Cataka, aka: Caṭaka, Cātaka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chataka.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Cātaka, the Lāṅgula hand fluttered.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Caṭaka (चटक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “tree sparrow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Caṭaka is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the sparrow (caṭaka) is sweet, unctuous, promotes strength and semen, alleviates sannipāta, particularly vāta. The eggs of the Sparrow (caṭaka) are useful in diminished semen, cough, heart disease and injuries. They are sweet, bot cauising burning sensation and immediately strength-promoting.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Cataka in Pali glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

caṭaka : (m.) a sparrow. || cātaka (m.) a hornbill.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

caṭaka (चटक).—f ( H) A taste, taking to, penchant; an acquired liking or fondness. v lāga. 2 An ill-habit; a way or trick. 3 The anguish of separation and the longing for the return of. v lāva, lāga, basa.

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caṭakā (चटका).—m (cāṭaṇēṃ To graze; to take off the skin.) Glow, ardor, scorching heat (of the sun, fire, or a heated body), considered as catching or affecting: also the hot or acrid qualities of substances, as affecting the mouth or throat. v lāga. 2 The smart or sensation following upon a burn, or, to the tongue and palate, upon touching a thing sharp and biting. v basa. 3 The scar or mark of a burn. 4 A pang, thrill, sudden agony: (as affecting the mind.) v basa. 5 Covert and cutting speech; a reflection, sarcasm, taunt, fling, hit. v māra. 6 Care or concern about; anxious heedfulness or regard. Ex. cākara māṇasāsa cākarīcā caṭa- kā asāvā. 7 The pains of the absence of, and the longing for the return of. v lāva, lāga, basa. Ex. lōbha harīcā laṭakā lāvuni gēlā ca0; tō māḷī dāda- vyā kēlā || tō vihirīnta paḍūna mēlā || tyācēṃ kāṃhīṃ vāṭata nāhīṃ malā || sakhyācā ca0 lāgūna gēlā. 8 A brand with the cauterizing iron, esp. a small and slight one. v dē, lāva. Ex. nasatēci caṭakē lāvīta || śuddhāvari mūrkhatvēṃ ||. 9 Heating (gold) by applying bluestone &c. and throwing it into the fire. v . Also, by meton., the materials used in this operation. 10 A blow or loss (as in trade). v basa, lāga. 11 See caṭaka & carakā throughout.

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cātaka (चातक).—m (S) A bird, Cuculus melano-lucus. Fabled to drink only from the clouds, and therefore to be ever eagerly expectant of rain. Hence cātakanyāyēṃ karūna (After the law or according to the manner of the cātaka.) With eager expectation or with intense and strong desire--looking or waiting for.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caṭaka (चटक).—f A taste, taking to, penchant. An ill habit; a way or trick.

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caṭakā (चटका).—m Glow, ardour. The smart or sensation following upon a burn, or to the tongue and palate. A pang, thrill, sudden agony (as affecting the mind). Care or concern about.

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cātaka (चातक).—m A bird, Cuculus melano-lucus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṭaka (चटक).—A sparrow.

Derivable forms: caṭakaḥ (चटकः).

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Caṭakā (चटका).—

1) A hen-sparrow.

2) The root of long pepper.

See also (synonyms): caṭikā.

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Cātaka (चातक).—(- f.) [cat yācane kartari ṇvul] Name of a bird which is supposed to live only on rain-drops; सूक्ष्मा एव पतन्ति चातकमुखे द्वित्राः पयोबिन्दवः (sūkṣmā eva patanti cātakamukhe dvitrāḥ payobindavaḥ) Bh.2.121; see also 2.51 and R.5.17.

Derivable forms: cātakaḥ (चातकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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