Karanja, Karañja, Kārañjā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Karanja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Karañja (करञ्ज):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian beech” tree and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Millettia pinnata (or, Pongamia pinnata) and is commonly known in English as “Indian beech” and “Pongam oiltree”. It typically grows throughout Asia and prefers tropical or subtropical climates.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Karañja (करञ्ज) refers to the medicinal plant known as Pongamia pinnata, the bark of which is employed in the treatment of maṇḍaliviṣa (viperine snake-bite poison), according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The third chapter covers maṇḍali (viperine) snake treatment. [...] Management of complications in maṇḍali-viṣa also has been explained. [...] In yellowish urine, bark of Karañja (Pongamia pinnata) should be given in hot water.

Karañja (juice) is used in the treatment of scorpion poisoning (vṛścikaviṣa), according to chapter seven.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Karañja (करञ्ज) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Merr.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning karañja] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Karañja (करञ्ज) is the name of the tree (vṛkṣa), identified with Pongamia glabra, and associated with Lakṣmīvana: the south-eastern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These trees (e.g., Karañja) that are associated with the cremation grounds are often equated with the eight bodhi-trees of the Buddhas (the current buddha plus the seven previous one). According to the Śmaśānavidhi each tree has a secondary tree (upavṛkṣa) that is depicted as lovely and covered in vaṅga flowers and fruit. In each tree lives a naked rākṣasa who is wrathful in form, who eats human flesh and who has the animal face or the mount of the dikpati in his cremation ground.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Karañja (करञ्ज) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Karañja is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Lakṣmīvana; with the direction-guardian (dikpāla) named Agni; with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Huluhulu and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Pūraṇa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Vākāṭakas

Kārañjā (कारञ्जा), about 6 miles from Āmgaon, a railway station on the Calcutta-Nagpur line of the South-Eastern Railway, is probably the ancient Karañjaviraka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karanja in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

karañja : (m.) the tree Pongamiya glabra.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Karañja, (cp. Sk. karañja, accord. to Aufrecht, Halāyudha p. 176 the Dalbergia arborea) the tree Pongamia glabra, used medicinally Vin. I, 201; J. VI, 518, 519. (Page 196)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज).—[kaṃ śiro jalaṃ vā rañjayati Tv.] Name of a tree (used in medicinal preparations); Bhāg.3.21.42.

Derivable forms: karañjaḥ (करञ्जः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज).—m.

(-ñjaḥ) The name of a plant, commonly Karanja (Galedupa arborea, Rox.) E. ka water, and rañj to colour, ac affix: see karaja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज).—m. The name of a plant, Pongamia glabra, Vent., Mahābhārata 3, 14488 sqq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज).—[masculine] [Name] of a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karañja (करञ्ज):—m. the tree Pongamia Glabra (used medicinally), [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Suśruta; Mahābhārata iii]

2) Name of an enemy of Indra (slain by this god), [Ṛg-veda i, 53, 8]

3) Kārañja (कारञ्ज):—mfn. produced by or coming [from] the tree Karañja (Pongamia glabra), [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज):—(ñjaḥ) 1. m. Caranja (Galedupa arborea).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Karañja (करञ्ज):—m.

1) Name eines Baumes mit ölhaltigen Samen, Pongamia glabra Vent., [AINSLIE 2, 332.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 84. 200.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1140.] Zwei Species liefern Arzeneistoffe: karañjadvaya [Suśruta 1, 137, 10. 138, 12. 139, 19. 2, 107, 11.] Verschiedene Species aufgezählt [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 29.] — pādapānāṃ ca yā mātā karañjanilayā hi sā [Mahābhārata 3, 14488. fg.] [Suśruta 1, 144, 13. 145, 6. 182, 17. 214, 17. 2, 371, 3.] vīja [335, 14. 365, 10. 328, 21.] Vgl. kaṭukarañja . —

2) karañja Nomen proprium eines von Indra überwundenen Feindes [Ṛgveda 1, 53, 8.]

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Kārañja (कारञ्ज):—adj. vom Baume karañja herrührend: phala [Suśruta 1, 134, 12.] taila [2, 70, 6.] vīja [472, 16.]

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Karañja (करञ्ज):—vgl. ghṛta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Karañja (करञ्ज):——

1) m. — a) Pongamia glabra (auch andere Species [Āpastamba’s Dharmasūtra] — b) Nomen proprium eines von Indra überwundenen Feindes. —

2) f. ī Galedupa piscidia [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,206.]

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Kārañja (कारञ्ज):——

1) Adj. von der Pongamia glabra herrührend.

2) *f. ī langer Pfeffer [Galano's Wörterbuch]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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