Badara, Badarā, Bādara: 24 definitions
Badara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Badarā (बदरा) is another name (synonym) for Ajagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Cleome gynandra (stinkweed), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. Ajagandhā is also known as Tilaparṇikā, which is classified as a vegetable (śāka) by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work.
Badarā was identified as a synonym for Ajagandhā in the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th-century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Badara (बदर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Ziziphus Mauritiana Lam.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning badara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Bādara (बादर) is another name for Kārpāsī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.188-189 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Bādara and Kālāñjanī, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Badara (बदर) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Zizyphus jujuba (jujube) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.
The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as badara) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Badara (बदर) is the name of a sacred place as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.12, “somehow men must strive to find a residence in a holy centre. On the shores of the ocean in the confluence of hundreds of rivers there are many such holy centres (puṇyakṣetra or tīrtha) and temples. [...] The devotees of Śiva are the bestowers of Śivaloka and accord cherished desires. When the Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac of Meṣa, the devotee shall take the holy bath in Naimiṣa and Badara”.
Note: Badara is the name of the hermitage of Nara and Nārāyaṇa in the neighbourhood of Gaṅgodbheda, the source of the Ganges.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Bādara (बादर).—Of Kauśika gotra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 73.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Bādara (बादर, “gross”) refers to one of the ten flaws (or transmigressions) requiring prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.
Bādara is a Sanskrit technical term defined according to the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Bādara (बादर, “gross”) refers to “something can be grasped by any of the senses” (e.g., air can not be seen, but can be felt) and represents an attribute of certain sthāvara-jīvas (“immovable living things”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the immovable jīvas [viz., sthāvara] having one sense are: earth, water, fire, air, and plants. The first four of these may be either fine (sūkṣma) or gross, (bādara). Plants are of two kinds: those that have one soul in one body (pratyeka) and those that have many souls in one body (sādhāraṇa); and those that have many souls in one body are also of two kinds, fine and gross”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
Bādara (बादर).—What is meant by gross (bādara) flaw? To hide the subtle flaws committed while telling the gross flaws only to the preceptor for repentance is called gross flaw.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Bādara (बादर) refers to a “gross body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is the meant by gross body (bādara) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a body to be such that it causes hindrance or others cause hindrance to it is called gross body body-making karma.
The opposite-pair of bādara (gross body) is sūkṣma (minute body).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Badara.—same as tolaka (q. v.) or tolā. Note: badara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Badara.—same as tola or tolaka. Note: badara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
badara : (nt.) jujube fruit.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Badara, (m. & nt.) (cp. Ved. badara & badarī) the fruit of the jujube tree (Zizyphus jujuba), not unlike a crabapple in appearance & taste, very astringent, used for medicine A. I, 130=Pug. 32; A. III, 76; Vin. IV, 76; J. III, 21; DhsA. 320 (cited among examples of acrid flavours); VvA. 186. Spelling padara for b° at J. IV, 363; VI, 529.—aṭṭhi kernel of the j. SnA 247.—paṇḍu light yellow (fresh) jujube-fruit A. I, 181 (so read for bhadara°).—missa mixture or addition of the juice of jujube-fruits Vin. IV, 76.—yūsa juice of the j. fruit VvA. 185. (Page 481)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
badara (बदर).—n S The fruit of badarī (Zizyphus jujuba).
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badarā (बदरा).—m ( H) A kind of boat, a budgerow.
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badarā (बदरा).—m dim. badarī f A saddle-bag or bag (as of shroffs) to carry money.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
badarā (बदरा).—m A kind of boat.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Badara (बदर).—[bad sthairye arac]
1) The jujube tree.
2) The kernel of the fruit of the cotton-plant.
-rā The cotton shrub.
-ram 1 The fruit of jujube; करबदरसदृशमखिलं भुवनतलं यत् प्रसादतः कवयः । पश्यन्ति सूक्ष्ममतयः सा जयति सरस्वती देवी (karabadarasadṛśamakhilaṃ bhuvanatalaṃ yat prasādataḥ kavayaḥ | paśyanti sūkṣmamatayaḥ sā jayati sarasvatī devī) Vās.1; बदरामलकाम्रदाडिमानामपहृत्य श्रियमुन्नतां क्रमेण (badarāmalakāmradāḍimānāmapahṛtya śriyamunnatāṃ krameṇa) Bv.2.8.
2) The pod of the cotton shrub.
3) The berry used as a weight.
Derivable forms: badaraḥ (बदरः).
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Bādara (बादर).—a. (-rī f.) [बदर-अण् (badara-aṇ)]
1) Belonging to or coming from the jujube tree.
2) Made of cotton.
3) Coarse (opp. to sūkṣma).
-raḥ The cotton shrub.
-ram 1 The jujube.
4) A garment of cotton.
5) A conch-shell winding from left to right.
-rā The cotton shrub.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Badara (बदर).—name of a kiṃnara prince: Divyāvadāna 118.22.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Badara (बदर).—mf. (-raḥ-rī) 1. The jujube, (Zizyphus jujuba or scandens.) m.
(-raḥ) The seed of the cotton pod. f. (-rā-rī) Cotton. f.
(-rā) 1. A plant, (Mimosa octandra.) 2. A medicinal drug, commonly Varahakranti. n.
(-raṃ) 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. The berry or pod of the cotton. E. bad to be firm, Unadi aff. arac; or if derived from vad to give information; it is read by some authorities vadara .
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Bādara (बादर) or Vādara.—mfn.
(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Made of cotton, mf.
(-raḥ-rā) The cotton plant. n.
(-raṃ) 1. The jujube. 2. Silk. 3. Water. 4. A garment made of cotton. 5. A conch-shell that winds from left to right. E. vadara cotton, aff. aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Badara (बदर).—I. m., and f. rī (and vadari), The jujube, Zizyphus jujuba or scandens, [Nala] 12, 5 (v). Ii. m. The seed of the cotton pod. Iii. f. rā and rī, Cotton. Iv. f. rā. 1. A plant, Mimosa octandra. 2. A medicinal drug. V. n. 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. The pod of the cotton.
— Cf. vadarī.
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Bādara (बादर).—i. e. badarā + a, I. adj. Made of cotton. Ii. m. The cotton plant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Badara (बदर).—[substantive], ī [feminine] the jujube tree, [neuter] badara its fruit, [feminine] also = seq.
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Bādara (बादर).—[adjective] coming from the jujube tree, [neuter] its berry; [plural] [Name] of a people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Badara (बदर):—m. the jujube tree, Zizyphus Jujuba, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) another tree (= deva-sarṣapa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) the kernel of the fruit of the cotton plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) dried ginger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Name of a man [gana] naḍādi
6) Badarā (बदरा):—[from badara] f. the cotton shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a species of Dioscorea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] Mimosa Octandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Clitoria Ternatea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) Badara (बदर):—n. the edible fruit of the jujube (also used as a weight), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.
11) the berry or fruit of the cotton shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) Bādara (बादर):—mf(ī)n. ([from] badara) belonging to or derived from the jujube tree, [Suśruta]
13) made of cotton, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) coarse (opp. to sūkṣma), [Śīlāṅka]
15) m. or (ā) f. the cotton shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira]
17) n. the jujube (= badara), [Suśruta]
18) the berry of Abrus Precatorius or the plant itself, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
19) silk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
21) a conch shell which winds from left to right, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] = vāra (Name of a plant or [wrong reading] for vāri?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Badaradvipa, Badarakha, Badarakuna, Badaramalaka, Badaramissa, Badaranga, Badarapacana, Badarapachana, Badaraphali, Badaraphalli, Badarasa, Badarasaktu, Badaratittha, Badaravalli, Badarayana, Badarayanaprashna, Badarayanaprashnavidya, Badarayanasambandha, Badarayanasutra, Badarayani.
Ends with (+4): Abadara, Aibadara, Anivrittibadara, Arjunabadara, Ayabadara, Bejababadara, Chabadara, Cobadara, Dadatibadara, Dhabadara, Giribadara, Jababadara, Javabadara, Jilibadara, Karabadara, Laghubadara, Mamsabadara, Manasobadara, Manasubadara, Matalabadara.
Full-text (+61): Vadara, Varibadara, Rajabadara, Badari, Badarayana, Badarapacana, Badarakuna, Badaramalaka, Vadari, Badaricchada, Arjunabadara, Pancakashaya, Badarika, Badaradvipa, Badarayusha, Kantakin, Badarasaktu, Badaravalli, Badaraphalli, Badarayanasutra.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Badara, Badarā, Bādara; (plurals include: Badaras, Badarās, Bādaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 65 - The Greatness of Ānandeśvara (ānanda-īśvara-tīrtha) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 59 - The Greatness of Āditya Tīrtha < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 100 - The Greatness of Mārkaṇḍeśvara (mārkaṇḍa-īśvara-tīrtha) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 152 - Bālāpendra-tīrtha < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 41 - Putradā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 211 - Caṇḍaka’s Fate < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Tattva 3: Puṇya (merit) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Tattva 1: Jīva (soul) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Part 3: The sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa < [Chapter I]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Apastamba-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)