Kritamala, Krita-mala, Kṛtamāla, Kṛtamālā: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kritamala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛtamāla and Kṛtamālā can be transliterated into English as Krtamala or Kritamala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kritamala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—The river in which Mahāviṣṇu first appeared as fish. (See under Matsyāvatāra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—A river of Drāviḍa from Malaya hills in Bhāratavarṣa. In this Satyavrata offered water-rites to his Pitṛs. Visited by Balarāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; VIII. 24. 12; XI 5. 39; X. 79. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 36; III. 35. 17; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 105; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 13
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kritamala in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Purging cassia” tree and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Cassia fistula but is commonly referred to in English as the “golden shower tree”, “purging cassia” and “Indian Laburnum”. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and is widely found throughout tropical and subtropical areas.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—According to Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madya-lila 9.197, “After thus assuring the brāhmaṇa, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu proceeded further into southern India and finally arrived at Durvaśana, where He bathed in the river Kṛtamālā”. Presently the Kṛtamālā River is known as the river Bhāgāi. This river has three tributaries, named Surulī, Varāha-nadī and Baṭṭilla-guṇḍu. The river Kṛtamālā is also mentioned in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (11.5.39) by the sage Karabhājana.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Kritamala in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल)—Sanskrit word for “spotted antelope”. This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle)

2) Kṛtamāla—Sanskrit for the tree Cassia fistula.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kritamala in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल) is deity of Tamisrā, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:

“[...] When he [i.e., king Bharata] had reached the vicinity of Tamisrā, the King settled the soldiers in dwellings, as if the cities of the Vidyādharas had descended to the foot of the mountain. Concentrating his mind on the god Kṛtamāla, the King made a four days’ fast, and the deity’s throne shook. He knew from clairvoyant knowledge that the Cakravartin had arrived, and he came to worship him as if he were a guru who was a guest after a long time”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritamala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल).—

1) a kind of cassia.

2) the spotted antelope.

Derivable forms: kṛtamālaḥ (कृतमालः).

Kṛtamāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and māla (माल). See also (synonyms): kṛtamālaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल).—m.

(-laḥ) A tree, (Cassia fistula.) E. kṛta made, māla a garland, garlands being made of its flowers; also āragbadha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल).—[masculine] the spotted antelope; [Name] of a plant & a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल):—[=kṛta-māla] [from kṛta > kṛ] m. the spotted antelope, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] the tree Cassia fistula, [Suśruta]

3) Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला):—[=kṛta-mālā] [from kṛta-māla > kṛta > kṛ] f. Name of a river, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 19, 18; x, 79, 16.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल):—[kṛta-māla] (laḥ) 1. m. Cassia fistula.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritamala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritamala in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛtamāla (ಕೃತಮಾಲ):—[noun] the tree Cassia fistula ( = Carthartocarpus fistula) of Caesalpiniaceae family; Indian laburnum.

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Kṛtamāḷa (ಕೃತಮಾಳ):—[noun] = ಕೃತಮಾಲ [kritamala].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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