Vapra, Vaprā: 14 definitions
Vapra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Vapra (वप्र) refers to “ramparts”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] It [viz., the Himālayas] shines with ramparts (vapra) of crystals (sphaṭika), gold (svarṇa) and silver (rājata). It is lustrous with the lakes—Mānasa and others. It abounds in buds and full-blown lotuses with golden stalks studded with gems. Crocodiles, sharks and tortoises abound in the lakes”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Vapra (वप्र) refers to “wet fields”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Āṣāḍha, wells, wet fields [i.e., vapra] and rivers will become dry; dealers in roots and fruits, the people of Gāndhāra, of Kāśmīra, of Pulinda and of Cīna (China) will perish; and there will be abundance of rain”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Vaprā (वप्रा) is the mother of Naminātha according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Viprītā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Naminātha is the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The husband of Vaprā is Vijaya. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Vaprā (वप्रा) or Vappilā is the mother of Naminātha: the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina Uttarapurāṇa tells us that his father was a Kṣatriya king of Mithilā in the land of Bengal. According to disputed opinion, the place was not Mithilā but Mathurā. The name of the Queen was Vappilā or Vaprā. We hear of explanation given in the Jaina books for the origin of his name. While the Jina was in the mother’s womb, the enemies of his father bowed down (Praṇāma) in submission. Hence, the name Naminātha.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Vaprā (वप्रा) is the mother of Jaya: one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] In Rājagṛha, Jaya will be the son of Vaprā and Vijaya, twelve bows tall, living for three thousand years, between Nami and Nemi”.
2) Vapra (वप्र) is the name of a northern province situated in West-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly, “[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Vapra, etc.] are the northern provinces of West Videha. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vapra (वप्र).—[upyate atra vap-ran Un.2.27]
1) A rampart, earth-work, mud-wall; वेलावप्रवलयाम् (velāvapravalayām) (urvīm) R.1.3; द्वितीयामिव मामत्र वप्रमालम्ब्य तिष्ठत (dvitīyāmiva māmatra vapramālambya tiṣṭhata) Śiva B.
2) A bank or mound of any kind (against which bulls and elephants butt); शृङ्गाग्रलग्नाम्बुदवप्रपङ्कः (śṛṅgāgralagnāmbudavaprapaṅkaḥ) R.13.47; see वप्रक्रीडा (vaprakrīḍā) below.
3) The slope or declivity of a hill or rocky place; बृहच्छिलावप्रघनेन वक्षसा (bṛhacchilāvapraghanena vakṣasā) Kirātārjunīya 14.4.
4) A summit, peak, table-land on a mountain; तीव्रं महाव्रतमिवात्र चरन्ति वप्राः (tīvraṃ mahāvratamivātra caranti vaprāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 4.58;3.37; Kirātārjunīya 5.36;6.8.
5) The bank of a river, side, shore, bank in general; ध्वनयः प्रतेनुरनुवप्रमपाम् (dhvanayaḥ pratenuranuvapramapām) Kirātārjunīya 6. 4;7.11;17.58.
6) The foundation of a building.
7) The gate of a fortified town.
8) A ditch.
9) The circumference of a sphere.
1) A field in general; विकासि वप्राम्भसि गन्धसूचितम् (vikāsi vaprāmbhasi gandhasūcitam) Kirātārjunīya 4.26.
11) The butting of an elephant or bull.
13) A multitude, a heap; L. D .B.
-praḥ 1 A father.
2) A Prajāpati.
-pram 1 Lead.
2) Gold; L. D. B.
-prā 1 A flat bank of earth.
Derivable forms: vapraḥ (वप्रः), vapram (वप्रम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-praḥ-praṃ) 1. A field. 2. A rampart, a mud-wall, earth taken from the ditch of a town and raised as a wall or buttress, or as the foundation of a wall of masonry, &c. 3. The foundation of any building. 4. The gate of a fortified city. 5. A shore or bank. 6. Dust, earth. 7. A mound, a hillock. 8. The slope of a hill. 9. A summit, a peak. 10. A ditch. 11. A field. 12. The butting of an elephant or bull. m.
(-praḥ) A father. n.
(-praṃ) Lead. f. (-prī) A hillock, an ant-hill. E. vap to sow, ran Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vapra (वप्र).—[vap + ra], I. m. (and n.). 1. A field, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 36. 2. Dust, earth. 3. A mound, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 2; a hillock. 4. The foundation of any building. 5. A shore or bank, [Kirātārjunīya] 6, 8. 6. A rampart, Mahābhārata 1, 5810. 7. The gate of a fortified city. Ii. m. A father. Iii. f. rī, An ant-hill. Iv. n. Lead.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vapra (वप्र).—[masculine] [neuter] mound of earth, hillock, rampart; [feminine] ā a bed (for plants).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vapra (वप्र):—[from vap] mn. a rampart, earthwork, mound, hillock, mud wall, earth or bank raised as a wall or buttress or as the foundation of a building, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a high river-bank (also nadī-v), any shore or bank, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kirātārjunīya]
3) [v.s. ...] the slope or declivity of a hill, table-land on a mountain, [Kirātārjunīya; Śiśupāla-vadha]
4) [v.s. ...] a ditch, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
5) [v.s. ...] the gate of a fortified city, [Horace H. Wilson]
6) [v.s. ...] the circumference of a sphere or globe, [Golādhyāya]
7) [v.s. ...] a sown field, any field, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya]
8) [v.s. ...] dust, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] = niṣkuṭa, vanaja n. vājikā (?) and pāṭīra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] the butting of an elephant or of a bull (See -kriyā and -krīḍā)
11) [v.s. ...] m. a father, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. 2. vaptri)
12) [v.s. ...] = prajā-pati, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] Name of a Vyāsa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
14) [v.s. ...] of a son of the 14th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]
15) Vaprā (वप्रा):—[from vapra > vap] f. a flat bank of earth, garden-bed (-vat ind. as in a level bank, id est. as in levelling or arranging a place for the fire, [Mahīdhara])
16) [v.s. ...] Rubia Munjista, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) [v.s. ...] Name of the mother of the Arhat Nimi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
18) Vapra (वप्र):—[from vap] n. lead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. varahra).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vapra (वप्र):—[(praḥ-praṃ)] 1. m. n. Soil; a field; a rampart; foundation; gate; bank. m. A father. f. An anthill. n. Lead.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a hillock; a mound.
2) [noun] a piece of land used for agricultural, farming purpose; agricultural land.
3) [noun] a wall surounding a building, a piece of land, etc.
4) [noun] the slope of a hill or mountain.
5) [noun] a high river-bank.
6) [noun] the circumference of a sphere or globe.
7) [noun] the main entrance of a fortified place.
8) [noun] a particle; a tiny fragment.
9) [noun] the male parent; father.
10) [noun] the playful butting of an elephant or bull against a bank or mound.
11) [noun] a heavy, soft, malleable, bluish-gray metallic chemical element used in batteries and in numerous alloys and compounds; lead (Pb).
12) [noun] a deep ditch dug around a fort.
13) [noun] the quality or state of being numerous or many; multitude.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vaprabandha, Vaprabhighata, Vapraka, Vaprakancana, Vaprakavati, Vaprakrida, Vaprakriya, Vaprakshetraphala, Vaprambhahsruti, Vaprambhas, Vapranata, Vaprantar, Vaprantara, Vaprapanka, Vapraphala, Vapravani, Vapravat, Vapravati.
Full-text (+16): Vappa, Vaprabhighata, Vaprakrida, Kancanavapra, Vaprambhas, Vapranata, Vaprantara, Trapra, Vaprakshetraphala, Vaprakriya, Vapravani, Rodhovapra, Vapravat, Vapraphala, Vaprapanka, Vaprantar, Hastakavapra, Nadivapra, Tataghata, Vaprambhahsruti.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Vapra, Vaprā; (plurals include: Vapras, Vaprās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Childhood < [Chapter XI - Śrī Namināthacaritra]
Part 3: Jaya’s parents (king Vijaya and queen Vaprā) < [Chapter XIII - Jayacakricaritra]
Part 4: Birth of Nami < [Chapter XI - Śrī Namināthacaritra]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Vastu-shastra (2): Town Planning (by D. N. Shukla)
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 2 - Fort (durga) architecture in the Matsyapurāṇa < [Chapter 7 - Art and Architecture in the Matsyapurāṇa]