Rucaka; 9 Definition(s)
Rucaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Ruchaka.
Rucaka: One of the Pañca-puruṣa (‘five stereotypes of men’).—As the Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa (III.36.5) says, a rucaka type is reddish brown like the autumn, he has a conch-like neck and is highly intelligent, courageous, laborious, strong and endowed with great taste. The Bṛhat Saṃhitā (69.27) explains that a person belonging to the rucaka type, influenced by Mars, has fine brows and hair, dark and red complexion, conch-like neck and an oblong face. He is heroic, cruel, a leader among men, a minister, the leader of a gang of thieves and hard working. The Sārāvalī (37.5–7) adds that he has attractive eyebrows, blue hair, thin shanks and he knows the mantras.(Source): Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Rucaka (रुचक) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Vairāja, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Vairāja group contains twenty-four out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). The group represents temples (eg. Rucaka) that are to be square shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Rucaka is mentioned in another list from the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56, being part of the group named Lalita, containing 25 unique temple varieties.
Rucaka is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Rucaka (रुचक).—A type of stambha mentioned in the Texts on architecture (Bṛhatsaṃhitā 5.28) is called by the name rucaka-stambha. It is the simplest form of a pillar. Rucaka, in Sanskrit, literally means “agreeable” or “acceptable”. That means the pillar that is according to physical laws. It should be basically fimctional in character and decorations are optional. A fimctional pillar should possess a pedestal, a shaft and a corbel. Therefore, rucaka, according to the Text, should have a pedestal, a shaft and a corbel above. All the other additions in the form of capital, abacus and other decorations of the shaft are optional in nature.(Source): Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
1b) A son of Uśanas and father of Purujit and four other sons.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 34-35.
1c) A Yakṣa—son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 123.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Rucaka (रुचक) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Rucaka) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.
The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Rucaka (रुचक) refers to “armlets” and represents one of the five mudrās (tantric ornaments) of Vajravārāhī, according to the Abhisamayamañjarī. These mudrās are depicted upon Vajravārāhī’s body and are all made of human bone. They are made to represent the five signs of kāpālika observance.(Source): Google Books: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)
Rucaka (रुचक) is the shorter name of Rucakadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Rucakasamudra (or simply Rucaka), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.
Rucaka is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Rucaka, (nt.) (cp. Sk. rucaka a golden ornament) (gold) sand Vv 351; VvA. 160 (=suvaṇṇa-vālikā). (Page 572)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
rucaka (रुचक).—n S rucakāsthi f n In Hindu osteology. That kind of bone of which the teeth are composed. See asthi.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Rucakaparvata (रुचकपर्वत).—( The mountain Rucaka) A mountain standing near the mountain Mahāmer...
Rucakadvīpa (रुचकद्वीप) is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka), enci...
Rucakasamudra (रुचकसमुद्र) is the name of an ocean (samudra) surrouding the continent of Rucaka...
Rucakagiri (रुचकगिरि).—Rucakagiri stands in the centre of Rucakadvīpa and has four śāśvatajināl...
Loka (लोक).—Origin of Loka. There are several views in the Purāṇas regarding the origin of Loka...
Mudrā (मुद्रा) is the forty-second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration sy...
Prasāda (प्रसाद).—A King of the family of Manu. (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata).
Kumuda (कुमुद) or Kumudaparvata is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Kākaṇḍaka: a Vidy...
1) Lalita (ललित) or Lalitāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classificatio...
Stambha (स्तम्भ) refers to “immoilizing others” and represents one of the various siddhis (perf...
rucīka (रुचीक).—a Savoury; diverting.
1) Pṛthu (पृथु).—(vainya) A King of great virtue born in the line of Dhruva. Genealogy. Descen...
Vairāja (वैराज).—One of the Sapta Pitṛs (Seven Manes). The Sapta Pitṛs are, Vairāja, Agniṣvātta...
Uśana (उशन) is the name of a deity who received the Pārameśvarāgama from Śrīdevī through the ma...
Rukma (रुक्म).—a. [ruc-man ni° kutvam Uṇ.1.135]1) Bright, radiant.2) Golden; गरुडो रुक्मपक्षो व...
Search found 13 books and stories containing Rucaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Birth-rites of Śānti < [Chapter V - Twelfth incarnation as Śānti]
Part 5: Birth rites of Sambhava < [Chapter I - Sambhavajinacaritra]
Part 16: The eight karmas < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXI - Theraputics Of An Attack By Revati-Graha < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 10 - On the description of Maṇi Dvīpa < [Book 12]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)