Madhuka, aka: Madhukā; 5 Definition(s)
Madhuka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Āyurveda (science of life)
1) Madhūka (मधूक):—A Sanskrit word referring to Madhuca indica, a species of tropical tree from the Sapotaceae family of flowering plants. It can also be spelled as Madhuka. In English, this plant is known as the “butter tree”. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is a deciduous tree with odorous lightly yellow flowers. It bears greenish fruits which are cultivated. The distilled spirit of the flowers are known among adivasis (Santals in particular).
This plant (Madhūka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.
2) Madhuka (मधुक):—A Sanskrit word referring to “liquorice”, a perennial herb from the Fabaceae (pea/bean) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Madhūka (मधूक), Madhukā (मधुका) or Yaṣṭimadhuka (यष्टिमधुक). Its official botanical name is Glycyrrhiza glabra and is commonly referred to in english as liquorice or ‘sweet root’. It grows best in deep valleys with lots of sun. The sweet flavour is extracted from the root of the plant.
This plant (Madhuka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Yaṣṭimadhu.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmaśāstra (religious law)
Madhuka (मधुक) is a Sanskrit word, possibly identified with Bassia latifolia (mahua) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considerd as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Bassia latifolia is a synonym of Madhuca longifolia.
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as madhuka).”Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Madhuka (मधुक).—A Bhārgava and Madhyamādhvaryu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 16.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
madhuka : (m.) the tree Bassia Latifolia. || madhukā (f.) liquorice.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Madhukā, (f.) (fr. madhuka) honey drink, sweet drink, liquor Mhvs 5, 52. (Page 519)
— or —
Madhuka, (adj. n.) (fr. madhu) connected with honey. 1. (n.) the tree Bassia latifolia (lit. honey tree) Vin. I, 246; J. V, 324, 405; VI, 529; Miln. 165.—2. the fruit of that tree J. IV, 434.—3. (adj.) (-°) full of honey J. VI, 529 (madhu° containing honey).—4. connected with an intoxicating drink, given to the drink of (-°) J. IV, 117 (surā-meraya°).
—aṭṭhika the kernel (of the fruit) of Bassia latifolia Vism. 353=KhA 43 (which latter reads madhukaphal’aṭṭhi; in the description of the finger nails). —puppha the flower of Bassia latifolia from which honey is extracted for liquor Vin. I, 246 (°rasa liquorice juice); J. I, 430. (Page 519)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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yaṣṭimadhu (यष्टिमधु).—m S Licorice, or the root of Abrus precatorius which is used for it.
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Search found books containing Madhuka or Madhukā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Verse 10.33 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 11.94 < [Section VIII - Expiation of drinking Wine (surā)]
Verse 3.266 < [Section XXI - Relative Merits of the Offering-Materials]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Sushruta)
Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Śāṅkhāyana)
Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 24 - On the worship of the Devī < [Book 8]
Chapter 12 - On the birth of Pururavā < [Book 1]
Chapter 6 - On the origin of Urvaśī < [Book 4]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 3: Sharirasthana (by Sushruta)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Sushruta)
Chapter XXX - Treatment of an attack by Shakuni-graha < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XLVII - Symptoms and Treatment of Alcoholism (Panatyaya) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Chapter XLVI - Symptoms and Treatment of Fainting fits (Murccha) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
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