Kola; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kola means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kola (कोल) is a Sanskrit word referring to Ziziphus jujuba Lam., a species of plant from the Rhamnaceae (buckthorn) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It can also be spelled as Kolī, and is also known by the synonym Badara. The fruits of this plant are called Sauvīra. In English, the plant is known as the “Indian jujube”, the “Common jujube” or the “red date”, among others. Some of the commonly used botanical synonyms are: Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Paliurus mairei and Rhamnus jujuba. The literal translation of the word Kola can be “the breast”, “haunch”, “hip” or “flank”.

This plant (Kola) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kola (कोल).—A Kauśika and a sage.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 118.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Kola refers to a unit of measurement.—One kola is equal in weight to half a tola or a half rupee weight (i.e. 63 grains, troy). (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Kolika.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

1) Kōla (kola) is one of the gōtras (clans) among the Saluppans (the Tamil form of Janappan: a distinct caste developed from the Balijas). These Saluppans seem to have been called Janappan, because they manufactured gunny-bags of hemp (janapa) fibre. In Tamil they are called Saluppa Chettis, Saluppan being the Tamil form of Janappan.

2) Kola (“ear of corn”) refers to one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Medaras: workers in bamboo in the Telugu, Canarese, Oriya and Tamil countries. The Medara people believe that they came from Mahendrachala mountain, the mountain of Indra. They are also known as the Meda, Medarlu or Medarakaran.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Kola.—same as tolaka (q. v.). Note: kola is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Kola.—same as tola; equal to 2 śāṇas. Note: kola is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

kola : (m.; nt.) jujube fruit.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kola, (m. nt.) (Halāyudha II. 71 gives kola in meaning of “hog, ” corrupted fr. kroḍa) the jujube fruit M. I, 80; A. III, 49 (sampanna-kolakaṃ sūkaramaṃsa “pork with jujube”); J. III, 22 (=badara); VI, 578.

—mattiyo (pl.) of the size of a j. truit, always comb. w. kolaṭṭhi-mattiyo, of boils A. V, 170=Sn. p. 125, cp. S. I, 150; —rukkha the j. tree SnA 356; DA. I, 262; —sampāka cooked with (the juice of) jujube Vv 435 (=VvA. 186). (Page 229)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kōla (कोल).—n An income, or goods and chattels, or produce of fields &c. seized and sequestered (in payment of a debt). v dharūna ṭhēva, sōḍa. 2 f The hole dug at the game of viṭīdāṇḍū, at marbles &c.

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kōla (कोल).—a C (kōlaṇēṃ To pose.) Powerless, helpless, impotent (from poverty, weakness of body, want of wit &c.)

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kōlā (कोला).—m (Commonly kōlhā) A jackal. For compounds see under kōlhē.

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kōḷa (कोळ).—m (kōḷaṇēṃ) Liquor (water, buttermilk &c.) in which tamarinds, mangoes, rice &c. have been squeezed and dissolved. 2 A hand-bundle of plants of sesamum. 3 The refuse portion of squeezed tamarinds. kōḷa hōṇēṃ or vāḷūna kōḷa hōṇēṃ To be thoroughly dry--plants, leaves, and hence gen. Hence, again, to wither or shrink up--plants or animals. Also kāgada jaḷūna kōḷa jhālā The paper is burnt to tinder.

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kōḷa (कोळ).—m Taking and detaining, during the non-payment of a debt, (whether from the debtor or from some other,) property estimated as equivalent. v pāḍa. 2 C A branch off a creek or inlet.

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kōḷā (कोळा).—m W A large kind of mosquito.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōḷa (कोळ).—m Liquor (water, buttermilk &c.) in which tamarinds, mangoes, rice &c. have been squeezed and dissolv- ed. The refuse portion of squeezed tamarinds. kōḷa hōṇēṃ or vāḷūna kōḷa hōṇēṃ To be thoroughly dry-plants, leaves &c. Hence to wither or shrink up- plants or animals. Also kāgada jaḷūna kōḷa jhālā The paper is burnt to tinder.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kola (कोल).—[kul saṃstyāne ac]

1) A hog, boar; Y.3.273; Śi.14.43,86.

2) A raft, boat.

3) The breast.

4) The haunch, hip, lap.

5) An embrace.

6) The planet Saturn.

7) An out-cast, one of a degraded tribe.

8) A barbarian.

9) Name of a tribe inhabiting the hills in Central India.

-lam 1 The weight of one Tola.

2) Black pepper.

3) A kind of berry.

Derivable forms: kolaḥ (कोलः).

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Kolā (कोला).—f. See बदरी (badarī).

See also (synonyms): koli.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kola (कोल).—(m.), (1) (= Sanskrit Lex. id.; see also kaula; compare Pali kulla), boat, raft: kolopamaṃ dharmaparyāyaṃ Vaj 23.16 like a (rescuing) raft; kolaṃ hi janāḥ praban- dhitā uttīrṇā…Divy 56.9 (verse); same verse begins in same way in oldest (fragmentary) ms. Ud xvii.7 (same verse in Pali, Ud viii.6, kullaṃ); kolaṃ badhnanti śrāvakāḥ Divy 56.11 (same verse Ud xvii.8 contains kolaṃ); Samādh p.6 line 12; (2) (Sanskrit Lex. and Māhārāṣṭrī kola = utsaṅga; see s.v. koḍa), breast, or lap: Mmk 371.13 (verse) kṛtvā nābhideśe vai kolasthaṃ nimnam udbhavam; (3) n. of a rājarṣi: Mv i.353.9; 355.13 (see Koliya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kola (कोल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A hog. 2. A raft, a float. 3. The haunch, the hip or flank. 4. Embracing, an embrace. 5. The planet Sani or Saturn. 6. Plumbago, (Zenlanica &c.) 7. A country, Kalinga, the modern sea coast from Cuttack to Madras. 8. A kind of weapon. 9. An outcast, one of a tribe degraded by Sagara from the military order. 10. A man of a mixed caste. 11. A barbarian, a Kol, people inhabiting the hills and forests in Central India. n.

(-laṃ) 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. The weight of one Tola. 3. Black pepper. f. (-lā or -lī) 1. The jujube tree. 2. Long pepper. 3. A kind of pepper, (Piper chavya, Rox.) E. kul to accumulate, affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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