Shatapushpa, Śatapuṣpā, Śatapuṣpa, Shata-pushpa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Shatapushpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śatapuṣpā and Śatapuṣpa can be transliterated into English as Satapuspa or Shatapushpa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatapushpa in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatapushpa in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “fennel”, a plant species in the Apiaceae (carrot) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Foeniculum vulgare and has yellow flowers. It is native to the Mediterranean and prefers dry soil near the sea-coast or riverbanks. It has been traditionally used as a spice and as medicine, such as for enhacing the digestive system.

2) Śatapuṣpā can also refer to another plant, “Indian dill”, an annual herb from the Apiaceae (celery) family of flowering plants, and is also used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Anethum graveoeloens var sowa. This plant is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant has the synonym Śatāhvayā.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा) is another name for Śatāhvā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.10-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Also see the description of the plant Miśreyā. Together with the names Śatapuṣpā and Śatāhvā, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा) is another name for “Śatāhvā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śatapuṣpā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatapushpa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatapuṣpa (शतपुष्प).—epithet of the poet Bhāravi.

Derivable forms: śatapuṣpaḥ (शतपुष्पः).

Śatapuṣpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and puṣpa (पुष्प).

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Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा).—Anethum Sowa (Mar. śopā).

Śatapuṣpā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and puṣpā (पुष्पा). See also (synonyms): śataprasūnā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śatapuṣpa (शतपुष्प).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.231.10.

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Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा).—name of a ‘gandharva maid’: Kāraṇḍavvūha 4.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatapuṣpa (शतपुष्प).—m.

(-ṣpaḥ) The poet Bharavi, the author of the Kiratarju- Niyam. f.

(-ṣpā) A sort of dill or fennel, (Anethum sowa.) “sulaphā .”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatapuṣpa (शतपुष्प):—[=śata-puṣpa] [from śata] mf(ā)n. having a h° flowers, many-flowered, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Anethum Sowa, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the poet Bhāravi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Buddhist literature]

5) Śatapuṣpā (शतपुष्पा):—[=śata-puṣpā] [from śata-puṣpa > śata] f. Anethum Sowa, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira]

6) [v.s. ...] Andropogon Aciculatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] = adhaḥ-puṣpī, priyangu, śukla-vacā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Gandharva female, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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