Varshika, Vārṣika, Varṣika: 17 definitions


Varshika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vārṣika and Varṣika can be transliterated into English as Varsika or Varshika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Varshik.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vārṣika (वार्षिक) refers to the “rainy season”, as mentioned in verse 4.35 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (by) quickly (and) properly purging in spring the accumulation of humours produced in the cold (season), in the cloudy season (that) caused in summer, (and) at the disappearance of clouds (that) formed in the rainy season [viz., vārṣika]: one never catches the diseases (usually) caused in (these) seasons.”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Vārṣika (वार्षिक) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vārṣika).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Varsika in India is the name of a plant defined with Jasminum sambac in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Mogorium undulatum (L.) Lam. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodr. (DC.) (1844)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1989)
· Hortus Kewensis (1789)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Varsika, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vārṣika (वार्षिक).—a (S) Annual or relating to a year. 2 Ripe or ready in, or relating to, the rainy season.

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vārṣika (वार्षिक).—n (S) An annual pension. 2 Any annually recurring festival, rite, or observance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vārṣika (वार्षिक).—a Annual. n An annual pension, or rite.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varṣika (वर्षिक).—a. Raining, showering.

-kam Aloe-wood.

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Vārṣika (वार्षिक).—a. (- f.) [वर्षे वर्षासु वा भवः ठञ् (varṣe varṣāsu vā bhavaḥ ṭhañ)]

1) Belonging to the rains or rainy season; पूर्वोऽयं वार्षिको मासः श्रावणः सलिलागमः । प्रवृत्ताः सौम्य चत्वारो मासा वार्षिकसंज्ञिताः (pūrvo'yaṃ vārṣiko māsaḥ śrāvaṇaḥ salilāgamaḥ | pravṛttāḥ saumya catvāro māsā vārṣikasaṃjñitāḥ) || Rām.4.26.14; वार्षिकं संजहारेन्द्रो धनुर्जैत्रं रघुर्दधौ (vārṣikaṃ saṃjahārendro dhanurjaitraṃ raghurdadhau) R. 4.16.

2) Annual, yearly.

3) Lasting for one year; मानुषाणां प्रमाणं स्याद् मुक्तिर्वै दशवार्षिकी (mānuṣāṇāṃ pramāṇaṃ syād muktirvai daśavārṣikī); so वार्षिकमन्नम् (vārṣikamannam) Y.1.124; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.168.32.

-kam Name of a medicinal plant (trāya- māṇā).

-kī A river, the water of which lasts the whole year; नदी भविष्यसि (nadī bhaviṣyasi) ... वार्षिकी नाष्टमासिकी (vārṣikī nāṣṭamāsikī) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.186.36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Varṣika (वर्षिक).—or °kā (compare varṣaka, °kī, and s.v. vārṣika, vārṣikā 2), a kind of jasmine: kumuda-varṣikopamaṃ Lalitavistara 236.15 (verse); and see Lalitavistara 221.17 s.v. vārṣika (read perhaps var°).

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Vārṣika (वार्षिक).—(Pali vassika, nt., as well as °kā) = next (2); sometimes may have a for ā m.c., as in Lalitavistara 214.19 (verse, vārṣika-campakāṃs tathā); 221.17 (verse), read with Fou- caux's ms. B (Notes 150) so taṃ vārṣika-varṇa (or varṣ°? Lefm. mss. begin va-) kāñcana-khuraṃ; but also in prose, vārṣika-mallikā- Mahāvastu ii.109.7; at end of [compound] containing list of flowers, -sumanā-gandha-vārṣikāṇi Kāraṇḍavvūha 8.5—6 (prose), …fragrant jasmines; v.l. °vārṣika- also in Mahāvastu ii.116.10, see next (2). See also s.v. sāmayika.

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Vārṣikā (वार्षिका).—(1) Mahāvastu i.19.11, taken by Senart as subst., garment for the rainy season; he reads (eraka) vārṣikā vā kārāpitā cīrakavārṣikā kārāpitā vā; but see eraka; it seems more likely that eraka and cīraka (perhaps read °kā in both) are separate words, substantives, and vārṣikā adj., grass-coverlets and bark- (or cloth-)strip-garments for the rainy season; (2) (= Pali vassikā; compare prec., also var- ṣaka, °kī, varṣikā, and next), a kind of jasmine: Mahāvastu i.249.13 (prose, in [compound], list of flowers); ii.116.10 (text °kāṃ, v.l. °ka-).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṣika (वर्षिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Raining, rainy, relating or belonging to the rains. 2. Shedding, showering, pouring down. n.

(-kaṃ) Aloe-wood or Agallochum. E. varṣa and ṭhak aff.

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Vārṣika (वार्षिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Yearly, annual, or belonging to a year. 2. Growing, &c. in the rainy season, or fit for or suited to it, &c. 3. Lasting for one year. n.

(-kaṃ) A drug, commonly Trayamana. E. varṣa rains, or a year, and ṭhak or ṭhañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṣika (वर्षिक).—i. e. varṣa + ika, adj. Raining, rainy.

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Vārṣika (वार्षिक).—i. e. varṣa and varṣā, + ika, adj. f. , 1. Belonging to a year. 2. Yearly, annual. 3. Lasting the whole year, Chr. 47, 36 (at the end of a comp. adj. Of which the water does not dry up in the hot season, viz. a river). 4. Belonging to the rainy season, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 304; [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 17. 5. Growing in the rainy season.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṣika (वर्षिक).—[adjective] — years old (—°).

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Vārṣika (वार्षिक).—[feminine] ī = vārṣa or = seq. [adjective]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vārṣika (वार्षिक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Laghu and Bṛhat. Pheh. 3.

2) Vārṣika (वार्षिक):—jy. Oppert. Ii, 4926.
—[commentary] by Viddaṇācārya. Rice. 34.

3) Vārṣika (वार्षिक):—jy. by Viṭṭhalācārya. Quoted L.. 969.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varṣika (वर्षिक):—[from varṣa] mfn. raining, rainy, relating or belonging to the rains, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] shedding, showering, pouring down, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) = varṣa, a year (e.g. dvādaśa-v, 12 years old), [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] n. Agallochum, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) Varṣīkā (वर्षीका):—[from varṣa] f. a kind of metre, [Nidāna-sūtra]

6) Vārṣika (वार्षिक):—[from vārṣa] mf(ī)n. belonging to the rainy-season, rainy, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (with āpas f. [plural] rain-water, with dhanus n. a rainbow)

7) [v.s. ...] growing in the rainy season or fit for or suited to it, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] others ‘a river, the water of which lasts the whole year,id est. does not dry up in the hot season’

9) [v.s. ...] having water only during the rains (as a river), [Mahābhārata] (cf. vārṣikodaka)

10) [v.s. ...] versed in calculating the rainy season [gana] vasantādi

11) [v.s. ...] sufficient or lasting for a year, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] yearly, annual, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] (ifc. after a numeral) lasting a certain number of years, being so many years old (cf. tri-, pañca-v etc.)

14) [v.s. ...] mn. Name of various works, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varṣika (वर्षिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Raining, rainy. n. Aloe wood.

2) Vārṣika (वार्षिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ)] 1. n. A drug, commonly Trāyamānā. a. Annual; growing in the rains.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vārṣika (वार्षिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vārisiya, Vāsika, Vāsikka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varshika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varshika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vārṣika (वार्षिक) [Also spelled varshik]:—(a) annual, yearly; per annum; ~[] annuity; •[grāhī] annuitant.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vārṣika (ವಾರ್ಷಿಕ):—

1) [adjective] done, happening, appearing, etc. once a year or every year; annual; yearly.

2) [adjective] relating to a year.

3) [adjective] relating to rainy season; rainy.

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Vārṣika (ವಾರ್ಷಿಕ):—[noun] a kind of medicinal plant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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