Cakrika, Cakrikā, Cākrika: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Cakrika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakrika.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Cakrikā (चक्रिका) is a Sanskrit technical term corresponding to “Round Flat Pillet”. It is commonly used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Cakrikā is a term often used in various Ayurvedic recipes and Alchemical preparations.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Cakrika (चक्रिक).—A forest hunter. The following story is told about him in Chapter 16, Kriyāyoga of the Padma Purāṇa.

Devoted much to his parents, Cakrika was a great devotee of Viṣṇu. He used to worship Viṣṇu daily with fruits, (edible) roots etc. But, he did so only after himself tasting them. One day while thus tasting a fruit, somehow or other it got itself lodged in his throat, and all his attempts to dislodge it failed. The fruit had to be, at any rate, offered to Viṣṇu and therefore Cakrika drew his sword and cut his throat with it. Lord Viṣṇu who was so pleased at such great devotion of the man appeared on the scene and brought him back to life. Sometime afterwards Cakrika expired at the Dvārakā temple, and thus attained salvation.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Cakrika in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Cakrikā (चक्रिका) refers to a “kind of confect” (same as varṣopala), and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 21.156.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Cakrikā (चक्रिका) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Cakraka forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Cittacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the cittacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Cakrikā] and Vīras are black in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cakrika (चक्रिक).—A discus-bearer.

-kā 1 A heap, troop.

2) A fraudulent device.

Derivable forms: cakrikaḥ (चक्रिकः).

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Cākrika (चाक्रिक).—a. (-krī f.) [चक्रेण चरति ठक् (cakreṇa carati ṭhak)]

1) See चाक (cāka) above.

2) Relating to a company or circle.

-kaḥ 1 A potter.

2) An oil-maker; Y.1.165 (= tailika according to Mitā.; śākaṭika or cartman according to others); चाक्रिकैरतिरूक्षत्वं तिलपिण्याकयोरिव (cākrikairatirūkṣatvaṃ tilapiṇyākayoriva) Rāj. T.6.272; ताम्बूलिका- श्चाक्रिकाश्च (tāmbūlikā- ścākrikāśca) ... Śiva. B.31.19.

3) A proclaimer.

4) A bard, chorister.

5) A coachman, driver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cakrika (चक्रिक).—adj., or subst. m., (1) some sort of prefessional entertainer, perhaps a juggler who does tricks with wheels or discs (compare [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. cakrin, 7; a Sanskrit Lex. possibly gives this meaning, but it is uncertain): Mahāvastu iii.113.2 (mss. here corrupt); 442.8; (2) (a) tricky, crafty (person): °kaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7326; this seems to be the meaning indicated by Tibetan (five renderings), Chin., and Japanese, and supported by the ad- joining words (jihma, kuṭila, Mahāvyutpatti 7324—5); compare Sanskrit (Rājat.) cakrikā, Ränke ([Boehtlingk and Roth]); (3) see s.v. cākrika.

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Cakrikā (चक्रिका).—according to Tibetan double door-bar: Mahāvyutpatti 9344 = Tibetan sgo gtan zuṅ can. Chin. contains the words double and bar. I do not know just what is meant.

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Cākrika (चाक्रिक).—m. (= AMg. cakkia, °iya), disc-bearer, a royal officer: Mahāvyutpatti 3733 (so also Mironov without v.l.; [Boehtlingk and Roth] cite cakrika, which Kyoto ed. Index gives as a var.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakrikā (चक्रिका).—f.

(-kā) The knee. cakraṃ tadākāro’sti asya ṭhan . jānuni .

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Cākrika (चाक्रिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Circular. 2. Belonging to a wheel or discus. 3. Relating to a company or circle. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A chorister, a bard who chaunts in chorus the praises of kings heroes, gods, &c. 2. An oil maker. 3. A coach-man, a driver. E. cakra a multitude, &c. and ṭhak aff. cakreṇa samūhena yantrabhedena cakrayuktaśakaṭena vā carati .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakrikā (चक्रिका).—i. e. cakra + ka, f. 1. A troop, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 376. 2. Artifice, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 279.

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Cākrika (चाक्रिक).—i. e. cakra + ika, m. 1. An oil grinder, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 6, 272 (at the same time, A partisan). 2. A bellman, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 9047. 3. A partisan, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 267.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cākrika (चाक्रिक).—[masculine] carrier, potter, oil-maker.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cakrikā (चक्रिका):—[from cakraka > cakra] a f. a troop, multitude, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, viii]

2) [v.s. ...] a crooked or fraudulent device, [v].

3) Cakrika (चक्रिक):—[from cakra] m. a discus-bearer, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] (= kraka) Dolichos biflorus, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

5) Cakrikā (चक्रिका):—[from cakrika > cakra] b f. See kraka.

6) Cākrika (चाक्रिक):—[from cākra] mfn. circular, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] belonging to a wheel or discus, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] relating to a company or circle, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] m. a coachman, driver, [Mahābhārata xii, 2646]

10) [v.s. ...] a potter, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā x, 9]

11) [v.s. ...] ‘an oil-maker’ and ‘a companion’ [Rājataraṅgiṇī vi, 272]

12) [v.s. ...] a companion, [v, 267]

13) [v.s. ...] a proclaimer, [Yājñavalkya i, 165; Harivaṃśa 9047]

14) [v.s. ...] a bard, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] m. a secretly born son of a Śūdra and a Vaiśyā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cakrikā (चक्रिका):—(kā) 1. f. The knee; sugar.

2) Cākrika (चाक्रिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A chorister; an oil-maker; a driver. a. Circular.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Cakrika (चक्रिक):—(von cakra)

1) m. Discusträger [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 95.] —

2) f. ā a) Trupp, Schaar: bhṛtya [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 376. 8, 779.] — b) Ränke (vgl. cakra [14.]) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 279. 295. 297. 388.] An der ersten Stelle ist auch Bed. a. zulässig.

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Cākrika (चाक्रिक):—(von cakra) m.

1) Töpfer (nach dem Schol.) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 10, 9.] —

2) Oelmüller [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 917.] pl. Oelmüller und zugleich Genossen, Anhang [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 272.] —

3) ein öffentlicher Ausrufer, = ghāṇṭika [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 65.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 794.] iti catvararathyāsu dvāravatyāṃ supūjitaḥ . cākriko ghoṣayāmāsa puruṣo mṛṣṭakuṇḍalaḥ .. [Harivaṃśa 9047.] bhikṣukāṃścākrikāṃścaiva klīvonmattāṃkuśīlavān . bāhyāṃkuryānnaraśreṣṭha doṣāya syurhi te nyathā .. [Mahābhārata 12, 2646.] (Nach [Śabdakalpadruma] an dieser Stelle = śākaṭika, [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] kennt die Bed. a coatchman, a driver.) cākrikavandinām (annaṃ na bhoktavyam) [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 165]; nach [STENZLER] : Oelhändler.

4) Genoss: tadātmajāḥ kṣaṇe tasmiṃgahanadrohacākrikāḥ . cakrurnigūḍharājyecchāḥ prajāyāsairghanārjanam .. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 267.] [TROYER] : qui fomentaient les désordres cachés; [BENFEY] : bewirkend (?). pl. Genossen, Anhang und zugleich Oelmüller [6, 272.] acākrika der keinen Anhang hat; davon nom. abstr. katā [4, 688.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Cakrika (चक्रिक):—m.

1) Discusträgern.

2) Dolichos biflorus [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa (roth) ] — cakrikā s.u. cakrakā.

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Cākrika (चाक्रिक):—m.

1) Kärrner [Mahābhārata 12,69,51.] —

2) Töpfer.

3) Oelmüller.

4) ein öffentlicher Ausrufer.

5) Genosse — , Anhänger eines Complots.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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