Prithuka, Pṛthuka: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Prithuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthuka can be transliterated into English as Prthuka or Prithuka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prithuka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—A devagaṇa of Raivata Manvantara.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pṛthuka (पृथुक) refers to “beaten rice” (suitable for a marriage ceremony)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Then he began collecting foodstuffs and other requisite articles intended for the performance of the marriage. [...] Mountainous masses of rice, beaten rice (pṛthuka), jaggery, sugar candies and salt were heaped up. He caused huge tanks and receptacles built for milk, ghee and curds as well as for fried flour cakes of barley and other grains and ball-like sweets. Big tanks and receptacles were made for the nectar, sugarcane juice, baked cakes, and the sugar candies. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—Fried grains taken by Kucela to Kṛṣṇa as present.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 80. 14; 81. 5-9, 35.

1b) His father, Nīla of Pāñcala, was slain by Ugrāyudha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 77.

1c) A group of gods in the Cākṣuṣa epoch (6th epoch); eight in number: Ājiṣṭa, Śākyana, Vānapṛṣṭa, Śānkara, Satyadhriṣṇu, Viṣṇu, Vijaya and Ajita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 66, 74; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 57, 62. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 27.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Pṛthuka (पृथुक) refers to “flattened rice”, used in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.149-150 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “Pṛthuka is prepared out of śāli or grains rent in śāli light and heated in the fire along with cooked jaggery. They are to be mixed up with powdered pepper, pieces of jīraka and dried coconut pulp”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Pṛthuka (पृथुक) refers to “flattened rice” or “beaten rice”, according to the Taittarīyabrāhmaṇa III.8.14.3, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Lāja and pṛthuka are two rice products used for sacrificial purposes. Lāja is a puffed rice which looks like white flower. The flattened rice or beaten rice is called as pṛthuka.

Pṛthuka refers to “beaten rice” and is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on tṛṇadhānya (grassy grains) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—Tṛṇadhānya-prakaraṇa discusses the varieties and properties of grassy grains [...]. The properties of [viz., pṛthuka (beaten rice)] are also discussed herein.

Pṛthuka (fried or pounded) is classified as a ‘heavy foodstuff’ as opposed to pṛthuka derived from raktaśāli.—Heavy food should [viz., fried or pounded pṛthuka] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz., pṛthuka derived from raktaśāli] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.

Pṛthuka (beaten rice) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., pṛthuka (beaten rice)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., liquid yavāni] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pṛthukā (पृथुका):—Flattened rice - Rice when parched and flattened. Paddy that is not husked is made wet, slightly fried and flattened to get this. It is heavy, increase strength, increases kapha and cause Vistambha (constipation with abdominal discomfort)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pṛthuka (पृथुक).—m S pop. pṛthu or pṛthū m Rice flattened by having had hot water poured over it, having been dried over the fire, and having been pressed in a mortar.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pṛthuka (पृथुक).—m See pōhā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—Rice parched and flattened (Mar. pohe); याचित्वा चतुरो मुष्टीन् विप्रात् पृथुकतण्डुलान् (yācitvā caturo muṣṭīn viprāt pṛthukataṇḍulān) Bhāgavata 1.8.14.

-kaḥ A child; निन्युर्जनन्यः पृथुकान् पथिभ्यः (ninyurjananyaḥ pṛthukān pathibhyaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 3.3; विचित्रं तद् गेहं भवति पृथुकार्तस्वरमयम् (vicitraṃ tad gehaṃ bhavati pṛthukārtasvaramayam); पृथुकः परिशीलितो न युद्धेष्वकृतास्त्रः परकैतवानभिज्ञः (pṛthukaḥ pariśīlito na yuddheṣvakṛtāstraḥ parakaitavānabhijñaḥ) Rām. Ch.2.25; Bhāgavata 1.12.2.

-kā A girl.

Derivable forms: pṛthukaḥ (पृथुकः), pṛthukam (पृथुकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—adj. (not recorded in this sense; = Sanskrit pṛthu, -ka svārthe), broad: (paṭe…trihasta-, text tṛha- sta-) -pṛthuke (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 311.12 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) The young of any animal. mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) Rice or grain flattened. f.

(-kā) Hingupatri: see pṛthu. E. prath to be famous, aff. kukan or pṛthu as above, and kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—perhaps prath + uka, I. m. 1. Rice or grain flattened. 2. A child, a boy, [Śiśupālavadha] 3, 30. 3. The young of any animal. Ii. f. , A girl.

— Cf. probably perhaps

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthuka (पृथुक).—[masculine] [neuter] half-ripe rice; [masculine] boy, young animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pṛthuka (पृथुक):—[from pṛth] mn. rice or grain flattened

2) [v.s. ...] rice scalded with hot water and then dried over a fire and ground in a mortar, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Suśruta] (also -taṇḍula, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] m. a boy, the young of any animal, [Harivaṃśa; Śiśupāla-vadha] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] a species of grain, [Caraka]

5) [v.s. ...] m. [varia lectio] for pṛthu-ga, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) Pṛthukā (पृथुका):—[from pṛthuka > pṛth] f. a girl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a species of plant (= hiṅgu-pattrī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthuka (पृथुक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ)] 1. m. f. n. The young of any animal. m. n. Rice flattened. f. A drug.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pṛthuka (पृथुक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pahuṃka, Pihuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prithuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pṛthuka (ಪೃಥುಕ):—

1) [noun] rice scalded, fried and flattened by beating.

2) [noun] a young of any animal.

3) [noun] a human child.

4) [noun] a rare variety of beryl that is coloured green by chromium and valued as a gem; emerald.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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