Gandhakuti, Gandhakuṭi, Gandhakuṭī, Gandha-kuti: 8 definitions



Gandhakuti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (G) next»] — Gandhakuti in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to the special apartment occupied by the Buddha at the Jetavana monastery (J.i.92). The building, of which the Gandhakuti formed a part, was evidently called the Gandhakuti parivena, and there the Buddha would assemble the monks and address them (E.g., J.i.501; iii.67). The site, on which stands the bed of the Buddha in the Gandhakuti, is the same for every Buddha, and is one of the unalterable sites avijahitatthanani (BuA.247).

The name Gandhakuti seems to have been used later in reference also to other residences of the Buddha. Thus, we are told (AA.i.226; see C.S.B., Pl.5B) that Visakha built a Gandhakuti for the Buddha in the Pubbarama with the money she obtained by the sale of her Mahalatapasadhana. For further details see Buddha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gandhakuṭī.—(EIA9, 18; IA 14), originally, ‘a chamber for the Buddha's use’; later ‘the chamber enshrining the Buddha image in a monastery’; a shrine where the image of the Buddha is worshipped; a Buddhist temple. Note: gandhakuṭī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Gandhakuti in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gandhakuṭi : (f.) perfumed chamber; the room occupied by the Buddha.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī refers to: (f.) a perfumed cabin, name of a room or hut occupied by the Buddha, esp. that made for him by Anāthapiṇḍika in Jetavana (J.I, 92). Gotamassa g° J.II, 416, cp. Av. Ś II.401; DhA.IV, 203, 206;

Note: gandhakuṭī is a Pali compound consisting of the words gandha and kuṭī.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Gandhakuti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी).—

1) a kind of perfume. (-ṭiḥ, -ṭī) -2 The Buddhist temple, any chamber used by Buddha; पुण्योद्देशवशाच्चकार रुचिरां शौद्धोदनेः श्रद्धया । श्रीमद्गन्धकुटीमिमामिव कुटीं मोक्षस्य सौख्यस्य च (puṇyoddeśavaśāccakāra rucirāṃ śauddhodaneḥ śraddhayā | śrīmadgandhakuṭīmimāmiva kuṭīṃ mokṣasya saukhyasya ca) || (An inscription at Gayā V.9. Ind. Ant. Vol.X).

Gandhakuṭī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gandha and kuṭī (कुटी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी).—(= Pali id.), name given to a special private cell of the Buddha (and a similar one of earlier Buddhas, so in Pali, and in Divyāvadāna 333.4—5); especially one at the Jetavana at Śrāvastī: Mahāvyutpatti 9151; Avadāna-śataka i.96.4; ii.40.1; 153.11; Divyāvadāna 46.5 and 13 (in both text with mss. °kūṭī); 333.4 (one ms. °kūṭī) and 6. (Divyāvadāna., Index, wrongly °kūṭī). Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.142.10 seems to imply that any monastery might be provided with one; in iii.133.6 ff. directions for its location (in general, in the center of a vihāra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी).—f. (-ṭī) A kind of perfume, commonly Mura. E. gandha smell, &c. kuṭī abode.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gandhakuṭī (गन्धकुटी):—[=gandha-kuṭī] [from gandha] a f. a kind of perfume, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] b a chamber devoted to Buddha’s use, [Inscriptions] (cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 404, ]n. 2)

3) Gandhakūṭī (गन्धकूटी):—[=gandha-kūṭī] [from gandha] f. (for -kuṭī?) the hall of fragrances, [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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