Vapra, Vaprā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vapra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vapra (वप्र) refers to “ramparts”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] It [viz., the Himālayas] shines with ramparts (vapra) of crystals (sphaṭika), gold (svarṇa) and silver (rājata). It is lustrous with the lakes—Mānasa and others. It abounds in buds and full-blown lotuses with golden stalks studded with gems. Crocodiles, sharks and tortoises abound in the lakes”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vaprā (वप्रा) is the mother of Naminātha according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Viprītā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Naminātha is the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Vaprā is Vijaya. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Vaprā (वप्रा) or Vappilā is the mother of Naminātha: the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina Uttarapurāṇa tells us that his father was a Kṣatriya king of Mithilā in the land of Bengal. According to disputed opinion, the place was not Mithilā but Mathurā. The name of the Queen was Vappilā or Vaprā. We hear of explanation given in the Jaina books for the origin of his name. While the Jina was in the mother’s womb, the enemies of his father bowed down (Praṇāma) in submission. Hence, the name Naminātha.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Vaprā (वप्रा) is the mother of Jaya: one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] In Rājagṛha, Jaya will be the son of Vaprā and Vijaya, twelve bows tall, living for three thousand years, between Nami and Nemi”.

2) Vapra (वप्र) is the name of a northern province situated in West-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly, “[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Vapra, etc.] are the northern provinces of West Videha. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vapra (वप्र).—[upyate atra vap-ran Un.2.27]

1) A rampart, earth-work, mud-wall; वेलावप्रवलयाम् (velāvapravalayām) (urvīm) R.1.3; द्वितीयामिव मामत्र वप्रमालम्ब्य तिष्ठत (dvitīyāmiva māmatra vapramālambya tiṣṭhata) Śiva B.

2) A bank or mound of any kind (against which bulls and elephants butt); शृङ्गाग्रलग्नाम्बुदवप्रपङ्कः (śṛṅgāgralagnāmbudavaprapaṅkaḥ) R.13.47; see वप्रक्रीडा (vaprakrīḍā) below.

3) The slope or declivity of a hill or rocky place; बृहच्छिलावप्रघनेन वक्षसा (bṛhacchilāvapraghanena vakṣasā) Ki.14.4.

4) A summit, peak, table-land on a mountain; तीव्रं महाव्रतमिवात्र चरन्ति वप्राः (tīvraṃ mahāvratamivātra caranti vaprāḥ) Śi.4.58;3.37; Ki.5.36;6.8.

5) The bank of a river, side, shore, bank in general; ध्वनयः प्रतेनुरनुवप्रमपाम् (dhvanayaḥ pratenuranuvapramapām) Ki.6. 4;7.11;17.58.

6) The foundation of a building.

7) The gate of a fortified town.

8) A ditch.

9) The circumference of a sphere.

1) A field in general; विकासि वप्राम्भसि गन्धसूचितम् (vikāsi vaprāmbhasi gandhasūcitam) Ki.4.26.

11) The butting of an elephant or bull.

12) Dust.

13) A multitude, a heap; L. D .B.

-praḥ 1 A father.

2) A Prajāpati.

-pram 1 Lead.

2) Gold; L. D. B.

-prā 1 A flat bank of earth.

2) Garden-bed.

Derivable forms: vapraḥ (वप्रः), vapram (वप्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vapra (वप्र).—mn.

(-praḥ-praṃ) 1. A field. 2. A rampart, a mud-wall, earth taken from the ditch of a town and raised as a wall or buttress, or as the foundation of a wall of masonry, &c. 3. The foundation of any building. 4. The gate of a fortified city. 5. A shore or bank. 6. Dust, earth. 7. A mound, a hillock. 8. The slope of a hill. 9. A summit, a peak. 10. A ditch. 11. A field. 12. The butting of an elephant or bull. m.

(-praḥ) A father. n.

(-praṃ) Lead. f. (-prī) A hillock, an ant-hill. E. vap to sow, ran Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vapra (वप्र).—[vap + ra], I. m. (and n.). 1. A field, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 36. 2. Dust, earth. 3. A mound, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 2; a hillock. 4. The foundation of any building. 5. A shore or bank, [Kirātārjunīya] 6, 8. 6. A rampart, Mahābhārata 1, 5810. 7. The gate of a fortified city. Ii. m. A father. Iii. f. , An ant-hill. Iv. n. Lead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vapra (वप्र).—[masculine] [neuter] mound of earth, hillock, rampart; [feminine] ā a bed (for plants).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vapra (वप्र):—[from vap] mn. a rampart, earthwork, mound, hillock, mud wall, earth or bank raised as a wall or buttress or as the foundation of a building, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a high river-bank (also nadī-v), any shore or bank, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kirātārjunīya]

3) [v.s. ...] the slope or declivity of a hill, table-land on a mountain, [Kirātārjunīya; Śiśupāla-vadha]

4) [v.s. ...] a ditch, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] the gate of a fortified city, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] the circumference of a sphere or globe, [Golādhyāya]

7) [v.s. ...] a sown field, any field, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya]

8) [v.s. ...] dust, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] = niṣkuṭa, vanaja n. vājikā (?) and pāṭīra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] the butting of an elephant or of a bull (See -kriyā and -krīḍā)

11) [v.s. ...] m. a father, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. 2. vaptri)

12) [v.s. ...] = prajā-pati, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a Vyāsa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a son of the 14th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]

15) Vaprā (वप्रा):—[from vapra > vap] f. a flat bank of earth, garden-bed (-vat ind. as in a level bank, id est. as in levelling or arranging a place for the fire, [Mahīdhara])

16) [v.s. ...] Rubia Munjista, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of the mother of the Arhat Nimi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Vapra (वप्र):—[from vap] n. lead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. varahra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vapra (वप्र):—[(praḥ-praṃ)] 1. m. n. Soil; a field; a rampart; foundation; gate; bank. m. A father. f. An anthill. n. Lead.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vapra (वप्र):—(von 2. vap) [Uṇādisūtra 2, 27.] m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,31.] n. [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,b,7.] am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) m. n. Aufwurf von Erde, ein aufgeschütteter Erdwall (zur Vertheidigung von Städten und Häusern); = caya [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 2.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 369.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 980.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 452.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 83.] = prākāra [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Halāyudha 2, 133.] [DHARAṆI] und [RANTIDEVA] bei [UJJVAL.] [Vaijayantī] bei [Mallinātha] zu [Kirātārjunīya 7, 11.] [SAJJANA] bei [Mallinātha] zu [Śiśupālavadha 3, 37.] krīḍā die im Aufwerfen von Erde bestehende Belustigung (eines Elephanten) [Meghadūta 2.] [Mallinātha] zu [Kirātārjunīya 5, 42.] kriyā dass. [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 44.] śṛṅgāgralagnāmbudavaprapaṅka (citrakūṭa) [13, 47.] vaprābhighāta (so der Comm.) [Kirātārjunīya 5, 42.] vaprāṇi viṣāṇāgreṇa coddharan [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 36, 2.] prākāravaprasaṃbādhā (purī) [Mahābhārata 3, 16056. 4, 296. 7, 6904. 8, 2035. 9, 1795] (kṣīṇavṛttiḥ st. kṣīṇavaprām ed. Bomb.). [13, 1671.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 9, 15. 6, 12, 22. 37, 13.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 30.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 38.] [Śiśupālavadha 3, 37.] śilāvapra [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 307.] sotsedhavapraprākāraṃ (so ist st. sotsedhavaprakāraṃ ca zu lesen) [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 49, 43.] prottuṅgavapraprākāramālinī (purī) [66, 9.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 62.] udapāna [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 77.] [Mahābhārata 12, 3828.] —

2) m. n. ein hohes Flussufer, = rodhas, taṭa [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [DHARAṆI] und [RANTIDEVA] bei [UJJVAL.] [Vaijayantī] bei [Mallinātha] zu [Kirātārjunīya 7, 11.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5810. 6456. 13, 1957.] nadī [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 55, 33.] [Kirātārjunīya 7, 11.] —

3) m. n. Abhang eines Berges, = sānu [Halāyudha 5, 24.] [SAJJANA] bei [Mallinātha] zu [Śiśupālavadha 3, 37.] [Kirātārjunīya 5, 36. 6, 8.] sumeruvapraḥ [Śiśupālavadha 3, 37.] —

4) Graben: dharā payaḥparipūrṇavaprā [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 19, 16.] —

5) Kugelzone [GOLĀDHY. 3, 59.] phala [61.] kṣetraphala dass. 60. —

6) m. n. Feld (das besäet wird), = kedāra, kṣetra [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 11.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 9. 3, 369.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 965.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 419.] [DHARAṆI,] [RANTIDEVA] und [Vaijayantī a. a. O.] —

7) m. n. Staub [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 9. 3, 369.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

8) n. Blei [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 106.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1041]; vgl. vardhra . —

9) m. n. = niṣkuṭa, vanaja n., vājikā (?) und pāṭīra [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] —

10) m. Vater (vgl. 2. vaptar) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 369.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [DHARAṆI,] [RANTIDEVA] und [Vaijayantī a. a. O.] —

11) m. = prajāpati [UṆĀDIVṚ. im SAṂKṢIPTAS.] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] —

12) m. Nomen proprium a) eines Vyāsa [Viṣṇupurāṇa 273.] — b) eines Sohnes des 14ten Manu [Harivaṃśa 495.] budhna die neuere Ausg. —

13) f. ā a) vaprāvat adv. [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 18, 5, 4.] vaprā = agnikṣetrakedāra [KARKA], = kṣetravapana [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 18, 30.] wie bei einem Beete d. h. wie beim Ebnen, Herrichten des Platzes für das Feuer. — b) Rubia Munjista (mañjiṣṭhā) Roxb. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Nomen proprium der Mutter Nimi's, des 21ten Arhant's der gegenwärtigen Avasarpiṇī, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 40.] — Vgl. rodhovapra .

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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