Cancu, Cañcu, Camcu: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Cancu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chanchu.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cañcu (चञ्चु) is another name (synonym) for Raktairaṇḍa: one of the three varieties of Eraṇḍa, which is a Sanskrit name representing Ricinus communis (castor-oil-plant). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 8.55-57), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Eraṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Cañcu (चञ्चु) is another name for Cuñcu, an unidentified medicinal plant possibly identified with (i) Marsilea dentata Linn., (ii) Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. or (iii) Marsilea minuta Linn., according to verse 4.144-145 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Cañcu and Cuñcu, there are a total of nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cancu (चन्चु).—(Hārīta)—a son of Harita and father of Vijaya and Sudeva (Vasudeva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 117; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 119, 120; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 25.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cañcu (चंचु).—f (S) cañcupuṭa n (S) A beak or bill.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cañcu (चंचु).—f cañcupuṭa n A beak or bill.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cañcu (चञ्चु).—a. [cañc-un]

1) Celebrated, renowned, known.

2) Clever (as akṣaracañcu); ओष्ठेन रामो रामोष्ठबिम्बचुम्बनचञ्चुता (oṣṭhena rāmo rāmoṣṭhabimbacumbanacañcutā) Śiśupālavadha 2.14; see चुञ्चु (cuñcu).

-ñcuḥ 1 A deer.

2) Name of a casteroil plant (Mar. rakta eraṃḍa).

-ñcuḥ, -ñcūḥ f. A beak, bill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cañcu (चञ्चु).—nt., in Divyāvadāna 131.21, 22, 24, and same passage Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.250.9 ff., said to mean lit. box (compare cañca), and to be applied to a type of famine: trividhaṃ durbhikṣaṃ bhaviṣyati, cañcu śvetāsthi śalākāvṛtti (Divyāvadāna mss. °ttiṃ; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ms. śilakā°) ca. tatra cañcu ucyate samudgake, tasmin manuṣyā vījāni prakṣipyānāgate (Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya °ta- sattvāpekṣayā sthāpayanti mṛtānām (Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya asmākam) anena te vījakāyaṃ (Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya anena bījena manuṣyāḥ kāryaṃ) kariṣyantīti. idaṃ samudgakaṃ baddhvā cañcu ucyate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcu (चञ्चु).—f.

(-ñcuḥ) A beak; also cañcū. m.

(-ñcuḥ) 1. The castor oil plant. 2. A kind of potherb. 3. A deer. E. cañcu to go, to eat, affix un.

--- OR ---

Cañcū (चञ्चू).—f.

(-ñcūḥ) A beak: see cañcu, the affix being ū.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcu (चञ्चु).—f. The beak, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcu (चञ्चु).—[adjective] known or renowned by (—°); [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

— [masculine] [Name] of a man & [several] plants; [feminine] (also cancū) beak, bill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cañcu (चञ्चु):—mfn. ifc. (= caṇa, cuñcu) renowned or famous for, [Mahābhārata xiii, 17, 107; Bhartṛhari iii, 57]

2) skilled, clever in

3) m. a deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) the castor-oil plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. -taila)

5) a red kind of the same plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) the plant Go-nāḍīka (or Nāḍīca), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) the plant Kṣudracañcu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of a son of Harita, [Harivaṃśa 758; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 3, 15]

9) f. a beak, bill, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

10) = -pattra, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

11) (n. ?) a box (applied as a Name to one of the 3 kinds of famine), [Divyāvadāna]

12) Cañcū (चञ्चू):—[from cañcu] f. a beak, bill, [Vopadeva iv, 31]

13) [v.s. ...] = ñcu-pattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cañcu (चञ्चु):—(ñcuḥ) 2. f. A beak. m. The castor oil plant; a deer.

2) Cañcū (चञ्चू):—(ñcūḥ) 3. f. A beak.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cañcu (चञ्चु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Caṃcu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cancu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Caṃcu (चंचु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cañcu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṃcu (ಚಂಚು):—[noun] = ಚಂಚ [camca].

--- OR ---

Caṃcu (ಚಂಚು):—

1) [noun] the horny jaws of a bird, usu. projecting to a point; the beak.

2) [noun] the plant Ricinus communis of Euphorbiacae family; castor bean plant.

3) [noun] its oil yielding seed; castor bean.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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