Vithi, aka: Vīthī, Vīthi; 9 Definition(s)


Vithi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vīthi (वीथि) refers to one of the “ten kinds of dramatic plays” (daśarūpa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 20. These different types of dramas are considered to have originated from the various styles (vṛtti), which is discussed in chapter 22 of the same work. The Vīthi type of drama includes the following styles: Verbal (bhāratī), Grand (sāttvatī) and Energetic (ārabhaṭī).

Vīthi is of thirteen types:

  • udghātyaka (‘accidental interpretation’),
  • avalagita (‘transference’),
  • avaspandita (‘ominous significance’),
  • asatpralāpa (‘incoherent chatter’),
  • prapañca (‘compliment’),
  • nāli or nālikā (‘enigma’),
  • vākkeli (‘repartee’),
  • adhivala (‘outvying’),
  • chala (‘deception’),
  • vyāhāra (‘declaration’),
  • mṛdava (‘crushing’),
  • trigata (‘three men’s talk’),
  • gaṇḍa (‘undue combination of words’).

The Vīthi should be acted by one or two persons. It may contain any of the three kinds of characters: superior, middling and inferior. It seems to be a kind of very short one Act play. But one cannot be sure about this; for no specimen of this type of play has come down to us.

2) Vīthi (वीथि) refers to one of the four varieties of the verbal style (bhāratī), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22. Bhāratī represents one of the four styles (vṛtti) employed in a dramatic production.

3) Vīthi (वीथि) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of six syllables the first three and the last one long, is vīthi”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Vīthi (वीथि, “line”) refers to one of the layout designs for gardens and orchards mentioned in the Vṛkṣāyurveda: a Sanskrit text by written by Surapāla that deals with agriculture (kṛṣi).—Surapāla’s text mentions 170 species of plants including trees, shrubs and a few herbs, and deals with the laying out gardens and orchards and growing unusual trees. Layouts included designs such as vīthi (line).

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Vīthi (वीथि) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). Vīthi is spelt both as vīthi and vīthī and means a “row”, “line”, “road”, “way” or “street”. But in the inscription it has been used to refer to an administrative division. It seems to have been smaller than a viṣaya (district) and bigger than a maṇḍala.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Vīthi or Vīthī.—(SII 1), a street. (EI 24, 30; CII 4), a shop; a stall or shop in a market. (EI 21, 23, 29, 30), a territorial unit; the subdivision of a district. (IE 8-4), sometimes a subdivision forming part of a maṇḍala, but sometimes a district forming part of a bhukti or province. Note: vīthi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vithi in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vīthi : (f.) a street; a track.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vīthi, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. vīthi, to Idg. *ǔeịā- to aim at, as in Lat. via way, Sk. veti to pursue; Lat. venor to hunt; Gr. ei)ζato he went) 1. street, way, road, path, track A. V, 347, 350 sq.; Vv 836; J. I, 158 (garden path); V, 350 (dve vīthiyo gahetvā tiṭṭhati, of a house); VI, 276 (v. and raccha); DhA. I, 14; VvA. 31; PvA. 54. —antaravīthiyaṃ (Loc.) in the middle of the road J. I, 373; PvA. 96. —°sabhāga share of road J. I, 422; —°siṅghāṭaka crossroad DhA. IV, 4.—Of the path of the stars and heavenly bodies J. I, 23; VvA. 326.—Various streets (roads, paths) are named either after the professions carried on in them, e.g. dantakāra° street of ivory-workers J. I, 320; pesakāra° weaver st. DhA. I, 424; bhatakāra° soldier st. DhA. I, 233;— or after the main kind of traffic frequenting these, e.g. nāga° elephant road VvA. 316; miga° animal rd. J. I, 372;— or after special occasions (like distinguished people passing by this or that road), e.g. buddha° the road of the Buddha DhA. II, 80; rāja° King st. ThA. 52; Mhvs 20, 38.—2. (t. t. in psychology) course, process (of judgment, senseperception or cognition, cp. Cpd. 25, 124, 241 (vinicchaya°), 266.—Vism. 187 (kammaṭṭhāna°); KhA 102 (viññāṇa°). —°citta process of cognition (lit. processed cognition) Vism. 22; DhsA. 269. (Page 644)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

viṭhī (विठी).—& viṭhīdāṇḍū See iṭī & iṭīdāṇḍū.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vīthi (वीथि) or Vīthī (वीथी).—f. [vith-in vā ṅīp]

1) A road, way; पीपतिषतां विलङ्घ्य वीथीम् (pīpatiṣatāṃ vilaṅghya vīthīm) Ki.7.17; यदि रोहिण्याः शकटं भिनत्ति रविनन्दनो गगनवीथ्याम् (yadi rohiṇyāḥ śakaṭaṃ bhinatti ravinandano gaganavīthyām) Pt.1.211.

2) A row, line.

3) A market, stall, shop in a market; घनवीथिवीथिमवतीर्णवतः (ghanavīthivīthimavatīrṇavataḥ) Śi.9.32.

4) A terrace in front of a house.

5) A variety of drama; it is thus defined in S. D. :-वीध्यामेवो भवेदङ्कः कश्चिदेकोऽत्र कल्प्यते । आकाशभाषितैरुक्तैश्चित्रां प्रत्युक्तिमाश्रितः । सूचयेद् भूरिशृङ्गारं किंचितन्यान् रसानपि । मुखनिर्वहणे संधी अर्थप्रकृतयोऽ- खिलाः (vīdhyāmevo bhavedaṅkaḥ kaścideko'tra kalpyate | ākāśabhāṣitairuktaiścitrāṃ pratyuktimāśritaḥ | sūcayed bhūriśṛṅgāraṃ kiṃcitanyān rasānapi | mukhanirvahaṇe saṃdhī arthaprakṛtayo'- khilāḥ) | 52.

6) A race-course; a training ground for horses; सिद्धं मुखे नवसु वीथिषु कश्चिदश्वम् (siddhaṃ mukhe navasu vīthiṣu kaścidaśvam) Śi.5.6. (com. vīthayo navāśvānāṃ sarvatra dhārādāḍhyārthāḥ parimitāḥ pracāradeśāḥ).

7) A particular division of the planetary sphere.

Derivable forms: vīthiḥ (वीथिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Vithi Citta Vithi
'process of consciousness'; s. viññānakicca.
Dakṣiṇāṃśakavīthi (दक्षिणांशकवीथि) or Dakṣiṇāṃśaka is a place-name classified as a vīthi and me...
Śrī-vīthi-nāyaka.—cf. Tamil Tiru-vidi-nāyakar (SITI), a metal- lic image of the deity for being...
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Vaṇigvīthī (वणिग्वीथी).—a market street, bazaar. Vaṇigvīthī is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Paṇyavīthī (पण्यवीथी).—1) a market. 2) a stall, shop. Paṇyavīthī is a Sanskrit compound consist...
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