Vanaspati; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vanaspati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Vanaspati in Ayurveda glossaries]

1) Vanaspati (वनस्पति) is a Sanskrit word referring to the plant kingdom. The concept is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Vanaspati (वनस्पति, “forest-tree”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Vanaspatis are trees that bear fruits (without flowers) and possesses woody stems such as the Udumbara (Ficus glomerata). The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Vanaspati is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

The Manusmṛti 1.46-48 by Manu (also known as the Manusaṃhitā and Mānavadharmaśāstra).
The Carakasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.36-37) by Caraka.
The Suśrutasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.23) by Suśruta.
The Praśastapādabhāṣya by Praśastapāda and its two commentaries Nyāyakaṇḍalī and Kiraṇāvalī.
The Bhāvārthadīpikā 3.10.19 (commentary on the Bhāgavatapurāṇa) by Śrīdhara.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

[Vanaspati in Purana glossaries]

1) Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—Those trees which produce fruits without flowering are called Vanaspati according to Manusmṛti Chapter 1, Stanza 47. Atti (fig tree) is an example. (Apuṣpāḥ phalavanto ye te vanaspatayas smṛtāḥ).

2) Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—One of the seven sons of the King Ghṛtapṛṣṭha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—A son of Ghrtaprstha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21

1b) Born of Latā;1 a king of trees;2 three yonīs of, gāyatrī, triṣṭub and jagatī;3 for homa and śrāddha.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 460; 50. 39.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 88.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 145.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 8; 17. 19; 39. 11; 59. 10; 163. 49.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Vanaspati in Hinduism glossaries]

Vanaspati (वनस्पति, “Lord of the Forest”) is a deity presiding over the forest and described as the “bright golden hued Vanaspati, with its thousand branches.” (Ṛgveda 9.1.5)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Vanaspati in Jainism glossaries]

Vanaspati (वनस्पति) refers to “plant-bodies” (the kingdom of plants). Due to karma, the souls (jīva) of living beings are reborn as plants in the animal world (tiryaggati). The animal world is one of the four divisions (gati) of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

The following are the ten types of plants:

  1. mūla (root),
  2. kanda (bulb),
  3. skandha (trunk),
  4. tvac (bark),
  5. śākhā (branch),
  6. pravāla (sprout),
  7. patra (leaf),
  8. puṣpa (flower),
  9. phala (fruit),
  10. bīja (seed).

Also see the Sthānāṅgasūtra 773 and Lokaprakāśa (Dravya) 5.106.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—When they (jīva, ‘souls’) become plant-bodies (vanaspati) of ten kinds, bulb, etc., they are cut, split, and cooked by fire. They are dried up, crushed, and singed by rubbing each other ; they are burned by caustics, and fastened together by consumers. In all conditions they are eaten; they are divided by storms ; they are reduced to ashes by fires; and uprooted by floods of water. All plant-lives experience constantly a series of torments from all implements, as they have become food for everyone.

(Source): archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Vanaspati (वनस्पति, “plant”) refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., jala.

What is the meaning of plant (vanaspati)? The crust of the plant having no consciousness is called plant. What is the meaning of plant-bodied living beings? The living being which has plant as its body is called plant bodied living being. How many types of plants are there? There are four types of plants namely plant, plant-bodied, life in plant body and life tending towards a plant body.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Vanaspati in Pali glossaries]

vanaspati : (m.) a big tree which bears fruit without flowers.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Vanaspati in Marathi glossaries]

vanaspati (वनस्पति).—f (S) A tree or plant in general, yet especially one of medicinal virtues.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vanaspati (वनस्पति).—f A tree or a plant in general, herb.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Vanaspati in Sanskrit glossaries]

Vanaspati (वनस्पति).—[vanasya patiḥ ni° suṭ]

1) A large forest tree, especially one that bears fruit apparently without any blossoms; अपुष्पाः फलवन्तो ये ते वनस्पतयः स्मृताः (apuṣpāḥ phalavanto ye te vanaspatayaḥ smṛtāḥ) Ms.1.47.

2) A tree in general; तमाशु विघ्नं तपसस्तपस्वी वनस्पतिं वज्र इवावभज्य (tamāśu vighnaṃ tapasastapasvī vanaspatiṃ vajra ivāvabhajya) Ku.3.74.

3) The Soma plant.

4) A stem, trunk.

5) A beam; pole, post.

6) A sacrificial post.

7) An offering to Vanaspati.

8) A wooden amulet.

9) A scaffold.

1) An ascetic.

Derivable forms: vanaspatiḥ (वनस्पतिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Atara Bhara Vanaspati
aṭarā bhāra vanaspati (अटरा भार वनस्पति).—f (aṭharā Eighteen, bhāra A weight, vanaspati A plant...
Oshadhivanaspati
Oṣadhivanaspati (ओषधिवनस्पति) or Oṣadhīvanaspati (ओषधीवनस्पति).—Herbs and trees.Derivable forms...
Vanaspatikaya
Vanaspatikāya (वनस्पतिकाय).—the whole world of plants, vegetable kingdom.Derivable forms: vanas...
Vana
Vaṇa (वण).—Sound, noise.Derivable forms: vaṇaḥ (वणः).--- OR --- Vana (वन).—[van-ac]1) A forest,...
Mula
Mūla (मूल) or Mūlasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa typ...
Lata
1) Latā (लता).—A celestial maiden. She was the companion of another Devī of name Vargā. Though ...
Shakha
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Bija
Bīja (बीज) or Bījāśuci refers to the “impurity of seed” and represents one of the five “impurit...
Phala
Phala (फल).—[phal-ac]1) Fruit (fig. also) as of a tree; उदेति पूर्वं कुसुमं ततः फलम् (udeti pūr...
Pushpa
Puṣpa (पुष्प) or Puṣpatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the...
Patra
Pātra indicated an officer of the ministerial rank.
Kanda
Kanda (कन्द, “bulb”) refers to one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) accord...
Oshadhi
Oṣadhi (ओषधि) refers to “medicinal herbs” according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter VI....
Skandha
Skandha (स्कन्ध) refers to an “aggregate” or “molecule” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārtha...
Pravala
Pravāla (प्रवाल).—1 A sprout, shoot, new leaf; अपि (api)......प्रवालमासामनुबन्धि वीरुधाम् (prav...

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