Shigru, Śigru: 12 definitions

Introduction

Shigru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śigru can be transliterated into English as Sigru or Shigru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śigru (शिग्रु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Drum-stick plant”, a species of plant from the Moringaceae family. It is also known as Śobhāñjana. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Moringa pterygosperma. Its leaves, flowers and root are edible and are used medicinally.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Śigru (शिग्रु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug combination.—Śigru is pungent, bitter, irritant and hot, pacifies kapha and vāta, promotes digestion, alleviates abdominal pain and oedema. The seeds are beneficial for eyes.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

Śigru has bitter (tikta) and pungent (kaṭu) tastes and hot (uṣṇa) in quality, removes kapha, swelling (śopha) and vāta, eliminates insects, undigested substances (āma), poison and fat (medas), and prevails against abscess (vidradhi), disorder of spleen (plīhan) and visceral swelling (gulma).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to a kind of vegetable according to the Harṣacarita, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Harṣacarita has references to more vegetables such as sūraṇa, śigru and granthiparṇa. [...] Arthaśāstra II.15.21 refers to the spices like śṛṅgibera, ajāji, kirītatikta, gaura, sarṣapa, kustumaburu, coraka, damanaka, maruvaka, śigru, harītakī and meṣaśṛṅga.

Śigru-bīja (the seeds of the drumstick [plant]) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., parpaṭa]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., śigru-bīja (the seed of drumstick)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to the medicinal plant known as Moringa oleifera, and is employed in the treatment of maṇḍaliviṣa (viperine snake-bite poison), according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The third chapter covers maṇḍali (viperine) snake treatment. [...] Management of complications in maṇḍali-viṣa also has been explained. In bleeding from hair follicles, fried powder of root of Śigru (Moringa oleifera) mixed with cow's ghee should be massaged all over the body. Medicines that need to be given in case of thirst, burning sensation, pain, swelling, yellowish urine, bleeding from mouth, haematemesis, weakness of joints, retention of urine, vomiting and in severe rise of temperature are also explained.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Moringa oleifera Lam.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śigru] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śigru (शिग्रु).—A particular caste of people. In the Dāśarajña war they fought against Sudās and got themselves defeated. (Ṛgveda, 7-18-19).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—[śi-ruk guk ca]

1) A pot-herb; also शिग्रुक (śigruka); Ms. 6.14.

2) A kind of tree (Mar. śevagā).

Derivable forms: śigruḥ (शिग्रुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—m.

(-gruḥ) 1. A tree, (Morunga guilandina and hyperanthera.) 2. A pot-herb in general. E. śi to sharpen, ruk aff., and guk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—m. 1. A tree, Morunga guilandina. 2. A potherb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people; sgl. the horse-radish tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śigru (शिग्रु):—m. (of unknown derivation) Moringa Pterygosperma (a kind of horse-radish = śobhāñjana; the root and leaves and flowers are eaten), [Yājñavalkya; Suśruta] etc.

2) Name of a man [gana] bidādi

3) [plural] Name of a people, [Ṛg-veda]

4) n. the seed of the above tree, [Kauśika-sūtra; Caraka]

5) any potherb or vegetable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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