Dhurta, Dhūrta: 13 definitions


Dhurta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dhurt.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dhūrta (धूर्त) refers to “crooks” (rogues, cheats, deceivers etc.), whose mask should be represented as having a shaven head (śiromuṇḍa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dhūrta (धूर्त).—A King of ancient India. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 1, Stanza 238).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhūrta (धूर्त) refers to a “rogue”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as the seven Sages said (with false words) to Pārvatī: “[...] The trident-bearing Śiva has an inauspicious body, is free from shame and has no home or pedigree. He is naked and ill-featured. He associates with ghosts and goblins and the like. That rogue [i.e., dhūrta] of a sage has destroyed your discretion with his deception. He has deluded you with apparently good arguments and made you perform this penance. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Dhurta in India is the name of a plant defined with Commiphora mukul in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Engl. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2005)
· Monographiae Phanerogamarum (1883)
· The Annals of Pharmacotherapy
· Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2010)
· Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2009)
· Hooker’s Journal of Botany Kew Gard. Misc. (1849)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Dhurta, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhūrta (धूर्त).—a Shrewd, acute. Fraudulent, crafty.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhūrta (धूर्त).—a. [dhūrv-dhūr vā kta, uṇā °tan vā Tv.]

1) Cunning, knavish, roguish, crafty, fraudulent.

2) Mischievous, injurious.

3) Hurt, injured.

4) Gay, licentious; धूर्तै- रन्वीयमानाः स्फुटचतुरकथाकोविदैर्वेशनार्यः (dhūrtai- ranvīyamānāḥ sphuṭacaturakathākovidairveśanāryaḥ) Mu.3.1.

-rtaḥ 1 A cheat, rogue, swindler.

2) A gamester.

3) A lover, gallant, gay deceiver; नारीजने धूर्तता (nārījane dhūrtatā) Bh.; तत्ते धूर्त हृदि स्थिता प्रियतमा काचिन्ममैवापरा (tatte dhūrta hṛdi sthitā priyatamā kācinmamaivāparā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.6; धूर्तोऽपरां चुम्बति (dhūrto'parāṃ cumbati) Amaruśataka 19; so धूर्तानामभिसारसत्वरहृदाम् (dhūrtānāmabhisārasatvarahṛdām) Gītagovinda 11.

4) The thorn apple (dhattūra).

5) Hurting, injuring.

-rtam 1 Rust, iron-filings.

2) Black-salt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhūrta (धूर्त).— (properly ptcple. pf. pass. of dhvṛ), adj., f. , Fraudulent, knavish, a rogue, Pañc, 33, 4. 2. Gaming at dice, a gamester, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 13, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhūrta (धूर्त).—[adjective] shrewd, sly, cunning; [masculine] rogue. cheat; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhūrta (धूर्त):—[from dhurv] mfn. (√dhūrv or dhvṛ) cunning, crafty, fraudulent, subtle, mischievous

2) [v.s. ...] m. a rogue, cheat, deceiver, swindler, sharper, gambler, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also ifc.; cf. kaṭhaand, [Pāṇini 2-1, 65])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Skanda, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

4) [v.s. ...] the thorn-apple, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] fragrant plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Dhūrtā (धूर्ता):—[from dhūrta > dhurv] f. a sort of night-shade, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Dhūrta (धूर्त):—[from dhurv] n. rust or iron-filings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] black salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhurta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dhūrta (धूर्त) [Also spelled dhurt]:—(a) knave, cunning, crooked; rascal; ~[] knavery, cunningness, crookedness; rascality, humbuggery.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhūrta (ಧೂರ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] skilful in deception; sly; crafty; cunning.

2) [adjective] given excessively to sexual pleasures.

--- OR ---

Dhūrta (ಧೂರ್ತ):—

1) [noun] an evil man or he who is morally bad in principle or practice; a wicked fellow.

2) [noun] a man who is skilful in deception; a crafty, cunning fellow; a cheat.

3) [noun] a man given excessively to sexual pleasures.

4) [noun] the plant Datura stramonium of Solanaceae family; white stramonium.

5) [noun] a man who plays at any game of chance for money or other stakes; a gambler.

6) [noun] a mischievous boy or man.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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