Vidanga, Viḍaṅga: 12 definitions



Vidanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग) or Viḍaṅgalauha is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 12, Krimi: worms and bacilli). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., viḍaṅga-lauha): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग):—A Sanskrit word referring to “Embelia”, a herb from the Primulaceae family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Vella. Its official botanical name is Embelia ribes and is commonly known in English as “White-flowered Embelia” and “False Black Pepper“. It is found throughout India and usually grows in hilly regions. The literal translation of Viḍaṅga is “clever”, “able” or “skilful”.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Viḍaṅga is a good anthelmintic drug and eliminates intestinal worms. Besides it alleviates abdominal pain, flatulence, constipation and loss of appetite.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

The Vidanga fruit produces a state of dryness in the body, is heat-making in its potency, light, and pungent in digestion, subdues the Vāyu and Kapham and is slightly bitter and anti-toxic.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग) refers to the medicinal plant Embelia ribes Burm., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Viḍaṅga] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Viḍaṅga is a herb used in Ayurvedic medicine commonly known as Emblica ribes.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग).—a. Clever, skilful.

-ṅgaḥ, -ṅgam Name of a vegetable and medicinal substance (largely used as a vermifuge).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) Clever, able, skilful, conversant. mn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgaṃ) A vegetable and medicinal substance, considered of great efficacy as a vermifuge. E. viḍ to break, to curse, Unadi aff. aṅgac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग).—adj. Clever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग):—[from viḍ] mfn. clever, able, skilful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. and f(ā). Embelia Ribes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. the fruit of the above plant (a vermifuge), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Viḍaṅga (विडङ्ग):—[Uṇādisūtra 1, 120.] m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.]

1) m. n. (n. wohl nur die Frucht) Embelia Ribes [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 25.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 131.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 47.] n. die Frucht, dem schwarzen Pfeffer ähnlich, ein Wurmmittel (vulgo vāvaḍiṃga) [Suśruta 1, 136, 15. 138, 17. 139, 5. 144, 12. 214, 19. 2, 70, 17.] sāra [1, 161, 10.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 3, 13, 58.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 55, 7. 15. 76, 3.] auch viḍaṅgā f. [Śabdakalpadruma] nach [Bhāvaprakāśa] —

2) adj. = abhijña [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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