Urnanabha, Urṇanābha, Ūrṇanābha, Urna-nabha: 9 definitions


Urnanabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ, “spider”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions of Ūrṇanābha): The fingers of the padmakośa hand further bent. (Uses of Ūrṇanābha): It is used to represent holding one by hair, receiving stolen goods, scratching one’s head, skin disease, lions, tigers and such other animals, and seizing a stone.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the additional Single Hands (hasta):—Urṇa-nābha (spider): the fingers of the Padmakośa hand are bent. It originates from Narasiṃha when he was tearing thebody of the Daitya (Hiraṇyakaśipu) . Its sage is Sārdulaka,its race Kṣattriya, its colour blood-red, its patron deity the Primal Tortoise (Kurmāvatāra of Viṣṇu). Usage: scratching the head, theft, Narasiṃha, face of a deer, lion, monkey, tortoise, karṇikara, breast, fear, Kṣattriya caste, blood-red colour.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (U) next»] — Urnanabha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ).—(SUDARŚANA). A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 96). It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 127, Verse 67, that Bhīmasena killed him.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ).—One of Danu's sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ) refers to a “spider” (whose web is the universe), used to symbolically represent Brahmā, in to the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] by his mystic power he [viz., Raivata] traveled to Brahmaloka. His intention to ask for a proper husband for his daughter, he bowed before the demigod Brahmā. As the Apsarā Pūrvacitti was singing, he found his opportunity. Aware that now he had Brahmā’s attention, he spoke what was in his heart: ‘[...] This universe is like a small āmalaka fruit in your hand. You are like a charioteer driving this universe through the modes of nature. You are like a spider (ūrṇanābha) and this universe is your web. In the future you will swallow up this entire universe’”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Urnanabha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Urṇanābha (उर्णनाभ).—A spider; cf. ऊर्णनाभ (ūrṇanābha).

Derivable forms: urṇanābhaḥ (उर्णनाभः).

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Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ).—a spider; यस्तूर्णनाभ इव तन्तुभिः (yastūrṇanābha iva tantubhiḥ) Śvet.6.1; यथोर्णनाभिः सृजते गृह्णते च (yathorṇanābhiḥ sṛjate gṛhṇate ca) Muṇḍ. Up.1.1.7. विश्वं सृजसि पास्यत्सि क्रीडन्नूर्णपटो यथा (viśvaṃ sṛjasi pāsyatsi krīḍannūrṇapaṭo yathā) Bhāg.4.6.43.

Derivable forms: ūrṇanābhaḥ (ऊर्णनाभः).

Ūrṇanābha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ūrṇa and nābha (नाभ). See also (synonyms): ūrṇanābhi, ūrṇapaṭa, ūrṇavābhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Urṇanābha (उर्णनाभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) A spider. E. urṇa wool, nābhi a navel, affix ḍa.

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Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) A spider. E. ūrṇa wool, nābhi the navel, ḍa affix; also ūrṇanābhi, the final being retained.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ).—[masculine] spider (wool-navel).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūrṇanābha (ऊर्णनाभ):—[=ūrṇa-nābha] [from ūrṇa > ūrṇu] m. ‘having wool on the navel’, a spider, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a particular position of the hands

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a people [gana] rājaṇyādi, [Pāṇini 4-2, 53.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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