Gandhakuti, Gamdhakuti, Gandha-kuti, Gandhakuṭi, Gandhakuṭī: 14 definitions


Gandhakuti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Gandhakuti in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to the special apartment occupied by the Buddha at the Jetavana monastery (J.i.92). The building, of which the Gandhakuti formed a part, was evidently called the Gandhakuti parivena, and there the Buddha would assemble the monks and address them (E.g., J.i.501; iii.67). The site, on which stands the bed of the Buddha in the Gandhakuti, is the same for every Buddha, and is one of the unalterable sites avijahitatthanani (BuA.247).

The name Gandhakuti seems to have been used later in reference also to other residences of the Buddha. Thus, we are told (AA.i.226; see C.S.B., Pl.5B) that Visakha built a Gandhakuti for the Buddha in the Pubbarama with the money she obtained by the sale of her Mahalatapasadhana. For further details see Buddha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Gandhakuti in Mahayana glossary
Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी) (in Chinese: K'ien-t'o-kiu-tchö) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Śatabhiṣaj or Śatabhiṣannakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Śatabhiṣaj] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Gandhakuṭī] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gandhakuṭī.—(EIA9, 18; IA 14), originally, ‘a chamber for the Buddha's use’; later ‘the chamber enshrining the Buddha image in a monastery’; a shrine where the image of the Buddha is worshipped; a Buddhist temple. Note: gandhakuṭī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Gandhakuti in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Gandhakuti in India is the name of a plant defined with Casearia esculenta in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Casearia zeylanica Thwaites (among others).

2) Gandhakuti is also identified with Elettaria cardamomum It has the synonym Amomum uncinatum Stokes (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Royal Gardens, Kew (1930)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniae (1858)
· Botanico-Medica
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1797)
· Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London (1812)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gandhakuti, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gandhakuti in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gandhakuṭi : (f.) perfumed chamber; the room occupied by the Buddha.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī refers to: (f.) a perfumed cabin, name of a room or hut occupied by the Buddha, esp. that made for him by Anāthapiṇḍika in Jetavana (J.I, 92). Gotamassa g° J.II, 416, cp. Av. Ś II.401; DhA.IV, 203, 206;

Note: gandhakuṭī is a Pali compound consisting of the words gandha and kuṭī.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gandhakuti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी).—

1) a kind of perfume. (-ṭiḥ, -ṭī) -2 The Buddhist temple, any chamber used by Buddha; पुण्योद्देशवशाच्चकार रुचिरां शौद्धोदनेः श्रद्धया । श्रीमद्गन्धकुटीमिमामिव कुटीं मोक्षस्य सौख्यस्य च (puṇyoddeśavaśāccakāra rucirāṃ śauddhodaneḥ śraddhayā | śrīmadgandhakuṭīmimāmiva kuṭīṃ mokṣasya saukhyasya ca) || (An inscription at Gayā V.9. Ind. Ant. Vol.X).

Gandhakuṭī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gandha and kuṭī (कुटी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी).—(= Pali id.), name given to a special private cell of the Buddha (and a similar one of earlier Buddhas, so in Pali, and in Divyāvadāna 333.4—5); especially one at the Jetavana at Śrāvastī: Mahāvyutpatti 9151; Avadāna-śataka i.96.4; ii.40.1; 153.11; Divyāvadāna 46.5 and 13 (in both text with mss. °kūṭī); 333.4 (one ms. °kūṭī) and 6. (Divyāvadāna., Index, wrongly °kūṭī). Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.142.10 seems to imply that any monastery might be provided with one; in iii.133.6 ff. directions for its location (in general, in the center of a vihāra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी).—f. (-ṭī) A kind of perfume, commonly Mura. E. gandha smell, &c. kuṭī abode.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी):—[=gandha-kuṭī] [from gandha] a f. a kind of perfume, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] b a chamber devoted to Buddha’s use, [Inscriptions] (cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 404, ]n. 2)

3) Gandhakūṭī (गन्धकूटी):—[=gandha-kūṭī] [from gandha] f. (for -kuṭī?) the hall of fragrances, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी):—[gandha-kuṭī] (ṭī) 3. f. A perfume.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gandhakuti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gandhakuti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaṃdhakuṭi (ಗಂಧಕುಟಿ):—[noun] a kind of perfume.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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