Kritamala, Kṛtamāla, Kṛtamālā, Krita-mala: 10 definitions
Kritamala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kṛtamāla and Kṛtamālā can be transliterated into English as Krtamala or Kritamala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—The river in which Mahāviṣṇu first appeared as fish. (See under Matsyāvatāra).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—A river of Drāviḍa from Malaya hills in Bhāratavarṣa. In this Satyavrata offered water-rites to his Pitṛs. Visited by Balarāma.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; VIII. 24. 12; XI 5. 39; X. 79. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 36; III. 35. 17; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 105; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 13
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Purging cassia” tree and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Cassia fistula but is commonly referred to in English as the “golden shower tree”, “purging cassia” and “Indian Laburnum”. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and is widely found throughout tropical and subtropical areas.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—According to Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madya-lila 9.197, “After thus assuring the brāhmaṇa, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu proceeded further into southern India and finally arrived at Durvaśana, where He bathed in the river Kṛtamālā”. Presently the Kṛtamālā River is known as the river Bhāgāi. This river has three tributaries, named Surulī, Varāha-nadī and Baṭṭilla-guṇḍu. The river Kṛtamālā is also mentioned in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (11.5.39) by the sage Karabhājana.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
1) Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल)—Sanskrit word for “spotted antelope”. This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle)
2) Kṛtamāla—Sanskrit for the tree Cassia fistula.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल) is deity of Tamisrā, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] When he [i.e., king Bharata] had reached the vicinity of Tamisrā, the King settled the soldiers in dwellings, as if the cities of the Vidyādharas had descended to the foot of the mountain. Concentrating his mind on the god Kṛtamāla, the King made a four days’ fast, and the deity’s throne shook. He knew from clairvoyant knowledge that the Cakravartin had arrived, and he came to worship him as if he were a guru who was a guest after a long time”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a kind of cassia.
2) the spotted antelope.
Derivable forms: kṛtamālaḥ (कृतमालः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ) A tree, (Cassia fistula.) E. kṛta made, māla a garland, garlands being made of its flowers; also āragbadha.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल).—[masculine] the spotted antelope; [Name] of a plant & a river.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kṛtamāla (कृतमाल):—[=kṛta-māla] [from kṛta > kṛ] m. the spotted antelope, [Suśruta]
2) [v.s. ...] the tree Cassia fistula, [Suśruta]
3) Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला):—[=kṛta-mālā] [from kṛta-māla > kṛta > kṛ] f. Name of a river, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 19, 18; x, 79, 16.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kritamalaka.
Ends with: Samskritamala.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Kritamala, Kṛtamāla, Kṛtamālā, Krtamala, Krita-mala, Kṛta-māla, Krta-mala, Kṛta-mālā; (plurals include: Kritamalas, Kṛtamālas, Kṛtamālās, Krtamalas, malas, mālas, mālās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Conquest of Tamisrā by Sagara < [Chapter IV - Conquest of Bharatavarṣa by Sagara]
Part 7: Conquest of Tamisrā by Bharata < [Chapter IV]
Part 4: Princes obtain permission to leave home < [Chapter V - Life and death of the sons of Sagara]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 79 - Lord Balarama Goes on Pilgrimage < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 24 - Matsya, the Lord’s Fish Incarnation < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]
Chapter 5 - Narada Concludes His Teachings to Vasudeva < [Canto XI - General History]
Chaitanya's Life and Teachings (by Krishna-das Kaviraj)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)