Koka, Kokā: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Koka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Koka (कोक) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Phoenix sylvestris (wild date palm) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as koka) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Koka (कोक).—(Cakravāka bird). Ruddy Goose. To know the Purāṇic story about the origin of this bird (Ruddy goose) see under 'Arayanna' (Swan).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Koka (कोक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Koka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Kokā also refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.33).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Koka (कोक) refers to a Cakravāka bird, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 7.77; 21.162. Cf. Haravijaya 23.12.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Koka in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Andrews from the Nymphaeaceae (Waterlily) family having the following synonyms: Nymphaea rosea, Leuconymphaea rubra, Nymphaea magnifica. For the possible medicinal usage of koka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Koka (कोक) refers to the Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Koka (कोक) refers to the “ruddy goose”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Earth, by means of her arms, the waves, adorned by the lotus, the swan, the ruddy goose [koka] and the water-crow appears to welcome the appearance of Agastya with her offerings of gems, abundant flowers and fruits. The poisonous and hot waters poured down by cloud-covered serpents by order of Indra become pure and fit for use on the reappearance of the star Canopus”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A hunter. While on his way to the forest with his dogs he meets a monk. He bags no game that day and blames the monk, whom he again meets on his way home. Koka sets his dogs on the monk, and when the latter climbs a tree, pierces the soles of his feet with arrows. The monks cloak falls upon the hunter, completely covering him. The dogs, thinking that the monk has fallen from the tree, devour their own master. The monk, fearing that he is to blame, seeks the Buddha, who reassures him and relates the story of a wicked physician who cajoled a boy into catching a snake, pretending that it was a bird. When the boy discovered that it was a snake, he threw it on the physicians head, who died from its bite.

The physician is identified with Koka. DhA.iii.31f.

The story of the past is evidently derived from the Saliya Jataka, which, however, according to the Jataka Commentary, was related in reference, not to Koka, but to Devadatta. (J.iii.202f).

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A palace occupied by Siddattha Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xvii.14.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

koka : (m.) a wolf.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Koka, 2 (cp. Sk. koka) N. of a tree, Phœnix sylvestris: see keka. (Page 227)

2) Koka, 1 (not=Sk. koka, cuckoo) a wolf J. VI, 525; Nd1 13= Nd2 420; Miln. 267=J. V, 416. °vighāsa remainder of a wolf’s meal Vin. III, 58. (Page 227)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koka (कोक).—[kuk-ādāne ac Tv.]

1) A wolf; वने यूथपरिभ्रष्टा मृगी कोकैरिवार्दिता (vane yūthaparibhraṣṭā mṛgī kokairivārditā) Rām.5.25.5.

2) The ruddy goose (cakravāka); कोकानां करुणस्वरेण सदृशी दीर्घा मदभ्यर्थना (kokānāṃ karuṇasvareṇa sadṛśī dīrghā madabhyarthanā) Gītagovinda 5.

3) A cuckoo जनितकोकनदानि जलाशये, शरदि कोकनदानि चका- शिरे (janitakokanadāni jalāśaye, śaradi kokanadāni cakā- śire) Rām. Ch.4.62; हिरण्मया हस्तिमृगाश्च कोकाः (hiraṇmayā hastimṛgāśca kokāḥ) Bu. Ch.2.22.

4) A frog.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

6) A wild lizard.

7) A wild date tree.

Derivable forms: kokaḥ (कोकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koka (कोक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A wolf. 2. The ruddy goose. 3. A frog. 4. A lizard, a chameleon. 5. The wild date tree. 6. A name of Vishnu. E. kuk to seize or take, or ka water, uk to go, affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koka (कोक).—m. 1. A wolf, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 26, 9. 2. The cuckoo (ved.). 3. The ruddy goose, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 5, 17.

— Cf. [Latin] cuculus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koka (कोक).—[masculine] wolf; cuckoo ([feminine] ī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Koka (कोक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 98. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koka (कोक):—m. (onomatopoetic) a wolf, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 52, 45; v, 26, 9]

2) ‘a cuckoo’ See -yātu below

3) the ruddy goose, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1816; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xii, lxxxvi; Gīta-govinda; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) a frog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a small house-lizard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a kind of noxious parasitical animal, [Atharva-veda v, 23, 4; viii, 6, 2]

7) the wild date tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) of an attendant in Skanda’s retinue, [Mahābhārata ix, 2562 (?) ]

10) of a son of Śoṇa, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii]

11) Kokā (कोका):—[from koka] f. Name of a river ([varia lectio] for kośā), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a locality (= kokāmukha), [Varāha-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koka (कोक):—(kaḥ) 1. n. A wolf; ruddy goose; frog; lizard; date tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Koka (कोक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Koka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Koka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Koka (कोक):—(nm) see [cakavā].

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Koka (कोक) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Koka.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōka (ಕೋಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಕೋಕಿಲ [kokila].

2) [noun] the ruddy goose, Anas casarca.

3) [noun] any of various wild canine carnivores (genus Canis); a fox.

4) [noun] any of various families of tailless, leaping anuran amphibians with long, powerful hind legs, short forelegs, a smooth skin, and webbed feet; a frog.

5) [noun] the palm tree Phoenix dactylifera of Arecaceae family.

6) [noun] a harmless, moderate-sized, tropical lizard, Iguana tuberculata of Iguanidae family, having a row of spines from neck to tail, which is known for its grip and used in scaling forts, and which feeds on insects or vegetation; the common iguana.

7) [noun] an excellent person or thing.

8) [noun] Viṣṇu.

--- OR ---

Kōka (ಕೋಕ):—[noun] a kind of inferior areca nut (the outer husk of which cannot be fully removed).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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