Kiratatikta, Kirātatikta, Kirata-tikta: 7 definitions


Kiratatikta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kiratatikta in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to “chiretta plant”, a plant from the Gentianaceae (gentian) family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the name Bhūnimba in Sanskrit, and as Kālamegha or Kalpanātha in the Hindi language. The official botanical name is Swertia chirata and is commonly referred to in English as “Green chiretta” or “Creat” among others.

This plant (Kirātatikta) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Kirātatiktādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त) refers to a medicinal plant known as Swertia chirata Wall., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Kirātatikta). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त) refers to the medicinal plant Swertia chirata (Roxb. Ex. Flem.) Kar., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Kirātatikta] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Swertia chirata (Roxb. Ex. Flem.) Kar. (Kirātatikta) is known as Bhūnimba according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Note: Andrographis paniculata Nees is also used as Kirātatikta but there is not mention of it in the ‘Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India’. It is better known as Kālamegha.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kiratatikta in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kirātatikta is a herb used in Ayurvedic medicine commonly known as Swertia chirayita.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kiratatikta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त).—Name of a medicinal herb (Mar. kirāīta, cirāīta).

Derivable forms: kirātatiktaḥ (किराततिक्तः).

Kirātatikta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kirāta and tikta (तिक्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त).—m.

(-ktaḥ) A kind of gentian, (Gentiana cherayta.) E. kirāta a savage, tikta pungent, bitter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त):—[=kirāta-tikta] [from kirāta] m. the plant Agathotes Chirayta (a kind of gentian), [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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