Arama, Ārāma: 21 definitions


Arama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aaram.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ārāma (आराम).—Laying out parks at the auspicious hour—also udyāna;1 in Tripuram;2 punishment for misuse of.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 1 and 52.
  • 2) Ib. 130. 5.
  • 3) Ib. 227. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 160.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ārāma (आराम) refers to “(gifts of) gardens”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, the reward (vipāka) attributed to generosity increases in the following cases:—[...] When one gives gardens (ārāma), pools (hrada), etc., to the good people of the monasteries (vihāra). When one gives to the Community (saṃgha). [...]”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ārāma (आराम) refers to the “delights (of the dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva who has attained memory never forget? Son of good family, the Bodhisattva attains memory (dhāraṇī) by purifying his memory. What then is the purification of memory? Son of good family, there are thirty-two purifications of memory. What are the thirty-two? To wit, (1) seeking the dharma; (2) delight in the dharma; (3) taking pleasure in the delights of the dharma (dharma-ārāma-ratiratatā); (4) inclination towards the dharma; [...]”

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Ārāma (आराम) refers to a “garden” (suitable for an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān said]: “Now I shall teach the offering manual which is auspicious and can bring about any effect. [...] This dhāraṇī should be written down and mounted at the top of a flagstaff in the four corners of the maṇḍala. These should be placed in the middle of the field. These should be placed in the middle of the garden (ārāma-madhya). Immediately after these have been placed, the great mountain slope sealing of the boundary is completely established in the four directions. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ārāma.—(LL), a park. (ML), a grove or monastery. Note: ārāma is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ārāma : (m.) 1. pleasure; delight; 2. a park; 3. a monastery.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ārāma, (Sk. ārāma, ā + ram) — 1. pleasure, fondness of (-°), delight, always as adj. (-°) delighting in, enjoying, finding pleasure in (usually combd. with rata, e.g. dhammārāma dhammarata finding delight in the Dh.) S. I, 235; IV, 389 sq. (bhav°, upādān°); A. I, 35, 37, 130; II, 28 (bhāvan°); It. 82 (dhamm°); Sn. 327 (id. ; expld. by SnA 333 as rati and “dhamme ārāmo assā ti”); Pug. 53 (samagg°); Vbh. 351.—2. a pleasure-ground, park, garden (lit. sport, sporting); classified at Vin. III, 49 as pupph° and phal° a park with flowers or with fruit (i.e. orchard), def. at DhA. III, 246 as Veḷuvana-Jīvak’ambavan’ādayo, i.e. the park of Veḷuvana, or the park belonging to Jīvaka or mango-groves in general. Therefore: (a) (in general) a park, resort for pastime etc. Vin. II, 109; D. II, 106; Dh. 188; Vv 795 (amb° garden of mangoes); VvA. 305 (id.); Pv. II, 78 (pl. ārāmāni = ārām’ûpavanāni PvA. 102).—(b) (in special) a private park, given to the Buddha or the Saṅgha for the benefit of the bhikkhus, where they meet & hold discussions about sacred & secular matters; a place of recreation and meditation, a meeting place for religious gatherings. Amongst the many ārāmas given to the bhikkhus the most renowned is that of Anāthapiṇḍika (Jetavana; see J. I, 92—94) D. I, 178; Vin. IV, 69; others more frequently mentioned are e.g. the park of Ambapālī (Vin. I, 233); of Mallikā (D. I, 178), etc.—Vin. I, 39, 140, 283, 291; II, 170; III, 6, 45, 162; IV, 85; A. II, 176; Dpvs. V, 18.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arāma (अराम).—Preferably ārāma. &c.

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ārāma (आराम).—m ( P) Rest, repose; resting, reposing. v kara. 2 Ease, relief, remission of pain or sickness. 3 Used wrongly as adj That is at ease or in rest or composure.

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ārāma (आराम).—m S A pleasure ground; a garden, a park &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ārāma (आराम).—m Rest; ease. Remission of pain. A garden.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arama (अरम).—a. Low, vile.

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Arāma (अराम).—a. Disagreeable, unpopular; एवं प्रव्राजितश्चैव रामोऽरामो भविष्यति (evaṃ pravrājitaścaiva rāmo'rāmo bhaviṣyati). Rām.2.9.33.

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Ārāma (आराम).—a. [ram-ghañ] Pleasing, delightful; रामभद्र गुणाराम (rāmabhadra guṇārāma) Mv.7.4.

-maḥ 1 Delight, pleasure; इन्द्रियारामः (indriyārāmaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.16; आत्मारामाः (ātmārāmāḥ) Ve.1.31; एकाराम (ekārāma) Y.3.58.

2) A garden, grove; प्रियारामा हि वैदेह्यासीत् (priyārāmā hi vaidehyāsīt) Uttararāmacarita 2; आरामाधिपतिर्विवेकविकलः (ārāmādhipatirvivekavikalaḥ) Bv.1.31. आरामः कल्पवृक्षाणाम् (ārāmaḥ kalpavṛkṣāṇām) (rāmarakṣā) [cf. Pers. ārām].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arama (अरम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Low, inferior See avama

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Arāma (अराम).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) Cool, unimpassioned. E. a neg. rāga passion.

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Ārāma (आराम).—m.

(-maḥ) A garden, a grove. E. āṅ before ram to please, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārāma (आराम).—i. e. ā-ram + a, m. 1. Pleasure, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 16. 2. A garden, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārāma (आराम).—[masculine] pleasure, pleasure-garden.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārāma (आराम):—[=ā-rāma] [from ā-ram] m. delight, pleasure, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-upaniṣad; Bhagavad-gītā; Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] place of pleasure, a garden, grove, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a particular Daṇḍaka metre

4) [v.s. ...] (cf. ἠρέμα and ἔρημος.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arama (अरम):—[a-rama] (maḥ-mā-maṃ) a. Low.

2) Ārāma (आराम):—[ā-rāma] (maḥ) 1. m. A garden, grove.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ārāma (आराम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ārāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ārāma (आराम) [Also spelled aaram]:—(nm) rest; comfort; relief; ~[kursī] an easy chair; ~[gāha] resting place; rest station; ~[deha] comfortable; ~[pasaṃda] easy-going;—[karanā] to rest; to cure (of an illness); —[pharamānā] to be resting/taking rest (said deferentially). —[se] slowly; gently; at leisure.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ārāma (आराम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ārāma.

2) Ārāma (आराम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ārāma.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arama (ಅರಮ):—[noun] an ophthalmic disease.

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Ārāma (ಆರಾಮ):—

1) [noun] that which is delightful.

2) [noun] the state of being delighted; delight; pleasure.

3) [noun] a pleasuregarden or grove.

4) [noun] the tree Ficus tomentosa of Moraceae family.

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Ārāma (ಆರಾಮ):—

1) [noun] a reposing inactively; repose; rest.

2) [noun] freedom from disease; good health.

3) [noun] freedom from disturbance.

4) [noun] ಆರಾಮವಾಗಿ [aramavagi] ārāmavāgi, in a manner characterised by or having leisure; without haste; slowly; unhurriedly; leisurely; 2. without having mental tension or strain; tautless.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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