Vana, Vaṇa, Vāna: 33 definitions


Vana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vaan.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vana (वन) refers to “forests”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On the top of the mountain near the city of Himālaya (śailarājapura), Śiva sported about for a long time in the company of Satī. [...] Śiva went from place to place. Sometimes He went to the top of Meru wherein Gods and Goddesses resided. He went to different continents, parks and forests (vana) on the earth. After visiting the different places He returned home and lived with Satī”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vana (वन).—A son of Uśīnara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3.
Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Vana (वन) refers to the “forest”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh Sītā, the delicate! Do whatever I tell you. There are many inconveniencs in the forest (vana). Know them from me. Oh, Sītā! Let your thought made about forest be given up. It is indeed said that forest with its wilderness is fraught with many dangers’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vāna (वान).—The suffix वन् (van) mentior:ed as वान् (vān) in the Atharvapratisakhya and illustrated in the word ऋतावानं (ṛtāvānaṃ); cf. A. Pr. III. 24.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Vana (वन) refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Vana] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Vāna (वान) refers to the “dry fruit” (of a tree), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 38.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vana (वन) refers to “forests”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “The venerable great lord of Oḍra resides in the cavity in the Middle Land. It is (Oḍḍiyāna) the first (sacred seat) and, yellow in colour, it has mountains, forests, and groves [i.e., sa-śaila-vana-kānana], large and small, and is adorned with golden walls. It has rivers and rivulets and many (other) things. It is full of all the seeds and is square all around. It has thunderbolts as door chains and Mālinī (who resides there) holds a thunderbolt (vajra) in her hand. Endowed with the sovereignty of the Wheels, it is the sacred seat (Udyāna) attended by the mistress of the sacred seat”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vana (वन) refers to “(produce of) the forest”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Puṣya will be dealers in barley, wheat, rice, sugar-canes and in the produce of the forest (vana); will be either ministers or rulers; will live by water; will be Sādhus and will delight in sacrificial rites. Those who are born on the lunar day of Āśleṣā, will be dealers in perfumes, roots, fruits, reptiles, serpents and poison; will delight in cheating others of their property; will be dealers in pod grains and will be skilled in medicine of every sort. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vana (वन) refers to a “forest” (where religious observances are observed), according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘[...] Accompanied by his ritual assistant, he should go to the forest (vana) and begin the practice of his religious observance. [If he is] without a ritual assistant, then his spouted water-pot is his ritual assistant in that [practice].’”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Vana (वन) refers to the “grove (of ascetics)”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 3.18.—Accordingly: “When the complete birth ritual was done by the ascetic chaplain who had come from the grove of ascetics (tapas-vana), Dilīpa’s son shone yet more, like a precious stone taken from a mine and then polished”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vana (वन) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘forest’, not necessarily of trees only, but, like Araṇya, the wild uninhabited land. It also means ‘wooden cup’ used in the Soma ritual, and in one passage perhaps a part of the chariot.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Vana is the dhamma that bind various different lives in the samsara.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vana (वन) refers to the “woods”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 36).—Accordingly, “In a forest, an empty house, a charnel-ground, a mountain, a woods (vana) or a desert, the disciples of the Buddha who are meditating properly on the nine notions and who are practicing the meditation on the inner and outer horrors feel disgust for the body and say to themselves: ‘Why do we carry around this vile and horrible sack of excrement and urine?’ They are pained and frightened by it. Also there is wicked Māra who plays all kinds of evil tricks on them and who comes to frighten them in hopes of making them regress. This is why the Buddha, [in the Prajñāpāramitāsūtra], continues by explaining the eight recollections”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Vāṇa (वाण) [=bāṇa?] refers to an “arrow”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “By the form of a skull cup, and by the letter Māṃ, Vāruṇī, Eighteen arms, one face, red color, and three eyes, A sword, arrow (vāṇa) and hook, on the right, a skull cup, ax and banner, Thus a mace, thus a bell, and in the ninth, granting wishes, A two-headed drum, a bow and noose, a staff and a water pot, A trident, hammer and lute, and thus a number, in the upper hand, A young adolescent beauty, a great beauty, a beautiful goddess”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vana (वन) refers to “shameless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath, the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction goes out like a young doe in the forest []. O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

Synonyms: Vipina.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Vana (वन, “forest”) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). We find some place-names with the suffix denoting forest, for example Vindhyāṭavī, and Vṛndāvana. In our inscriptions we come across only three such names, Tumbavana and Vindhāṭavī, and Mahākāntāra. The suffixes vana, aṭavī and kāntāra are synonyms.

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

The great Himalayan forests (vana) are often mentioned. The Kathasaritsagara also mentions a long range of Tamala forest on the confines of the Southern region of Himalaya. A big forest (maha-vana) near Banaras on the Ganmges that was infused with singing of the Cuckoos and one more near Sankhapura is mentioned. Again a thicket of reeds (vela-vana) on the Ganges and a cluster of trees on the bank of Mandakini is mentioned. A timber-forest (devadaru-vana) outside Kanyakubja is also referred to.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vana.—a source of income. See Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., pp. 109-10. Cf. nāga-vana (IE 8-4), an elephant-forest. Note: vana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vaṇa : (nt.) a wound; a sore.

-- or --

vana : (nt.) a wood; forest. || vāna (nt.) craving; netting of a bed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vaṇa, (nt. & m.) (cp. Vedic vraṇa; Serbian rana; Obulg. var̄e, both “wound”) a wound, sore Vin. I, 205 (m.), 218 (vaṇo rūḷho); III, 36 (m; aṅgajāte), 117 (aṅgajāte); S. IV, 177 (vaṇaṃ ālimpeti); A. V, 347 sq. 350 sq.; 359; Nd2 540; PugA 212 (purāṇa-vaṇa-sadisa-citto); DhA. II, 165 (°ṃ bandhati to bandage); VvA. 77; PvA. 80; Sdhp. 395. On vaṇa in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 132.

— or —

1) Vāna, 2 (nt.) (fr. vana, both in meaning 1 & 2 but lit. meaning overshadowed by fig. ) lit. “jungle” (cp. vana1 etym.), fig. desire, lust (=taṇhā craving) DhsA. 409; KhA 151, 152. (Page 608)

2) Vāna, 1 (nt.) (fr. 2: see vāyati1) sewing, stuffing (of a couch) DA. I, 86; DhA. I, 234 (mañca°). (Page 608)

— or —

1) Vana, 2 (nt.) (van; vanati & vanoti to desire=Av. vanaiti Lat. venus, Ohg. wini friend (: E. winsome, attractive) wunsc=E. wish, giwon=E. wont; also “to win. ” The spelling sometimes is vaṇ: see vaṇi.—The definition at Dhtp 523 is “yācane” (i.e. from begging), at Dhtm 736 “yācāyaṃ”) lust, desire. In exegetical literature mixed up with vana1 (see definitions of vana1).—The word to the Pāli Buddhist forms a connection between vana and nibbāna, which is felt as a quâsi derivation fr. nibbana= nis+vana: see nibbana & cp. nibbāna II. B 1.—S. I, 180 (so ‘haṃ vane nibbanatho visallo); Sn. 1131 (nibbana); Dh. 334; Th. 1, 691 (vanā nibbanaṃ āgataṃ).—A denom. fr. vana2 is vanāyati (like vanīyati fr. vaṇi). (Page 600)

2) Vana, 1 (nt.) (Ved. vana.—The P. (edifying) etymology clearly takes vana as belonging to van, and, dogmatically, equals it with vana2 as an allegorical expression (“jungle”) to taṇhā (e.g. DhsA. 364 on Dhs. 1059; DhA. III, 424 on Dh. 283).—The Dhtp (174) & Dhtm (254) define it “sambhattiyaṃ, ” i.e. as meaning companionship) the forest; wood; as a place of pleasure & sport (“wood”), as well as of danger & frightfulness (“jungle”), also as resort of ascetics, noted for its loneliness (“forest”). Of (fanciful) definitions of vana may be mentioned: SnA 24 (vanute vanotī ti vanaṃ); KhA 111 (vanayatī ti vanaṃ); DhsA. 364 (taṃ taṃ ārammaṇaṃ vanati bhajati allīyatī ti vanaṃ, yācati vā ti vanaṃ (i.e. vana2). vanatho ti vyañjanena padaṃ vaḍḍhitaṃ ... balava-taṇhāy’etaṃ nāma); DhA. III, 424 (mahantā rukkhā vanaṃ nāma, khuddakā tasmiṃ vane ṭhitattā vanathā nāma etc. with further distinguishing detail, concerning the allegorical meanings).—D. II, 256 (bhikkhūṇaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ); A. I, 35, 37; Dh. 283 (also as vana2); Sn. 272, 562 (sīho nadati vane), 1015 (id.), 684 (Isivhaya v.); Sn. p. 18 (Jetavana), p. 115 (Icchānaṅgala); Th. 2, 147 (Añjanavana; a wood near Sāketa, with a vihāra); J. V, 37 (here meaning beds of lotuses); Miln. 219 (vanaṃ sodheti to clear a jungle); Dhs. 1059 (“jungle”=taṇhā); Pv. II, 65 (arañña°-gocara); Vism. 424 (Nandana° etc.); DhA. IV, 53 (taṇhā° the jungle of lust). Characterized as amba° mango grove D. II, 126 and passim; ambāṭaka° plum grove Vin. II, 17; udumbara of figs DhA. I, 284; tapo° forest of ascetics ThA. 136; DhA. IV, 53; nāga° elephant forest M. I, 175; brahā wild forest A. I, 152; III, 44; Vv 633; J. V, 215; mahā° great forest Th. 2, 373 (rahitaṃ & bhiṃsanakaṃ).—vanataraṃ (with compar. suffix) thicker jungle, denser forest Miln. 269 (vanato vanataraṃ pavisāma).—On similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 133. Cp. vi°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaṇa (वण).—m n (vraṇa S) A cicatrix or scar; mark left by a wound, sore, boil, small pox &c.; a wemme. 2 f (vana S) The price paid for pasturage. 3 R A sacrifice to vētāḷa, mhasōbā, or similar minor divinity. 4 Used in public papers before the word mhaisa, indicating that vaṇa or pasture-money is chargeable. Ex. vaṇamhaśī caudāpaikīṃ mayata tīna bākī jamā akarā.

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vana (वन).—n (S) A wood, forest, grove, wold. 2 A wild or waste; a desolate uninhabited tract. 3 In comp. Wild: opp. to tame, domestic, reared, cultivated; as vanaśūkara, vanagau, vanavṛkṣa, vanapuṣpa.

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vana (वन).—m An order or an individual of it of the Gosavi.

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vana (वन).—n m (Commonly vaṇa, as from vraṇa S) A cicatrix or scar.

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vana (वन).—f (vana S A wood.) Price paid for pasturage. 2 Pasture.

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vāṇa (वाण).—m n (varṇa S) Color. Pr. ḍhavaḷyācyā śējārīṃ bāndhalā pōṃvaḷā vāṇa nāhīṃ paṇa guṇa lāgalā. 2 A specimen or sample, an instance of the color or kind of. vāṇa pālaṭaṇēṃ -phiraṇēṃ -badalaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's or its complexion, color, or hue reversed or altered;--used of living beings and of gold, silver, pearls, diamonds &c. vāṇa māraṇēṃ To lose or change color or the general appearance betokening the condition or health (of man or beast); to look wan. Ex. āja ghōḍā vāṇa māralyāsārakhā disatō.

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vāṇa (वाण).—n (vāyana S) vāṇaka n S Fruits, sweetmeats, and light dishes, also articles of female dress and decoration, presented, on occasions, by persons under some religious observance to Brahmans or to married women. sunyā gharīṃ vāṇa dēṇēṃ To be beneficent, virtuous, religious &c. where there is none to acknowledge; to perform labors or make sacrifices where there is none to recompense: also to be ostensibly munificent, or lavish of large-hearted professions where there is none to subject to cost or put to the test; to achieve prodigies or make imposing demonstrations without a witness.

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vāṇa (वाण).—f (uṇā) Deficiency, defectiveness, insufficiency, want, lack. v kara. Ex. khāṇyāpiṇyācī vāṇa karāla tara śarīra kasēṃ vāgēla; tyācē gharīṃ kāya paikyācī vāṇa; Pr. miṭhācī kēlī vāṇa āṇi lōṇacyālā paḍalī ghāṇa.

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vāṇā (वाणा).—m (vāṇi S) The cross threads of a cloth, the woof.

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vāna (वान).—m (For vāṇa from varṇa S) Color, hue, tint, tinge. 2 n An ingredient; a material entering into the composition of; esp. an item of a medicinal compound. 3 Better vāṇa n q. v. Presents by votaries &c.

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vānā (वाना).—m An ingredient (esp. in a medicinal compound or mixture). 2 A commodity, an article or item of merchandise.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaṇa (वण).—m n A scar; mark left by a wound, boil, &c.

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vana (वन).—n A wood; a wild. f Pasture.

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vāṇa (वाण).—m n Colour. A specimen. n Fruits, &c., presented on occasions, by persons under some religious observance to Brâhmans, &c. f Deficiency.

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vāṇā (वाणा).—m The woof.

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vāna (वान).—m Colour. n An ingredient. See vāṇa.

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vānā (वाना).—m An ingredient. A commodity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaṇa (वण).—Sound, noise.

Derivable forms: vaṇaḥ (वणः).

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Vana (वन).—[van-ac]

1) A forest, wood, thicket of trees; एको वासः पत्तने वा वने वा (eko vāsaḥ pattane vā vane vā) Bhartṛhari 3.12; वनेऽपि दोषाः प्रभवन्ति रागिणाम् (vane'pi doṣāḥ prabhavanti rāgiṇām).

2) A cluster, group, a quantity of lotuses or other plants growing in a thick bed; चित्रद्विपाः पद्मवनाव- तीर्णाः (citradvipāḥ padmavanāva- tīrṇāḥ) R.16.16;6.86.

3) A place of abode, residence, house.

4) A fountain, spring (of water).

5) Water in general; गगनं (gaganaṃ) ... वनौघनमदभ्रम् (vanaughanamadabhram) Śiśupālavadha 6.73.

6) A wooden vessel.

7) Wood, timber.

8) Dwelling in a forest, living abroad.

9) Ved. A cloud.

1) Light, a ray of light.

11) Worshipping.

12) A mountain; L. D. B.

13) Plenty, abundance. (As the first member of comp. vana may be translated by 'wild', 'forest'; vanavarāhaḥ, vanakadalī, vanapuṣpam &c.)

Derivable forms: vanam (वनम्).

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Vāṇa (वाण).—

1) Sounding, sound; वाणैर्बाणैः समासक्तम् (vāṇairbāṇaiḥ samāsaktam) Kirātārjunīya 15. 1.

2) An arrow; see बाण (bāṇa).

3) Music.

4) A harp with 1 strings.

Derivable forms: vāṇaḥ (वाणः).

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Vāna (वान).—a.

1) Blown.

2) Dried (by wind), dried up. (nipapāta) अवानमशुकादष्टमेकमाम्रफलं किल (avānamaśukādaṣṭamekamāmraphalaṃ kila) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 2.17.28.

3) Belonging to a forest.

-nam 1 Dry or dried fruit (m. also).

2) Blowing.

3) Living.

4) Rolling, moving, (as of waters &c.).

5) A perfume, fragrance.

6) A number of groves or thickets.

7) Weaving.

8) A mat of straw.

9) A hole in the wall of a house.

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Vāna (वान).—An intelligent man.

Derivable forms: vānaḥ (वानः).

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Vānā (वाना).—

1) A quail.

2) Dry or dried fruit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vana (वन).—(1) (m. or nt.; once apparently in Sanskrit Kenop. 31; seems pretty clear in Pali vana, tho interpretations of some passages vary; Critical Pali Dictionary recognizes avana, free from lust; compare vanatā, vanatha, avanatā, nirvaṇa). desire: Udānavarga xviii.3 and 4 = Pali Dhammapada (Pali) 283—4, vanaṃ (punningly desire and grove; so Pali) chindatha mā vṛkṣaṃ vanato jāyate bhayam, chit(t)vā vanaṃ samūlaṃ ca (Pali vanaṃ ca vanathaṃ ca) nirvaṇā bhavatha bhikṣavaḥ; yāvad vanatā (Pali vanatho) na chidyate (later ms. na chidyate yāvatā vanaṃ), etc. [In Gaṇḍavyūha 105.25 -vanasya, gen., is a false reading; see under avana.] (2) name of a yakṣa: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.17.7.

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Vāṇa (वाण).—(°-), m., (1) woven textiles (Dutt): kati vāṇā iti… pañca vāṇāḥ, muñja-śāṇa-valvaja-kauśeya-vaṃśajāḥ Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.75.11—12; compare vāna, which perhaps read for this; (2) name of some bird: °śatāni Mahāvastu ii.400.4 (parallel with haṃsa, kroñca, etc.); 402.6 (id.); 403.7. Cf. next.

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Vāna (वान).—nt. (Sanskrit Lex., woven stuff, mat), according to Tibetan fibre made from bark: Mahāvyutpatti 5878 = Tibetan thag ran. Follows sūtram; followed by kācalindikam. Cf. vāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vana (वन).—nf. (-naṃ-nī) A forest, a wood, a grove. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Water. 2. A residence, a dwelling or abode. 3. A house. 4. Timber. 5. A cascade or fountain. E. van to sound, to serve, to seek, &c., aff. ac .

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Vāṇa (वाण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. An arrow. 2. A name of fire. 3. The name of a sovereign considered also as an Asura or infernal being, the son o t Bali, father. of Usha, destroyed by Vishnu. 4. The udder of a cow. 5. Alone, solitary. 6. A pipe, a fife, a flute. mf.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā) 1. Blue Barleria. 2. The root or feathered part of an arrow. E. vaṇ or baṇ to sound or go, aff. ghañ; whence this word and other derivatives are sometimes also written with an initial ba .

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Vāna (वान).—mfn. Subst.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Dry fruit. Adj. Dry, dried. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Living. 2. Going, moving. 3. A mat of straw. 4. A heavy sea, the rolling of water from wind, &c.; hence the high tide in the Indian rivers, commonly called the Bore. 5. A hole in the wall of a house. 6. A perfume, a fragrance. 7. Weaving. 8. Blowing. mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Relating to a wood, a house, &c.: see vana. n.

(-naṃ) A number or multitude of woods. E. vai to dry or wither, aff. kta, form irr.: in other of its applications, van to sound, aff. ghañ; or vana a wood, water, a house, &c., and aṇ referential aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vana (वन).—I. n., and f. , A forest, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 79 (na); [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 56 (na). Ii. n. 1. Water. 2. A cascade or fountain. 3. A residence, [Nala] 3, 22. 4. A house.

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Vāṇa (वाण).— (also bāṇa bāṇa), I. m. 1. (perhaps for parṇa), An arrow, [Pañcatantra] 128, 1. 2. Fire. 3. The udder of a cow. 4. A pipe, Chr. 292, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 10 (with dhamantas, playing the pipe, i. e. roaring). 5. Alone. 6. The name of an Asura. Ii. m., and f. ṇā. 1. The feathered part of an arrow. 2. Blue Barleria, [Kirātārjunīya] 4, 28 (ṇā); 10, 24 (double meaning, also arrow).

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Vāna (वान).—[vā + na] [A.], I. adj. Dry, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 26. Ii. m., f. , and n. Dry fruit. Iii. n. 1. Moving. 2. A heavy sea. 3. A mat of straw. 4. Living. 5. A perfume. B. n. A hole in the wall of a house. C. i. e. vana + a, I. adj. Relating to a wood, a house. Ii. n. A number of woods, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 3, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vana (वन).—1. [neuter] tree, wood, forest, wooden vessel or barrel for the Soma-juice, [figuratively] = cloud. [feminine] vanā the wood of attrition (person.), vanī wood, thicket.

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Vana (वन).—2. [neuter] desire, longing.

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Vāṇa (वाण).—1. [masculine] instrumental music; a harp with a hundred strings.

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Vāṇa (वाण).—2. v. 1 bāṇa.

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Vāna (वान).—[neuter] weaving, sowing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaṇa (वण):—[from baṇ] m. sound, noise, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] (cf. dhig-v).

2) Vana (वन):—[from van] 1. vana n. (once m., [Rāmāyaṇa v, 50, 2]; for 2. See p. 919, col. 1) a forest, wood, grove, thicket, quantity of lotuses or other plants growing in a thick cluster (but in older language also applied to a single tree), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] plenty, abundance, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] a foreign or distant land, [Ṛg-veda vii, 1, 19] (cf. araṇya)

5) [v.s. ...] wood, timber, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] a wooden vessel or barrel (for the Soma juice), [Ṛg-veda] (?)

7) [v.s. ...] a cloud (as the vessel in the sky), [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) the body of a carriage, [Ṛg-veda viii, 34, 18]

9) [v.s. ...] water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12]

10) [v.s. ...] a fountain, spring, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] abode, [Nalôd.]

12) [v.s. ...] Cyperus Rotundus, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

13) [v.s. ...] = raśrmi, a ray of light, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 4]

14) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) longing, earnest desire, [Kena-upaniṣad]

15) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Uśīnara, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of one of the 10 orders of mendicants founded by Śaṃkarācārya (the members of which affix vana to their names cf. rārmendra-v), [Horace H. Wilson]

17) Vanā (वना):—[from vana > van] f. the piece of wood used for kindling fire by attrition (= araṇi q.v.; sometimes personified), [Ṛg-veda iii, 13]

18) Vana (वन):—2. vana ind. [gana] cādi.

19) Vāna (वान):—[from ] 1. vāna mfn. (for 2. See p.940) blown etc. (cf. nir-vāṇa)

20) [v.s. ...] n. blowing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] a perfume, fragrance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] living, [ib.]

23) [v.s. ...] going, moving, rolling, [Horace H. Wilson]

24) [v.s. ...] the rolling of water or of the tide ([especially] the high wave in Indian rivers, commonly called ‘the Bore’), [ib.]

25) Vāṇa (वाण):—1. vāṇa m. ([from] √vaṇ; often written bāṇa q.v.) sounding, a sound, [Kirātārjunīya xv, 10]

26) an arrow (See bāṇa, p.727 for [compound]), [Ṛg-veda ix, 50, 1]

27) music ([especially] of flutes, harps etc.), [Ṛg-veda i, 85, 10 etc.; Atharva-veda x, 2, 17] (here written bāṇa)

28) a harp with 100 strings, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]

29) n. the sound of a [particular] little hand-drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) 2. vāṇa [wrong reading] for vāna in vānadaṇḍa and vānaprastha (See 3. and 6. vāna).

31) Vāna (वान):—2. vāna mfn. ([from] √vai; for 1. See p. 935, col. 3) dried etc.

32) n. dry or dried fruit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

33) a kind of bamboo manna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) 3. vāna n. ([from] √ve) the act of weaving or sewing, [Nyāyamālā-vistara; Sāyaṇa] (reckoned among the 64 Kalās)

35) a mat of straw, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

36) 4. vāna m. or n. (?) a hole in the wall of a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

37) 5. vāna m. an intelligent man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

38) Name of Yama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

39) 6. vāna mf(ī)n. ([from] 1. vana, p.917) relating to a wood or to a dwelling in a wood etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

40) n. a dense wood, [Nalôd.]

41) a multitude of woods or groves or thickets, [Horace H. Wilson]

42) Vānā (वाना):—[from vāna] f. a quail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

43) Vāna (वान):—[from ve] a etc. See 3. vāna, p. 940, col. 2.

44) [from vai] b mfn. dried etc. (See 2. vāna, p. 940, col. 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vana (वन):—[(naṃ-nī)] 1. n. 3. f. A forest; a grove. n. Water; house; cascade.

2) Vāṇa (वाण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. An arrow; fire; an udder; a flute, pipe; Vāna, name of an Asur; solitary. m. f. Blue barleria; feathered part of an arrow.

3) Vāna (वान):—[(naḥ-nā-nī-naṃ) a.] Dry; of a wood. m. f. n. Dry fruit. n. Living; moving; mat of straw; the bore; hole in a wall; perfume.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vana (वन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vaṇa, Vāṇa, Vāya, Viṇaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vana (वन) [Also spelled van]:—(nm) wood, forest, jungle; water; ~[khaṃḍa] forest; land; forestry; woodland; ~[gamana] going to the forest; taking to asceticism; —, [gahana] dense forest; ~[cara/cārī] a forester, woodman, forest-farer; ~[ja/jātī] wild, born in the jungle; a lotus flower; ~[da] a cloud; ~[devatā] a satyr, sylvanus; —[devī] a dryad; ~[dhānya] wild foodgrain; ~[prāṃta] forest; forestry; woodland; ~[pāla] a forester; forest ranger; -[mahotsava] an Indian movement for augmentation of the forest wealth; ~[mālā] a wreath of wild flowers; ~[rāja] a lion; -[rakṣaṇa] forest preservation; ~[ropaṇa] afforestation; ~[lakṣmī] a forest-beauty; forest-godness; ~[vāsa] dwelling in a forest; exile, banishment; •[denā] to command to dwell in the forest, exiled, banished; ~[vāsī] inhabitant of a forest; an ascetic; ~[vidyā] forestry; -[saṃvardhana] forestation; -[saṃskṛti] forest culture; ~[sthalī] woodland, forest land.

2) Vāna (वान) [Also spelled vaan]:—— a Sanskrit suffix ( [vān] ) adopted in Hindi—meaning [vālā].

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Vaṇa (वण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Van.

2) Vaṇa (वण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vraṇa.

3) Vaṇa (वण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vana.

4) Vāṇa (वाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vinam.

5) Vāṇa (वाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vāna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vana (ವನ):—

1) [noun] a large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush; a woodland; a forest.

2) [noun] water.

3) [noun] a garden; a park; a pleasure garden.

4) [noun] light; splendour.

5) [noun] a place or building where a person or family normally resides; a house.

6) [noun] a cloud.

7) [noun] a wooden container.

8) [noun] a group of people, animals, etc. gathered together; a multitude; a crowd.

9) [noun] a natural spring or fountain of water.

10) [noun] copiousness; abundance.

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Vāṇa (ವಾಣ):—

1) [noun] a slender shaft pointed at one end and feathered at the other, shot from a bow at the target; a shaft-missile; an arrow.

2) [noun] a one-hundred-stringed musical instrument.

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Vāna (ವಾನ):—

1) [adjective] blown or blowing (as wind).

2) [adjective] dry or dried.

3) [adjective] of or relating to a forest or forest life.

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Vāna (ವಾನ):—

1) [noun] the act of (wind) blowing.

2) [noun] dry or dried fruit.

3) [noun] a thick growth of trees; a forest or grove.

4) [noun] the act of weaving (a fabric).

5) [noun] the fact of being alive or the act of living.

6) [noun] the act or an instance of moving; movement.

7) [noun] any perfume.

8) [noun] the fruit or consequence of an action.

9) [noun] abundance; plentifulness.

10) [noun] a stretch of level land on a mountain.

11) [noun] the state of a sexually excited elephant.

12) [noun] any alcoholic drink that causes intoxication.

13) [noun] a hole made in the wall of a house by a burglar.

14) [noun] a mat of straw.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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