Avalguja, Āvalguja, Avalgujā: 8 definitions



Avalguja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Avalguja (अवल्गुज) is a Sanskrit word referring to Psoralea corylifolia (“Malaysian scurfpea”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. It is also known as Avalgujaka. The plant Avalguja is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. The plant is also part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Avalguja alleviate kapha and vāta.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Bākucī, Somarājī, Suparṇikā, Śaśilekhā, Kṛṣṇaphalā, Somā, Pūtiphalī, Somavallī, Kālameṣī and Kuṣṭhaghnī. The Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

2) Avalguja (अवल्गुज) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “ironwood plant”, a species of plant from the Asteraceae family., and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the synonyms Āraṇyajīrakā or Bṛhatpālī in Sanskrit or Kṛmiśatṛu in Malayalam. The official botanical name of the plant is Vernonia anthelmintica or Centratherum anthelminticum. The literal translation of Avalguja is “of no good origin or extraction”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Avalgujā (अवल्गुजा) is another name for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Avalgujā and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avalguja (अवल्गुज).—a. Of no good origin or extraction.

-jaḥ Name of a plant सोमराजी (somarājī). Vernonia Anthelminthica (Mar. bāṃbacī.)

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Āvalguja (आवल्गुज).—a. Produced from the plant अवल्गुज (avalguja).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalguja (अवल्गुज).—m.

(-jaḥ) A plant, (Serratula anthelmintica:) see somarājī. E. a neg. valgu handsome, and ja produced.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avalguja (अवल्गुज):—[=a-valgu-ja] m. the plant Vernonia Anthelminthica, [Suśruta]

2) Āvalguja (आवल्गुज):—mfn. ([from] a-valgu-ja), coming or produced from the plant Vernonia Anthelminthica, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalguja (अवल्गुज):—[avalgu-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A plant, (Serratula anthelmintica.)

[Sanskrit to German]

Avalguja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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