Vrishcika, Vṛścika: 14 definitions
Vrishcika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vṛścika can be transliterated into English as Vrscika or Vrishcika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Vrishchika.
Images (photo gallery)
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) refers to “scorpion”, whose poison is dealt with in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—Vṛścika-viṣa (scorpion envenomation) is the subject matter of chapter seven. The text recommends initial dhārā (pouring of a continuous and soothing stream of medicines) followed by pāna-yogas (drink recipes). If sting is severe, snake bite management steps should be undertaken. Immediate application of juice of Karañja (Pongamia pinnata) into eyes, mouth and bite site is said to relieve all types of scorpion poison according to the author.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this vṛścika-karaṇa is as follows, “the two hands bent and held over the shoulders, and a leg bent and turned towards the back.”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) corresponds with the Scorpio zodiac sign and refers to the eighth of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular rāśi (eg., vṛścika) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) refers to “scorpions” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh, frail princess! Flying insects, scorpions (vṛścika) insects including mosquitoes and flies always annoy every one. Hence, forest is full of hardship’”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) corresponds to “scorpio” (mid November to mid December) and refers to one of the zodiac signs (rāśī) in the Vedic calendar.—Rāśī refers to the different signs of the zodiac through which the sun travels. For precise dates, please refer to a Vedic calendar. In accordance with the zodiac sign the sun is situated in, one would utter [for example, vṛścika-rāśī sthite bhāskare]
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda denote ‘scorpion’. Its poison was feared like that of serpents. It is described as lying torpid in the earth during winter.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Vṛṣcika (वृष्चिक, “scorpion”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If hatred (dveṣa, pratigha) is predominant [in people], they take the form of [for example] scorpion (vṛṣcika).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vṛścika (वृश्चिक).—m S A scorpion. 2 A sign of the zodiac, Scorpio.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A scorpion.
2) The sign Scorpio of the zodiac.
3) A crab.
4) A centipede.
5) A kind of beetle.
6) A hairy caterpillar.
7) The month when the sun is in Scorpio.
-kā, -kī An ornament for the toes.
Derivable forms: vṛścikaḥ (वृश्चिकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) 1. A scorpion. 2. The sign Scorpio of the zodiac. 3. A hairy caterpillar. 4. A crab. 5. A sort of beetle found in cowdung. 6. A centipede. 7. A thorny shrub, (Vangueria spinosa.) 8. The month when the sun is in Scorpio. f.
(-kā) A potherb. (Basella.) E. vraśc to cut, Unadi aff. kikan, and the semi-vowel changed to the vowel.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक).—[masculine] scorpion.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vṛścika (वृश्चिक):—[from vṛścana] a m. a scorpion, etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] the zodiacal sign Scorpio, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Purāṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] the month when the sun is in Scorpio, [Horace H. Wilson]
4) [v.s. ...] a kind of caterpillar covered with bristles, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a sort of beetle found in cow-dung, [Horace H. Wilson]
6) [v.s. ...] a centipede, [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (Boerhavia Procumbens = madana etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) Vṛścikā (वृश्चिका):—[from vṛścika > vṛścana] f. Boerhavia Procumbens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [from vṛścika > vṛścana] f. an ornament for the toes, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
10) Vṛścīka (वृश्चीक):—[from vṛścana] m. a species of plant, [Suśruta]
11) Vṛścika (वृश्चिक):—[from vraśc] b etc. See p. 1011, col. 3.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vrishcikacchada, Vrishcikakuttita, Vrishcikali, Vrishcikapasrita, Vrishcikapattrika, Vrishcikapriya, Vrishcikarashi, Vrishcikarecita, Vrishcikarni, Vrishcikasana, Vrishcikavisha, Vrishcikesha.
Full-text (+35): Jalavrishcika, Vrishcikesha, Vrishcikarashi, Vrishcikacchada, Vrishcikapattrika, Rashi, Vrishciki, Sarpavrishcikaromavat, Vrishci, Vrishcikapriya, Nakhaparni, Vrishcipattri, Vrishcikarni, Vrishcikali, Vicchika, Anuradha, Vishakha, Shankavisha, Jyeshtha, Bara Rashi.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Vrishcika, Vṛścika, Vrscika, Vṛścikā, Vṛścīka; (plurals include: Vrishcikas, Vṛścikas, Vrscikas, Vṛścikās, Vṛścīkas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 4.3 - (c) Sculptures of Shiva and Dance < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 2.1 - Vishapaharana-murti (depiction of swallowing the poison) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)