Caya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaya.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Caya (चय):—[cayaḥ] Accumulation

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Caya means heaping, heaping up.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

caya : (m.) piling; heaping; a mass.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Caya, (from cināti) piling, heaping; collection, mass Vin. II, 117; DhsA. 44; in building: a layer Vin. II, 122, 152. As —° one who heaps up, a collector, hoarder M. I, 452 (nikkha°, khetta°, etc.). See also ā°, apa°, upa°. (Page 262)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caya (चय).—m S Collecting or a collection; assembling or an assemblage. Ex. of comp. apacaya, sañcaya, samu- ccaya. 2 A. or G. progression.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caya (चय).—[ci-ac]

1) An assemblage; collection, multitude, heap, mass; चयस्त्विषामित्यवधारितं पुरा (cayastviṣāmityavadhāritaṃ purā) Śi.1.3; मृदां चयः (mṛdāṃ cayaḥ) U.2.7 a lump of clay; कचानां चयः (kacānāṃ cayaḥ) Bh.1.5 a braid of hair; so चमरीचयः (camarīcayaḥ) Śi.4.6; कुसुमचय, तुषारचय (kusumacaya, tuṣāracaya) &c.

2) A mound of earth raised to form the foundation of a building.

3) A mound of earth raised from the ditch of a fort.

4) A rampart.

5) The gate of a fort.

6) A seat, stool.

7) A pile of buildings, any edifice.

8) Stacked wood.

9) A cover or covering.

1) Arranging or keeping the sacred fire; cf. अग्निचय (agnicaya).

11) The amount by which each term increases, the common increase or difference of the terms (in a progression).

Derivable forms: cayaḥ (चयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय).—m. (yaḥ) 1. An assemblage, a multitude. 2. A heap, a collection. 3. A mound of earth, raised to form the foundation of a building. 4. A rampart or mound of earth raised from the ditch of a fort. 5. The gate of a fort. 6. Any ediflce. 7. A seat, a stool. 8. A cover, a covering. E. ci to collect, aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय).—i. e. ci + a, m. 1. A heap, Mārk. P. 21, 86. 2. A mass, Mahābhārata 3, 16426. 3. A multitude, [Caurapañcāśikā] 34. 4. Arranged fuel, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2161. 5. A mound of earth, a rampart, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 9, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय).—1. [masculine] layer, heap, pile, wall; troop, multitude, collection.

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Caya (चय).—2. [adjective] revenging, punishing (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caya (चय):—a 1. & 2. caya, etc. See √1. & 3. ci.

2) [from ci] 1. caya mfn. ‘collecting’ See vṛtaṃ-

3) [v.s. ...] m. ([iii, 3, 56; Kāśikā-vṛtti]; [gana] vṛṣādi) a mound of earth (raised to form the foundation of a building or raised as a rampart), [Mahābhārata iii, 11699; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] a cover, covering, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a heap, pile, collection, multitude, assemblage, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] (in med.) accumulation of the humors (cf. saṃ-), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] the amount by which each term increases, common increase or difference of the terms, [Bījagaṇita] (cf. agni-).

8) [from ci] 2. caya mfn. ifc. ‘revenging’ See ṛṇaṃ-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caya (चय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. An assemblage; heap; mound; rampart; fort gate; edifice; seat; cover.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Caya (चय):—1. (von 1. ci) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 56,] [Scholiast] gaṇa vṛṣādi zu [6, 1, 203.]

1) aufgeschichtetes Holz: yajñāṃśca sacayānalān [Harivaṃśa 2161.] —

2) Aufwurf von Erde, Wall [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 980.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 20.] (prākāreṇa) cayāṭṭālakaśobhinā [Mahābhārata 3, 11699.] (purī) cayāṭṭālakakeyūrā [Harivaṃśa 3098. 6535.] prākāreṇa cayamūrdhni niviṣṭena [8947.] vapraiḥ śvetacayākāraiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 9, 15.] (purī) yoktavyā ceṣṭakācayaiḥ [Harivaṃśa 5263.] (niveśāḥ) bahupāṃśucayāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 80, 18.] pāṣāṇacayanibaddhe kūpe [Pañcatantra 211, 5.] Nach [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = prākāra und pīṭha (daher die Bed. Stuhl, Sitz bei [WILSON]), aber offenbar haben beide Wörter in dem Wörterbuch, welches [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] zu Grunde lag, nur eine Bed. bezeichnet, wie auch [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 980] caya durch prākārasya pīṭhabhūḥ Unterlage einer Mauer erklärt wird. —

3) Haufe, Menge, Masse [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 40.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1411.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] (samūha und samāhṛti). asthi [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 21, 86.] adri [Mahābhārata 3, 16426.] nīlāśmacayasaṃghātaiḥ [Harivaṃśa 5364.] tuṣāra [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 59.] kusuma [Gītagovinda 11, 16.] nīlābhra [Mahābhārata 3, 15836.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 28, 25.] [Gītagovinda 7, 23.] nīlāñjana [Harivaṃśa 3640.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 39, 21. 6, 20, 11. 15. 78, 9.] kacānām [Bhartṛhari 1, 5.] camarī [Śiśupālavadha 4, 60.] bhramara [Gītagovinda 12, 21.] [Caurapañcāśikā 34.] aṅguli die Finger [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 50, 8. 25.] nāmnām [Mahābhārata 13, 1126.] bhoga [5, 743.] tiṅsubantacayo vākyam [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 3.] In der Med. Anhäufung, Ueberfülle (der Doṣa, s. saṃcaya) [Suśruta 1, 5, 8. 79, 15. 287, 14. 2, 372, 5.] rathyacaya ein Gespann Pferde [Daśakumāracarita 8, 5.] —

4) the more or augment by which each term increases, the common increase or difference of the terms [Algebra 52.] — Vgl. agnicaya .

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Caya (चय):—2. (von 3. ci) adj. rächend, strafend in ṛṇaṃcaya und vṛtaṃcaya .

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Cāya (चाय):—adj. von caya gaṇa tālādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 152.]

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Caya (चय):—1.

1) iṣṭakācayanayuktāni agnisthāpanārthaṃ sthānāni [Nīlakaṇṭha]; also zu 2).

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Caya (चय):—2. , vṛtaṃcaya zu streichen; vgl. u. d. Worte.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Caya (चय):—1. —

1) Adj. sammelnd in vṛtaṃcaya. —

2) m. — a) Schicht , Aufwurf , Fundament , Wall. — b) Masse , Haufe , Menge ; Gesammtheit. — c) in der Med. Anhäufung — , Ueberfülle der Doṣa. — d) the more or augment by which each term increases , the common increase or difference of the terms [Bījagaṇita 123.]

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Caya (चय):—2. Adj. rächend , strafend.

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Cāya (चाय):—Adj. von caya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cāya (चाय) [Also spelled chay]:—(nf) tea; ~[ghara] a tea-house, canteen; ~[dānī] a tea-pot; -[pānī] breakfast; tea; tea and snacks, light refreshment; —[para bulānā] to invite for tea.

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