं तपसस्तपस्वी वनस्पतिं वज्र इवावभज्य (tamāśu vighnaṃ tapasastapasvī vanaspatiṃ vajra ivāvabhajya) Ku.3.74.
3) The Soma plant.
4) A stem, trunk.
5) A beam; pole, post.
6) A sacrificial post.
7) An offering to Vanaspati.
8) A wooden amulet.
9) A scaffold.
1) An ascetic.
Derivable forms: vanaspatiḥ (वनस्पतिः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—n. of a ‘gandharva maid’: Kv 4.17.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-tiḥ) 1. A tree that bears fruit but no apparent blossoms, as several species of the fig, the jack, &c. 2. A tree in general. 3. An ascetic. E. vana forest, and pati lord, suṭ augment.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+3): Vanaspatya, Atara Bhara Vanaspati, Vanaspatyadi, Vanaspatikaya, Oshadhivanaspati, Lata, Tvac, Skandha, Kanda, Patra, Phala, Bija, Pushpa, Shakha, Pravala, Ankura, Padapodyapana, Sthavara, Mula, Apri.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Vanaspati; (plurals include: Vanaspatis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.47 < [Section XXVI - Different ways of Fruit-bearing]
Verse 3.88 < [Section VII - Duties of the Householder]
Verse 8.339 < [Section XLIV - Robbery (sāhasa)]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Apastamba-yajna-paribhasa-sutras (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Indian Medicinal Plants (by Kanhoba Ranchoddas Kirtikar)
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)