Madhuka, aka: Madhukā, Mādhūka; 8 Definition(s)
Madhuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Madhūka (मधूक):—A Sanskrit word referring to Madhuca indica, a species of tropical tree from the Sapotaceae family of flowering plants. It can also be spelled as Madhuka. In English, this plant is known as the “butter tree”. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is a deciduous tree with odorous lightly yellow flowers. It bears greenish fruits which are cultivated. The distilled spirit of the flowers are known among adivasis (Santals in particular).
This plant (Madhūka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.
2) Madhuka (मधुक):—A Sanskrit word referring to “liquorice”, a perennial herb from the Fabaceae (pea/bean) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Madhūka (मधूक), Madhukā (मधुका) or Yaṣṭimadhuka (यष्टिमधुक). Its official botanical name is Glycyrrhiza glabra and is commonly referred to in english as liquorice or ‘sweet root’. It grows best in deep valleys with lots of sun. The sweet flavour is extracted from the root of the plant.
This plant (Madhuka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Yaṣṭimadhu.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Madhuka (मधुक) is the name of a tree (Mahuā) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star) named Revatī, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these [trees] are propounded in Śāstras, the secret scriptures (śāstrāgama). These pious trees [viz, Madhuka], if grown and protected, promote long life”. These twenty-seven trees related to the twenty-seven Nakṣatras are supposed to be Deva-vṛkṣas or Nakṣatra-vṛkṣas.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Madhuka (मधुक) is a Sanskrit word, possibly identified with Bassia latifolia (mahua) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Bassia latifolia is a synonym of Madhuca longifolia.
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as madhuka).”Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Madhuka (मधुक).—A Bhārgava and Madhyamādhvaryu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
madhuka : (m.) the tree Bassia Latifolia. || madhukā (f.) liquorice.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Madhukā, (f.) (fr. madhuka) honey drink, sweet drink, liquor Mhvs 5, 52. (Page 519)
— or —
Madhuka, (adj. n.) (fr. madhu) connected with honey. 1. (n.) the tree Bassia latifolia (lit. honey tree) Vin. I, 246; J. V, 324, 405; VI, 529; Miln. 165.—2. the fruit of that tree J. IV, 434.—3. (adj.) (-°) full of honey J. VI, 529 (madhu° containing honey).—4. connected with an intoxicating drink, given to the drink of (-°) J. IV, 117 (surā-meraya°).Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
2) Sweet-speaking, melodious.
3) Of the colour of honey.
-kaḥ 1 Name of a tree (= madhūka q. v.).
2) The Aśoka tree.
3) A kind of bird.
4) The liquorice root.
-kam 1 Tin.
3) The palmliquor.
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Madhūka (मधूक).—1 A bee.
2) Name of a tree; अङ्गैर्मुग्धमधूकपुष्परुचिभिर्लावण्यसारैरयम् (aṅgairmugdhamadhūkapuṣparucibhirlāvaṇyasārairayam) Mv.2.21.
-kam 1 A flower of the Madhūka tree; दूर्वावता पाण्डुमधूकदाम्ना (dūrvāvatā pāṇḍumadhūkadāmnā) Ku.7.14; स्निग्धो मधूकच्छविर्गण्डः (snigdho madhūkacchavirgaṇḍaḥ) Gīt.1; R.6.25.
Derivable forms: madhūkaḥ (मधूकः).
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Mādhūka (माधूक).—a. Sweet-speaking, amiable; मैत्रेयकं तु वैदेहो माधूकं संप्रसूयते (maitreyakaṃ tu vaideho mādhūkaṃ saṃprasūyate) Ms.1.33.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Sweet, (in taste.) 2. Sweet-speaking or sounding, mellifluous, melodious. m.
(-kaḥ) 1. A bard, a panegyrist, one who recites the lineage and praises of sovereigns in their presence. 2. A kind of bird. 3. A tree, (Bassia latifolia.) mn.
(-kaḥ-kaṃ) Liquorice, &c. n.
(-kaṃ) Tin. f.
(-kā) 1. A plant, (Menis- permum glabrum.) 2. The sweet lime. 3. A kind of panic seed. E. madhu sweet, kai to sound, aff. ḍa; or madhu honey, kan aff. of comparison, &c.
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(-kaḥ) 1. A tree, (Bassia latifolia.) 2. A bee. n.
(-kaṃ) A flower of the Madhuka tree. E. man to respect, ūka aff., and dha substituted for the final.
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(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Sweet-speaking or sounding. 2. Made from the Bassia tree. E. madhūka and aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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S-āmra-madhūka.—(IE; EI 12, 27, 29), ‘together with the mango and madhūka trees’. Note: s-āmra-...
Sīsū-madhūka-tāla-prabhṛti-nānā-vṛkṣa-sameta.—refers to the right to use various trees in the g...
Madhukāśraya (मधुकाश्रय).—wax; Nighaṇṭaratnākara.Derivable forms: madhukāśrayam (मधुकाश्रयम्).M...
Yaṣṭimadhukā (यष्टिमधुका) or Yaṣṭīmadhukā (यष्टीमधुका).—liquorice. Yaṣṭimadhukā is a Sanskrit c...
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Search found 38 books and stories containing Madhuka, Madhukā, Madhūka, Mādhūka; (plurals include: Madhukas, Madhukās, Madhūkas, Mādhūkas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.33 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 11.94 < [Section VIII - Expiation of drinking Wine (surā)]
Verse 3.266 < [Section XXI - Relative Merits of the Offering-Materials]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 24 - On the worship of the Devī < [Book 8]
Chapter 12 - On the birth of Pururavā < [Book 1]
Chapter 6 - On the origin of Urvaśī < [Book 4]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 7 - Alcoholic liquors (6): Madhuki < [Chapter XXXIII - Spirituous liquors (Sandhana or Samdhana)]
Part 24 - Usage of poisons < [Chapter XXX - Visha (poisons)]
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)