Visha, Viśa, Visa, Viṣa, Viṣā, Vīśa: 41 definitions


Visha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśa and Viṣa and Viṣā and Vīśa can be transliterated into English as Visa or Visha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Viṣa (विष, “poisonous”):—Another name for Ativiṣā, a medicinal plant (Aconitum heterophyllum) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Viṣa (विष) refers to “food poisoning” as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The food poisoning (viṣa) occurs through different ways. Sometimes it may occur through certain insects or certain combinations of ingredients, etc. The text says that, a poisoned food will be very thick in consistency. It cannot be easily poured down. It can be cooked with difficulty and even if it gets cooked, it resembles stale food. Such food emits vapours which are similar in colour of the neck of peacock. It loses its original colour and odour. Cooked foods that are poisoned will instantly dry up. These foods turn black and dirty while boiling. The shadow formed by falling light on a poisoned food is seen to be incomplete, superfluous or deformed. In some cases the shadow may be totally absent.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poisonous plants”, which can be detoxified/purified using the Śodhana process, which involves the purification as well as reduction in the levels of toxic principles according to Ayurvedic principles.—Traditionally, plants having various classes of phytochemicals are still in use either in their crude form or after proper processing. Though most of the plant drugs are safe, yet few are toxic for human health. These poisonous/toxic plants are categorized as viṣa (poison) and upaviṣa (toxic but not lethal for human health) in Ayurvedic texts [...].

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Viṣa (विष) refers to “venom” or “poison”, as described in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa, praising the efficacy and potency of the Garuḍa-mantra states that it annihilates poison even as the sun destroys darkness.

Viṣa (venom or poison) is of six kinds:

  1. sthāvara-viṣa (static),
  2. jaṅgama-viṣa (mobile),
  3. kṛtrima-viṣa (artificial),
  4. sahaja-viṣa (natural),
  5. śaṅkā-viṣa (suspected poison) and
  6. hālāhala-viṣa.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poison”, as mentioned in verse 5.15-16 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] normal, fat, and lean (respectively get) those who drink water during, after, and before meals. Cold water removes alcoholism, lassitude, stupor, nausea, fatigue, giddiness, thirst, heat through hot (factors), hemorrhage, and poison [viz., viṣa]”.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

On the characteristics of poison (viṣa) in general, the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayam Uttarasthāna 35.7cd-8ab reads: “Poison is sharp (tīkṣṇa), hot (uṣṇa), rough (rūkṣa), bright (viśada), pervading (vyavāya), going quickly (āśukara), light (laghu), shining (vikāṣi), subtle (sūkṣman), having indistinct taste (i), unripe (apāki) in quality (guṇa).” See also Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 23.24-27; Suśrutasaṃhitā Kalpasthāna 2.19cd-23; Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha Uttarasthāna 40.12.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poison”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 10 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (4) dosage form in the management of Viṣa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poison”, and is dealt with in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The work classifies viṣa into two groups, viz. sthāvara and jaṅgama (animate and inanimate). [...] Spread of poison is compared to spread of tamarind in milk. Viṣa (poison) stays at bite site for 100 mātras (unit of time), then combines with vāta and subsequently circulate throughout the body. The sequence of its travel will be first to the forehead, then to eyes, all over the face and eventually into the sapta-dhātus (constituent elements). Signs and symptoms which indicate forthcoming death are tremors, redness of lateral ends of eyes and edematous appearance of mouth. If signs of life cannot be seen even after expulsion of urine and faeces, death can be assured.

Root of Nīlī (Indigofera tinctoria) ground in juice of Nīlī itself, rolled into the size of the fruit of Vibhītaki (Terminalia bellirica) and dried is given with milk. If vomiting occurs immediately, prognosis is good. If not, its asādhya (incurable). [...] Symptoms of impending death are also mentioned in the first chapter.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Viṣa (विष):—[viṣaṃ] Poison

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Viṣa (विष) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mānasa and mount Gandhamādana, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Gandhamādana mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viṣa (विष) refers to “water”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.8 (“The detailed description of the chariot etc.”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “The divine chariot of lord Śiva consisting of all the worlds was built by Viśvakarman with devoted effort. [...] Goddess Sarasvatī in the form of the Vedas constituted the bells of the bow. The brilliant Viṣṇu became the arrow and Agni the spear-head. O sage, the four Vedas are said to be his horses. The remaining planets became their embellishments. His army came up from water (viṣa-saṃbhūta) [anīkaṃ viṣasaṃbhūtaṃ]. The winds were his feathers, wings etc. Vyāsa and other sages were the drivers of the vehicle. [...]”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Viśa (विश).—A Ṛṣi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 22.

2a) Viṣa (विष).—A Śiva god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 32.

2b) An Asura, attacked by Nakuli Devī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 28. 39.

2c) A son of Danāyuṣa; father of four sons all bent on doing cruelty.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 30, 33.

2d) Produced by the churning of the ocean by the Devas and Asuras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 49; 62. 180.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Viṣa (विष).—Death from drinking poison (viṣa) should be represented by throwing out of hands and feet and other limbs, and the power of the poison will lead to the quivering action of the different parts of the body.

The first stage of the action of poison is the thinness (kṣāma or kārśya) of the body, the second tremor (vepathu), the third a burning sensation (dāha), the fourth hiccup (hikkā), the fifth froth in the mouth (phena), the sixth breaking of the neck (śirobhañja or grivābhaṅga), the seventh paralysis (jaḍatā) and the eighth death (maraṇa). These particular representations should be combined with suitable psychological states (bhāva) and with sufficient sattva, and representation of other popular aspects of these should be learnt from the people.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Viṣa (विष) refers to “n. of a coloring substance § 2.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Viṣa (विष) refers to “harm” (e.g., ‘harm from women’), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“Thus, in due sequence, the consequences of doorways are given. [With a doorway] at Īśa, the householder will have the risk of fire; at Parjanya, harm from women (strī-viṣaparjanye strīviṣo). At Jaya [the householder] is endowed with wealth. At Māhendra he is dear to the king. At Āditya there is anger. At Satya there is lawful conduct. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poison” (e.g., poisoned weapons), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Libra (Tulā), the people of the extreme border lands on the west, the people of Sindha, the trading classes and the people of Kaccha will be afflicted with miseries. If when in the sign of Scorpio (Vṛścika), the people of Udambara, of Madra, of Colā and of Yaudheya will all suffer miseries along with soldiers armed with poisoned weapons [i.e., viṣa-āyudhīya]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Viṣa (विष, “poison”) refers to one of the worldly ailments, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra’s Second Chapter begins with the goddess Pārvatī’s request that Śiva reveal to her the remedy for the ailments that afflict divine and worldly beings. Among these maladies she lists [e.g, poison (viṣa)], [...]. Śiva responds that no one has ever before asked such a question and therefore he has never before revealed the answer. He emphasizes the importance of the mṛtyuñjaya-mantra and the Netra-tantra’s tripartite approaches of mantra, yoga, and jñāna (knowledge).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Viṣa (विष) refers to the “poison (of rebirth)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Salutations to you, the guru, who are the embodiment of the bliss of the natural [no-mind] state and whose nectar [in the form] of words, kills the delusion which is the poison (viṣa) of rebirth. [This] imperishable and untainted knowledge stimulates the [Yogin’s] nectar. [This] extraordinary no-mind [knowledge] is superior [to all other knowledge because it] bestows bliss. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (nirukta)

Viṣa (विष) is derived from the root viṣ by having (ka) which means “to encompass” or “fully pervade” the whole body—According to Ayurvedic treatises. Viṣa-cikitsā refers to the various aspects of viṣa (venom of snakes), along with the treatment (both general first aid as well as specialsed treatment) and regimen for the different varieties of snakes.

context information

Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poison”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 22).—Accordingly, “Now, as the Buddha said to the Upāsaka Nandika, the killing of living beings has ten punishments. What are these ten? 1) The mind is always infected by poison (viṣa) from lifetime to lifetime without interruption. 2) Beings abhor [the murderer] and feel no joy in seeing him. 3) [The murderer], always full of evil intentions, contemplates evil things. 4) Beings fear him, as though they saw a snake (sarpa) or a tiger (vyāghra). 5) During sleep (middha) his mind is disturbed; when awake (avabodhi), he is not at peace. [...]”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Viṣa (विष) refers to “venom” (eg., Āśīviṣa—‘serpent-venom’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] (177) The Lord, the protector, ascending to the height of eighty palm trees (tāla) in the open space, said to the king (Puṇyālaṃkāra): ‘[...] (179) Living beings are never satisfied because of desire, and thus again and again the thirst of desire is the cause. The fool who remain in the realm of objects do not know how to be satisfied, and only those who are satisfied with insight are really satisfied. (180) Just as an illusion is deceptive and essenceless, it is taught that the five parts of the personality are as an illusion, these spheres are as a serpent-venom (āśī-viṣa), the six sense organs are as an empty city. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Viṣa (विष, “poison”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Poison (viṣa) is not to be taken even if its effect can be counteracted by mantras because it will in any event kill innumerable gaṇḍolaka organisms in the stomach and because if death ensues it may provoke great delusions in the last hours. Later writers, from the fifteenth century onwards, here mention opium (ahi-phena).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Viṣa (विष) refers to “poison”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Also, the fool who seeks happiness in sense objects, enters a fire in order to be cool [and] he would drink poison (viṣa) in order to live”.

Synonyms: Gara.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vīsa.—(IE 8-8; EI 5), name of a coin (JNSI, Vol. XXVI, pp. 127ff.); cf. lokkiya-vīsa, probably meaning ‘a vīsa minted at Lokkiguṇḍi’; Sanskrit viṃśa, viṃśaka, viṃśatika, or viṃśopaka. (Ep. Ind., Vol. VI, p. 232, note 6), Telugu-Kannaḍa; (1/16) of a haṇa (paṇa); but (1/20) of the standard coin in value essentially. (CITD), also called visā, visya, visāmu; Telugu-Kannaḍa; the fraction (1/10); gold equal in weight to one grain of rice; (1/256) of a Hun or Pagoda; 40 palas; a measure of land equal nearly to 2 acres. Note: vīsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Visā.—also spelt visāmu (CITD), see vīsa. Note: visā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Visha in India is the name of a plant defined with Aconitum balfourii in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Caltha codua Buch.-Ham. (among others).

2) Visha is also identified with Aconitum ferox It has the synonym Aconitum ferox Wall..

3) Visha is also identified with Aconitum heterophyllum It has the synonym Aconitum heterophyllum Wall..

4) Visha is also identified with Aconitum napellus It has the synonym Aconitum napellus S.G. Gmel. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1987)
· Taxon (1980)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Flora Japonica (Thunberg) (1784)
· Br. Med. J. (1958)
· Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India (1962)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Visha, for example chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

visa : (nt.) poison; venom.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Visa, (nt.) (cp. Vedic viṣa; Av. viš poison, Gr. i)όs, Lat. vīrus, Oir. fī: all meaning “poison”) poison, virus, venom M. I, 316=S. II, 110; Th. 1, 418; 768; Sn. 1 (sappa° snake venom); A. II, 110; J. I, 271 (halāhala° deadly p.); III, 201; IV, 222; Pug. 48; Miln. 302; PvA. 62, 256; ThA. 489.—On visa in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 137. Cp. āsī°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṣa (विष).—n (S) Poison. Nine kinds are reckoned; viz. kākōla, kālakūṭa, halāhala, saurāṣṭrika, śaulkikēya, brahmaputra, pradīpana, dārada, vatsanābha. By the word viṣa simply Animal poison is generally understood. See sthāvaraviṣa. 2 Applied metaphorically to anything exceedingly bitter; also to anything baleful, baneful, dire, deadly. viṣa mānaṇēṃ To abominate or abhor. viṣācī parikṣā (Tasting of poison to determine upon it.) Venturing upon any dangerous experiment or hazardous action. v pāha.

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visā (विसा).—f (vīsa) An aggregate of twenty considered as an unit by simple men in counting or reckoning, a score. Ex. tyājakaḍē mājhyā pāñca visā rupayē yāyācē āhēta.

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vīsa (वीस).—a (viṃśati S) Twenty. Pr. visāṃ nāhīṃ tara tisāṃ nāhīṃ tara jaśācā tasā He will be good at twenty, if not, at thirty, if not, he will remain as he is.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viṣa (विष).—n Poison. Anything exceedingly bitter.

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visā (विसा).—f A score.

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vīsa (वीस).—a Twenty. Veneral.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśa (विश).—The fibres of the stalk of a lotus; cf. बिस (bisa).

Derivable forms: viśam (विशम्).

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Viṣa (विष).—[viṣ-ka]

1) Poison, venom (said to be m. also in this sense); विषं भवतु मा भूद्वा फटाटोपो भयंकरः (viṣaṃ bhavatu mā bhūdvā phaṭāṭopo bhayaṃkaraḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.24.

2) Water; विषं जलधरैः पीतं मूर्च्छिताः पथिकाङ्गनाः (viṣaṃ jaladharaiḥ pītaṃ mūrcchitāḥ pathikāṅganāḥ) Chandr.5. 82 (where both senses are intended).

3) The fibres of a lotus-stalk.

4) Gum-myrrh.

5) A poisonous weapon; विमोक्ष्यन्ति विष क्रुद्धाः कौरवेयेषु भारत (vimokṣyanti viṣa kruddhāḥ kauraveyeṣu bhārata) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.8.3.

Derivable forms: viṣam (विषम्).

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Viṣā (विषा).—

1) Ordure, feces.

2) Intellect, understanding.

3) A tree (ativiṣā).

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Visa (विस).—See बिस (bisa).

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Visā (विसा).—A lotus stalk.

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Vīśa (वीश).—A kind of weight ( = 2 Palas = 1/5 Tulā).

Derivable forms: vīśaḥ (वीशः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśa (विश).—n.

(-śaṃ) The film or fibres of the stalk of the water-lily. E. viś to enter, aff. ka .

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Viṣa (विष).—mn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣaṃ) Poison, venom. n.

(-ṣaṃ) 1. Water. 2. The fibres attached to the stalk of the lotus. 3. Gum-myrrh. 4. A vegetable poison, (Aconitum ferox.) f.

(-ṣā) A tree, the bark of which is used in dyeing of a red colour. E. viṣ to pervade, aff. ka .

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Viṣā (विषा).—Ind. Apotte noun. Intellect, understanding. f.

(-ṣā) Ordure, feces. E. ṣo to destroy, (ignorance,) with vi prefixed, and o Unadi aff.

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Visa (विस).—n.

(-saṃ) The film or fibres of the stalk of the water-lily. E. vis to send, to put forth, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśa (विश).—see visa.

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Viṣa (विष).—I. m. and n. Poison, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 83 (n.). Ii. n. 1. Water. 2. See visa.

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Viṣā (विषा).—[viṣ + ā], I. f. Excrement, Amarak. Ii. ind. Intellect.

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Visa (विस).— (also viśa and viṣa), probably curtailed visara, or visala (cf. both), i. e. vi-sṛ + a, n. The film or fibres of the stalk of the water-lily, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 66; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 94; Mahābhārata 13, 4509; 12, 7877 (all with s).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣa (विष).—1. [masculine] servant, attendant.

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Viṣa (विष).—2. [neuter] venom, poison; adj. [feminine] ā poisonous.

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Visā (विसा).—make loose, untie, unyoke, open, set free. — Cf. a/tiṣita ([additions]), adhyavasita, a/vasita, u/tsita, parya/vasita, prasita, vyavasita.

Visā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and (सा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśa (विश):—[from viś] mfn. See dur-viśa; [wrong reading] for bisa q.v.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man [gana] śubhrādi

3) [v.s. ...] f(ā)n. = viś2, a tribe, class, people (See manuṣya-v)

4) Viṣa (विष):—[from viṣ] m. a servant, attendant, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa] (cf. dur-v)

6) [v.s. ...] n. (also m., [Siddhānta-kaumudī]; ifc. f(ā). ) ‘anything active’, poison, venom, bane, anything actively pernicious, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] vegetable poison (= vatsa-nābha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12]

9) [v.s. ...] a mystical Name of the sound m, [Upaniṣad]

10) [v.s. ...] gum-myrrh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the fibres attached to the stalk of the lotus, [Horace H. Wilson] (See bisa)

12) Viṣā (विषा):—[from viṣa > viṣ] a f. a kind of aconite, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a tree (commonly called Atis, its bark is used as a red dye), [Horace H. Wilson]

14) [v.s. ...] = viṣ3, feces (cf. vīta-viṣa)

15) Viṣa (विष):—[from viṣ] mf(ā)n. poisonous, [Atharva-veda vii, 113, 2.]

16) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] ἰός for ϝισος; [Latin] virus.

17) Viṣā (विषा):—b ind. = buddhi, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 36 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (for viṣā f. See under viṣa, p. 995, col. 2).

18) Vīśa (वीश):—1. vīśa m. a kind of weight (= 20 Palas = 1/5 Tulā), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

19) 2. vīśa See paḍ-vīśa.

20) Vīsa (वीस):—n. a kind of dance, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśa (विश):—(śaṃ) 1. n. Fibres of the stalk of the water lily.

2) Viṣa (विष):—[(ṣaḥ-ṣaṃ)] 1. m. n. Poison. n. Water; fibres of the lotus; gum myrrh. f. A tree used used for dying red.

3) Viṣā (विषा):—(ṣā) ind. Intellect.

4) Visa (विस):—(saṃ) 1. n. The film or fibres of the stalk of the water lily.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viṣa (विष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Visa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Visha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viṣa (विष) [Also spelled vish]:—(nm) poison, venom; ~[kaṃṭha] an epithet of Lord Shiv; ~[kanyā] a girl/woman so impregnated with poison that a man copulating with, or even kissing, her dies; ~[kṛta] treated with poison, poisoned; ~[ghātaka/ghātī/ghna] antivenom, antidote to poison; ~[daṃta] a fang; ~[dātā/dāyaka] one who administers poison; ~[dhara] a snake, poisonous snake; ~[nāśī] poison-destroying, anti-poison; -[bela] see -[vṛkṣa;-bhakṣaṇa] taking poison; -[maṃtra] a [maṃtra] for curing snake-bite; •[vida] a snake-bite curer through [maṃtra; -mātrā] toxicity; ~[vat] poisonous, venomous; ~[vamana] vituperative/virulent utterance; •[karanā] to make virulent utterances, to say vituperative words; ~[vidyā] science of curing snakebite etc; cure of poisons by drugs or charms; —[vṛkṣa] a poison-tree—a beginning that causes ever greater harm; —[vijñāna] toxicology; hence ~[vaijñānika] (nm) ~[vaidya] a physician who cures snake-bite or other poisonous stings (either by charms or by drugs); ~[hara] see ~[ghātī; ~hīna] poisonless, non-venomous; hence ~[hīnatā] (nf); ~[hradaya] vituperative, full of venom; —[ugalanā] to disgorge venom; to make vituperative utterances/remarks; —[kī gāṃṭha] the root of all evils, the villain of piece; —[ke dāṃta toḍanā] to render poisonless/incapable of causing harm; —[ke bīja bonā] to sow the seeds of evil/disharmony; —[gholanā] to put venom in (words); to cause disharmony/quarrel; —[caḍhanā] poison (to begin) to have effect (said only in the context of snake-bite, scorpionbite, etc.); —[pīnā] to assimilate virulence/bitter experiences.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Visa (विस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Viś.

2) Visa (विस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viśṝ.

3) Visa (विस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viṣa.

4) Visa (विस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vṛṣa.

5) Vīsa (वीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viṃśati.

Vīsa has the following synonyms: Vīsai.

6) Vīsā (वीसा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viśvā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśa (ವಿಶ):—

1) [noun] a farmer; an agriculturist.

2) [noun] a man belonging to the merchant or business class; a merchant.

3) [noun] a man in gen.

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Viṣa (ವಿಷ):—

1) [noun] the poison secreted by some snakes, spiders, insects, etc., introduced into the body of the victim by a bite or sting.

2) [noun] a substance causing illness or death when eaten, drunk or absorbed even in relatively small quantities.

3) [noun] that which has the toxic effects; a toxic thing.

4) [noun] the plant Aconitum napellus of Ranunculaceae family.

5) [noun] another plant Aconitum ferox of the same family.

6) [noun] the bitter quality or taste; bitterness.

7) [noun] water.

8) [noun] the quality or condition of being cruel; inhumanity; hardheartedness.

9) [noun] intoxication; inebriation.

10) [noun] jealosy; resentment; envy.

11) [noun] repugnance; unfriendliness; hatred; enmity.

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Visa (ವಿಸ):—

1) [noun] any substance that destroys life or impairs health when consumed, absorbed or injected into the body; a poison.

2) [noun] water.

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Visa (ವಿಸ):—[noun] a musical wind instrument consisting of a tube with a series of finger holes, in which the wind is blown through one hole; a flute.

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Visa (ವಿಸ):—

1) [noun] the stalk of a lotus plant.

2) [noun] the fibre or film of a lotus plant.

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Vīsa (ವೀಸ):—

1) [noun] an arch. coin equal to one twentieth of a Haṇa.

2) [noun] an arch. coin equal to one sixteenth of a Haṇa.

3) [noun] any of the sixteen equal parts.

4) [noun] a unit of weight, equal to one eight of a Maṇa or five seers.

5) [noun] (arch.) a unit of measure of land.

6) [noun] a portion or division of a whole;a part.

7) [noun] (fig.) a relatively small sum of money.

8) [noun] (fig.) a relatively small quantity.

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Vīsā (ವೀಸಾ):—[noun] an official permission granting an official entry into or passage through a country; visa.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Viṣa (विष):—n. 1. venom; poison; 2. water; 3. the fibers of a lotus-stalk; 4. gum-myrrh;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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