Caya: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Caya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaya.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Caya (चय):—[cayaḥ] Accumulation

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Caya (चय) refers to the “mass (of red and beautiful rays)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her form is the Triangle and her plane unlimited ability. She is enflamed by the burning Point. Causing (nectar) to flow, she floods the entire plane of the universe with dense currents of nectar. Active in the utterance (of mantra that takes place) in the centre, she pervades all things with the mass of (her) red and beautiful rays (aruṇaruci-caya). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Caya means heaping, heaping up.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Caya in India is the name of a plant defined with Clerodendrum phlomidis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Volkameria multiflora Burm.f. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Indica (1768)
· Hortus Suburbanus Calcuttensis (1845)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1782)
· Edinb. Phil. Journ. (1824)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1836)
· Cytologia (1983)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Caya, for example health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

caya : (m.) piling; heaping; a mass.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Caya, (from cināti) piling, heaping; collection, mass Vin. II, 117; DhsA. 44; in building: a layer Vin. II, 122, 152. As —° one who heaps up, a collector, hoarder M. I, 452 (nikkha°, khetta°, etc.). See also ā°, apa°, upa°. (Page 262)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caya (चय).—m S Collecting or a collection; assembling or an assemblage. Ex. of comp. apacaya, sañcaya, samu- ccaya. 2 A. or G. progression.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caya (चय).—[ci-ac]

1) An assemblage; collection, multitude, heap, mass; चयस्त्विषामित्यवधारितं पुरा (cayastviṣāmityavadhāritaṃ purā) Śiśupālavadha 1.3; मृदां चयः (mṛdāṃ cayaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.7 a lump of clay; कचानां चयः (kacānāṃ cayaḥ) Bhartṛhari 1.5 a braid of hair; so चमरीचयः (camarīcayaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 4.6; कुसुमचय, तुषारचय (kusumacaya, tuṣāracaya) &c.

2) A mound of earth raised to form the foundation of a building.

3) A mound of earth raised from the ditch of a fort.

4) A rampart.

5) The gate of a fort.

6) A seat, stool.

7) A pile of buildings, any edifice.

8) Stacked wood.

9) A cover or covering.

1) Arranging or keeping the sacred fire; cf. अग्निचय (agnicaya).

11) The amount by which each term increases, the common increase or difference of the terms (in a progression).

Derivable forms: cayaḥ (चयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय).—m. (yaḥ) 1. An assemblage, a multitude. 2. A heap, a collection. 3. A mound of earth, raised to form the foundation of a building. 4. A rampart or mound of earth raised from the ditch of a fort. 5. The gate of a fort. 6. Any ediflce. 7. A seat, a stool. 8. A cover, a covering. E. ci to collect, aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय).—i. e. ci + a, m. 1. A heap, Mārk. P. 21, 86. 2. A mass, Mahābhārata 3, 16426. 3. A multitude, [Caurapañcāśikā] 34. 4. Arranged fuel, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2161. 5. A mound of earth, a rampart, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 9, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय).—1. [masculine] layer, heap, pile, wall; troop, multitude, collection.

--- OR ---

Caya (चय).—2. [adjective] revenging, punishing (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caya (चय):—a 1. & 2. caya, etc. See √1. & 3. ci.

2) [from ci] 1. caya mfn. ‘collecting’ See vṛtaṃ-

3) [v.s. ...] m. ([iii, 3, 56; Kāśikā-vṛtti]; [gana] vṛṣādi) a mound of earth (raised to form the foundation of a building or raised as a rampart), [Mahābhārata iii, 11699; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] a cover, covering, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a heap, pile, collection, multitude, assemblage, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] (in med.) accumulation of the humors (cf. saṃ-), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] the amount by which each term increases, common increase or difference of the terms, [Bījagaṇita] (cf. agni-).

8) [from ci] 2. caya mfn. ifc. ‘revenging’ See ṛṇaṃ-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. An assemblage; heap; mound; rampart; fort gate; edifice; seat; cover.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Caya (चय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Caya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cāya (चाय) [Also spelled chay]:—(nf) tea; ~[ghara] a tea-house, canteen; ~[dānī] a tea-pot; -[pānī] breakfast; tea; tea and snacks, light refreshment; —[para bulānā] to invite for tea.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Caya (चय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tyaj.

2) Caya (चय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śak.

3) Caya (चय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cyu.

4) Caya (चय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Caya.

5) Caya (चय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Caya.

6) Caya (चय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cyava.

7) Cāya (चाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tyāga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caya (ಚಯ):—

1) [noun] a large number of things, gathered together or considered as a unit; a host; a multitude.

2) [noun] a heap of earth; a mound.

3) [noun] the outer wall fortifying a place.

--- OR ---

Cāya (ಚಾಯ):—

1) [noun] degree of darkness of a colour; a shade.

2) [noun] the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; lustre.

3) [noun] a manner, way of doing something or in which something is done.

4) [noun] the comparative darkness caused by the interception or screening of rays of light from an object, place or area; shadow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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