Badara, aka: Badarā, Bādara; 15 Definition(s)


Badara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Badarā (बदरा) is another name (synonym) for Ajagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Cleome gynandra (stinkweed), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. Ajagandhā is also known as Tilaparṇikā, which is classified as a vegetable (śāka) by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work.

Badarā was identified as a synonym for Ajagandhā in the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th-century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Badara (बदर) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Zizyphus jujuba (jujube) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as badara) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Badara in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Badara (बदर) is the name of a sacred place as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.12, “somehow men must strive to find a residence in a holy centre. On the shores of the ocean in the confluence of hundreds of rivers there are many such holy centres (puṇyakṣetra or tīrtha) and temples. [...] The devotees of Śiva are the bestowers of Śivaloka and accord cherished desires. When the Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac of Meṣa, the devotee shall take the holy bath in Naimiṣa and Badara”.

Note: Badara is the name of the hermitage of Nara and Nārāyaṇa in the neighbourhood of Gaṅgodbheda, the source of the Ganges.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation

Bādara (बादर).—Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 73.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Bādara (बादर, “gross”) refers to one of the ten flaws (or transmigressions) requiring prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.

Bādara is a Sanskrit technical term defined according to the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Bādara (बादर).—What is meant by gross (bādara) flaw? To hide the subtle flaws committed while telling the gross flaws only to the preceptor for repentance is called gross flaw.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Bādara (बादर) refers to a “gross body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is the meant by gross body (bādara) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a body to be such that it causes hindrance or others cause hindrance to it is called gross body body-making karma. 

The opposite-pair of bādara (gross body) is sūkṣma (minute body).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Badara.—same as tolaka (q. v.) or tolā. Note: badara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Badara.—same as tola or tolaka. Note: badara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Badara in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

badara : (nt.) jujube fruit.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Badara, (m. & nt.) (cp. Ved. badara & badarī) the fruit of the jujube tree (Zizyphus jujuba), not unlike a crabapple in appearance & taste, very astringent, used for medicine A. I, 130=Pug. 32; A. III, 76; Vin. IV, 76; J. III, 21; DhsA. 320 (cited among examples of acrid flavours); VvA. 186. Spelling padara for b° at J. IV, 363; VI, 529.—aṭṭhi kernel of the j. SnA 247.—paṇḍu light yellow (fresh) jujube-fruit A. I, 181 (so read for bhadara°).—missa mixture or addition of the juice of jujube-fruits Vin. IV, 76.—yūsa juice of the j. fruit VvA. 185. (Page 481)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

badara (बदर).—n S The fruit of badarī (Zizyphus jujuba).

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badarā (बदरा).—m ( H) A kind of boat, a budgerow.

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badarā (बदरा).—m dim. badarī f A saddle-bag or bag (as of shroffs) to carry money.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

badarā (बदरा).—m A kind of boat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Badara (बदर).—[bad sthairye arac]

1) The jujube tree.

2) The kernel of the fruit of the cotton-plant.

-rā The cotton shrub.

-ram 1 The fruit of jujube; करबदरसदृशमखिलं भुवनतलं यत् प्रसादतः कवयः । पश्यन्ति सूक्ष्ममतयः सा जयति सरस्वती देवी (karabadarasadṛśamakhilaṃ bhuvanatalaṃ yat prasādataḥ kavayaḥ | paśyanti sūkṣmamatayaḥ sā jayati sarasvatī devī) Vās.1; बदरामलकाम्रदाडिमानामपहृत्य श्रियमुन्नतां क्रमेण (badarāmalakāmradāḍimānāmapahṛtya śriyamunnatāṃ krameṇa) Bv.2.8.

2) The pod of the cotton shrub.

3) The berry used as a weight.

Derivable forms: badaraḥ (बदरः).

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Bādara (बादर).—a. (- f.) [बदर-अण् (badara-aṇ)]

1) Belonging to or coming from the jujube tree.

2) Made of cotton.

3) Coarse (opp. to sūkṣma).

-raḥ The cotton shrub.

-ram 1 The jujube.

2) Silk.

3) Water.

4) A garment of cotton.

5) A conch-shell winding from left to right.

-rā The cotton shrub.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Badara (बदर).—n. of a kiṃnara prince: Divy 118.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Badara (बदर).—mf. (-raḥ-rī) 1. The jujube, (Zizyphus jujuba or scandens.) m.

(-raḥ) The seed of the cotton pod. f. (-rā-rī) Cotton. f.

(-rā) 1. A plant, (Mimosa octandra.) 2. A medicinal drug, commonly Varahakranti. n.

(-raṃ) 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. The berry or pod of the cotton. E. bad to be firm, Unadi aff. arac; or if derived from vad to give information; it is read by some authorities vadara .

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Bādara (बादर) or Vādara.—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Made of cotton, mf.

(-raḥ-rā) The cotton plant. n.

(-raṃ) 1. The jujube. 2. Silk. 3. Water. 4. A garment made of cotton. 5. A conch-shell that winds from left to right. E. vadara cotton, aff. aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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