Ushana, Ūṣaṇa, Uśana, Uśanā, Uśānā, Uṣaṇa: 20 definitions


Ushana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ūṣaṇa and Uśana and Uśanā and Uśānā and Uṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Usana or Ushana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण):—Another name for Marica (Piper nigrum), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण) is another name for “Pippalī” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ūṣaṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Uṣaṇa (उषण) is another name for Marica, a medicinal plant identified with Piper nigrum Linn. or “black pepper” from the Piperaceae or “pepper” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.30-32 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Uṣaṇa and Marica, there are a total of seventeen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Uṣaṇa (उषण) or “pepper” is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of snake-bites such as those caused by the Hemamaṇḍalī-snakes, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, one of the treatments is mentioned as follows: “[...] A gruel made of Girikarṇikā, Vacā, Viśvā, Kuṇḍala and pepper (uṣaṇa-kāñjika) is to be sprinkled. Honey mixed with Girikarṇikā must be smeared inside the nose.Yellowness of eyes, impaired hearing, anaemia, eye infection, water flowing down from the eyes and bleeding from the pores of the hair on the skin , debility and reduced vision are treated by applying a paste of Dvipatra, dry ginger, pepper, tamarind, root of Śigru and Vacā. [...]”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Uśana (उशन).—A son of Dharma. Performed a hundred aśvamedha sacrifices. Father of Rucaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 34.

1b) The son of Bhava and Dhātrī (Oṣā, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 77; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 50.

1c) A son of Suyajña, and a performer of 100 aśvamedhas; father of Marutta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 23-4; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 23.

1d) The preceptor of the Daityas and Asuras;1 on Śiśumāracakra;2 disciple of the father of Bṛhaspati and leader of a side of Soma (Pārṣṇi);3 father of Devayānī; by his curse Yayātī could not enjoy his youth to the full and hence requested his sons to give their youth in exchange for his old age.4 Praised Amarakaṇṭakakṣetra;5 a sage;6 see śukra.

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 5; 62. 80; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 74.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 7.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 30.
  • 4) 65. 84; 93. 30; 103. 59.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 14.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 85; 59. 90.

1e) A son of Gokarṇa, the avatār of the 16th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 173.

1f) The son of Pṛthuśravas, performed 100 aśvamedhas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 23.

1g) The planet Venus above Budha; above is Aṅgāraka.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 7-8.

1h) The Vedavyāsa of the third dvāpara;1 an author on nītiśāstra;2 on the efficacy of tapas;3 jealous of Bṛhaspati joined Candra in the Tārakāmaya war and acted as Pārṣṇigrāha.4

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 12.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 19. 26.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 12. 98-103.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 12.

1i) The son of Pṛthutama; he performed 100 aśvamedhas; father of Śitapu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 8-9.

2) Uśanā (उशना).—(ruśanā-Burnouf)—one of the queens of Rudra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 13.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Uśana (उशन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Uśana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Uśana (उशन) is the name of a deity who received the Pārameśvarāgama from Śrīdevī through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The pārameśvara-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Uśana obtained the Pārameśvarāgama from Śrīdevī who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Uśana in turn, transmitted it to through divya-sambandha to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Pārameśvarāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Ushana in India is the name of a plant defined with Plumbago zeylanica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plumbago scandens L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora of Southern Africa (1963)
· Prodr. Fl. SW. Afr. (1967)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· FBI (1882)
· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (1985)
· Fontqueria (1987)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ushana, for example diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

usaṇa (उसण).—f Sharp lancinating or shooting pain (in the trunk of the body). v bhara, nigha, cāla. These words apply not to pains in the Belly or Limbs. See kaḷa, tiḍīka, kaṇaka, dhamaka.

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usaṇā (उसणा).—See usanavāra &c.

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usanā (उसना).—a Borrowed or lent--money without interest, or articles to be returned, or to be repaid in kind. 2 Used fig. of a slack, lukewarm, indifferent servant or workman (he seeming to conceive of himself as belonging elsewhere, and as lent for a season): used also of his service or work: also of cold or unconcerned speech. usanēṃ ghēṇēṃ-ugaviṇēṃ-phēḍaṇēṃ To take revenge of; to pay off or repay. usanī gōṣṭa sāṅgaṇēṃ To tell another to do what we can do ourselves.

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usāṇa (उसाण).—n C Extraordinary flow of the sea (as at the equinoxes or change of moon): also a sudden swelling and overflowing of a river.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

usaṇa (उसण).—f Sharp lancinating or shooting pain.

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usanā (उसना).—a Borrowed or lent. Of cold speech. usaṇēṃ ghēṇēṃ-ugaviṇēṃ-phēḍaṇēṃ Take revenge of, repay.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uśanā (उशना).—ind. Ved. Joyfully, willingly.

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Uśānā (उशाना).—Ved.

1) Wish, desire,

2) The plant from which Soma juice is produced.

3) Name of a wife of Rudra.

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Uṣaṇa (उषण).—

1) Black pepper.

2) Ginger.

3) The root Piper Longum.

-ṇā Piper Longum.

2) Piper Chaba (cavika).

3) Dried ginger.

Derivable forms: uṣaṇam (उषणम्).

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Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण).—

1) The plant Plumbago Zeylanica (citraka).

-ṇam, -ṇā 1 Black pepper.

2) Ginger.

Derivable forms: ūṣaṇaḥ (ऊषणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uṣaṇa (उषण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Black pepper. f.

(-ṇā) 1. Long pepper. 2. Chai, (Piper chavya.) 3. Dried ginger. E. uṣ to burn, kanac aff.

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Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Black pepper. f.

(-ṇā) Long pepper: see uṣaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण).—i. e. ūṣ (= uṣ) + ana, n. Pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uśanā (उशना).—[feminine] ([instrumental]) with ardour or haste.

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Uśāna (उशान).—[adjective] desirous, eager, striving, willing, ready.

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Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण).—[neuter] pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uśanā (उशना):—[from uśat] ind. with desire or haste, zealously, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a wife of Rudra.

3) Uśānā (उशाना):—[from uśat] f. (cf. uśāna under √vaś), Name of a plant, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii, iv.]

4) Uṣaṇa (उषण):—[from uṣ] n. black pepper

5) [v.s. ...] the root of Piper Longum

6) Uṣaṇā (उषणा):—[from uṣaṇa > uṣ] f. Piper Longum

7) [v.s. ...] Piper Chaba

8) [v.s. ...] dried ginger (cf. ūṣaṇa.)

9) Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण):—[from ūṣa] n. black pepper, [Suśruta]

10) Ūṣaṇā (ऊषणा):—[from ūṣaṇa > ūṣa] f. long pepper, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uṣaṇa (उषण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Black pepper. ṇā f. Long pepper; dried ginger.

2) Ūṣaṇa (ऊषण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Black pepper.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ushana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Usaṇa (उसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Uśanas.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Uśana (ಉಶನ):—[noun] (myth.) ಶುಕ್ರಾಚಾರ್ಯ, [shukracarya,] the preceptor of demons.

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Uṣaṇa (ಉಷಣ):—

1) [noun] the herb Zingiber officinale of Zingiberaeae family; ginger plant.

2) [noun] its aromatic rhizome (used as a spice or perfume and in medicine); ginger.

3) [noun] the vine Piper nigrum of Piperaceae family; black pepper plant.

4) [noun] its small pungent fruit used as a condiment; black pepper.

5) [noun] another vine, Piper longum of the same family; long pepper plant.

6) [noun] its root; long pepper.

7) [noun] Piper chaba another vine of the same family.

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Ūṣaṇa (ಊಷಣ):—

1) [noun] the plant Piper nigrum of Piperaceae family; black pepper plant.

2) [noun] its black, pungent seed; black pepper.

3) [noun] the tropical plant, Zingiber officinale of Zingiberaceae family; ginger plant.

4) [noun] its aromatic rhizome, used as a spice or perfume and in medicine; ginger.

5) [noun] the plant Piper longum, of Piperaceae family; long pepper plant;6) [noun] its seed used as a spice; long pepper.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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