Vrinda, Vṛndā, Vṛnda, Vrimda: 17 definitions


Vrinda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛndā and Vṛnda can be transliterated into English as Vrnda or Vrinda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vṛndā (वृन्दा).—Wife of the asura named Jalandhara. (See under Māyāśiva).

2) Vṛndā (वृन्दा).—See under Svarṇā.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vṛndā (वृन्दा) is the daughter of Asura Kālanemi and was married to Jalandhara, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.14 (“The birth of Jalandhara and his marriage”).—Accordingly, after Brahmā performed the postnatal rites for the Asura-boy Jalandhara: “[...] Then the ocean invited the great Asura Kālanemi and requested him to give his daughter named Vṛndā in marriage to his son. O sage, the heroic Asura Kālanemi, foremost among the Asuras, intelligent and efficient in his activities, welcomed the request of the ocean. He gave his beloved daughter to Jalandhara, the brave son of the ocean, in marriage performing the nuptial rites according to the Brāhma style. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) Vṛnda (वृन्द) refers to “billion” (1,000,000,000) in various lists of numeral denominations, according to gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., vṛnda]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

2) Vṛnda (वृन्द) [=bṛnda] is another name for Ghana (“cube”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The term ghana occurs in all the mathematical works. It has been used in the geometrical as well as the arithmetical sense, Le., to denote the solid cube as well as the continued product of the same number taken three times. Another term for the cube is bṛnda, but it is seldom used.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Ganitashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Vṛnda (वृन्द) or Bṛnda refers to the “groups (of Mantras and Yantras)”, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—While expounding the occcult procedures to be followed in the Yantra segment, Kāśyapa clearly stresses that all these groups (bṛndaka), Mantras and Yantras, which together constitute the Tantraśāstra, are deep secrets and hence, must be safeguarded

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Vṛnda (वृन्द) refers to the “multitude” (of furious ones”), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] The maṇḍala should be visualized completely, as [it is] by itself a means for perfect enlightenment. Again, he should emanate the one who has the appearance of the Causal Vajra[-holder]. The goddess, [who is] effective in all rituals and beast-faced, is brought near. Having drawn together the multitude of furious ones (krodha-vṛnda) beforehand, he should remove obstacle demons. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛnda (वृंद).—n S An assemblage or a multitude, a numerous company or a large collection or heap. 2 A term applied to any eminently great personage, to one conspicuous for learning, talents, riches &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vṛnda (वृंद).—n An assemblage or a multitude.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛnda (वृन्द).—a. Many, numerous.

-ndam 1 A multitude, host, large number, group; अनुगतमलिवृन्दैर्गण्डभित्तीर्विहाय (anugatamalivṛndairgaṇḍabhittīrvihāya) R.12.12; Meghadūta 11; so अभ्र° (abhra°); एकस्याप्यपराधेन वृन्दमायाति वाच्यताम् (ekasyāpyaparādhena vṛndamāyāti vācyatām) Bm.1.424.

2) A heap, quantity.

3) Ten hundred millions.

4) A bunch, cluster (of flowers, berries etc.); सवृन्दैः कदलीस्तम्भैः पूगपोतैः परिष्कृतम् (savṛndaiḥ kadalīstambhaiḥ pūgapotaiḥ pariṣkṛtam) Bhāg. 4.21.3.

--- OR ---

Vṛndā (वृन्दा).—

1) The holy basil.

2) Name of Rādhikā; राधाषोडशनाम्नां च वृन्दा नाम श्रुतौ श्रुतम् (rādhāṣoḍaśanāmnāṃ ca vṛndā nāma śrutau śrutam) Brav. P.

3) Name of a forest near Gokula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛnda (वृन्द).—mfn.

(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) All, many. n.

(-ndaṃ) A heap, a multitude, a quantity, an aggregation. f.

(-ndā) Holy basil, (Ocymum sanctum.) E. vṛṇ to please, or vṛt to be, &c., aff. dan, form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛnda (वृन्द).—I. adj. Many, all. Ii. n. 1. A heap, Chr. 25, 62. 2. A multitude, [Pañcatantra] 222, 23; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 47. Iii. f. , Holy basil, Ocymum sanctum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛnda (वृन्द).—[neuter] heap, multitude, herd, troop, band; vṛndais & vṛndaśas in groups or in large numbers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vṛnda (वृन्द) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. by Vīravṛnda Bhaṭṭa. Khn. 88. Oudh. Xiv, 108. Lahore. 20. Here, as often, the work is named after the author. Quoted in Vāsudevānubhava W. p. 289, in Ṭoḍarānanda W. p. 290, in Yogasaṃgraha W. p. 296. Vṛndaṭīkā. Quoted in Bhāvaprakāśa Oxf. 311^b.

2) Vṛnda (वृन्द):—Vṛndasindhu med. Siddhayoga med. Siddhayogasaṃgraha.

3) Vṛnda (वृन्द):—med. Stein 189.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛnda (वृन्द):—n. ([from] √1. vṛ ?) a heap, multitude, host, flock, swarm, number, quantity, aggregation (vṛndaṃ vṛndam, vṛndais, or vṛndavṛndais, in separate groups, in flocks or crowds), [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) a bunch, cluster (of flowers or berries etc.), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) a chorus of singers and musicians, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

4) a [particular] high number (100,000 millions), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) m. a tumour in the throat, [Suśruta]

6) a [particular] high number (1,000 millions), [Āryabhaṭa]

7) (with Jainas) a [particular] Śakti, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] vṛndā)

8) Name of a medical author, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

9) Vṛndā (वृन्दा):—[from vṛnda] a f. sacred basil (= tulasī), [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of Rādhā (Kṛṣṇa’s mistress), [Pañcarātra; Vṛṣabhānujā-nāṭikā, by Mathurā-dāsa]

11) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Jalaṃ-dhara (daughter of king Kedāra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Vṛnda (वृन्द):—mfn. numerous, many, much, all, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) Vṛndā (वृन्दा):—[from vṛnda] b f. of vṛnda, in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛnda (वृन्द):—[(ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) a.] All. 1. n. A heap. f. Holy basil.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vrinda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vṛṃda (वृंद):—(nm) multitude, assembly; ~[gāna] chorus; ~[gāyaka] the chorus, collective singers; ~[gāyana] collective/choral singing; ~[vādana] orchestration; ~[vādanakāra] orchestrator.

context information


Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vṛṃda (ವೃಂದ):—[noun] a gathering (of people, animals, etc.); a multitude.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of vrinda or vrnda in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: