Vana, aka: Vaṇa, Vāna; 14 Definition(s)


Vana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vāna (वान).—The suffix वन् (van) mentior:ed as वान् (vān) in the Atharvapratisakhya and illustrated in the word ऋतावानं (ṛtāvānaṃ); cf. A. Pr. III. 24.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vana (वन).—A son of Uśīnara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Vana (वन) refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Vana] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Vāna (वान) refers to the “dry fruit” (of a tree), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 38.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vana (वन) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘forest’, not necessarily of trees only, but, like Araṇya, the wild uninhabited land. It also means ‘wooden cup’ used in the Soma ritual, and in one passage perhaps a part of the chariot.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Vana is the dhamma that bind various different lives in the samsara.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Vana (वन, “forest”) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). We find some place-names with the suffix denoting forest, for example Vindhyāṭavī, and Vṛndāvana. In our inscriptions we come across only three such names, Tumbavana and Vindhāṭavī, and Mahākāntāra. The suffixes vana, aṭavī and kāntāra are synonyms.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

The great Himalayan forests (vana) are often mentioned. The Kathasaritsagara also mentions a long range of Tamala forest on the confines of the Southern region of Himalaya. A big forest (maha-vana) near Banaras on the Ganmges that was infused with singing of the Cuckoos and one more near Sankhapura is mentioned. Again a thicket of reeds (vela-vana) on the Ganges and a cluster of trees on the bank of Mandakini is mentioned. A timber-forest (devadaru-vana) outside Kanyakubja is also referred to.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

vaṇa : (nt.) a wound; a sore.

-- or --

vana : (nt.) a wood; forest. || vāna (nt.) craving; netting of a bed.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vaṇa, (nt. & m.) (cp. Vedic vraṇa; Serbian rana; Obulg. var̄e, both “wound”) a wound, sore Vin. I, 205 (m.), 218 (vaṇo rūḷho); III, 36 (m; aṅgajāte), 117 (aṅgajāte); S. IV, 177 (vaṇaṃ ālimpeti); A. V, 347 sq. 350 sq.; 359; Nd2 540; PugA 212 (purāṇa-vaṇa-sadisa-citto); DhA. II, 165 (°ṃ bandhati to bandage); VvA. 77; PvA. 80; Sdhp. 395. On vaṇa in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 132.

—ālepana putting ointment on a sore SnA 58 (in sim.). —coḷaka a rag for dressing a wound Vism. 342; VbhA. 361. —paṭikamma restoration or healing of a wound DhA. II, 164. —paṭicchādana dressing of a wound DhA. I, 375. —paṭṭa id. bandage SnA 100. —bandhana id. Vin. I, 205. —mukha the opening of a sore A. IV, 386 (nava °āni); VvA. 77 (id.). (Page 596)

— or —

1) Vāna, 2 (nt.) (fr. vana, both in meaning 1 & 2 but lit. meaning overshadowed by fig. ) lit. “jungle” (cp. vana1 etym.), fig. desire, lust (=taṇhā craving) DhsA. 409; KhA 151, 152. (Page 608)

2) Vāna, 1 (nt.) (fr. 2: see vāyati1) sewing, stuffing (of a couch) DA. I, 86; DhA. I, 234 (mañca°). (Page 608)

— or —

1) Vana, 2 (nt.) (van; vanati & vanoti to desire=Av. vanaiti Lat. venus, Ohg. wini friend (: E. winsome, attractive) wunsc=E. wish, giwon=E. wont; also “to win. ” The spelling sometimes is vaṇ: see vaṇi.—The defn at Dhtp 523 is “yācane” (i.e. from begging), at Dhtm 736 “yācāyaṃ”) lust, desire. In exegetical literature mixed up with vana1 (see definitions of vana1).—The word to the Pāli Buddhist forms a connection between vana and nibbāna, which is felt as a quâsi derivation fr. nibbana= nis+vana: see nibbana & cp. nibbāna II. B 1.—S. I, 180 (so ‘haṃ vane nibbanatho visallo); Sn. 1131 (nibbana); Dh. 334; Th. 1, 691 (vanā nibbanaṃ āgataṃ).—A denom. fr. vana2 is vanāyati (like vanīyati fr. vaṇi). (Page 600)

2) Vana, 1 (nt.) (Ved. vana.—The P. (edifying) etymology clearly takes vana as belonging to van, and, dogmatically, equals it with vana2 as an allegorical expression (“jungle”) to taṇhā (e.g. DhsA. 364 on Dhs. 1059; DhA. III, 424 on Dh. 283).—The Dhtp (174) & Dhtm (254) define it “sambhattiyaṃ, ” i.e. as meaning companionship) the forest; wood; as a place of pleasure & sport (“wood”), as well as of danger & frightfulness (“jungle”), also as resort of ascetics, noted for its loneliness (“forest”). Of (fanciful) defns of vana may be mentioned: SnA 24 (vanute vanotī ti vanaṃ); KhA 111 (vanayatī ti vanaṃ); DhsA. 364 (taṃ taṃ ārammaṇaṃ vanati bhajati allīyatī ti vanaṃ, yācati vā ti vanaṃ (i.e. vana2). vanatho ti vyañjanena padaṃ vaḍḍhitaṃ ... balava-taṇhāy’etaṃ nāma); DhA. III, 424 (mahantā rukkhā vanaṃ nāma, khuddakā tasmiṃ vane ṭhitattā vanathā nāma etc. with further distinguishing detail, concerning the allegorical meanings).—D. II, 256 (bhikkhūṇaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ); A. I, 35, 37; Dh. 283 (also as vana2); Sn. 272, 562 (sīho nadati vane), 1015 (id.), 684 (Isivhaya v.); Sn. p. 18 (Jetavana), p. 115 (Icchānaṅgala); Th. 2, 147 (Añjanavana; a wood near Sāketa, with a vihāra); J. V, 37 (here meaning beds of lotuses); Miln. 219 (vanaṃ sodheti to clear a jungle); Dhs. 1059 (“jungle”=taṇhā); Pv. II, 65 (arañña°-gocara); Vism. 424 (Nandana° etc.); DhA. IV, 53 (taṇhā° the jungle of lust). Characterized as amba° mango grove D. II, 126 and passim; ambāṭaka° plum grove Vin. II, 17; udumbara of figs DhA. I, 284; tapo° forest of ascetics ThA. 136; DhA. IV, 53; nāga° elephant forest M. I, 175; brahā wild forest A. I, 152; III, 44; Vv 633; J. V, 215; mahā° great forest Th. 2, 373 (rahitaṃ & bhiṃsanakaṃ).—vanataraṃ (with compar. suffix) thicker jungle, denser forest Miln. 269 (vanato vanataraṃ pavisāma).—On similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 133. Cp. vi°.

—anta the border of the forest, the forest itself Sn. 708, 709; Pv. II, 310 (=vana C.). —kammika one who works in the woods J. IV, 210 (°purisa); V, 427, 429. —gahana jungle thicket Vism. 647 (in simile). —gumba a dense cluster of trees Vv 817 (cp. VvA. 315). —caraka a forester SnA 51 (in simile). —cetya a shrine in the wood J. V, 255. —timira forest darkness; in metaphor °matt-akkhin at J. IV, 285=V. 284, which Kern (Toev. s. v.) changes into °patt-akkhin, i.e. with eyes like the leaves of the forest darkness. Kern compares Sk. vanajapattr’ākṣī Mbh I. 171, 43, and vanaja-locanā Avad. Kalp. 3, 137. The Cy. explns are “vana-timira-puppha-samān’akkhī, ” and “giri-kaṇṇika-samāna-nettā”; thus taking it as name of the plant Clitoria ternatea. —dahaka (& °dahana) burning the forest (aggi) KhA 21 (in simile). —devatā forest deva S. IV, 302. —ppagumba a forest grove VbhA. 196. —ppati (& vanaspati) (cp. Vedic vanaspati, Prk. vaṇapphai) “lord of the forest, ” a forest tree; as vanappati only at Vin. III, 47; otherwise vanaspati, e.g. S. IV, 302 (osadhī+tiṇa+v.; opposed to herbs, as in R. V, ); A. I, 152; J. I, 329; IV, 233 (tiṇa-latā-vanaspatiyo); DhA. I, 3. —pattha a forest jungle D. I, 71; III, 38, 49, 195; M. I, 16, 104; Vin. II, 146; A. I, 60; III, 138 (arañña°); Pug. 59, 68; DA. I, 210. —pantha a jungle road A. I, 241. —bhaṅga gleanings of the wood, i.e. presents of wild fruit & flowers A. IV, 197. —mūla a wild root D. I, 166 (+phala); A. I, 241 (id.); Miln. 278. —rati delight in the forest DhA. II, 100. —vaṇṇanā praise of the jungle DhA. II, 100. —vāsin forest-dweller SnA 56 (Mahā-tissatthera). —saṇḍa jungle-thicket, dense jungle D. I, 87, 117; S. III, 109 (tibba v. avijjāya adhivacana); A. III, 30; J. I, 82, 170; DhA. I, 313; II, 100. (Page 600)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vaṇa (वण).—m n (vraṇa S) A cicatrix or scar; mark left by a wound, sore, boil, small pox &c.; a wemme. 2 f (vana S) The price paid for pasturage. 3 R A sacrifice to vētāḷa, mhasōbā, or similar minor divinity. 4 Used in public papers before the word mhaisa, indicating that vaṇa or pasture-money is chargeable. Ex. vaṇamhaśī caudāpaikīṃ mayata tīna bākī jamā akarā.

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vana (वन).—n (S) A wood, forest, grove, wold. 2 A wild or waste; a desolate uninhabited tract. 3 In comp. Wild: opp. to tame, domestic, reared, cultivated; as vanaśūkara, vanagau, vanavṛkṣa, vanapuṣpa.

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vana (वन).—m An order or an individual of it of the Gosavi.

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vana (वन).—n m (Commonly vaṇa, as from vraṇa S) A cicatrix or scar.

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vana (वन).—f (vana S A wood.) Price paid for pasturage. 2 Pasture.

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vāṇa (वाण).—m n (varṇa S) Color. Pr. ḍhavaḷyācyā śējārīṃ bāndhalā pōṃvaḷā vāṇa nāhīṃ paṇa guṇa lāgalā. 2 A specimen or sample, an instance of the color or kind of. vāṇa pālaṭaṇēṃ -phiraṇēṃ -badalaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's or its complexion, color, or hue reversed or altered;--used of living beings and of gold, silver, pearls, diamonds &c. vāṇa māraṇēṃ To lose or change color or the general appearance betokening the condition or health (of man or beast); to look wan. Ex. āja ghōḍā vāṇa māralyāsārakhā disatō.

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vāṇa (वाण).—n (vāyana S) vāṇaka n S Fruits, sweetmeats, and light dishes, also articles of female dress and decoration, presented, on occasions, by persons under some religious observance to Brahmans or to married women. sunyā gharīṃ vāṇa dēṇēṃ To be beneficent, virtuous, religious &c. where there is none to acknowledge; to perform labors or make sacrifices where there is none to recompense: also to be ostensibly munificent, or lavish of large-hearted professions where there is none to subject to cost or put to the test; to achieve prodigies or make imposing demonstrations without a witness.

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vāṇa (वाण).—f (uṇā) Deficiency, defectiveness, insufficiency, want, lack. v kara. Ex. khāṇyāpiṇyācī vāṇa karāla tara śarīra kasēṃ vāgēla; tyācē gharīṃ kāya paikyācī vāṇa; Pr. miṭhācī kēlī vāṇa āṇi lōṇacyālā paḍalī ghāṇa.

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vāṇā (वाणा).—m (vāṇi S) The cross threads of a cloth, the woof.

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vāna (वान).—m (For vāṇa from varṇa S) Color, hue, tint, tinge. 2 n An ingredient; a material entering into the composition of; esp. an item of a medicinal compound. 3 Better vāṇa n q. v. Presents by votaries &c.

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vānā (वाना).—m An ingredient (esp. in a medicinal compound or mixture). 2 A commodity, an article or item of merchandise.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaṇa (वण).—m n A scar; mark left by a wound, boil, &c.

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vana (वन).—n A wood; a wild. f Pasture.

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vāṇa (वाण).—m n Colour. A specimen. n Fruits, &c., presented on occasions, by persons under some religious observance to Brâhmans, &c. f Deficiency.

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vāṇā (वाणा).—m The woof.

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vāna (वान).—m Colour. n An ingredient. See vāṇa.

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vānā (वाना).—m An ingredient. A commodity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaṇa (वण).—Sound, noise.

Derivable forms: vaṇaḥ (वणः).

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Vana (वन).—[van-ac]

1) A forest, wood, thicket of trees; एको वासः पत्तने वा वने वा (eko vāsaḥ pattane vā vane vā) Bh.3.12; वनेऽपि दोषाः प्रभवन्ति रागिणाम् (vane'pi doṣāḥ prabhavanti rāgiṇām).

2) A cluster, group, a quantity of lotuses or other plants growing in a thick bed; चित्रद्विपाः पद्मवनाव- तीर्णाः (citradvipāḥ padmavanāva- tīrṇāḥ) R.16.16;6.86.

3) A place of abode, residence, house.

4) A fountain, spring (of water).

5) Water in general; गगनं (gaganaṃ) ... वनौघनमदभ्रम् (vanaughanamadabhram) Śi.6.73.

6) A wooden vessel.

7) Wood, timber.

8) Dwelling in a forest, living abroad.

9) Ved. A cloud.

1) Light, a ray of light.

11) Worshipping.

12) A mountain; L. D. B.

13) Plenty, abundance. (As the first member of comp. vana may be translated by 'wild', 'forest'; vanavarāhaḥ, vanakadalī, vanapuṣpam &c.)

Derivable forms: vanam (वनम्).

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Vāṇa (वाण).—

1) Sounding, sound; वाणैर्बाणैः समासक्तम् (vāṇairbāṇaiḥ samāsaktam) Ki.15. 1.

2) An arrow; see बाण (bāṇa).

3) Music.

4) A harp with 1 strings.

Derivable forms: vāṇaḥ (वाणः).

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Vāna (वान).—a.

1) Blown.

2) Dried (by wind), dried up. (nipapāta) अवानमशुकादष्टमेकमाम्रफलं किल (avānamaśukādaṣṭamekamāmraphalaṃ kila) Mb.2.17.28.

3) Belonging to a forest.

-nam 1 Dry or dried fruit (m. also).

2) Blowing.

3) Living.

4) Rolling, moving, (as of waters &c.).

5) A perfume, fragrance.

6) A number of groves or thickets.

7) Weaving.

8) A mat of straw.

9) A hole in the wall of a house.

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Vāna (वान).—An intelligent man.

Derivable forms: vānaḥ (वानः).

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Vānā (वाना).—

1) A quail.

2) Dry or dried fruit.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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