Somavalli, Somavallī, Soma-valli: 5 definitions

Introduction

Somavalli means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Somavallī (सोमवल्ली):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Somavalli in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Somavallī (सोमवल्ली) is another name for Avalguja (Psoralea corylifolia “Malaysian scurfpea”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Somavallī (सोमवल्ली) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Sarcostemma brevistigma (synonym of Sarcostemma acidum or leafless east-Indian vine) from the Apocynaceae or “dog-away” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.98-99 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Somavallī is commonly known in Hindi as Somalatā or Bāgh-dudhā; in Marathi as Ranser; in Gujurati as Sandhiā-vel, Chirodī or Thor-vel; in Telugu as Konḍaphalā; and in Tamil as Somam.

Somavallī is mentioned as having eleven synonyms: Mahāgulmā, Yajñaśreṣṭhā, Dhanurlatā, Somārhā, Gulmavallī, Yajñavallī, Dvijapriyā, Somakṣīrā, Somā and Yajñāṅgā.

Properties and characteristics: “the rasa of Somavallī is pungent and sweet, with cold potency (vīrya). It alleviates vitiated pitta-doṣa and burning syndrome. It relieves thirst and is an antidote to poisons. The drug is considered pious and helpful in the performance of holy yajñas”.

2) Somavallī (सोमवल्ली) is also mentioned as a synonym for Vatsādanī, a medicinal plant identified with Cocculus hirsutus (broom creeper or ink berry) from the Menispermaceae or “moonseed” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.102-104.

3) Somavallī (सोमवल्ली) is also mentioned as a synonym for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Somavallī and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Somavalli in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sōmavallī (सोमवल्ली).—f S Moon-plant. See sōmalatā. 2 The name of other plants, Serratula anthelmintica &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Somavalli in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somavallī (सोमवल्ली).—f. (-llī) 1. A twining plant, (Menispermum glabrum.) 2. A medicinal plant, (Serratula anthelmintical.) 3. The moon-plant. E. sāma the moon, and vallī a creeper.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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