Citrakrit, Citrakṛt, Citra-krit: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Citrakrit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Citrakṛt can be transliterated into English as Citrakrt or Citrakrit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitrakrit.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Citrakrit in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्):—Another name for Dharmasārathi (son of Śuci, who was a son of Śuddha). He had a son called Śāntaraja. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.11-12)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्) refers to a “painter” who can be assigned the role of an assesor (prāśnika) of dramatic plays (nāṭaka) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 27. These assessors (e.g., the citrakṛts) are to point out the faults of a dramatic performance (nāṭaka) as well as the merits of actors (nartaka) whenever a controversy (saṃgharṣa) arises among persons ignorant of the nāṭyaśāstra.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Citrakrit in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्) [=Citrakara?] refers to “painters”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Caitra painters [i.e., citrakara], writers, singers, prostitutes, men learned in the Vedas and dealers in gold, the people of Pauṇḍra, of Auḍra, of Kekaya and of Āśmaka will suffer distress and there will be good rain throughout the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Citrakrit in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्).—a. astonishing, surprising. (-m.) a painter.

Citrakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and kṛt (कृत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्).—m. (-kṛt) 1. A painter. 2. A tree, (Dalbergia ougieniensis.) E. citra, and kṛt what makes. citraṃ karoti kṛ-kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्):—[=citra-kṛt] [from citra > cit] mfn. astonishing, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

2) [v.s. ...] m. = -kara, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara v, 28; Subhāṣitāvali]

3) [v.s. ...] Dalbergia oujeinensis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्):—[citra-kṛt] (t) 5. m. A painter; a tree (Dalbergia Ougieniensis).

[Sanskrit to German]

Citrakrit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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