Jagati, Jagatī: 27 definitions


Jagati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Jagatī (जगती).—A type of moulding common to both the prastara (parapet) and adhiṣṭhana (plinth);—The foot or base moulding of a plinth is called a jagatī. (In Northern terminology ‘jagatī’ refers to the platform on which a whole temple may be raised, and the two kinds of usage should not be confused.)

Source: Digital Library of India: Bharatiya Vastu-sastra volume 1

The term Jagatī (जगती) in relation to the temple-architecture or any sacred architecture denotes its base or socle. These Jagatī have been dealt with in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra in two chapters (68 and 69). The very opening lines of the first chapter give the highest praise to them:—“These Jagatīs add to the grandeur and the magnificence of the temple, to the beauty and ornamentation of the town. These are the places of congregational gathering and the fittest abodes for the celebrations of festivities and the only refuge for peace and tranquility—both Mukti and Bhukti are simply dancing on them. Aglow with the presence of and the constant communion with gods (these being their very abodes) these are the places where the four goals of life (caturvarga) are attained and fame, longivity and glory are added to doners who built them”.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka

Jagati (जगती) is the moulding above the upāna. It may be rectilinear in form or it may be moulded in the shape of an inverted lotus (mahāpadma). Jagati is a very prominent moulding of the plinth. The jagati begin to appear from 10th century onwards. The decoration of the early period was mainly scalloping of the lotus petals with upcurled edges carved very distinctly and delicately. Two main types of decorations are noticeable on the jagati.

1) If the jagati is rectilinear, its face is relieved with the figures of animals and birds. The animals found on them are elepahants, lions, bulls and vyālas in squatting, moving, playing and figting postures. Swans are also carved on the jagati.

2) In case of jagati in the shape of mahāpadmas, big lotus petals are scalloped very neatly with double curved and up-curled, pointed tips and edges. These lotus petals are sometimes even smoothened and polished. The petals of the mahāpadma are carved as resting on a flat-brimmed moulding, the front surface of this moulding is sometimes relieved with a brand of jewelled pendants (ratnapaṭṭika)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture

Jagatī (जगती, “earth”) refers to an “temple platform”, a common concept found in the ancient Indian “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—Jagatī (literally, ‘earth’) is the platform on which the temple is erected.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Jagatī (जगती) refers to “- 1. plinth (thick) (Aj) §§ 3.3, 7. - 2. lower band §§ 2.5; 3.5; 5.6.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Jagatī (जगती) refers to the “temple base”, according to the Mohacūrottara (verse 4.234-243).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of the maṭha]—“And a maṭha for ascetics to stay in should be in the south. For they, as devotees of Śiva, should reside to the right [of Śiva]. One should build a wall at a distance 1 temple-width beyond the temple base (jagatī-bahis). At a distance from there is the housing for ascetics. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Jagatī (जगती) refers to the “base” part of the Hindu Temple, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Jagatī means moulding of a base or the platform of any construction. According to Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, it should be divided according to the section of the temple. The Vāstuśāstra opines that the area of jagatī should be half of the entire area of the temple. The same viewpoint is found in the Agnipurāṇa. According to the Agnipurāṇa, jagatī should be half of the breadth or one third of the entire area of the ground. According to Matsyapurāṇa, four parts of the particular ground chosen for the site of a temple is considered as jagatī i.e the base of the temple. Again, the Agnipurāṇa suggests that the jagatī should be constructed first and it should be equal or twice to the length of the śikhara.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jagatī (जगती).—One of the seven horses which draw the chariot of Sūrya. Gāyatrī, Bṛhatī, Uṣṇik, Jagatī, Tṛṣṭubh, Anuṣṭubh and Paṅkti are the seven horses. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part II, Chapter 8).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jagatī (जगती).—A metre;1 a horse of sun's chariot;2 with Gāyatri Tṛṣṭub;3 from the face of Brahmā.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 45; XI. 21. 41; Matsya-purāṇa 125. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 50; 31. 47.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 72; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 5.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 64.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 52; 13. 145.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Jagati (जगति) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Jagati (जगति, “douchine”) refers to a type of moulding commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭāna or upapīṭha.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jagatī (जगती) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing twelve syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Jagatī (जगती) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Jagatī is one of the seven prominent metres mentioned by Piṅgala as being associated with the Devatā (deity): Viśvadeva, Svara (note): Niṣāda, Colour: pure white and Gotra (family): Vasiṣṭha.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Jagatī (जगती) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Jagatī], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Jagatī (जगती) represents the number 48 (forty-eight) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 48—jagatī] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Jagatī (जगती) refers to the “mundane world”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [The Yogin] who always remains as though asleep in the state of waking and is free from breathing in and out, is certainly liberated. People who belong to the mundane (jagatī-gata) world experience sleep and wakefulness, [whereas] the Yogins who have realized the highest reality do not wake and do not sleep. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jagati or Jagatī.—(EI 11), explained variously as ‘ground’; (EI 3), ‘lower ground or compound’; (EI 1), ‘a kind of build- ing’; also as ‘railed parapet’ (R. Narsimhachar, The Keśava Temple at Somanāthapura, p. 2). Cf. devagṛha-jagatī (IA 14); also jagati-ppaḍai (SII 2), the upper tier of the basement. See jagatī below. Note: jagati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Jagatī.—(HA), same as bhamatī; the corridor of a shrine on the four sides of its open court, used for circumambulation of the main shrine. (IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve’; sometimes also ‘fortyeight’; rarely used in the sense of ‘the earth’ to indicate ‘one’. Note: jagatī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jagati : (f.) the earth; the world.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jagatī, (f.) (see jagat) only in cpds. as jagati°:

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jagatī (जगती).—f S The world; the inhabited earth. Ex. kimpaḷatāṃ saralī avaghī jagatī ||. 2 People, folk, mankind. 3 A sort of metre.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jagatī (जगती).—f The world; mankind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jagatī (जगती).—

1) The earth; (samīhate) नयेन जेतुं जगतीं सुयोधनः (nayena jetuṃ jagatīṃ suyodhanaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.7; समतीत्य भाति जगती जगती (samatītya bhāti jagatī jagatī) 5.2.

2) People, mankind.

3) A cow.

4) The site of a house.

5) A field planted with jambu.

6) A kind of metre (see App.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jagatī (जगती):—[from jagat > jaga] a f. a female animal, [Ṛg-veda i, 157, 5; vi, 72, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] a cow, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska 11, Ii]

3) [v.s. ...] the plants (or flour as coming from plants), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā i, 21; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 2, 2, 2]

4) [v.s. ...] the earth, [ĪśUp.; Praśna-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti i, 100; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] the site of a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([Kirātārjunīya i, 7 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

6) [v.s. ...] people, mankind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the world, universe, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 69, 11]

8) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 x 12 syllables, [Ṛg-veda x, 130, 5; Atharva-veda viii; xix; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] any metre of 4 x 12 syllables

10) [v.s. ...] the number 48 [Lāṭyāyana ix; Kātyāyana xxii]

11) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial brick named after the Jagatī metre, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa viii; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xvii]

12) [v.s. ...] a field planted with Jambū, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [from jaga] b f. of t q.v.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jagatī (जगती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jagaī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jagatī (जगती):—(nf) the world; earth; mankind.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jagati (ಜಗತಿ):—[noun] a raised platform adjoining the front wall of a building (as a house, temple, public hall, etc.) used as a sit-out.

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Jagati (ಜಗತಿ):—

1) [noun] the (entire) earth.

2) [noun] the whole universe.

3) [noun] a body of ministers, official advisors to a president, king, governor or any other chief administrative executive.

4) [noun] a representative body of a town or village.

5) [noun] a man who earns his livelihood by drawing or pulling loads, carrying burden, etc.

6) [noun] (pros.) a metre having four lines of twelve syllables each.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Jagatī (जगती):—n. 1. the earth; 2. the world; 3. a Vedic meter with 12 syllables in each line;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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