Vrisha, Vṛṣa, Vṛṣā, Vṛśa: 16 definitions

Introduction

Vrisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛṣa and Vṛṣā and Vṛśa can be transliterated into English as Vrsa or Vrisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vṛṣa (वृष, “strong, potent”):—Another name for Vāsā, a medicinal plant (Adhatoda vasica) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Vṛṣā (वृषा) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Vṛṣā and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Vṛṣā (वृषा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Vāsā, a medicinal plant identified with Adhatoda vasica Nees, synonym of Justicia adhatoda (“malabar nut”), from the Acanthaceae or acanthus family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.47-49. Together with the names Vṛṣa and Vāsā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vṛṣa (वृष):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the 2nd century Matsyapurāṇa and the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, both featuring a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Vṛṣa is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Vṛṣa (वृष) is explain as either (a) “mahokṣa” (i.e., ‘large bull’) or (b) bulls dedicated by the rite called vṛṣotsarga, according to Parāśaramādhava (Vyavahāra, p. 268). (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.242)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vṛṣa (वृष).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva Chapter 45, Stanza 64).

2) Vṛṣa (वृष).—An asura (demon). He is included among those who ruled over this earth in days of old. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 227, Stanza 51).

3) Vṛṣa (वृष).—A King of the family of Bharata who was the son of Śakuntalā. It is stated that he had a brother called Durmarṣaṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

4) Vṛṣa (वृष).—An incarnation of Śiva in the form of an ox. The following is a story that occurs in Śiva Purāṇa, Śatarudasaṃhitā, about this incarnation.

When the Devas and the Asuras united together and churned the sea of milk, ever so many noble objects rose up to the surface of the sea. Several beautiful damsels also came up. Viṣṇu grew amorous of them and thus thousands of sons were born by them. These sons who were born in the Pātāla (Nether world), by and by, came up and began to do harm to the dwellers of the earth. At this time Śiva took the incarnation in the form of an ox to study the situation properly. In this disguise Śiva entered Pātāla and took by stealth the Sudarśana (the weapon of Viṣṇu) and drove him to heaven. When Viṣṇu had gone from Pātāla, he had advised his sons to stay in Pātāla. Vṛṣa who came to know of this, cursed them:—"Any man, other than the peaceful hermits and Dānavas (asuras) who are born from my portion, who enters Pātāla shall die." From that day onwards, the world of Pātāla became a forbidden place for men.

5) Vṛṣa (वृष).—One of the sons of Kārtavīryārjuna. It is mentioned in Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, that this prince escaped from the Kṣatriya extermination of Paraśurāma.

6) Vṛṣā (वृषा).—An Indian river famous in the Purāṇas. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 35).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vṛṣa (वृष).—A son of Śṛnjaya and Rāṣṭrapāli.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 42.

1b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Satyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 13.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Kālindī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 14.

1d) One of the ten horses of the moon's chariot.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 56; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 53.

1e) A Vaikuṇṭha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 57.

1f) (bha)—the milk-white humped bull born of Surabhī and the standard of Śiva;1 taught Godharma to Dīrghatamas;2 gift of, in a Śrāddha.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 78-79; 74. 48-51; IV. 14. 2.
  • 2) Ib. III. 74. 47;
  • 3) Ib. III. 19. 15.

1g) A son of Anāyuṣā: Father of Śrāddhāda, Yajnahā, Brahmahā and Paśuhā, all cruel minded.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 31.

1h) The sacred well in Devikā. Here is the Jātavedaśilā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 41-4.

1i) The Vedic lore rooted in Brahmacarya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 36-7.

1j) A son of Kārtavīrya who escaped Paraśurāma: a mahāratha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 41. 13; 69. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 49.

1k) The Indra of the epoch of the III Sāvarṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 77; 18. 8.

1l) A Maheśvara Gaṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 266. 42.

1m) A palace in the form of a bull*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 36, 45.

1n) Dharma;1 a son of Maya.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 36.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 28.

1o) A son of Pāra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 177.

1p) A son of Bharata and father of Madhu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 11. 25-6.

2) Vṛṣā (वृषा).—A line of kings in Vidiśa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 366.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vṛṣa (वृष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.19, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vṛṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Vṛṣa (वृष) or Vṛṣaprajā refers to the fifteenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native having birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘vrisha’ praises the work done by his own self, does things which are blameworthy, remains in the company of men of vicious or wicked conduct, accomplishes things for others, has many wives, is dirty (base), lazy and avaricious (greedy).

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year vrisha (2001-2002 AD) will be a pauper, lost to all sense of shame and engaged in doing what is wrong.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Vṛṣa (वृष) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the eastern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Vṛṣa).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vṛṣa (वृष) is the name of a plant of some kind in the Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā. Later the Gendarussa vulgaris is so styled. Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā has Vṛśa, which Böhtlingk takes to mean a small animal, a quite possible sense. Cf. Yevāṣa.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vrisha (वृष), Achala(अचल): Sakuni's brothers.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛśa (वृश).—A rat.

-śā A drug.

-śam Ginger.

Derivable forms: vṛśaḥ (वृशः).

--- OR ---

Vṛṣa (वृष).—1 A bull; असंपदस्तस्य वृषेण गच्छतः (asaṃpadastasya vṛṣeṇa gacchataḥ) Ku.5.8; Me.54; R.2.35; Ms.9.123.

2) The sign Taurus of the zodiac.

3) The chief or best of a class, the best of its kind; (often at the end of comp.); मुनिवृषः, कपिवृषः (munivṛṣaḥ, kapivṛṣaḥ) &c.

4) The god of love.

5) A strong or athletic man.

6) A lustful man, a man of one of the four classes into which men are divided in erotic works; बहुगुणबहुबन्धः शीघ्रकामो नताङ्गः । सकलरुचिरदेहः सत्यवादी वृषो ना (bahuguṇabahubandhaḥ śīghrakāmo natāṅgaḥ | sakalaruciradehaḥ satyavādī vṛṣo nā) || Ratimañjarī 37.

7) An enemy, adversary.

8) A rat.

9) The bull of Śiva.

1) Morality, justice; justice personified; वृषो हि भगवान् धर्मः (vṛṣo hi bhagavān dharmaḥ) Ms.8.16.

11) Virtue, a pious or meritorious act; न सद्गतिः स्याद् वृषवर्जितानां (na sadgatiḥ syād vṛṣavarjitānāṃ) Kīr. K.9.62 (where vṛṣa means a 'bull' also).

12) Name of Karṇa.

13) Name of Viṣṇu.

14) Name of a particular drug.

15) The principal die.

16) Water.

17) A particular form of a temple.

18) Ground suitable for the foundation of a house.

19) A male, any male animal.

-ṣam 1 A peacock's plumage.

2) A woman's apartment.

Derivable forms: vṛṣaḥ (वृषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛśa (वृश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. A rat. 2. A flower, (Justicia ganderussa.) f.

(-śā) A drug. n.

(-śaṃ) Ginger. E. vṛ to choose, śak Unadi aff.: see vṛṣa .

--- OR ---

Vṛṣa (वृष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. A bull. 2. The sign Taurus of the zodiac. 3. Virtue, moral merit. 4. Virtue personified, as a bull or the bull of Siva. 5. A man of a lecherous disposition, one of the four descriptions into which men are divided in erotic works. 6. A rat. 7. A drug, commonly Rishabha. 8. A plant, (Justicia ganderussa.) 9. (In composition,) Excellent, pre-eminent. 10. A name of Karna. 11. Vishnu. 12. An enemy, an adversary. 13. Particular ground, judged proper for the foundation of a house. 14. Love or Kama. 15. A strong or athletic man. n.

(-ṣaṃ) A peacock’s plumage or tail. f.

(-ṣā) 1. A plant, (Salvinia cuculata.) 2. Cowach, (Carpopogon pruriens.) f. (-ṣī) The seat of the religious student or one used by ascetics, formed of Kusa grass. E. vṛṣ to sprinkle, aff. ka or ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛśa (वृश).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

--- OR ---

Vṛṣa (वृष).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

--- OR ---

Vṛṣa (वृष).—[masculine] man, husband, male of animals, [especially] bull (old only —°), [with] gavām the first of the dice; i.[grammar] chief or best of ([genetive] or —°); [Epithet] of Śiva, Viṣṇu, etc., [Name] of [several] men.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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