Guduci, aka: Guḍuci, Guḍūci, Guḍūcī, Guḍucī; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Guduci means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Guduchi.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Guḍūcī (गुडूची) is a Sanskrit word referring to “camelthorn”, a herb from the Menispermaceae family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also spelled as Guḍūci (गुडूचि) or Guḍuci (गुडुचि). It also known by the name Amṛtā in Sanskrit, or as Gulāñcā and Giloy in Hindi. The official botanical name of the plant is Tinospora cordifolia and is commonly known in English as “camelthorn-bush” or “Persian mannaplant” among others.

This plant (Guḍūcī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Amṛtā, Kuṇḍalī, Chinnaruhā and Cinnodbhava. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Kirātatiktādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Guḍūcī (Tinospora cordifolia) is called kuṇḍalī or maṇḍalī due to its circular shape (ākṛti).

Source: Google Books: Modern and Global Ayurveda

Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) is among the most highly revered herbs of Ayurvedic medicine. Originating in India, Guduchi (“the one who protects”) is a tropical climbing herb that belongs to the Mernispermaccae family. It is now found not only in the tropical areas of India but also in Sri Lanka and Burma. The Guduchi vine grows wild and does not require much cultivation. In Ayurvedic medicine, Guduchi is considered to be one of three amrita plants. The Sanskrit term "amrita" literally means "nectar" or "ambrosia".

The sacred origin of Guduchi is described in the Indian epic, The Ramayana and the sacred text of the Durga Saptshati. Vaidya Ramakant Mishra recounts the myth of Guduchi from The Ramayana saying that guduchi began growing on Earth from the hands of Lord Indra. Lord Rama made a special prayer to Lord Indra asking Indra to resurrect all the monkeys and bears from his army that had died during the war with the rakshasa (demon), Ravana. Upon hearing the wish from Rama, Lord Indra granted Rama the boon and sprinkled nectar from the heavens to resurrect the animals. As the nectarous drops fell upon the bodies of the dead monkeys and bears, they suddenly came back to life. The nectarous drops that fell on the Earth formed the sacred Guduchi plant.

Source: Ayurveda College: Guduchi

Guḍūcī (गुडूची) refers to  L. Tinospora cordifolia mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 19.11 which explains another medical treatment as part of the section on reviving the dead. It is a treatment that simply involves taking the root of guḍūcī. By taking it, a practitioner can avoid unexpected death. Accordingly, “he should take the root of guḍūcī on the day when the moon abides in Puṣya, which coincides with the light half-month, and drink one karṣa of it with hot water. It is excellent to undo the unexpected death”.

Note: The guḍūcī is known as amṛta in Āyurveda, and it is used for various diseases, as well as for rasa-rasāyana in Rasaśāstra (See Rasaratnasamuccaya, Pañcāmṛtarasa 14.27-30; Lokanātharasa 14.32-46; Trailokyatilakarasa 15.62-76; Lokanātharasa 16.29-3; Rasendramaṅgala, Pañcāmṛtarasa 3.103-111, 3.112-114).

Source: academia.edu: Chapter Nineteen of the Kakṣapuṭatantra (ayurveda)

Guḍūcī (गुडूची) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Tinospora cordifolia (heart-leaved moonseed) from the Menispermaceae or “moonseed family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.13-16 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Guḍūcī is commonly known in Hindi as Giloe or Gurc; in Marathi as Gulwel; in Gujurati as Gilo; in Bengali as Golanca; in Telugu as Tippateege; in Tamil as Chindil-kādī; and in Kannada as Amarad-vallī.

Guḍūcī is mentioned as having thirty-one synonyms: Amṛtavallī, Amṛtā, Jvarāri, Śyāmā, Varā, Surkṛtā, Madhuparṇikā, Chinnodbhavā, Amṛtalatā, Rasāyanī, Chinnā, Somalatikā, Amṛtasambhavā, Vatsādanī, Chinnaruhā, Viśalyā, Bhiṣakpriyā, Kuṇḍalinī, Vayaḥsthā, Jīvantikā, Nāgakumārīkā, Chadmikā, Caṇḍahāsā, Kandodbhavā, Kandāmṛtā, Piṇḍaguḍūcikā, Bahucchinnā, Bahuruhā, Piṇḍālu, Kandarohiṇī.

Properties and characteristics: “Guḍūcī is described as guru (heavy), uṣṇa-vīrya (having hot-potency), and with tikta (bitter) and kaṣāya-rasa (astringent). All its varieties are good febrifuge (jvaranāśinī). It controls burning sensations (dāha), painful conditions (arti), thirst (tṛṣṇā), vomiting (vami) and is considered beneficial in the diseases of rakta-vāta (hence called vāta-raktāri by Vaidyaka-Śabda-Sindhu), prameha (obstinate urinary disorders), madhumeha (diabetes mellitus), pāṇḍu (anaemia) and bhrama (vertigo)”

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Guḍūcī (गुडूची):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Guḍūcī (गुडूची) in Sanskrit and Giloī in Prakrit refers to the plant Tinospera cordifolia Miers. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., guḍūcī) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

guḍūcī (गुडूची).—f S A plant, Menispermum glabrum.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guḍucī (गुडुची) or Guḍūcī (गुडूची).—Name of a very useful medicinal plant, Cocculus Cordifolius (Mar. guḷavela).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 71 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Guducyadi
Guḍūcyādi (गुडूच्यादि) or Guḍūcyādivarga or Vīrudvarga is the name of the third chapter of the ...
Amrita
Amṛtā (अमृता) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin-u...
Ananta
Ananta.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: ananta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as ...
Vara
Vara (वर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Best, excellent. 2. Eldest. m. (-raḥ) 1. A boon, a blessing, e...
Shyama
Śyāmā (श्यामा) is another name for Guḍūcī, a medicinal plant identified with Tinospora cordifol...
Amara
Amara (अमर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. A deity, an immortal. 2. A plant, (Heliotropium indicum.) See asthisa...
Chinna
Chinna (छिन्न).—adj. (ppp.; not recorded in this sense), wearied; in strī-, bhāra-, mārga-chinn...
Vajra
Vajra (वज्र).—mfn. (-jraḥ-jrā-jraṃ) 1. Hard, impenetrable, adamantine. 2. Cross, forked. mn. (-...
Svara
Svara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: svara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it ...
Kundalini
Kuṇḍalinī (कुण्डलिनी) is another name for Guḍūcī, a medicinal plant identified with Tinospora c...
Vishalya
Viśalya (विशल्य).—mfn. (-lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) 1. Free from thorns or spikes. 2. Free from care or pai...
Valli
Valli is the name of a deity depicted at the Kamakshi Amman Temple in Kanchipuram, one of the m...
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Uddhara (उद्धर).—(m. ? only in comp.; to Sanskrit ud with hṛ; also an-uddhara-tā below), neglec...

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