Gunja, aka: Guñjā; 7 Definition(s)


Gunja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Gunja in Ayurveda glossaries]

Guñjā (गुञ्जा) is a Sanskrit technical word translating to Abrus precatorius (“Indian liquorice”), from the Fabaceae (legume/pea) family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. In the Hindi language, it is known as Guñcī, Ratti and Guñcācī. Other common English synonyms include “rosary pea”, “john crow bead” and “akar saga”. The word Guñjā is derived from Guñja, translating to “humming”, related to Guccha, meaning “cluster, clump”.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 3.112-114), Indian liquorice (guñjā) has the following synonyms: Saptalā, Kāmbojī, Uccaṭā, Aruṇā, Raktā, Raktikā, Tāmrikā, Śītapākī, Kākaṇantikā, Indrāśana, Aṅgāravallī, Aṅgāravallarī, Vanyā, Saumyā, Śikhaṇḍī, Śikhaṇḍinī, Kṛṣṇalā, Bhillabhūṣaṇā, Bhillibhūṣaṇā, Kṛṣṇacūḍikā, Mānacūḍā and Cūḍāmaṇi. It also has a white-flowering variety named Śvetaguñjā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

[Gunja in India history glossaries]

Gunja is the name of a herb (oshadhi) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D). The red fruit of the Gunja plant, used by the Sabara ladies for making beautiful garlands, is also mentioned

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees, creepers medicinal and flowering plants (eg., Gunja) and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Gardens of herbs were specially maintained in big cities. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Gunja, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

(Source): Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Gunja in Pali glossaries]

guñjā : (f.) the medicinal creeper Abrus Precatorius.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Guñjā, (f.) a plant (Abrus precatorius); the redness of its berries is referred to in similes; DhA.IV, 133 (°vaṇṇāni akkhīni). See also jiñjuka. (Page 252)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Gunja in Marathi glossaries]

guñja (गुंज).—f ē (guñjā S) A small plant (Abrus precatorius) bearing a red and black berry. It forms the smallest of the jeweler's weights, and is considered as equal to three barleycorns. 2 The berry or seed. Pr. hattī jātō nāhīntara guñja māratāta A monstrous crime or error may pass unnoticed, or (perhaps) the minutest peccadillo may be heavily visited. ("A camel may be swallowed, or a gnat may be strained out." Matt. xxiii. 24.) 3 unc f n An excrescence, knot, or knob upon a tree.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

guñja (गुंज).—f A small plant bearing a red and black berry. It forms the smallest of the jeweller's weights.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Gunja in Sanskrit glossaries]

Guñja (गुञ्ज).—

1) Humming.

2) A cluster of blossoms, bunch of flowers, a nosegay; cf. गुच्छ (guccha).

Derivable forms: guñjaḥ (गुञ्जः).

--- OR ---

Guñjā (गुञ्जा).—[guñj-ac]

1) A small shrub of that name, bearing a red black berry; अन्तर्विषमया (antarviṣamayā) (for °yyaḥ) ह्येता बहिश्चैव मनोरमाः । गुञ्जाफलसमाकारा योषितः केन निर्मिताः (hyetā bahiścaiva manoramāḥ | guñjāphalasamākārā yoṣitaḥ kena nirmitāḥ) || Pt.1. 196; किं जातु गुञ्जाफलभूषणानां सुवर्णकारेण वनेचराणाम् (kiṃ jātu guñjāphalabhūṣaṇānāṃ suvarṇakāreṇa vanecarāṇām) Vikr.1.25.

2) A berry of this shrub used as a weight, measuring on an average 1 grains Troy, or an artificial weight called Gunja measuring about 2 grains.

3) Humming, a low murmuring sound.

4) a kettle-drum; ...गुञ्जा जुगुञ्जुः करघट्टिताः (guñjā juguñjuḥ karaghaṭṭitāḥ) Bk.14.2.

5) A tavern.

6) Reflection, meditation.

7) A kind of plant with a poisonous root.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 65 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

guñjā़ṭa (गुंजा़ट).—n A knot or knob on wood. a Knotted.
Guñjakṛt (गुञ्जकृत्).—a large black bee.Guñjakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Śvetaguñjā (श्वेतगुञ्जा) is a white-flowering variety of Guñjā, the Sanskrit word for Abrus ...
Māṣa (माष) refers to “black gram” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit fo...
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Rakta (रक्त, “red”) refers to one of the five types of Varṇa (color) and represe...
Aruṇa (अरुण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.24, I.31, I.59.39, I.65) and repres...
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1) Droṇa (द्रोण).—The teacher in archery of the Pāṇḍavas and the Kauravas. Birth. Droṇa was the...
Māna (मान) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.67, VIII.51.17) and represents on...
Raktikā (रक्तिका).—The Gunja plant of its seed used as a weight.
Saumya (सौम्य) or Saumyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rāja...
Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian science...
Karṣa (कर्ष).—[kṛṣ-ac ghañ vā]1) Drawing, dragging, pulling; Y.2.217.2) Attracting.3) Ploughing...
Praṣṭha (प्रष्ठ).—a.1) Standing or being in front; पुरोगाग्रेसरप्रष्ठाग्रतःसरपुरस्सराः (purogāg...

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