Pattana, Paṭṭana: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Pattana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pattan.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Pāttana (पात्तन) refers to “bringing down the eye-brows”, and is classified as one of the seven movements of the eye-brows, which forms a part of upāṅga (minor body-parts) in Nāṭyaśāstra. Pāttana can be used in envy, disgust, laugh, and smelling.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pattana in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Paṭṭana (पट्टन) or Pattana in Sanskrit refers to an important commercial city, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(CDIAL 7705; Sankalia 1949 p. 73; Sircar 1966 p. 246).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pattana (पत्तन) refers to “towns approached by land only or water only”, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:

“Bharata shone like the moon, because of his form giving delight to the eyes; like the sun, because of his brilliance hard to endure; like the ocean whose center is inaccessible changed into human form; like dharma of mankind that had attained lordship over mankind. [...] He was sovereign of forty-eight thousand towns approached by land only or water only (pattana). [...]”.

Note: These definitions (i.e., pattana) are from Kalpasūtra (Kiraṇāvalī commentary) 1. 88, p. 73b.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pattana (पत्तन) is mentioned as a synonym for “town” or “city” according to the Amarakośa 2.2.

Source: Jainworld: Jain History (h)

Pattana (पत्तन) is situated in Mahesāna District, and its ancient name, was Aṇahilapura. It remained a great centre of Jainism from the eighth century to the late medieval period. According to the Prabhāvaka-carita and the Vividhatīrtha kalpa, the great Pārśva temple of this place was built by the Cāpotkaṭa king Vanarāja and it came to be known as the Vanarāja-vihāra. Afterwards, many other Jaina temples were built, at this town. Jinaprabha mentions the  great temple of Ariṣṭanemi of this town and he represents it as the Tīrtha, sacred to that Tīrthaṅkara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paṭṭana.—(HRS), duties levied upon merchants at the ports, as suggested by the Arthaśāstra. (EI 19), same as pattana, a township. Note: paṭṭana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pattana.—(IE 8-4; IP), a township; suffixed to the names of cities like Aṇahillapura-pattana (modern Pāṭan in the Kadi Dis- trict of the former Baroda State). Note: pattana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pattana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṭṭana : (nt.) a port; a town near a port.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pattana, (nt.) (*Sk. paṭṭana) a place, city, port J. I, 121; IV, 16, 137, V, 75; PvA. 53.—°ka a sort of village J. VI, 456. (Page 402)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṭṭaṇa (पट्टण) [or पट्टन, paṭṭana].—n S (Commonly pattana) A city or town.

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pattana (पत्तन).—n (S) A town or city.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṭṭaṇa (पट्टण) [or paṭṭana, or पट्टन].—n A city or town.

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pattana (पत्तन).—n A town or city.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭṭana (पट्टन).—A city.

Derivable forms: paṭṭanam (पट्टनम्).

See also (synonyms): paṭṭanī.

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Pattana (पत्तन).—

1) A town, city (opp. grāma); पत्तने विद्यमानेऽपि ग्रामे रत्नपरीक्षा (pattane vidyamāne'pi grāme ratnaparīkṣā) M.1; एको वासः पत्तने वा वने वा (eko vāsaḥ pattane vā vane vā) Bhartṛhari 3.12.

2) A musical instrument, मृदङ्ग (mṛdaṅga).

Derivable forms: pattanam (पत्तनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭana (पट्टन).—n. (-naṃ-nī) A city: E. paṭa(ta)nti janā yatra paṭa pata, vā tanan neṭ .

Paṭṭana can also be spelled as Pattana (पत्तन).

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Pattana (पत्तन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A town, a city. 2. A sort of drum. E. pat to go, tanan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pattana (पत्तन).—i. e. pad + tana (cf. [Latin] op-pidum), n. A town, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 13, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭana (पट्टन).—[neuter] town, city.

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Pattana (पत्तन).—[neuter] town, city; [masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭṭana (पट्टन):—n. a city (cf. deva-pallī-, dharma-, and pattana)

2) Pattana (पत्तन):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Pattanā (पत्तना):—[from pattana] f. Name of a wife of Vikrama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Pattana (पत्तन):—n. (ifc. f(ā). ) a town, city, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.] (cf. dharmaand paṭṭana).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭṭana (पट्टन):—[(naṃ-nī)] 1. n. 3. f. A city.

2) Pattana (पत्तन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A town; a drum.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pattana (पत्तन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṭṭaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pattana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pattana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Paṭṭana (पट्टन) [Also spelled pattan]:—(nm) a city, town, port.

2) Pattana (पत्तन) [Also spelled pattan]:—(nm) a town, city; port city.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Paṭṭaṇa (पट्टण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pattana.

2) Pattaṇa (पत्तण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pattraṇa.

3) Pattaṇā (पत्तणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pattraṇa.

4) Pattaṇā (पत्तणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Prāpaṇā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṭṭaṇa (ಪಟ್ಟಣ):—[noun] a center of population larger or more important than a town or village; a city.

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Paṭṭana (ಪಟ್ಟನ):—[noun] = ಪಟ್ಟಣ [pattana].

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Pattaṇa (ಪತ್ತಣ):—[noun] = ಪತ್ತನ [pattana].

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Pattana (ಪತ್ತನ):—[noun] a town or city.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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