Cataka, aka: Caṭaka, Cātaka; 9 Definition(s)
Cataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chataka.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Cātaka, the Lāṅgula hand fluttered.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Caṭaka (चटक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “tree sparrow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Caṭaka is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.
The meat of the sparrow (caṭaka) is sweet, unctuous, promotes strength and semen, alleviates sannipāta, particularly vāta. The eggs of the Sparrow (caṭaka) are useful in diminished semen, cough, heart disease and injuries. They are sweet, bot cauising burning sensation and immediately strength-promoting.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Caṭaka (चटक) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Caṭakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Caṭaka] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
caṭaka : (m.) a sparrow. || cātaka (m.) a hornbill.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
caṭaka (चटक).—f ( H) A taste, taking to, penchant; an acquired liking or fondness. v lāga. 2 An ill-habit; a way or trick. 3 The anguish of separation and the longing for the return of. v lāva, lāga, basa.
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caṭakā (चटका).—m (cāṭaṇēṃ To graze; to take off the skin.) Glow, ardor, scorching heat (of the sun, fire, or a heated body), considered as catching or affecting: also the hot or acrid qualities of substances, as affecting the mouth or throat. v lāga. 2 The smart or sensation following upon a burn, or, to the tongue and palate, upon touching a thing sharp and biting. v basa. 3 The scar or mark of a burn. 4 A pang, thrill, sudden agony: (as affecting the mind.) v basa. 5 Covert and cutting speech; a reflection, sarcasm, taunt, fling, hit. v māra. 6 Care or concern about; anxious heedfulness or regard. Ex. cākara māṇasāsa cākarīcā caṭa- kā asāvā. 7 The pains of the absence of, and the longing for the return of. v lāva, lāga, basa. Ex. lōbha harīcā laṭakā lāvuni gēlā ca0; tō māḷī dāda- vyā kēlā || tō vihirīnta paḍūna mēlā || tyācēṃ kāṃhīṃ vāṭata nāhīṃ malā || sakhyācā ca0 lāgūna gēlā. 8 A brand with the cauterizing iron, esp. a small and slight one. v dē, lāva. Ex. nasatēci caṭakē lāvīta || śuddhāvari mūrkhatvēṃ ||. 9 Heating (gold) by applying bluestone &c. and throwing it into the fire. v dē. Also, by meton., the materials used in this operation. 10 A blow or loss (as in trade). v basa, lāga. 11 See caṭaka & carakā throughout.
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cātaka (चातक).—m (S) A bird, Cuculus melano-lucus. Fabled to drink only from the clouds, and therefore to be ever eagerly expectant of rain. Hence cātakanyāyēṃ karūna (After the law or according to the manner of the cātaka.) With eager expectation or with intense and strong desire--looking or waiting for.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
caṭaka (चटक).—f A taste, taking to, penchant. An ill habit; a way or trick.
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caṭakā (चटका).—m Glow, ardour. The smart or sensation following upon a burn, or to the tongue and palate. A pang, thrill, sudden agony (as affecting the mind). Care or concern about.
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cātaka (चातक).—m A bird, Cuculus melano-lucus.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Caṭaka (चटक).—A sparrow.
Derivable forms: caṭakaḥ (चटकः).
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1) A hen-sparrow.
2) The root of long pepper.
See also (synonyms): caṭikā.
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Cātaka (चातक).—(-kī f.) [cat yācane kartari ṇvul] Name of a bird which is supposed to live only on rain-drops; सूक्ष्मा एव पतन्ति चातकमुखे द्वित्राः पयोबिन्दवः (sūkṣmā eva patanti cātakamukhe dvitrāḥ payobindavaḥ) Bh.2.121; see also 2.51 and R.5.17.
Derivable forms: cātakaḥ (चातकः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Cāṭaka (चाटक).—(?) , read probably cāṭuka (= Sanskrit cāṭu, and once cāṭuka, which in the passage cited in BR may be an adj.; in Rājat. 1.213, cited in pw s.v. cāṭu, for cāṭusīt- read [Page227-a+ 71] with Stein caṭasī-), agreeable, pleasant, approximate synonym of prekṣaṇīya: Gv 214.23, see s.v. carci (-gātra).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-kaḥ) A sparrow. f.
(-kā) 1. A hen-sparrow. 2. A young hensparrow. 3. The root of long pepper: see caṭakāśiras and caṭikā. E. caṭ to break, kvun affix, braking corn, &c. caṭati bhinatti dhānyādikam .
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(-kaḥ) A bird, a kind of cuckoo, (Cuculus melanoleucus.) E. cat to beg, affix karttari ṇvul; begging water from the clouds, the supposed sole source of the fluid which this bird drinks.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Caṭakāśiras (चटकाशिरस्).—n. (-raḥ) The root of long pepper: see caṭikāśiras; also mas. caṭakāśi...
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Cataka, Caṭaka, Cātaka, Caṭakā, Cāṭaka; (plurals include: Catakas, Caṭakas, Cātakas, Caṭakās, Cāṭakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
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Verse 3.3.79 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
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The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
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