Karanja, aka: Karañja, Kārañjā; 8 Definition(s)


Karanja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Karañja (करञ्ज):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian beech” tree and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Millettia pinnata (or, Pongamia pinnata) and is commonly known in English as “Indian beech” and “Pongam oiltree”. It typically grows throughout Asia and prefers tropical or subtropical climates.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Karañja (करञ्ज) is the name of the tree (vṛkṣa), identified with Pongamia glabra, and associated with Lakṣmīvana: the south-eastern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These trees (eg., Karañja) that are associated with the cremation grounds are often equated with the eight bodhi-trees of the Buddhas (the current buddha plus the seven previous one). According to the Śmaśānavidhi each tree has a secondary tree (upavṛkṣa) that is depicted as lovely and covered in vaṅga flowers and fruit. In each tree lives a naked rākṣasa who is wrathful in form, who eats human flesh and who has the animal face or the mount of the dikpati in his cremation ground.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Karañja (करञ्ज) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Karañja is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Lakṣmīvana; with the direction-guardian (dikpāla) named Agni; with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Huluhulu and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Pūraṇa.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Kārañjā (कारञ्जा), about 6 miles from Āmgaon, a railway station on the Calcutta-Nagpur line of the South-Eastern Railway, is probably the ancient Karañjaviraka.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Vākāṭakas
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Karanja in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

karañja : (m.) the tree Pongamiya glabra.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Karañja, (cp. Sk. karañja, accord. to Aufrecht, Halāyudha p. 176 the Dalbergia arborea) the tree Pongamia glabra, used medicinally Vin. I, 201; J. VI, 518, 519. (Page 196)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज).—[kaṃ śiro jalaṃ vā rañjayati Tv.] Name of a tree (used in medicinal preparations); Bhāg.3.21.42.

Derivable forms: karañjaḥ (करञ्जः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karañja (करञ्ज).—m.

(-ñjaḥ) The name of a plant, commonly Karanja (Galedupa arborea, Rox.) E. ka water, and rañj to colour, ac affix: see karaja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 55 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mahākarañja (गुञ्जा) is a Sanskrit technical word translating to Millettia piscidia (synonym...
Hastikarañja (हस्तिकरञ्ज) is another name for Mahākarañja, which is a Sanskrit word referrin...
Karañjatīrtha (करञ्जतीर्थ).—A holy spot on the Narmadā.** Matsya-purāṇa 190. 11.
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1) Agni (अग्नि) refers to one of the eight direction-guardians (dikpāla) of the Guṇacakra, acco...
Caritrā (चरित्रा) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmat...
Pūraṇa (पूरण) refers to one of the eight cloud king (meghendra) of the Guṇacakra, according to ...
Karaka (करक).—(1) = prec., in same cpd.: Divy 37.1—2; 341.29; Av i.3.5; Speyer, Index, t...
Śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—f. (-ghnī) 1. A weapon; it is generally supposed to be a sort of fire-arms, ...
Rocana (रोचन, “appealing”) refers to one of the five arrows of Kāma, also known as Puṣpabāṇa, a...
Kapi (कपि).—m. (-piḥ) 1. An ape or monkey. 2. The monkey Hanuman. 3. A title of Vishnu or Krish...
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Karaja (करज).—mfn. (-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Produced in or from a hand, a ray, &c. m. (-jaḥ) 1. A fing...
Dantadhāvana (दन्तधावन) or Radadhāvana refers to “cleaning the teeth”, to be performed after mo...

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