Shyonaka, Śyonāka, Śyoṇāka, Syonāka: 10 definitions



Shyonaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śyonāka and Śyoṇāka can be transliterated into English as Syonaka or Shyonaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śyonāka (श्योनाक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Oroxylum indicum, a large tree from the Bignoniaceae (bignonias) family of flowering plants. Common English names include the “Indian trumpet tree”. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Ṭuṇṭuka. It is a deciduous tree growing all over India, prefering deciduous moisty forests. It grows up to 12 meters in height, with very large leaves, up to 180cm long. The flowers are lurid to reddish-purple on the outside and dull or pale pinkish-yellow within. The fruits are flat capsules, up to 1 meter long, and have many flat seeds.

This plant (Śyonāka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Daśamūla group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Śyonāka (श्योनाक).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Śyonāka has fruits like swords, flowers like trumpets and leaves with long petioles. Its bark is astringent, bitter, hot and useful in diarrhoea, oedema and rheumatoid arthritis.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Syonāka (स्योनाक) refers to the medicinal plant known as Oroxylum indicum, St. Bk., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Syonāka. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Syonāka (स्योनाक) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Oroxylum indicum Vent.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning syonāka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Śyonāka (श्योनाक) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Bignonia indica (Indian trumpet flower) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note: Bignonia indica is a synonym of Oroxylum indicum. This name can also (possibly) be spelled as Syonāka.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as śyonāka).”

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śyoṇāka (श्योणाक) or Śyonāka (श्योनाक).—Name of a tree, Bignonia Indica (Mar. diṃḍā).

Derivable forms: śyoṇākaḥ (श्योणाकः), śyonākaḥ (श्योनाकः).

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Syonāka (स्योनाक).—Bignonia Indica (Mar. diṃḍā).

Derivable forms: syonākaḥ (स्योनाकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śyoṇāka (श्योणाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A plant, (Bignonia Indica.) E. śyai to go ḍuṇāka aff.

Śyoṇāka can also be spelled as Śyonāka (श्योनाक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śyoṇāka (श्योणाक):—or śyonāka m. Bignonia Indica, [Caraka; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) Śyonāka (श्योनाक):—or śyoṇāka m. Bignonia Indica, [Caraka; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) Syonāka (स्योनाक):—[from syū] m. Bignonia Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śyoṇāka (श्योणाक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A plant, Bignonia Indica.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śyonāka (श्योनाक):—m. Bignonia indica [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 37.] [CARAKA 1, 2.] [Suśruta 2, 106, 2. 536, 6.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 2, 1, 10. 2, 66.] śyoṇāka [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 54, 23, v. l.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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