Riksha, Ṛkṣa, Rikṣa, Rikṣā, Ṛkṣā: 32 definitions


Riksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṛkṣa and Rikṣa and Rikṣā and Ṛkṣā can be transliterated into English as Rksa or Riksha or Riksa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “bear”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Ṛkṣa is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष)—Sanskrit word for the animal “bear”. This animal is from the group called Guhāśaya (‘which have a lair’, or, ‘cave-dwelling mammals’). Guhāśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Rkṣa (र्क्ष) refers to the Sloth Bear (Melursus Ursinus), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष):—Son of Citrasena (son of Nariṣyanta). He had a son named Mīḍhvān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

2) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष):—Son of Ajamīḍha (one of the three sons of Hastī). He had a son named Saṃvaraṇa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5)

3) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष):—Son of Devātithi (son of Ayutāyu, who was the son of Rādhika). He had a son named Dilīpa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.11)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—One of the seven holy mountains (kulaparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Rikṣa (रिक्ष), a descendant of Nīla, had five sons, viz., Mudgala, Śṛñjaya (or: Sañjaya, Sṛñjaya), Bṛhadiṣu, Vikrānta and Kāmpilya (or: Kampilya). For the protection of the five (pañcānāṃ) the father said to his sons, “These are the five prosperous janapadas; protect them.” It is thus that the Pāñcālas (or: Pañcālas) are so called.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—A king of the Pūru dynasty. He was the father of Saṃvaraṇa. For genealogy see under the word Saṃvaraṇa (M. B. Ādi Parva, Chapter 94).

2) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—King Hariha had a son named Ṛkṣa born to him by his wife Sudevā. Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 95 says that this Ṛkṣa had a son named Matināra, by his wife Jvālā.

3) Ṛkṣā (ऋक्षा).—Wife of Ajamīḍha, who was a king of the lunar dynasty. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 37).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—Followed Rāma in his Laṅkā expedition. Took the shield when Bharata carried the pāduka.1 A son of Śuka; took Virajā as wife given by Prajāpati. Rakṣā, mother of Jāmbavān, was his sister.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 19 & 44.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 210-17; 51. 11.

1b) A son of Ajamīḍha and Dhūminī, and father of Samvaraṇa; pañcārṣeya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 19; 196. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 214; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 74-5.

1c) The name of Vyāsa in the 24th (25th, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) dvāpara; Śūli, the avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 206; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 18.

1d) The son of Devātithi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 233.

1e) A son of Purañjaya and father of Haryaśva.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 57-8.

1f) A son of Devātithi and father of Bhīmasena.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 6-7.

1g) The mount where Atri performed penance for the birth of a son; a kulaparvata of Bhāratavarṣa.1 To this Kṛṣṇa went in search of Prasenajit; also ṛkṣagiri and ṛkṣaparvata near the Narmadā;2 rivers originating from.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 17.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 18; III. 70. 32; 71. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 89; 95. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 3.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 101; 98-101.

1h) A vānara tribe, born of Mṛgamandā and Pulaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 174. 319; 22. 22; 26. 30 & 34.

2) Rikṣa (रिक्ष).—Son of Purujānu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 195.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.60) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ṛkṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष, “planet”) refers to the third of āyādiṣaḍvarga, six principles that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object, according to the Mānasāra (IX, 63-73). Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

Ṛkṣa and nakṣatra, sometimes used interchangeably as synonyms in the text, however, are different in a strict technical sense. Ṛkṣa is the Plaedis or constellation of seven stars (the Great Bear, Seven Sages), while nakṣatra literally means a star, asterism (that is, a constellation of heavenly bodies), 27 number.

They are in order as follows:

  1. Aśvinī;
  2. Bharaṇī;
  3. Kārttikā;
  4. Rohiṇī or Brāhmī;
  5. Mṛgaśiras;
  6. Ārdrā;
  7. Punarvāsū or Yāmakau;
  8. Puṣya or Siddhya;
  9. Āśleṣā;
  10. Māghā;
  11. Pūrva-phālguṇī;
  12. Uttara-phālguṇī;
  13. Hasta;
  14. Citrā;
  15. Svāti;
  16. Viśākhā;
  17. Anurādhā;
  18. Jyeṣṭha;
  19. Mūla;
  20. Pūrvāṣāḍhā;
  21. Uttarāṣāḍhā;
  22. Abhijit;
  23. Śravaṇa;
  24. Śraviṣṭā;
  25. Śatabhiṣaj;
  26. Bhādrapāda;
  27. Revati.

In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars, the ones that are pūrṇa, odd (literally, “full, complete”), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa, even (literally, “ear”), inauspicious. In iconographic measurement, however, the role given is that all except the sixth, eighth and ninth nakṣatras are auspicious. In both cases, the janmanakṣatra, birth-star of the patron or of the sthapati, as applies, even if in itself an inauspicious star, is always considered as auspicious for the architectural and iconographic object.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) refers to the animal “Sloth Bear” (Melursus ursinus).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Ṛkṣa] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) refers to the “zodiac sign” [?] [—‘star of whose nativity the sun then happens to be’], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If in Varṣā the colour of the sun be that of the flower Śirīṣa (Mimosa flexuosa) there will be immediate rain; if the colour be that of the peacock’s plume there will be no rain for twelve years to come. If, then the sun be black there will be fear from worms and reptiles; if it be ashy pale there will be fear from foreign princes; if the sun should appear with a hole that prince will perish in the star of whose nativity the sun then happens to be [i.e., ṛkṣa]”.

2) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) refers to “bears”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12).—Accordingly, “Hear now the effects of the heliacal rising of Canopus (Agastya), a star sacred to Agastya who suppressed the Vindhya mountains whose soaring heights obstructed the course of the Sun; [...] whose summits appeared to score the starry vault; whose rocks were full of buzzing bees scared by the violent pulling of flower trees by wild elephants and were also the abodes of hyenas, of bears, of tigers and of monkeys [i.e., tarakṣa-ṛkṣa-śārdūla-śākhāmṛga-adhyāsita]; through which lay the secret course of the Ravi which appeared to embrace its bosom with the affection of a mistress; [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Rikṣa (रिक्ष) refers to “bears”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] One may perform the Block-of-Wood Observance in a forest full of bears (rikṣa), tigers and lions, conquering the urges to sleep and eat, [constantly] reciting. If one takes on the appearance of a woman and sings and dances, adorned with bracelets, with a winnowing fan, ball and plait, one observes the Colourful Observance. With a weapon in hand, full of compassion, if one wanders like a saviour of creatures (?) focussed upon recitation, meditation and worship, one performs the Warrior Observance. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) refers to “(seeing) a bear” (in dreams), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.21-27, while describing inauspicious dreams]—“[The dreamer] sees a bear or monkey (ṛkṣaṛkṣavānaradarśanam), demons, cruel beings, and dark men. [He sees those who] have erect hair, dirty ones, those who wear black garlands, clothes, and coverings. That man who, in his dream, embraces a red-eyed woman, he dies, there is no doubt, if he does not bring about peace. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष, “bear”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. As a result of greed (mātsarya), envy (īrṣyā), impulsiveness and haste, they take the form of [for example], a bear (ṛkṣa).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Ṛkṣa).

2) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) also refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) is the name of one of the seven kulaparvata (clan mountain) of Bhāratavarṣa, associated with a distinct country or tribe.—As ascertained by Professor Hemachandra Raychaudhuri, Ṛkṣa is the mountain par excellence of the Māhiṣmatī. Ṛkṣa, Vindhya and Pāripātra are mentioned under the names Chavata, Vijha and Paricāta in the Nasik Praśasti of Gautamī-putra Śātakarṇi. The first two are referred to by Ptolemy as the Ouxenton and Ouindion ranges. According to Ptolemy, Ouxenton (Ṛkṣavant) is the source of the Dosaron, which, according to Professor Raychaudhuri sounds very much like the Daśārna, modern Dhasan near Sagar in Madhya Pradesh. This proves that the Ṛkṣa lay in the region of the central Vindhyas. The same thing appears clear also from Indian evidence.

The Harivaṃśa refers to the city of Māhiṣmatī, the capital of Narmadānūpa as nestling under the shelter of the mount Ṛkṣavat. Nīlakaṇṭha, the commentater of the Harivaṃśa, places the city to the north of the Vindhyas and the south of the Ṛkṣa. The Nalopākhyāna of the Mahābhārata places the Ṛkṣa mountain between Avanti and Dakṣiṇāpatha. Thus Ṛkṣa, when referred to incidently in literature, is invariably associated with the Middle Narmadā region of which Māhiṣmatī was the most important city, and the Daśārṇa, a notable river, and the mountain lay in the region of the central Vindhyas, near Sagar.

Four Sanchi Stūpa inscriptions of the third century A.D. mention Acavāḍa and Acavāṭa, which may be identified with the mount Ṛkṣavat. The Ṛkṣa is probably so called, because it stood in a territory, which abounded in bears (ṛkṣas). Dhūmra, one of the commanders of Rāma’s army is said lo be the king of the bears lising on the mount Ṛkṣavat. It seems that central part ofthe Vindhyas being abounded in bears came to be denoted by the second name Ṛkṣavat.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—n S A bear. 2 n A star or a constellation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—n A bear. A star.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—[ṛṣ-sa kicca Uṇādi-sūtra 3.66]

1) A bear; स्त्रीं (strīṃ) (hṛtvā) ऋक्षः (ṛkṣaḥ) (bhavati) Manusmṛti 12.67.

2) A species of ape; A. Rām.7.3.6.

3) A kind of deer; प्रजापतिः स्वां दुहितरं दृष्ट्वा तद्रूपधर्षितः । रोहिद्भूतां सोऽन्वधावदृक्षरूपी हतत्रपः (prajāpatiḥ svāṃ duhitaraṃ dṛṣṭvā tadrūpadharṣitaḥ | rohidbhūtāṃ so'nvadhāvadṛkṣarūpī hatatrapaḥ) || Bhāgavata 3.31. 36.

4) Name of a mountain.

5) Name of a plant (bhallaka Mar. diṃḍā)

-kṣaḥ, kṣamaḥ 1 A star, constellation, lunar mansion; पश्चिमां तु समासीनः सम्यगृक्षविभावनात् (paścimāṃ tu samāsīnaḥ samyagṛkṣavibhāvanāt) Manusmṛti 2.11;3.9;6.1.

2) A sign of the zodiac.

3) A star under which a man happens to be born.

-kṣāḥ (m. pl.) The seven stars called Pleiades; afterwards the seven Ṛiṣis; दक्षिणां दिशमृक्षेषु वार्षिकेष्विव भास्करः (dakṣiṇāṃ diśamṛkṣeṣu vārṣikeṣviva bhāskaraḥ) (prayayau) R.12.25.

-kṣā The north.

-kṣī A female bear. [cf. Gr. arkos, L. ursus].

Derivable forms: ṛkṣaḥ (ऋक्षः).

--- OR ---

Rikṣā (रिक्षा).—

1) A nit (likṣā).

2) The mote in a sun-beam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rikṣa (रिक्ष).—(semi-MIndic for Sanskrit ṛkṣa), bear: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.v.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) Pierced, cut, divided. mn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣaṃ) A star, a constellation. m.

(-kṣaḥ) 1. A mountain in the peninsula, the temporary residence of Rama. 2. A bear. 3. A plant, (Bignonia Indica.) E. ṛṣ to go, Unadi affix sa, the radical final then becomes ka, and sa becomes ṣa; and ka and ṣa form the compound letter kṣa.

--- OR ---

Rikṣā (रिक्षा).—f.

(-kṣā) 1. A nit. 2. A mole in a sun-beam. E. See likṣā, la being changed to ra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—I. m. A bear, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 45. Ii. f. kṣī, A she-bear, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 16, 21. Iii. m. and n. 1. A star, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 73, 57; Mahābhārata 13, 625. 2. Bears and stars, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 31. Iv. m. and f. kṣā, Proper names, Mahābhārata 1, 3722; 3790.

— Cf. [Latin] ursus.

--- OR ---

Rikṣā (रिक्षा).—f. 1. A nit. 2. A mote in a sunbeam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—1. [adjective] bald, bare.

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Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष).—2. [adjective] hurtful, bad, [masculine] bear, the Seven Stars ([plural]); a kind of monkey; a man’s name; [feminine] ṛkṣī [adjective] female bear; [masculine] [neuter] star, constellation, lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष):—1. ṛkṣa mfn. ([etymology] doubtful) bald, bare, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

2) 2. ṛkṣa mfn. (√2. ṛṣ, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 66; 67]; probably [from] √ṛś), hurting, pernicious, [Ṛg-veda viii, 24, 27]

3) m. a bear (as a ravenous beast), [Ṛg-veda v, 56, 3; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiv, 36; Manu-smṛti; Suśruta] etc.

4) a species of ape, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) Bignonia Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of several men, [Ṛg-veda viii, 68, 15; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) of a mountain, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Mahābhārata]

8) (ifc.) the best or most excellent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) m. [plural] the seven stars, the Pleiades, the seven Ṛṣis, [Ṛg-veda i, 24, 10; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii; Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

10) Ṛkṣā (ऋक्षा):—[from ṛkṣa] f. Name of a wife of Ajamīḍha, [Mahābhārata i]

11) [v.s. ...] of a woman in the retinue of Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix]

12) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष):—mn. a star, constellation, lunar mansion, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

13) n. the twelfth part of the ecliptic

14) the particular star under which a person happens to be born, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sūryasiddhānta etc.]

15) cf. [Greek] ἄρκτος; [Latin] ursus; [Lithuanian] loky-s for olkys.

16) 3. ṛkṣa mfn. cut, pierced, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) Rikṣā (रिक्षा):—f. a nit (= likṣā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) a mote in a sunbeam, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष):—(kṣaḥ) 1. m. A bear; a mountain in the Peninsula. (kṣaḥ-kṣaṃ) m. n. A star. a. Pierced, cut.

2) Rikṣā (रिक्षा):—(kṣā) 1. f. A nit; a sunbeam.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Accha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Riksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rikśā (रिक्शा):—(nm) a rickshaw; ~[vālā] a rickshav-puller.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṛkṣa (ಋಕ್ಷ):—

1) [noun] any of large, heavy, omnivorous carnivores of Ursidae family, that walk flat on the soles of their feet and have shaggy fur and a very short tail; a bear.

2) [noun] any of the luminous celestial objects seen as points of light in the sky; esp., any self-luminous, celestial body having continuous nuclear reactions which send heat, light, etc. in all directions; a star.

3) [noun] the tree Bignonia indica of Bigononiaceae family.

4) [noun] a kind of deer.

5) [noun] one of the seven mythological mountains.

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Rikṣa (ರಿಕ್ಷ):—[noun] = ರಿಕ್ಷೆ [rikshe].

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Rikṣā (ರಿಕ್ಷಾ):—

1) [noun] a small, two-wheeled carriage with a hood, pulled by one or two men; a rickshaw.

2) [noun] a three-wheeled, carriage peddled by men, carrying one or two persons; a rickshaw.

3) [noun] an automobile, having three wheels for carrying two or three persons; an auto-rickshaw.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Rikṣā (ரிக்ஷா) [rikṣā] noun < rickshaw < Japanese jinrikiṣa. Rickshaw; ஆள் இழுத்துச்செல்லும் சவாரிவண்டிவகை. [al izhuthuchellum savarivandivagai.] Mod.

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Discover the meaning of riksha or riksa in the context of Tamil from relevant books on Exotic India

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