Shigru, Śigru: 20 definitions


Shigru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śigru can be transliterated into English as Sigru or Shigru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to a kind of vegetable according to the Harṣacarita, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Harṣacarita has references to more vegetables such as sūraṇa, śigru and granthiparṇa. [...] Arthaśāstra II.15.21 refers to the spices like śṛṅgibera, ajāji, kirītatikta, gaura, sarṣapa, kustumaburu, coraka, damanaka, maruvaka, śigru, harītakī and meṣaśṛṅga.

Śigru-bīja (the seeds of the drumstick [plant]) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., parpaṭa]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., śigru-bīja (the seed of drumstick)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Moringa oleifera Lam.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śigru] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

1) Śigru (शिग्रु) (groves) are mentioned in a list of places highly susceptible to snake-bites, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions that snake-bites that happen in certain places [like in places where there are Śigru groves] are highly inimical to the victim.

2) Śigru (शिग्रु) is an ingredient of an herbal remedy to handle serpents (and snake-venom), as described in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā.—Kāśyapa imparts various combinations of the Garuḍa Mantra, a wide range of different nyāsas and rituals to enslave serpents and use them for the bite-victim’s recovery caused by poison. He also mentions that a particular herbal combination [including Śigru, ...] enable one to handle serpents with ease while the nails of cat, lizard, pigeon and sparrow assist in the extraction of the snake’s teeth.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śigru (शिग्रु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Drum-stick plant”, a species of plant from the Moringaceae family. It is also known as Śobhāñjana. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Moringa pterygosperma. Its leaves, flowers and root are edible and are used medicinally.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Śigru (शिग्रु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug combination.—Śigru is pungent, bitter, irritant and hot, pacifies kapha and vāta, promotes digestion, alleviates abdominal pain and oedema. The seeds are beneficial for eyes.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

Śigru has bitter (tikta) and pungent (kaṭu) tastes and hot (uṣṇa) in quality, removes kapha, swelling (śopha) and vāta, eliminates insects, undigested substances (āma), poison and fat (medas), and prevails against abscess (vidradhi), disorder of spleen (plīhan) and visceral swelling (gulma).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to the medicinal plant known as Moringa oleifera, and is employed in the treatment of maṇḍaliviṣa (viperine snake-bite poison), according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The third chapter covers maṇḍali (viperine) snake treatment. [...] Management of complications in maṇḍali-viṣa also has been explained. In bleeding from hair follicles, fried powder of root of Śigru (Moringa oleifera) mixed with cow's ghee should be massaged all over the body. Medicines that need to be given in case of thirst, burning sensation, pain, swelling, yellowish urine, bleeding from mouth, haematemesis, weakness of joints, retention of urine, vomiting and in severe rise of temperature are also explained.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śigru (शिग्रु).—A particular caste of people. In the Dāśarajña war they fought against Sudās and got themselves defeated. (Ṛgveda, 7-18-19).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Śigru (शिग्रु) refers to “Morunga guilandina” (used in the treatment of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] For the first seven days all birds suffering from Śākhā should be given meat and the powder of the bark of the root of Morunga guilandina [e.g., śigru-mūlatvac] mixed up with the milk of Calotropis gigantea. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Shigru [शिग्रुः] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Moringa oleifera Lam. from the Moringaceae (Drumstick) family having the following synonyms: Moringa zeylanica. For the possible medicinal usage of shigru, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Shigru in India is the name of a plant defined with Moringa ovalifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Moringa zeylanica Pers. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
· Neue und wenig bekannte Pflanzen Deutsch-SüdwestAfrikas (1914)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Fieldiana, Botany (1946)
· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1963)
· Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (1984)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shigru, for example diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—[śi-ruk guk ca]

1) A pot-herb; also शिग्रुक (śigruka); Ms. 6.14.

2) A kind of tree (Mar. śevagā).

Derivable forms: śigruḥ (शिग्रुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—m.

(-gruḥ) 1. A tree, (Morunga guilandina and hyperanthera.) 2. A pot-herb in general. E. śi to sharpen, ruk aff., and guk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—m. 1. A tree, Morunga guilandina. 2. A potherb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śigru (शिग्रु).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people; sgl. the horse-radish tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śigru (शिग्रु):—m. (of unknown derivation) Moringa Pterygosperma (a kind of horse-radish = śobhāñjana; the root and leaves and flowers are eaten), [Yājñavalkya; Suśruta] etc.

2) Name of a man [gana] bidādi

3) [plural] Name of a people, [Ṛg-veda]

4) n. the seed of the above tree, [Kauśika-sūtra; Caraka]

5) any potherb or vegetable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śigru (शिग्रु):—(gruḥ) 1. m. A tree, Moruṃgā; a potherb.

2) ja (jaṃ) 1. n. The seed of the Moruṃgā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śigru (शिग्रु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Siggu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shigru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śigru (ಶಿಗ್ರು):—

1) [noun] the tree Moringa oleifera ( = M. pterygosperma, = Hyperanthera moranga) of Moringaceae family.

2) [noun] its slender, long fruit, used as a vegetable; drum-stick.

3) [noun] any vegetable.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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