Stoma: 9 definitions

Introduction

Stoma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Stoma (स्तोम).—Svara variety of a sāma;1 saptadaśa, another variety;2 pañcadaśa, another variety;3 pañcadaśa, from the south face of Brahmā.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 49.
  • 2) Ib. 9. 50.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 51. 52.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 54.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Stoma (स्तोम) denotes ‘song of praise’ in the Rigveda. Later the term has the technical sense of the typical forms in which the Stotras are chanted.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stōma (स्तोम).—m (S) A heap, mass, quantity, assemblage, multitude; an aggregation or a collection (of things animate or inanimate). 2 n A body, band, troop, company, crew, gang, club, pack; a number combined or associated. 3 m n Empty vaunting or assumption; haughtiness or pride generally. This is a popular sense.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

stōma (स्तोम).—m A heap, multitude, a body. m n Empty vaunting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stoma (स्तोम).—[stu-man Uṇ.1.137]

1) Praise, eulogium, hymn.

2) A sacrifice, oblation; as in ज्योतिष्टोम, अग्नष्टोम (jyotiṣṭoma, agnaṣṭoma).

3) A Soma libation.

4) A collection, multitude, number, group, assemblage; शस्त्रमिज्यां स्तुतिस्तोमं प्रायश्चित्तं व्यधात् क्रमात् (śastramijyāṃ stutistomaṃ prāyaścittaṃ vyadhāt kramāt) Bhāg.3.12.37; लवणत्रासितः स्तोमः शरण्यं त्वा- मुपस्थितः (lavaṇatrāsitaḥ stomaḥ śaraṇyaṃ tvā- mupasthitaḥ) U.1.5.

5) A large quantity, mass; भस्मस्तोम- पवित्रलाञ्छनमुरो धत्ते त्वचं रौरवीम् (bhasmastoma- pavitralāñchanamuro dhatte tvacaṃ rauravīm) U.4.2; Mv.1.18.

6) A measure of 1 धन्वन्तर (dhanvantara)s or of 96 inches.

-mam 1 The head.

2) Riches, wealth.

3) Grain, corn.

4) An ironpointed stick or shaft.

Derivable forms: stomaḥ (स्तोमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoma (स्तोम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Crooked, bent. m.

(-maḥ) 1. A heap, a number, a multitude, a quantity. 2. Sacrifice, oblation. 3. A Soma libation. 4. Praise, eulogium. n.

(-maṃ) 1. The head. 2. Wealth. 3. Grain, corn. 4. Praise. 5. A stick or staff bound with iron. E. ṣṭu to praise, man Unadi aff.; or stom to praise, &c., aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoma (स्तोम).—i. e. partly stu + ma, I. m. 1. Praise, Chr. 288, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 14. 2. Sacrifice. 3. A heap, a quantity, multitude, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 31, 7. Ii. n. 1. The head. 2. Wealth. 3. Grain. 4. A stick bound with iron. Iii. adj. Crooked.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoma (स्तोम).—[masculine] praise, song of praise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stoma (स्तोम):—[from stu] m. praise, eulogium, a hymn, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Gṛhya-sūtra; Upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] (in ritual) a typical form of chant (7 such forms are usually enumerated; but [according to] to [Lāṭyāyana [Scholiast or Commentator]] the Stoma consists of 5 parts, viz. prastāva, udgītha, pratihāra, upadrava, and nidhana), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

3) [v.s. ...] a Stoma day, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a sacrificer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of [particular] bricks, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a heap, collection, number, multitude, quantity, mass, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] the letting of a dwelling, [Āpastamba [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) [v.s. ...] a measure of 10 Dhanv-antaras or of 96 inches, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) the head

10) [v.s. ...] riches, wealth

11) [v.s. ...] grain, corn

12) [v.s. ...] an iron-pointed stick or staff

13) [v.s. ...] mfn. crooked, bent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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