Kushmandaka, Kūṣmāṇḍaka, Kuṣmāṇḍaka, Kushmamdaka: 10 definitions


Kushmandaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kūṣmāṇḍaka and Kuṣmāṇḍaka can be transliterated into English as Kusmandaka or Kushmandaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kushmandaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kūṣmāṇḍaka (कूष्माण्डक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Benincasa hispida (white gourd), in the Cucurbitaceae family. Certain plant parts of Kūṣmāṇḍaka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kushmandaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kūṣmāṇḍaka (कूष्माण्डक).—A prominent serpent. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 35, Verse 11).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Kushmandaka in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kushmandaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Benincasa hispida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cucurbita hispida Thunberg (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Japonica (1784)
· Indian Journal of Pharmacology (2002)
· Systema Vegetabilium, ed. 14 (1784)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2001)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. (1783)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kushmandaka, for example health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kushmandaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṣmāṇḍaka (कुष्माण्डक).—A kind of pumpkin gourd.

Derivable forms: kuṣmāṇḍakaḥ (कुष्माण्डकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṣmāṇḍaka (कुष्माण्डक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A pumpkin gourd, (Cucurbita pepo.) E. ku the earth, uṣma heat, an to exist or be, ḍa affix, and the vowel irregularly short, kan added; also kuṣmāṇḍa.

--- OR ---

Kūṣmāṇḍaka (कूष्माण्डक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A pumpkin gourd: see kūṣmāṇḍa. E. ku bad, uṣma warm and aṇḍa an egg here put for seed, kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṣmāṇḍaka (कुष्माण्डक):—[from kuṣmāṇḍa] m. the gourd Beninkasa Cerifera, [Bhāvaprakāśa; Caraka] (kūṣm)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata i, 1556] (kūśm [edition] [Bombay edition])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an attendant of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] kūṣm).

4) Kūśmāṇḍaka (कूश्माण्डक):—[from kūśmāṇḍa] [varia lectio] for kuṣm q.v.

5) Kūṣmāṇḍaka (कूष्माण्डक):—[from kūṣmāṇḍa] [varia lectio] for kuṣm q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṣmāṇḍaka (कुष्माण्डक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A gourd.

2) Kūṣmāṇḍaka (कूष्माण्डक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A gourd.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kushmandaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kushmandaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṣmāṃḍaka (ಕುಷ್ಮಾಂಡಕ):—[noun] = ಕುಷ್ಮಾಂಡ [kushmamda].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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